Dr. Catherine Darker

Dr. Catherine Darker

Associate Prof in Health Services Res, Public Health & Primary Care

3531896 8510

Biography

Associate Professor Catherine Darker is a Health Psychologist and obtained her undergraduate psychology degree from Dublin Business School. She then undertook a full time two-year Masters of Health Psychology in National University of Ireland, Galway. She obtained her PhD from the School of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Birmingham, UK. She joined the Discipline of Public Health & Primary Care, School of Medicine, in 2007. Her research interests lie in translating evidence into practice, in particular, using theories, evidence and methods for changing the behaviours of healthcare professionals, patients and the general public. This is known in Ireland and the UK as Implementation Science research. She has a particular expertise in applying and developing complex intervention methodology in the context of community based programmes and trials (including intervention design, outcome measurement, fidelity, feasibility, and process evaluation), for prevention related research (e.g., smoking cessation, alcohol, physical activity/sedentary behaviour). She has a proven track record in attracting research funds as PI or Co-Applicant (over €1.2 million). She has been PI and Co-PI on funded research by the Health Research Board (HRB) to undertake public health studies relating to COVID-19; a pilot cluster randomized trial of a community-based smoking cessation intervention for disadvantaged women in Ireland, and a a peer-to-peer motivational interview intervention for smoking, alcohol and physical activity among at risk adolescents in low SES communities. Professor Darker is routinely commissioned by the Health Service Executive to conduct outcome and process type evaluations of national programmes and services. All of her research has a clearly defined Knowledge Exchange Dissemination plan with recommendations to change policy and practice in the prevention and management of a range of chronic conditions. She has served as Head of Discipline of Public Health & Primary Care. She is the Director of Postgraduate Teaching and Learning within the School of Medicine. She is a senior member of teaching teams and develops and delivers innovative curriculum's for both undergraduate and postgraduate students. She is an active member of the Psychological Society of Ireland (Chartered Health Psychologist) having held many roles within the governance of the Society. She is a member of the European Health Psychology Society. She was an inaugural member of the Healthy Ireland Council, and a Member of the Expert Committee on Prevention within the Irish Cancer Society. She is a strong advocate for the just and equitable distribution of and access to healthcare services. She has over 100 peer reviewed publications (h-index 19) and supervises and examines PhD and Masters students.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

  • Gilroy, D., O'Brien, S., Barry, J., Ivers, J., Whiston, L., Keenan, E., & Darker, C. , Benzodiazepine use in a methadone maintained opioid dependent cohort in Ireland. , Heroin Addiction & Related Clinical Problems, , 14, (3), 2014, p101 - 110Journal Article, 2014
  • O' Shea, B., McElwee, O., Martin, D., Brennan, B., O'Leary, F., Kavanagh, K., Courtney, A., Scully, M., Ramiah, D., & Darker, C. , Are we ready to"Think Ahead" ? Results from a patient acceptability study using an innovative end of life planning tool in General Practice., Irish Medical Journal, 107, (5), 2014, p138 - 140Journal Article, 2014
  • Darker, C. , Hospital governance in Ireland - the dilemma of diversity. , Administration, 62, (1), 2014, p5 - 28Journal Article, 2014
  • O'Toole J, Hambly R, Cox AM, O'Shea B, Darker C. , Methadone-maintained patients in primary care have higher rates of chronic disease and multimorbidity, and use health services more intensively than matched controls. , European Journal of General Practice, 20, (4), 2014, p275 - 280Journal Article, 2014, DOI
  • Darker, C., Palmer, D., O'Reilly, G., Whiston, L., & Smyth, B. , Young people in drug treatment: their views on substance use - aetiology, trajectory, parents' role in drug use and coping skills., Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 32, (31), 2015, p247 - 258Journal Article, 2015, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Doorley, E., Young, C., O'Rorke, C., Hollywood, B., Darker, C., O'Shea, B. , Is primary prevention of childhood obesity by education at 13-month immunisations feasible and acceptable? Results from a General Practice based pilot study., Irish Medical Journal, 108, (1), 2015, p13 - 15Journal Article, 2015
  • Smyth, B.P., James, P., Cullen, W., & Darker, C., "So prohibition can work?" Changes in use of novel psychoactive substances among adolescents attending a drug and alcohol treatment service following a legislative ban. , International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, (9), 2015, p887 - 889Journal Article, 2015, DOI
  • Smyth, B.P., Kelly, A., Cullen, W., Darker, C. , Treatment outcome for adolescents abusing alcohol and cannabis: how many 'reliably improve'?, Irish Medical Journal, 108, (5), 2015, p137 - 140Journal Article, 2015
  • Darker, C., Ho, J., Kelly, G., Whiston, L., & Barry, J. , Demographic and clinical factors predicting retention in methadone maintenance: results from an Irish cohort. , Irish Journal of Medical Science, 185, (2), 2016, p433 - 441Journal Article, 2016, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Darker CD, Sweeney BP, Barry JM, Farrell MF, Donnelly-Swift E, Psychosocial interventions for benzodiazepine harmful use, abuse or dependence., Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , CD009652, (5), 2015Journal Article, 2015, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Drug Use and Abuse: Psychosocial Aspects in, editor(s)James D. Wright , International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Oxford, Elsevier, 2015, pp685 - 689, [Darker, C., Whiston, L., ]Book Chapter, 2015
  • Breen N, MacEoin S, Loy A, O'Shea B, Darker C, Insights and Concerns of Patients and GPs Regarding Introduction of Universal Health Insurance in Ireland, Irish Medical Journal, 108, (9), 2015, p281 - 282Journal Article, 2015, TARA - Full Text
  • Darker C, Sweeney B, Keenan E, Whiston L, Anderson R, Barry J, Screening and Brief Intervention for illicit drug use and alcohol use in methadone maintained opiate dependent patients: Results of a randomised control trial feasibility study, Substance Use and Misuse, 51, (9), 2016, p1104 - 1115Journal Article, 2016, DOI , URL
  • Ryan J, Snow A, Darker C, Torreggiani W, Comparison of clinical outcomes from chest X-rays of smokers and non-smokers in a general practice population., Irish Medical Journal, 103, (3), 2010, p90 - 92Journal Article, 2010
  • Barrett EM, Darker CD, Hussey J, The sedentary profile of primary care patients, Journal of Public Health, 39, (2), 2016, p347 - 352Journal Article, 2016, DOI , URL , TARA - Full Text
  • Barrett EM, Hussey J, Darker CD, Location and deprivation are important influencers of physical activity in primary care populations, Public Health, 136, 2016, p80 - 86Journal Article, 2016, DOI
  • Barrett EM, Hussey J, Darker CD, Feasibility of a physical activity pathway for Irish primary care physiotherapy services, Physiotherapy, 103, (1), 2016, p106 - 112Journal Article, 2016, DOI , URL , TARA - Full Text
  • Lungu, EA., Biesma R., Chirwa, M., Darker., C. , Healthcare seeking practices and barriers to accessing under-five child health services in urban slums in Malawi: a qualitative study. , BMC Health Services Research, 16, (410), 2016Journal Article, 2016, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Darker, C.D., Donnelly-Swift, E., Whiston, L., Moore, F., & Barry, J. , Determinants of self rated health in an Irish deprived suburban population - a cross sectional face-to-face household survey. , BMC Public Health, 16, (767), 2016Journal Article, 2016, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • French, DP., Darker, CD., Eves, FF., & Sniehotta, FF. , The systematic development of a brief intervention to increase walking in the general public using an "extended" Theory of Planned Behavior. , Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, (7), 2013, p940 - 948Journal Article, 2013, DOI , URL
  • O'Shea, B. Darker, C., & O'Kelly, F. , Chronic disease management in patients attending Irish General Practice Training Practices. , Irish Medical Journal, 106, (7), 2013, p207 - 209Journal Article, 2013
  • O'Connor, G., O'Keeffe, D.O., Darker, C., & O'Shea, B. , Patient acceptability and experiences of therapeutic switching of proton pump inhibitors within the National Preferred Drugs initiative in Ireland., Irish Journal of Medical Science, 186, (3), 2017, p631 - 639Journal Article, 2017, DOI
  • Darker, C., Sweeney, B., Keenan, E., Whiston, L., Anderson, R., & Barry, J. , Tailoring a brief intervention for illicit drug use and alcohol use in Irish methadone maintained opiate dependent patients: a qualitative process. , BMC Psychiatry , 16, (373), 2016Journal Article, 2016, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Whiston, L., Joe M. Barry, & Darker, C.D. , Participation of patients and family members in healthcare services at the service and national levels: a lesson learned in Dublin, Ireland. , Patient Education and Counselling. , 100, (3), 2017, p583 - 591Journal Article, 2017, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Ivers JH, Zgaga L, Sweeney B, Keenan E, Darker C, Smyth BP, Barry J., A naturalistic longitudinal analysis of post-detoxification outcomes in opioid-dependent patients., Drug and Alcohol Review, 37, (S1), 2018, p339 - 347Journal Article, 2018, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Lungu, E.A., Obse, A.G., Darker, C., & Biesma, R. , What influences where they seek care? Caregivers' preferences for under-five child healthcare services in urban slums of Malawi: A discrete choice experiment. , PLoS ONE, 13, (1), 2018Journal Article, 2018, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Darker, C.D., Donnelly-Swift, E., & Whiston, L. , Demographic factors and attitudes that influence the support of the general public for the introduction of universal healthcare in Ireland: A national survey. , Health Policy, 122, (2), 2018, p147 - 156Journal Article, 2018, DOI
  • Lungu, EA., Biesma R., Chirwa, M., & Darker., C., "Is the urban child health advantage declining in Malawi?: Evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys.", Journal of Urban Health , online, (online), 2018, p1 - 14Journal Article, 2018, DOI
  • Kelly, B.D., Sorin, G.M., Barry, J.M., Whiston, L., Donnelly-Swift, E., & Darker, C. , Community-based, cross sectional study of self-reported health in post-recession Ireland: what has changed? , QJM: An International Journal of Medicine., 111, (8), 2018, p555 - 559Journal Article, 2018, DOI , URL
  • Whiston, L., O'Keane, V., Barry, J.M., & Darker, C, Patient, family and clinician preferences for the intensity and implementation of patient and family participation in healthcare design and delivery in psychiatry. , European Journal of Psychiatry. , in press, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • Darker, C., Intervention checklist - developing a comprehensive checklist to guide the design of interventions. , The European Health Psychologist , 8, (3), 2006, p10 - 11Journal Article, 2006, URL
  • What is the right model of universal health insurance for Ireland?. in, editor(s)Tom O'Connor , Integrated Care for Ireland in an International context: Challenges for Policy, Institutions & Specific Service User Needs., Cork, Ireland , Oak Tree Press , 2013, pp68 - 89, [Thomas S & Darker C. ]Book Chapter, 2013, URL
  • Risk perception. in, editor(s)M.D. Gellman & J.R. Turner , Encyclopaedia of Behavioral Medicine. , New York, USA, Springer , 2020, [Darker, C. & Phillips, A. ]Book Chapter, 2020, DOI
  • Darker, C.D., Nicolson, G.H., Carroll, A., & Barry, J. , The barriers and facilitators to the implementation of National Clinical Programmes in Ireland: using the MRC framework for process evaluations. , BMC Health Services Research , 18, (733), 2018Journal Article, 2018, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Darker, C.D. , KEYNOTE ADDRESS: In the horrors: a decade of generating applied research to influence health service and health policy. , Psychology, Health & Medicine , Ulster University, 2018Conference Paper, 2018
  • Darker, C.D., KEYNOTE ADDRESS: Aligning population based approaches to improving health outcomes: improving primary care services and lessons for integrated care. , International Conference on Integrated Care, Dublin, 2017Conference Paper, 2017
  • Darker, C.D., Nicolson, G.H., Carroll, A., & Barry, J., Process evaluation of the national clinical care programmes in Ireland, International Conference on Integrated Care, Dublin, 2017Conference Paper, 2017
  • Darker, C.D. & Doyle, F. , The Healthy Ireland Framework and health behaviour change to improve public health, Institute of Public Health Open Conference , Dublin, 2015Conference Paper, 2015
  • Doyle, F., & Darker, C.D., What can Health Psychology contribute to public health? , Institute of Public Health Open Conference, Dublin, 2013Conference Paper, 2013
  • Darker, C.D., Ivers, J.H., O'Farrell, A., Dolan, R., Eldin, N., & Allwright, S.P.A. , A qualitative study of the perceived impact of a community mobilisation intervention to reduce alcohol consumption among amateur sportsman, Psychology, Health & Medicine, Dublin, 2013Conference Paper, 2013
  • Darker, C.D., Sweeney, B., Keenan, E., Whiston, L., Anderson, A., & Barry, J, Screening and brief interventions for illicit drug use and alcohol use in methadone maintained opiate dependent patients: results of a cluster randomised controlled feasibility study , Psychology, Health & Medicine, University of Limerick, 2014Conference Paper, 2014
  • Darker, C.D., Sweeney, B., Keenan, E., Whiston, L., Anderson, A., & Barry, J, Brief intervention for alcohol and illicit drug use in methadone maintained patients: a cluster RCT feasibility study, European Working Group on Drugs Orientated Research , Dublin, 2014Conference Paper, 2014
  • Darker, C., Sweeney, B., Keenan, E., Whiston, L., Anderson, R., & Barry, J, Making it 'Dublin' and 'keeping it real': Development of a brief intervention for illicit drug use and alcohol use in Irish methadone maintained opiate dependent patients, Psychological Society of Ireland Annual Conference , Sligo , 2013Conference Paper, 2013
  • Darker, C.D., Donnelly-Swift, E., Whiston, L., Moore, F. & Barry, J. , Determinants of self rated health in an Irish deprived suburban population - a cross sectional face-to-face household survey., Psychology, Health & Medicine, Dublin, 2017Conference Paper, 2017
  • Darker, C., Sweeney, B., El Hassan, H., Smyth, B., Ivers, J.I. & Barry, J., Brief interventions are effective in reducing alcohol consumption in opiate dependent methadone maintained patients: results from an Irish cohort. , All Ireland Social Medicine Meeting , Belfast , 2010Conference Paper, 2010
  • Darker, C., Sweeney, B., El Hassan, H., Smyth, B., Ivers, J.I. & Barry, J., Alcohol screening and brief intervention delivery to an Irish cohort if opiate dependent methadone maintained patients , INEBRIA - International Network for Brief Interventions for Alcohol , Newcastle, United Kingdom , 2009Conference Paper, 2009
  • Darker, C., Sweeney, B., El Hassan, H., Smyth, B., Ivers, J.I. & Barry, J., Brief interventions are effective in reducing alcohol consumption in opiate dependent methadone maintained patients: results from an Irish cohort. , INEBRIA - International Network for Brief Interventions for Alcohol, 2010Conference Paper, 2010
  • Darker CD, Sweeney B, Keenan E, Whiston L, Rolande A, & Barry J., Development of a culturally and contextually appropriate brief intervention for illicit drug use and alcohol use in Irish methadone maintained opiate dependent patients: a qualitative approach. , Psychological Society of Ireland Annual Conference, Cork, Ireland, 2014Conference Paper, 2014
  • Darker CD, Sweeney B, El Hassan H, Kelly A, O'Connor S, Smyth B, & Barry B., Non-attendance at counselling therapy in cocaine using methadone maintained patients: lessons learnt from an abandoned randomised controlled trial. , Psychology, Health & Medicine, National University of Ireland, Galway, 2011Conference Paper, 2011
  • Darker, C.D., Sweeney, B.P., Barry, J.M., Farrell, M.F., Donnelly-Swift, E, 'PODCAST: Psychosocial interventions for benzodiazepine harmful use, abuse or dependence', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , 2015, -Digital research resource production, 2015, URL
  • Darker, C.D., French, D.P., Eves, F.F., Sniehotta, F.F., A theory of planned behaviour intervention to promote walking: A waiting list randomised controlled trial., European Health Psychology Society Annual Conference, Bath, UK, 2008Conference Paper, 2008
  • Darker, C.D., French, D.P., & Eves, F.F., Instrumental and affective beliefs about walking in the general population: a theory of planned behaviour belief elicitation study. , European Health Psychology Society Annual Conference, National University of Ireland, Galway, 2005Poster, 2005
  • Sorin, G.M., Darker, C., Whiston, L., O'Callaghan, A., Barry, J.M., Kelly, B.D. , A cross-sectional, face-to-face, community survey of mental health and deprivation in post-recession Ireland: a rising tide lifts all boats? , Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 2019, p1 - 12Journal Article, 2019, DOI
  • Haberlin, C., Broderick, J., Guinan, E., Darker, C.D., Hussey, J., O'Donnell, D.M., 'eHealth-based intervention to increase physical activity levels in people with cancer: protocol of a feasibility trial in an Irish acute hospital setting', 2019, e024999-Protocol or guideline, 2019, DOI , URL , TARA - Full Text
  • Sayers G, Donohoe F, McKeown D, Mc Dermott R, Cianci F, Darker C, Haase T & Johnson H, Analysis of low birth weight first-born babies by geography and deprivation as an aid to policy and service targeting., Journal of Public Health., 42, (1), 2020, p66 - 73Journal Article, 2020, DOI
  • Lawler, M., Hickey, A., Hevey, D., Doyle, F., Nixon, E., Darker, C., Barry, M., & Field, C. , Effects of a peer-led motivational interviewing intervention on physical activity levels of adolescents in low SES communities, Psychology Health and Medicine Conference 2019, Maynooth University , 22nd March, 2019Published Abstract, 2019
  • Emma Burke, Fiona Dobbie, Nadine Dougall, Mary Adebolu Oluwaseun, David Mockler, Joanne Vance, Nicola O'Connell, Catherine Darker, Linda Bauld, Catherine Hayes, Smoking cessation programmes for women living in disadvantaged communities, We Can Quit 2: A systematic review protocol, HRB Open Access, 2, (10), 2019Journal Article, 2019, DOI , URL , TARA - Full Text
  • Nicolson, G., Hayes, C., & Darker, C. , Examining total and domain-specific sedentary behaviour using the socio-ecological model - a cross-sectional study of Irish adults. , BMC Public Health , 19, (1155), 2019Journal Article, 2019, DOI , URL
  • Lawler, M., Hickey, A., Doyle, F., Nixon, E., Darker, C., Barry, M., Field, C., & Hevey, D. , Effectiveness of a peer-led motivational interviewing intervention for increasing physical activity among at-risk adolescents, 33rd Annual Conference of the European Health Psychological Society, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 3 - 7 September 2019, 2019Published Abstract, 2019, URL
  • Hickey, A., Lawler, M., Doyle, F., Nixon, E., Darker, C., Barry, M., Field, C., & Hevey, D. , The effects of training low-SES adolescents in Motivational Interviewing for health behaviour change among peers., 33rd Annual Conference of the European Health Psychological Society, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 3 - 7 September 2019, 2019Published Abstract, 2019
  • Hayes, C., Ciblis, A., Darker, C.D., Dougall, N., Vance, J., O'Connell, N., Dobbie, F., Louden, K., Burke, E., Devane, D., Bauld, L. , We can Quit 2: A community-based intervention on smoking cessation for women living in disadvantaged areas of Ireland: study protocol for a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial. , BMC Pilot and Feasibility Studies , 5 , (138 ), 2019Journal Article, 2019, DOI
  • Darker, C., O'Connell, N., Dempster, M., Graham, C., O'Connor, C., Zgaga, L., Nolan, A., Tobin, K., Brennan, N., Nicolson, G., Burke, E., Mather, L., Crowley, P., Scally, G., Barry, J. , Study protocol for the COvid-19 Toolbox for All IslaNd (CONTAIN) project: A cross-border analysis in Ireland to disentangle psychological, behavioural, media and governmental responses to COVID-19, HRB Open Research, 2020, p10.12688/hrbopenres.13105.1Journal Article, 2020
  • Darker CD, Moore E, Flynn E, O'Neill M, Doherty L, McMahon J, McLoughlin O, Rouine E, Ivers J, Allwright S, McGrath D, Seery A, McAndrew M, Barrett E, Tanner M, Bennett AE, Brennan S, Mullin M, Barry JM. , Development and proposed evaluation of an eHealth learning tool for undergraduate university students in Ireland, Health Promotion International, 2022, p1 - 14Journal Article, 2022, DOI
  • McCarron P., Smyth B., Carroll G., Glynn M., Barry J., Whiston L., Keenan E., Darker C., Truszkowska E., Patterns of new psychoactive substance use among opioid-dependent patients attending for opioid substitution treatment, HEROIN ADDICTION AND RELATED CLINICAL PROBLEMS, 24, (1), 2022, p21 - 29Journal Article, 2022, URL
  • Nolan, A., Burke, S., Burke, E., Darker, C., Barry, J., O'Connell, N., Zgaga, L., Mather, L., Nicolson, G., Dempster, M., Graham, C., Crowley, P., O'Connor, C., Tobin, K and Scally, G., Obstacles to Public Health that even Pandemics cannot Overcome: The Politics of Covid-19 on the Island of Ireland, Irish Studies in International Affairs, 32, (2), 2021Journal Article, 2021, DOI
  • Cliodhna O'Connor, Nicola O'Connell, Emma Burke, Martin Dempster, Christopher D. Graham, Gabriel Scally, Lina Zgaga, Ann Nolan, Gail Nicolson, Luke Mather, Joseph Barry, Philip Crowley, Catherine D. Darker,, Bordering on crisis: A qualitative analysis of focus group, social media, and news media perspectives on the Republic of Ireland-Northern Ireland border during the 'first wave' of the COVID-19 pandemic, Social Science and Medicine, 282, 2021Journal Article, 2021, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • O'Connor, C., O'Connell, N., Burke, E., Nolan, A., Dempster, M., Graham, C.D., Nicolson, G., Barry. J., Scally, G., Crowley, P., Zgaga, L., Mather,L., & Darker, C.D, Media Representations of Science during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Analysis of News and Social Media on the Island of Ireland, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18, (9542), 2021Journal Article, 2021, DOI
  • Darker CD, Mullin M, Doyle L, Tanner M, McGrath D, Doherty L, Dreyer-Gibney K, Barrett EM, Flynn D, Murphy P, Ivers JH, Burke E, Ryan M, McCarron M, Murphy P, Sheils O, Hevey D, Leen A, Keogh L, Walls B, Bennett AE, Petersen F, Nolan A, Barry JM., Developing a health promoting university in Trinity College Dublin-overview and outline process evaluation, Health Promotion International, 38, (4), 2023, p1 - 14, p1-14Journal Article, 2023, DOI
  • Hayes CB, Patterson J, Castello S, Burke E, O'Connell N, Darker, CD Bauld L, Vance J, Ciblis A, Dobbie F, Loudon K, Declan D, Dougall N, Peer-Delivery of a Gender-Specific Smoking Cessation Intervention for Women Living in Disadvantaged Communities in Ireland We Can Quit2 (WCQ2)-A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 24, (4), 2022, p564 - 573Journal Article, 2022, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Ogutu, Michael, Muraya, Kui, Mockler, David, Darker, Catherine, Factors influencing the performance of community health volunteers working within urban informal settlements in low- and middle-income countries: a qualitative meta-synthesis review, Human Resources for Health, 19, (1), 2021Journal Article, 2021, DOI
  • O'Connell, N., O'Connor, K., McGrath, D., Vagge, L., Mockler, D., Jennings, R., Darker, C.D., Early Intervention in Psychosis services: a systematic review and narrative synthesis of the barriers and facilitators to implementation, European Psychiatry, 2021, p1-44Journal Article, 2021, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Catherine Darker; Kirsty Loudon; Nicola O'Connell; Stefania Castello; Emma Burke; Joanne Vance; Caitriona Reynolds; Aine Buggy; Nadine Dougall; Pauline Williams; Fiona Dobbie; Linda Bauld; Catherine B Hayes, An application of PRECIS-2 to evaluate trial design in a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of a community-based smoking cessation intervention for women living in disadvantaged areas of Ireland, Pilot and Feasibility Studies , 8, (19), 2022Journal Article, 2022, DOI , URL , TARA - Full Text
  • Castello S, Darker CD, Vance J, Dougall N, Linda Bauld L , Hayes CB, The We Can Quit2 Smoking Cessation Trial: Knowledge Exchange and Dissemination Following a Community-Based Participatory Research Approach, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 19, (4), 2022, p2333-Journal Article, 2022, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Darker CD, Burke E, Castello S, O'Sullivan K, O'Connell, N., Vance, J, Reynolds C, Buggy A, Dougall, N, Loudon K, Williams P, Dobbie F, Bauld L and Hayes, CB., A process evaluation of 'We Can Quit' a community-based smoking cessation intervention targeting women from areas of socio-disadvantage in Ireland. , A process evaluation of 'We Can Quit' a community-based smoking cessation intervention targeting women from areas of socio-disadvantage in Ireland. , BMC Public Health, 22, 2022, p1528 -Journal Article, 2022, DOI , URL , TARA - Full Text
  • Martin Dempster, Nicola O'Connell, Christopher D. Graham, Cliodhna O'Connor, Lina Zgaga, Emma Burke, Luke Mather, Gail Nicolson, Joe Barry, Gabriel Scally, Ann Nolan. Katy Tobin, Philip Crowley and Catherine D. Darker , Non-adherence to COVID-19 containment behaviours: results from an all-Ireland telephone surv, BMC Public Health, 22, (898), 2022Journal Article, 2022, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Lungu, E., Darker, C.D., & Biesma, R. , Determinants of healthcare seeking for childhood illnesses among caregivers of under-five children in urban slums in Malawi: a population-based cross-sectional study, BMC Pediatrics , 20 , 2020Journal Article, 2020, DOI
  • Gamage, N.M., Darker, C., Smyth, B.P. , Improvement in psychological wellbeing among adolescents with a substance use disorder attending an outpatient treatment programme, Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 8, (Apr), 2021, p1 - 8Journal Article, 2021, DOI
  • Nicolson, G.H., Hayes, C.B., & Darker, C.D. , A cluster-randomised crossover pilot feasibility study of a multicomponent intervention to recue occupational sedentary behaviour in professional male employees, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18, (17), 2021, p9292-Journal Article, 2021, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • O'Connell, N., Burke, E., Dobbie, F., Dougall, N., Mockler, D., Darker, C., Vance, J., Bernstein, S., Gilbert, H., Bauld, L., & Hayes, C.B. , The effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions for socio-economically disadvantaged women: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Systematic Reviews , 11, (111), 2022Journal Article, 2022, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • O'Ciardha, D., Blake, A.M., Creane, D., O'Callaghan, M., & Darker, C., Can a practice pharmacist improve prescribing safety and reduce costs in polypharmacy patients? A pilot study on an intervention in an Irish general practice setting, BMJ Open , 12, (5), 2022Journal Article, 2022, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Barry, J.M., Darker, C.D., Thomas, D.E., Allwright, S.P., & O'Dowd T. , Primary medical care in Irish prisons, BMC Health Services Research, 10, (74), 2010, p74 - 79Journal Article, 2010, DOI , URL , TARA - Full Text
  • Darker, C., French, D.P., Eves, F.F., & Sniehotta, F.F. , An intervention to promote walking amongst the general population based on an 'extended' theory of planned behaviour: A waiting list randomised controlled trial , Psychology & Health, 25, (1), 2010, p71 - 88Journal Article, 2010, DOI , URL , TARA - Full Text
  • Darker, C., & French, D.P. , What sense do people make of a theory of planned behaviour questionnaire?: a think-aloud study., Journal of Health Psychology, 14, (7), 2009, p861 - 871Journal Article, 2009, DOI , URL
  • Darker, C., Larkin, M., & French, D.P. , An exploration of walking behaviour--an interpretative phenomenological approach., Social Science & Medicine, 65, (10), 2007, p2172 - 2183Journal Article, 2007, DOI , URL
  • Darker, C., French, D.R., Longdon, S., Morris, K., & Eves, FF. , Are beliefs elicited biased by question order? A theory of planned behaviour belief elicitation study about walking in the UK general population., British Journal of Health Psychology, 12, (1), 2007, p93 - 110Journal Article, 2007, DOI , URL
  • Smyth, B.P., Darker, C., Donnelly-Swift, E., Barry, J.M., & Allwright, S.P. , A telephone survey of parental attitudes and behaviours regarding teenage drinking, BMC Public Health, 10, 2010, p297Journal Article, 2010, DOI , URL , TARA - Full Text
  • Duffy, S., Darker, C., O'Shea, B., Conlon, T., & Hollywood, B. , New Developments in Service Delivery. Are GP led Sexual Health Clinics Acceptable and Satisfactory for Patients Attending?" , Irish Medical Journal, 104, (3), 2011, p71 - 73Journal Article, 2011
  • Floyd, S., O'Shea, B. & Darker, C. , General practitioners experience in dietary counseling: poor access to deictic services., Irish Medical Journal, 104, (2), 2011, p59 - 60Journal Article, 2011
  • McMahon, D., Darker, C., O'Shea, B., & Taaffe., The prescribing of contraception and emergency contraception to girls aged less than 16 - what are the views and beliefs of GPs and of parents? , Medico-Legal Journal of Ireland, 16, (2), 2010, p91 - 96Journal Article, 2010
  • Darker, C., Sweeney, B., El Hassan, H., Kelly, A., Smyth, B., & Barry, J. , Non-attendance at counselling therapy in cocaine-using methadone-maintained patients: lessons learnt from an abandoned randomised controlled trial, Irish Journal of Medical Sciences, 181, (1), 2012Journal Article, 2012, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Darker, C., Sweeney, B., El Hassan, H., Smyth, B., Ivers, J., & Barry, J, Brief interventions are effective in reducing alcohol consumption in opiate dependent methadone maintained patients: results from an implementation study. , Drug & Alcohol Review, 31, (3), 2012, p348 - 356Journal Article, 2012, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Barrett E, Darker C, Hussey J., Promotion of physical activity in primary care: knowledge and practice of general practitioners and physiotherapists, Journal of Public Health, 21, (1), 2013, p63 - 69Journal Article, 2013, DOI , URL
  • Darker, C., Sweeney, B., El Hassan, H., Kelly, A., Smyth, B., and Barry, J. , Cognitive behavioural coping skills therapy in cocaine using methadone maintained patients: a pilot randomised controlled trial, Heroin Addiction & Related Clinical Problems, 14, (3), 2012, p101-110Journal Article, 2012
  • Darker C, Martin C, O'Dowd T, O'Kelly F, O'Shea B., Chronic disease management in general practice: results from a national study., Irish Medical Journal, 105, (4), 2012, p102 - 105Journal Article, 2012, URL , TARA - Full Text
  • White A, O'Brien B, Houlihan T, Darker C, O'Shea B., Childhood obesity: parents fail to recognise, general practitioners fail to act., Irish Medical Journal, 105, (1), 2012, p7 - 10Journal Article, 2012, URL
  • Darker CD, Sweeney BP, Barry JM, Farrell MF., Psychosocial interventions for benzodiazepine harmful use, abuse or dependence (Protocol) , Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2, (CD009652), 2012Journal Article, 2012, URL
  • Ducray D, Darker C, Smyth BP, Situational and psycho-social factors associated with relapse following detoxification in a population of Irish opioid dependent patients. , Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 29, (2), 2012, p72 - 79Journal Article, 2012, URL
  • Redmond, P., Darker, C., McDonnell, M. & O'Shea, B. , Establishing a general practitioner led minor injury service: mixed methods evaluation at 10 months with an emphasis on use of radiology by GPs in the out-of- hours setting, Irish Journal of Medical Science, 182, (2), 2013, p213 - 216Journal Article, 2013, DOI
  • Apantaku-Olajide T, Darker CD, Smyth BP, Onset of Cocaine Use: Associated Alcohol Intoxication and Psychosocial Characteristics Among Adolescents in Substance Abuse Treatment., Journal of addiction medicine, 7, (3), 2013, p183 - 188Journal Article, 2013, DOI
  • Darker, C., Ivers, J., O'Farrell, A., Dolan, R., Eldin, N., & Allwright. , A qualitative study of the perceived impact of a community mobilisation intervention to reduce alcohol consumption among amateur sportsmen, Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 30, (1), 2013, p57 - 66Journal Article, 2013, DOI
  • Ni Shuilleabhain, Barry, J., Kelly, A., O'Kelly, F., Darker, C., & O'Dowd, T. , Alcohol consumption in pregnancy: results from the general practice setting, Irish Journal of Medical Science, 183, (2), 2014, p231 - 240Journal Article, 2014, DOI
  • Agnew, J., Taaffe, M., Darker, C., O'Shea, B., & Clarke, J. , Delayed prescribing of antibiotics for respiratory tract infections: Use of information leaflets, Irish Medical Journal, 106, (8), 2013, p243 - 245Journal Article, 2013, TARA - Full Text
  • Darker C, Whiston L, O'Shea B, Chronic Disease Management in Ireland: Perspectives from patients and clinical stakeholders- implications and recommendations for the Irish healthcare system, Dublin, Adelaide Health Foundation, 2015Report, TARA - Full Text
  • Darker CD, Whiston L, Long J, Donnelly-Swift E & Barry J, Health assets and needs assessment (HANA) in Tallaght, 2014, Dublin, 2015Report, URL , TARA - Full Text
  • Darker CD, Casey E, Seraukina T, Whiston L, & O'Shea B, The patients' perspective - a survey of chronic disease management in Ireland, Dublin, 2015Report, URL , TARA - Full Text
  • Darker CD, Bergin C, Walsh G, & O'Shea B, A national survey of chronic disease management by Irish hospital based consultants, Dublin, 2014Report, TARA - Full Text
  • Darker CD, Whiston L, Jordan S, Doogue R, Collins C, Ryan K & O'Shea, A national survey of chronic disease management by practice nurses in Ireland, Dublin, 2014Report, TARA - Full Text
  • Darker CD, Integrated healthcare in Ireland - a critical analysis and a way forward. , Dublin, 2013Report, TARA - Full Text
  • Darker, C. , Hospital Governance: Can medicine, ethics, the law, compassion and wisdom find common ground? , Conference Proceedings and Report , Dublin , Adelaide Health Policy Initiative, 2013Report, URL
  • Gabriela M. Sorin, Catherine Darker , Lucy Whiston, Erica Donnelly-Swift, Joe Barry, Brendan D. Kelly, Physical and Mental Health in Post-Recession Ireland: A Community Study from Tallaght, Dublin, Meath Foundation , November, 2018, p1 - 14Report, URL
  • Darker, C.D., Integrated healthcare in Ireland - a critical analysis and a way forward. , Integrated Care , Dublin, 2014Conference Paper
  • Darker, C.D., KEYNOTE ADDRESS: Health inequalities in Irish society and its impact on population health, Primary Care Social Workers Conference, Dublin, 2011Conference Paper
  • Darker, C.D., Contemporary Health Policy & Service Reforms - impact on Irish hospitals , The Mater Misericordiae University Hospital Annual Conference , Dublin, 2014Conference Paper
  • Darker, C.D., Universal healthcare for Ireland , Irish Medical Organisation meeting , Dublin, 2014Conference Paper
  • Darker, C.D., KEYNOTE ADDRESS: Health reforms - putting the patient (and the citizen?) at the centre of our care, The Mater Misericordiae University Hospital Annual Conference, Dublin, 2014Conference Paper
  • Darker, C.D., Chronic illness - health policy, health services management and health psychology perspectives , IBD Nurses Clinical Educational Symposium , Dublin, 2013Conference Paper
  • Darker, C.D., Why health & social equality is better for everyone (even the rich), TASC Annual Conference: Health Service Reform - the Government's First Year: What Progress? , Croke Park, Dublin , 2012Conference Paper
  • Darker, C.D., Future Health: A Strategic Framework for the Reform of the Health Service 2012-2015, Adelaide Hospital Society Roundtable Meeting, Dublin, 2013Conference Paper
  • Darker, C.D., The Patients' Perspective - A Survey of Chronic Disease Management in Ireland, Adelaide Hospital Society Roundtable Meeting, Dublin, 2015Conference Paper
  • Darker, C.D. & O'Shea, B, Chronic Disease Management in Ireland. Perspectives from patients and clinical stakeholders - implications and recommendations for the Irish healthcare system, Adelaide Hospital Society Roundtable Meeting, Dublin, 2015Conference Paper
  • Darker, C.D., Health Gathering - what changes to local health and social care services are important to residents in Tallaght? , Health Gathering, Tallaght Stadium, Dublin , 2016Conference Paper
  • Darker C, Martin CM, O'Dowd TC, O'Kelly F, O'Kelly M, O'Shea B, A national survey of chronic disease management in Irish general practice, Dublin, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, TCD, June, 2011, p1 - 71Report, URL , TARA - Full Text

Research Expertise

I lead on two themes across my research - 1. Behavioural change programmes and trials at population level and 2. Implementation Science. Theme 1: I have a proven track record in research for impact - applying and developing complex interventions (intervention design, measurement, fidelity, feasibility and process evaluation), for prevention-related health research (e.g., smoking cessation, alcohol, physical activity) for the general public, people with chronic illnesses and healthcare professionals. I am a leading international expert in behaviour change in health and healthcare contexts, as evidenced by my collaborations, research income, metrics and media appearances. Theme 2: My research has directly shaped and influenced clinical practice and health policy. For example, the result of my HRB funded brief intervention trial has changed the treatment of patients attending methadone services in Ireland. I routinely influence theory development and measurement. For example, my research demonstrated that the measurement of a popular theory in health psychology (theory of planned behaviour) is problematic for respondents to engage with; this has subsequently changed how researchers design this type of questionnaire. I incorporate evidence based processes into routine health practice and policy. For example, my process evaluation of the National Clinical Care Programmes in Ireland is shaping the reconfiguration of these Programmes nationally. . I am far surpassing the Research Metrics of FHS for Associate Professor (minimum score of 7 points over 4 year period) with a personal score of 36.5 over a 4 year period; even with two maternity leaves). . I have attracted €1,298,538 research funding to date, as PI or Co-Applicant, including HRB, IRC & HSE grants. . I have published extensively in leading health journals (N=102 overall; N=73 as senior author; h-index 19). I have been cited 1498 times. . My research has extensive reach and impact having been reported widely in print and broadcast media. For example, in the Irish Times and on national RTE radio. . As a research leader I contribute significantly to the research reputation of the School and the College. . I collaborate nationally and internationally with a wide range of disciplines, practitioners and policy makers. . I am a College leader in engaged research through a constant focus on Public and Patient Involvement (PPI) within my research - I use PPI from the design stage, improving the relevancy of the research and increasing its societal impact. . I have supervised four PhD students to completion. . I have a growing reputation as an external PhD examiner.

  • Title
    A peer-to-peer motivational interview intervention for smoking, alcohol and physical activity among at-risk adolescents in low SES communities: A feasibility trial.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Medical Research Charities Group and Health Research Board
    Date From
    1st March 2017
    Date To
    28th February 2020
  • Title
    Cochrane Systematic Review examining the evidence for the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for benzodiazepine abuse or dependence.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Health Research Board
    Date From
    1st September 2010
    Date To
    31st December 2012
  • Title
    A conduct a cluster randomised pilot trial of a community-based smoking cessation intervention for women in disadvantaged areas of Ireland.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Health Research Board
    Date From
    September 2017
    Date To
    March 2020
  • Title
    Developing a framework for mental health peer-support in sub-Saharan Africa.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Irish Research Council
    Date From
    1st September 2018
    Date To
    31st August 2021
  • Title
    To conduct secondary analysis on the Health Assets and Needs Assessment in Tallaght, specifically, to identify a combination of health assets that are most likely to lead to higher levels of health in the Tallaght community, with residents as co-producers of health.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Health Research Board
    Date From
    31st May 2015
    Date To
    28th August 2015
  • Title
    Screening and brief interventions for illicit drug and alcohol use in methadone maintained opiate dependent patients: a cluster randomised controlled trial feasibility study.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Health Research Board
    Date From
    1st September 2012
    Date To
    31st May 2013
  • Title
    A Health Assets and Needs Assessment in Tallaght.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Adelaide Health Foundation and Tallaght University Hospital
    Date From
    1st September 2014
    Date To
    31st December 2015
  • Title
    A comprehensive Health Needs Assessment of female drug users in Dublin North Inner City.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Health Service Executive and Department of Health and Children and Women's Health Council
    Date From
    September 2009
    Date To
    October 2010
  • Title
    To conduct a process evaluation of the National Clinical Care Programmes.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Health Service Executive
    Date From
    1st September 2016
    Date To
    31st May 2017
  • Title
    Patient and family participation in healthcare design and delivery from a mental and physical healthcare perspective.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Irish Research Council
    Date From
    1st September 2015
    Date To
    31st January 2018
  • Title
    Multi-modal study examining social prescribing, examining clinical and cost effectiveness.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Adelaide Health Foundation
    Date From
    1st September 2018
    Date To
    31st August 2021
  • Title
    A pilot physical activity project for workplaces in Tallaght and also to determine the feasibility of community based physical activity in Tallaght.
    Summary
    Funding Agency
    Health Service Executive
    Date From
    1st September 2016
    Date To
    31st August 2017

Other Health Sciences, Mental Health (including Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology), Population Health, Public & Environment Health, Social Justice, Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Health Care & Health Services (including Health Technology and Health Information Systems),

Recognition

  • Dean's Award for Innovation in Teaching 2016 May 2016
  • Nominated for Provosts Teaching Award 2018-2019 Decision pending
  • Psychological Society of Ireland (Registered Member 2009-2011) (Chartered Member 2011 - present) present
  • European Health Psychology Society (Full Member) present
  • Cochrane International Collaboration present
  • British Psychological Society (Full member 2008-2016) (Associate Fellow 2017 - present) present
  • HEI HSE National Standard Undergraduate Curriculum for chronic disease prevention and management (Steering Group member) 2018 - present
  • Scientific Committee - Psychology, Health & Medicine Conference 2015;2019
  • Honorary Secretary - Psychological Society of Ireland 2012-2014
  • Health Reform Alliance (Chair; Ordinary Committee Member) 2014-2017
  • Chair of Division of Health Psychology - Psychological Society of Ireland 2016-2017
  • Healthy Ireland (Council Member) 2014-2017
  • Reviewer for the following journals, inter alia: BMJ Open, BMC Public Health, BMC Health Services Research, BMC Family Practice, Health Policy, International Journal of Integrated Care, Health Psychology Review, Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy, 2007-present
  • Council member - Psychological Society of Ireland 2011-2014
  • Chair of Standing Committee on Psychometric Testing - Psychological Society of Ireland 2010-2013
  • Trinity representative - Healthy County Committee (South Dublin) 2014-present
  • Scientific Committee - International Foundation for Integrated Care Conference 2017
  • TASC Group on Health Inequalities (Committee member) 2012-2015
  • Department of Health, National Advisory Committee on Drugs and Alcohol (subcommittee member of Treatment, Rehabilitation and Consequences, plus Research Advisory Group) 2013-2016
  • Expert Committee on Prevention, Irish Cancer Society (Committee member) 2016-present
  • Honorary Treasurer, Division of Health Psychology, Psychological Society of Ireland 2010-2013
  • Irish Platform for Patient's Organisations, Science and Industry (IPPOSI)(Board Member) 2013-present
  • Expert Committee on Health Inequalities, Irish Cancer Society (Committee Member) 2015-2017