Professor Eleanor Molloy

Professor Eleanor Molloy

Professor of Paediatrics & Child Health, Paediatrics

Professor of Paediatrics & Child Health

3531896 3763

Publications and Further Research Outputs

  • Eliwan HO, O'Hare FM, Sweetman D, Watson WR, MolloyEJ, Elevated Toll-like Receptor Expression in Neonatal Encephalopathy: Immunomodulation by Activated Protein C, Pediatric Academic Societies , Washington DC, USA, 2013, 2013Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • Twohig A, McNicholas F, Molloy EJ, Prespectives on Attachment of Infants in Neonatal Intensive Care: An Analysis of Staff Preceptions, Pediatric Academic Societies, Washington DC, USA, 2013, 2013Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • McCarthy LK, Molloy EJ, Twomey AR, Murphy JFA, O'Donnell CPF, A Randomized Trial of Single Nasal Prong or Face Mask for Respiratory Support for Preterm Infants in the Delivery Room (ISRCTN59061709), Pediatric Academic Societies , Washington DC, USA, 2013, 2013Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • Farrington A, Onwuneme C, Mollogy EJ, Is there a correlation between Vitamin D Levels and clincal markers in preterm infants?, Pediatric Academic Societies , Washington DC, USA, 2013, 2013Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • Donnelly J, Horan M, Walsh J, McGowan C, Byrne J, Molloy EJ, McAuliffe F, Impact of a low GI diet on neonatal Body Composition (ROLO Kids), Pediatric Academic Societies , Washington DC, USA, 2013, 2013Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • McCarthy LK, Molloy EJ, Twomey AR, Murphy JFA, O'Donnell CPF, Randomised Trial of Polyethylene Bag andExothermic Mattress or Polyethylene Bag Alone for Thermoregulation in Preterm Infants in the Delivery Room, Pediatric Academic Societies, Washington DC, USA, 2013, 2013Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • Waters A, Jennings K, Fitzpatrick E, Coughlan S, Molloy E, De Gascun CF, Hall WW, Prevalence of Congenital CMV infection in Ireland: Implications for routine screening and diagnosis., 15th Annual Meeting of the European Society for clincial Virology (ESCV) and Joint Meeting with the European Society for Veterinary Virology (ESVV), 2013, 2013Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • EL Molloy, Cutting edge: How to translate research into clinical practice., Neonatal discussion Form, Wales, UK, 2015Invited Talk, 2015
  • EL Molloy, The development of the preterm neonatal immun e system and new evidence on the role of vitamin D, Satellite symposium on the ongoing global Challenge of RSV infection: emerging interventions against RSV. 32nd Annual Meeting of the European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases , Dublin, 2014Invited Talk, 2014
  • EL Molloy, Diagnostic evaluation of neonates with early onset sepsis., Recent Advances in Neonatal Medicine , Wurzburg, Germany, 2014Invited Talk, 2014
  • EL Molloy, The Neonate and the Neutrophil, Spring North Yorkshire Neonatal Discussion Forum, North Yourkshire, UK, 2014, 2014Invited Talk, 2014
  • Aslam S, Molloy EJ, Biomrkers of multiorgan injury in neonatal encephalopthy., Biomarkers in Medicine, 9, (3), 2015, p267 - 275Journal Article, 2015
  • Onwuneme C, Blanco A, O'Neill A, Watson B, Molloy EJ, Vitamin D enhances reactive oxygen intermediates production in phagocytic cells in term and preterm infants., Pediatric research, 2015Journal Article, 2015
  • Donnelly JM, Lindsay KL, Walsh JM, Horan M, Molloy EJ, McAuliffe FM, Fetal metabolic influences of neonatal anthropometry and adiposity., BMC pediatrics, 15, 2015, p175Journal Article, 2015
  • Cynthia F. Bearer, Eleanor J. Molloy, Expanding research, relevance, and reach, Pediatr Res, 79, (1-1), 2015, p2--2Journal Article, 2015
  • Chike Onwuneme, Aoife Carroll, Dermot Doherty, Heike Bruell, Ricardo Segurado, Mark Kilbane, Nuala Murphy, Malachi J. McKenna, Eleanor J. Molloy, Inadequate vitamin D levels are associated with culture positive sepsis and poor outcomes in paediatric intensive care, Acta Paediatr, 104, (10), 2015, pe433--e438Journal Article, 2015
  • Chike Onwuneme, Fidelma Martin, Roberta McCarthy, Aoife Carroll, Ricardo Segurado, John Murphy, Anne Twomey, Nuala Murphy, Mark Kilbane, Malachi McKenna, Eleanor Molloy, The Association of Vitamin D Status with Acute Respiratory Morbidity in Preterm Infants, The Journal of Pediatrics, 166, (5), 2015, p1175--1180.e1Journal Article, 2015
  • Freyne B, Stafford A, Knowles S, O'Hora A, Molloy E, Perinatal Treponema pallidum: evidence based guidelines to reduce mother to child transmission., 2014Journal Article, 2014
  • Geurtzen R, van Heijst AF, Babarao S, Molloy E, Draaisma JM, Hogeveen M, Practices in antenatal counselling for extremely premature infants amongst European trainees., 2016Journal Article, 2016
  • Onwuneme C, Diya B, Uduma O, McCarthy RA, Murphy N, Kilbane MT, McKenna MJ, Molloy EJ, Correction of vitamin D deficiency in a cohort of newborn infants using daily 200 IU vitamin D supplementation., 2015Journal Article, 2015
  • Eleanor Molloy, TRAIN study: TRAnsfusion In Neonates and ideal red cell volume study, http://isrctn.org/>, 2014Journal Article, 2014
  • Eleanor Molloy, Preterm Infant Parent Programme for Attachment (PIPPA study), http://isrctn.org/>, 2013Journal Article, 2013
  • Geoghegan S, Nicholson AJ, Molloy EJ, Incorporating Teaching in Global Child Health into Irish Medical School Curriculum., 2015Journal Article, 2015
  • McCarthy LK, Molloy EJ, Murphy JF, O'Donnell CP, Twomey AR, A randomized trial of nasal prong or face mask for respiratory support for preterm newborns., 2013Journal Article, 2013
  • Molloy EJ, O'Hare FM, William Watson R, Toll-like receptors in Neonatal Sepsis., 2013Journal Article, 2013
  • Molloy EJ, Riordan M, Sweetman DU, Management of renal dysfunction following term perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia., 2013Journal Article, 2013
  • Sweetman DU, Molloy EJ, Biomarkers of acute kidney injury in neonatal encephalopathy., 2013Journal Article, 2013
  • Walsh H, Molloy E, Neonatal palliative care., 2013Journal Article, 2013
  • Lutomski J, Dempsey E, Molloy E, An epidemiological study of factors associated with preterm infant in-hospital mortality., 2013Journal Article, 2013
  • Eleanor Molloy, Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia - Prenatal to Childhood Management and Outcomes, 2012Journal Article, 2012
  • Carroll A, Kilbane M, McCarthy R, McKenna M, Molloy EJ, Murphy N, Onwuneme C, Towards evidence based medicine for paediatricians. Question 2. What is the ideal dose of vitamin D supplementation for term neonates?, 2012Journal Article, 2012
  • Armstrong K, Franklin O, Molloy EJ, Sweetman D, Cardiovascular dysfunction in infants with neonatal encephalopathy., 2012Journal Article, 2012
  • Molloy EJ, The decline and fall of the cardiac biomarker: a good indicator of resolution of cardiac dysfunction following perinatal asphyxia. commentary on D.C. Vijlbrief et al.: Cardiac biomarkers as indicators of hemodynamic adaptation during postasphyxial hypothermia treatment (Neonatology 2012;102:243-248)., 2012Journal Article, 2012
  • Noone D, Kieran E, Molloy EJ, Serum magnesium in the first week of life in extremely low birth weight infants., 2012Journal Article, 2012
  • El-Khuffash AF, McNamara PJ, Molloy EJ, Slevin M, Troponin T, N-terminal pro natriuretic peptide and a patent ductus arteriosus scoring system predict death before discharge or neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years in preterm infants., 2011Journal Article, 2011
  • , Immune System of the Newborn, 2011Journal Article, 2011
  • , Fluid and Electrolyte Balance in the Newborn, 2011Journal Article, 2011
  • , 163: Is chorionicity an independent risk factor for adverse neurological outcome in very low birth weight (VLBW) twins?, 2011Journal Article, 2011
  • Connell J, De Gascun C, Hall WW, Hassan J, Kissoon G, Knowles S, Molloy E, Waters A, Human cytomegalovirus UL144 is associated with viremia and infant development sequelae in congenital infection., 2010Journal Article, 2010
  • Low E, Healy M, Molloy EJ, Neonatal albumin infusions in paediatric intensive care., 2010Journal Article, 2010
  • Molloy EJ, Walsh S, Towards evidence based medicine for paediatricians. Is intravenous immunoglobulin superior to exchange transfusion in the management of hyperbilirubinaemia in term neonates?, 2009Journal Article, 2009
  • Barrett MJ, Molloy EJ, Do we neglect infant safety during air travel?, 2009Journal Article, 2009
  • Molloy EJ, Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid Cells (TREM) family and the application of its antagonists., 2009Journal Article, 2009
  • McCarthy R, McCallion N, Harrison G, Molloy EJ, Relationship between vitamin D and alkaline phosphatase in very-low-birthweight infants., 2009Journal Article, 2009
  • Molloy EJ, El-Khuffash A, Bieda A, Jelinek MM, Baley J, Elevated iron indices in preterm infants: association with male gender., 2009Journal Article, 2009
  • El-Khuffash A, Molloy E, The Use of N-Terminal-Pro-BNP in Preterm Infants., 2009Journal Article, 2009
  • El-Khuffash A, Molloy EJ, Incidental finding of endocarditis in a preterm neonate., 2009Journal Article, 2009
  • , Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid Cells (TREM) Family and the Application of Its Antagonists, 2009Journal Article, 2009
  • McHale S, Thomas M, Hayden E, Bergin K, McCallion N, Molloy EJ, Variation in inspiratory time and tidal volume with T-piece neonatal resuscitator: association with operator experience and distraction., 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • El-Khuffash A, Barry D, Walsh K, Davis PG, Molloy EJ, Biochemical markers may identify preterm infants with a patent ductus arteriosus at high risk of death or severe intraventricular haemorrhage., 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • El-Khuffash AF, Molloy EJ, Influence of a patent ductus arteriosus on cardiac troponin T levels in preterm infants., 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • Morris I, McCallion N, El-Khuffash A, Molloy EJ, Serum albumin and mortality in very low birth weight infants., 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • El-Khuffash A, Davis PG, Walsh K, Molloy EJ, Cardiac troponin T and N-terminal-pro-B type natriuretic peptide reflect myocardial function in preterm infants., 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • Morris I, Molloy EJ, Albumin administration in the management of neonatal hypoalbuminaemia., 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • O'Rourke DJ, El-Khuffash A, Moody C, Walsh K, Molloy EJ, Patent ductus arteriosus evaluation by serial echocardiography in preterm infants., 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • McNamara R, Molloy EJ, Rationalising the use of "growing bloods" in stable preterm infants., 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • Molloy E, Are elevated peripheral leukocytes markers of septic etiology in asphyxiated infants with neurological disability?, 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • El-Khuffash AF, Molloy EJ, Serum troponin in neonatal intensive care., 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • El-Khuffash A, Higgins M, Molloy EJ, Walsh K, Quantitative assessment of the degree of ductal steal using celiac artery blood flow to left ventricular output ratio in preterm infants., 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • El-Khuffash AF, Molloy EJ, Walsh K, Left atrial appendage mimicking an intra-cardiac vegetation in preterm neonates., 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • , Serum Troponin in Neonatal Intensive Care, 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • , Quantitative Assessment of the Degree of Ductal Steal Using Celiac Artery Blood Flow to Left Ventricular Output Ratio in Preterm Infants, 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • , Left Atrial Appendage Mimicking an Intra-Cardiac Vegetation in Preterm Neonates, 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • , Heliox for prevention of morbidity and mortality in ventilated newborn infants, 2008Journal Article, 2008
  • Molloy EJ, Possible sequelae of sustained lung inflation in resuscitation of preterm infants., 2007Journal Article, 2007
  • Fitzpatrick JM, Grantham-Sloan JJ, Molloy EJ, O'Neill AJ, Sheridan-Pereira M, Watson RW, Webb DW, Neonatal encephalopathy is associated with altered perinatal systemic neutrophil apoptosis., 2007Journal Article, 2007
  • Amoruso M, Culliton M, El-Khuffash AF, Molloy EJ, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide as a marker of ductal haemodynamic significance in preterm infants: a prospective observational study., 2007Journal Article, 2007
  • El-Khuffash A, Molloy EJ, Are B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal-pro-BNP useful in neonates?, 2007Journal Article, 2007
  • El-Khuffash A, Molloy EJ, Incidental finding of endocarditis in a preterm neonate., 2007Journal Article, 2007
  • Molloy EJ, Deakins K, Are carbon dioxide detectors useful in neonates?, 2006Journal Article, 2006
  • Molloy EJ, O'Neill SM, Neonatal Escherichia coli sepsis: possible effects of gender, type of surfactant, or time to initiation of antibiotics?, 2006Journal Article, 2006
  • Doyle BT, Fitzpatrick JM, Grantham JJ, Molloy EJ, O'Neill AJ, Sheridan-Pereira M, Taylor CT, Watson RW, Webb DW, Effects of heat shock and hypoxia on neonatal neutrophil lipopolysaccharide responses: altered apoptosis, Toll-like receptor-4 and CD11b expression compared with adults., 2006Journal Article, 2006
  • Fitzpatrick JM, Grantham JJ, Molloy EJ, O'Neill AJ, Sheridan-Pereira M, Watson RW, Webb DW, Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor have differential effects on neonatal and adult neutrophil survival and function., 2005Journal Article, 2005
  • Eleanor Molloy, Michelle Walsh, Response, J Perinatol, 25, (5), 2005, p360--360Journal Article, 2005
  • Molloy EJ, Nigro KG, O'Riordan M, Sandhaus LM, Walsh MC, Performance of an automated immature granulocyte count as a predictor of neonatal sepsis., 2005Journal Article, 2005
  • Di Fiore JM, Martin RJ, Molloy EJ, Does gastroesophageal reflux cause apnea in preterm infants?, 2005Journal Article, 2005
  • , Performance of an Automated Immature Granulocyte Count as a Predictor of Neonatal Sepsis, 2005Journal Article, 2005
  • , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor and Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor Have Differential Effects on Neonatal and Adult Neutrophil Survival and Function, 2005Journal Article, 2005
  • Doctor BA, Molloy EJ, Reed MD, Walsh MC, Perinatal toxicity of domestic naphthalene exposure., 2004Journal Article, 2004
  • Molloy EJ, Increasing infant safety in air travel: deficiencies are not limited to child restraint systems., 2004Journal Article, 2004
  • Fitzpatrick JM, Grantham JJ, Molloy EJ, O'Neill AJ, Sheridan-Pereira M, Watson RW, Webb DW, Labor promotes neonatal neutrophil survival and lipopolysaccharide responsiveness., 2004Journal Article, 2004
  • Doyle BT, Fitzpatrick JM, Greenan MC, Molloy E, O'Neill AJ, Phelan D, Watson C, Watson RW, Gene expression profile of inflammatory neutrophils: alterations in the inhibitors of apoptosis proteins during spontaneous and delayed apoptosis., 2004Journal Article, 2004
  • Fitzpatrick JM, Grantham JJ, Molloy EJ, O'neill AJ, Sheridan-Pereira M, Watson RW, Webb DW, Labor induces a maternal inflammatory response syndrome., 2004Journal Article, 2004
  • , Labor Promotes Neonatal Neutrophil Survival and Lipopolysaccharide Responsiveness, 2004Journal Article, 2004
  • Fitzpatrick JM, Grantham JJ, Molloy EJ, O'Neill AJ, Sheridan-Pereira M, Watson RW, Webb DW, Sex-specific alterations in neutrophil apoptosis: the role of estradiol and progesterone., 2003Journal Article, 2003
  • , Immune function? A missing link in the gender disparity in preterm neonatal outcomes., Expert review of clinical immunology, 2017Journal Article, 2017
  • , Expression of X-linked Toll-like receptor 4 signaling genes in female vs. male neonates., Pediatric research, 2017Journal Article, 2017
  • , Serial cytokine alterations and abnormal neuroimaging in newborn infants with encephalopathy., Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), 2017Journal Article, 2017
  • Murwan Omer, Eleanor J Molloy, QUESTION 2: Is permissive hypercapnia beneficial to preterm infants?: Table 1, Archives of Disease in Childhood, 2017, parchdischild--2016--312050Journal Article, 2017
  • , Introduction-Standing on each other's shoulders., Pediatric research, 2017Journal Article, 2017
  • , Sharing Progress in Neonatal (SPIN) Brain, Gut, Heart, and Lung., Neonatology, 2017Journal Article, 2017
  • Ehrich J, Molloy E, Kerbl R, Pettoello-Mantovani M, Gerber-Grote A., Conceptual Design of Future Children's Hospitals in Europe. The Role of Public and Private Stakeholders as Transferors of New Concepts from Theory into Practice., The Journal of pediatrics, 183, 2017, p204-205Journal Article, 2017, DOI
  • Ehrich J, Molloy E, Pettoello-Mantovani M., Conceptual Design of Future Children's Hospitals in Europe: Planning, Building, Merging, and Closing Hospitals., The Journal of pediatrics, 182, 2017, p411-412.e1Journal Article, 2017, DOI
  • Ehrich J, Molloy E, Kerbl R, Pettoello-Mantovani M, Vural M, Gerber-Grote A., Conceptual Design of Future Children's Hospitals in Europe: The Role of Caregivers in Transferring New Concepts from Theory into Practice., The Journal of pediatrics, 184, 2017, p244-245.e1Journal Article, 2017, DOI
  • Sweetman DU, Onwuneme C, Watson WR, Murphy JF, Molloy EJ., Perinatal Asphyxia and Erythropoietin and VEGF: Serial Serum and Cerebrospinal Fluid Responses., Neonatology, 111, (3), 2017, p253-259Journal Article, 2017, DOI
  • Sweetman DU, Onwuneme C, Watson WR, O'Neill A, Murphy JF, Molloy EJ., Renal function and novel urinary biomarkers in infants with neonatal encephalopathy., Acta Paediatr, 105, (11), 2016, pe513-e519Journal Article, 2016, DOI
  • Molloy EJ, Modi N, Greenough A, Lagercrantz H, Bearer CF, Turner M., The future of pediatric research: European perspective., Pediatric research, 81, (1-2), 2017, p138-139Journal Article, 2017, DOI
  • Cowman J, Quinn N, Geoghegan S, Müllers S, Oglesby I, Byrne B, Somers M, Ralph A, Voisin B, Ricco AJ, Molloy EJ, Kenny D., Dynamic platelet function on von Willebrand factor is different in preterm neonates and full-term neonates: changes in neonatal platelet function., Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH, 14, (10), 2016, p2027-2035Journal Article, 2016, DOI
  • Twohig A, Reulbach U, Figuerdo R, McCarthy A, McNicholas F, Molloy EJ., SUPPORTING PRETERM INFANT ATTACHMENT AND SOCIOEMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT: STAFF PERCEPTIONS., Infant mental health journal, 37, (2), 2016, p160-171Journal Article, 2016, DOI
  • O'Driscoll DN, McGovern M, Greene CM, Molloy EJ, Gender Disparities in Preterm Neonatal Outcomes., Acta Paediatrica, (May), 2018, pePub ahead-Journal Article, 2018
  • Alsaffar M, Balfe J, McGrane F, Nadeem M, et al, Coeliac disease in children with Down syndrome in Ireland, Archives of Disease in Childhood, (doi: 10.1136/), 2019Journal Article, 2019, DOI
  • Kiva Brennan, Bobby D. O"Leary, Danielle Mc Laughlin, Eamon P. Breen, Emma Connolly, Nusrat Ali, David N. O"Driscoll, Ema Ozaki, Rebecca Mahony, Kelly Mulfaul, Aoife M. Ryan, Aine Ni Chianain, Alison McHugh, Eleanor J. Molloy, Andrew E. Hogan, Sri Paran, Fionnuala M. McAuliffe, Sarah L. Doyle, Type 1 IFN Induction by Cytosolic Nucleic Acid Is Intact in Neonatal Mononuclear Cells, Contrasting Starkly with Neonatal Hyporesponsiveness to TLR Ligation Due to Independence from Endosome-Mediated IRF3 Activation, The Journal of Immunology, 2018, pji1700956Journal Article, 2018
  • Jean Donnelly, Perinatal Inflammation and Childhood Adiposity- A gender effect?, Journal of Maternal and Fetal Neonatal Medicine, 2018, p1 - 8Journal Article, 2018, DOI
  • Huggard D, McGrane F, Lagan N, Roche E, Balfe J, Leahy TR, Franklin O, Moreno A, Melo AM, Doherty DG, Molloy EJ, Altered endotoxin responsiveness in healthy children with Down syndrome., BMC immunology, 2018Journal Article, 2018, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • EJ Molloy, S Mader, N Modi et al, Parent, child and public involvement in child health reserch: core value not just an optional extra, Pediatric Reserch, Epub ahead of print, 2018Journal Article, 2018, DOI
  • CF Bearer, EJ Molloy, Gender bias at Pedictric Reserch?, Pediatric Research, 2018Journal Article, 2018, DOI
  • AA Geraghty, E O'Brien,lberdi, MK Horan, J Donnelly, E Larkin, R Segurado, J mehegan E Molloy, FM McAuliffe, Maternal protein intake during pregnancy is associated with child growth u to 5 years of age, but not through insulin-like growth factor-1: findings from the ROLO study, British Journal of Nutrition, 120, (11), 2018, p1252 - 1261Journal Article, 2018
  • M McGovern, L Fynn, S Coyne, EJ Molloy, Doees coagulase negative staphylococcal sepsis cause neurodeveopmental delay in preterm infants?, Archive of Disease in Childhood, 2018Journal Article, 2018, DOI
  • EJ Molloy, C Bearer, Neonatal encephalopathy versus Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy, Paediatric Research, 2018Journal Article, 2018, DOI
  • D Huggard, EJ Molloy, Pavilizumab for all children with Down syndrome?, Archives of Disease in Childhood, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • J Donnelly, EJ Molloy, F McAuliffe, Perinatal Inflammation and Childhood Adiposty - A Gender Effect?, Journal of maternal-Feta & Neonatal Medicine, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • D Huggard, EJ Molloy, Do children with Down syndrome benefit from extra vaccinations?, Archives of Disease in Childhood, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • SM Wuinlan, N Roldriguez-Alvarez, EJ Molloy, SF Madden, GB Byllan, DC Henshall, EM Jimenez-Mateos, Behaviral, lectrophic and histpathologicall effects of phenobarbital in a mouse model of neonatal hypoxi-induced seizures, Scientific Reports, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • K Brennan, R O'Leary, D McLaughlin, E Connelly, N Ali, D O'Driscoll, EJ Molloy et al, Harnessing proficiencies in Type-1-Interferon induction downstream of cytosolic nucleic acid sensors in neonates and infancts for development of paediatric vaccines, Journl of Immunology, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • C Onwuneme, EJ Molloy, Vitamin D intake for preterm infants: How much do they really need?, Archives of Dseases in Childhood, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • M Alsaffar, J Balfe, S Quinn, N Gadelsayd, EJ Molloy, Coeliac Dseae in Children with Down Syndrome in Ireland, Archives of Disease in Childhood, 2018Journal Article, 2018, URL
  • EJ Molloy, N Modi, Developing Core Outcome Set for Women's , Newbron and Child Health: the crown initiative, Pedatric Research, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • K Burke, A Ennes, M Hays, A Mayfield, M Rya, M Winfield, J Meehan, EJ Molloy, The New Sepsis Three guidelines and their appliabiity to paediatric medicin, Irish Paediatric Association , Galway, December 2018, 2018Conference Paper, 2018
  • J Alexander, N Bholahm N Okigo, R Devlin, A Betts, J Healy, S Higgins, J Meehan, EJ Molloy, Fifteen minute consultation: infant with a small head, Irish Paediatric Association, Galway, December 2018, 2018Conference Paper, 2018
  • E Boyle, D Chay, C Corrigan,J Scanlon, A Tahir, AP Worrall,K Zavin, EJ Molloy, MA Healy, A review of hypernatraemic dehydration management in OLCHC in comparson to a selection of international guidelines, Irish Paediatric Association, Galway, December 2018, 2018Conference Paper, 2018
  • Dibble, M. and O'Dea, M.I. and Hurley, T. and Byrne, A. and Colleran, G. and Molloy, E.J. and Bokde, A.L.W., Diffusion tensor imaging in neonatal encephalopathy: A systematic review, Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 105, (5), 2019, p480 - 488Journal Article, 2019, DOI , URL
  • Dean Huggard, Lynne Kelly, Emer Ryan, Fiona McGrane, Niamh Lagan, Edna Roche, Joanne Balfe, T. Ronan Leahy, Orla Franklin, Derek G. Doherty, Eleanor J. Molloy, Increased systemic inflammation in children with Down syndrome, Cytokine, 127, 2020, p154938Journal Article, 2020, DOI , TARA - Full Text
  • Kiva Brennan, Bobby D. O'Leary, Danielle Mc Laughlin, David Kinlen, Eleanor J. Molloy, Declan Cody, Sri Paran, Fionnuala M. McAuliffe, Andrew E. Hogan, Sarah L. Doyle, Nucleic acid cytokine responses in obese children and infants of obese mothers, Cytokine, 119, 2019, p152--158Journal Article, 2019
  • Eleanor J. Molloy, Cynthia F. Bearer, Insights in Pediatric Research, Pediatric Research, 2019Journal Article, 2019
  • Saima Aslam, Tammy Strickland, Eleanor J. Molloy, Neonatal Encephalopathy: Need for Recognition of Multiple Etiologies for Optimal Management, Frontiers in Pediatrics, 7, 2019Journal Article, 2019
  • Dean Huggard, Eleanor J Molloy, Question 1: Palivizumab for all children with Down syndrome?, Archives of Disease in Childhood, 2019, parchdischild--2018--316140Journal Article, 2019
  • Quinlan SMM, Rodriguez-Alvarez N, Molloy EJ, Madden SF, Boylan GB, Henshall DC, Jimenez-Mateos EM, Complex spectrum of phenobarbital effects in a mouse model of neonatal hypoxia-induced seizures., Scientific reports, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • Onwuneme C, Molloy EJ, Vitamin D intake for preterm infants: how much do they really need?, Archives of disease in childhood, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • Bearer CF, Molloy EJ, Pediatric research: brief update on key objectives., Pediatric research, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • Molloy EJ, Gale C, Marsh M, Bearer CF, Devane D, Modi N, Developing core outcome set for women's, newborn, and child health: the CROWN Initiative., Pediatric research, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • Molloy EJ, Beaer C, Neonatal encephalopathy versus Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy., Pediatric research, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • Geraghty AA, O'Brien EC, Alberdi G, Horan MK, Donnelly J, Larkin E, Segurado R, Mehegan J, Molloy EJ, McAuliffe FM, Maternal protein intake during pregnancy is associated with child growth up to 5 years of age, but not through insulin-like growth factor-1: findings from the ROLO study., The British journal of nutrition, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • McGovern M, Flynn L, Coyne S, Molloy EJ, Does coagulase negative staphylococcal sepsis cause neurodevelopmental delay in preterm infants?, Archives of disease in childhood, 2018Journal Article, 2018
  • Peter Cosgrove, Eleanor J Molloy, QUESTION 2: Is frusemide necessary following red cell transfusion in preterm neonates?, Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101, (9), 2016, p868--870Journal Article, 2016
  • John Allen, Eleanor Molloy, Denise McDonald, Severe neurological impairment: a review of the definition, Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 2019Journal Article, 2019
  • Allen J, Brenner M, Hauer J, Molloy E, McDonald D , Severe Neurological Impairment: A delphi consensus-based definition, European Journal of Pediatric Neurology, 2020Journal Article, 2020, DOI
  • Zareen Z, Strickland T, Fallah L, McEneaney V, Kelly L, McDonald D, Molloy EJ., Cytokine dysregulation in children with cerebral palsy, Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Quirke FA, Healy P, Bhraonáin EN, Daly M, Biesty L, Hurley T, Walker K, Meher S, Haas DM, Bloomfield FH, Kirkham JJ, Molloy EJ, Devane D, COHESION: core outcomes in neonatal encephalopathy (protocol)., Trials, 2021Journal Article, 2021
  • Quirke FA, Healy P, Bhraonáin EN, Daly M, Biesty L, Hurley T, Walker K, Meher S, Haas DM, Bloomfield FH, Kirkham JJ, Molloy EJ, Devane D, Multi-Round compared to Real-Time Delphi for consensus in core outcome set (COS) development: a randomised trial., Trials, 2021Journal Article, 2021
  • Dibble M, Ang JZ, Mariga L, Molloy EJ, Bokde ALW, Diffusion Tensor Imaging in Very Preterm, Moderate-Late Preterm and Term-Born Neonates: A Systematic Review., The Journal of pediatrics, 2021Journal Article, 2021
  • Finucane E, Biesty L, Murphy DJ, Cotter A, Molloy EJ, O"Donnell M, Treweek S, Gillespie P, Campbell M, Morrison JJ, Alvarez-Iglesias A, Gyte G, Devane D, Feasibility study protocol of a pragmatic, randomised controlled pilot trial: Membrane sweeping to prevent post-term pregnancy: The MILO Study, 2021Journal Article, 2021
  • Stansfield B, Molloy E, Bearer C, In search of a unifying diagnosis., Pediatric research, 2021Journal Article, 2021
  • Twohig A, Murphy JF, McCarthy A, Segurado R, Underdown A, Smyke A, McNicholas F, Molloy EJ, The preterm infant-parent programme for attachment-PIPPA Study: a randomised controlled trial., Pediatric research, 2021Journal Article, 2021
  • Eleanor Molloy, Zunera Zareen, Tammy Strickland, Victoria Eneaney, Lynne Kelly, Denise McDonald, Deirdre Sweetman, Cytokine Dysregulation Persists in Childhood Post Neonatal Encephalopathy, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Eleanor J. Molloy, James L. Wynn, Joseph Bliss, Joyce M. Koenig, Fleur M. Keij, Matt McGovern, Helmut Kuester, Mark A. Turner, Eric Giannoni, Jan Mazela, Marina Degtyaeva, Tobias Strunk, Sinno H. P. Simons, Jan Janota, Franz B. Plotz, Ages van den Hoogen, Willem de Boode, Luregn J. Schlapbach, Irwin K. M. Reiss, Neonatal sepsis: need for consensus definition, collaboration and core outcomes, Pediatric Research, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Eleanor J. Molloy, Cynthia F. Bearer, COVID-19 in children and altered inflammatory responses, Pediatric Research, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Eleanor J. Molloy, The Doctor"s Dilemma: lessons from GB Shaw in a modern pandemic COVID-19, Pediatric Research, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Eleanor J. Molloy, Anna Lavizzari, Claus Klingenberg, Jochen Profit, John A. F. Zupancic, Alexis S. Davis, Fabio Mosca, Cynthia F. Bearer, Charles C. Roehr, Neonates in the COVID-19 pandemic, Pediatric Research, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Molloy EJ, Strunk T, Role of C-Reactive Protein for Late-Onset Neonatal Sepsis., JAMA pediatrics, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Finucane E, Biesty L, Murphy DJ, Cotter A, Molloy EJ, O"Donnell M, Treweek S, Gillespie P, Campbell M, Morrison JJ, Alvarez-Iglesias A, Gyte G, Devane D, Feasibility study protocol of a pragmatic, randomised controlled pilot trial: Membrane sweeping to prevent post-term pregnancy: The MILO Study, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Whitla L, Devins M, Molloy EJ, Twomey M, O'Reilly M, Balfe J, Children's Palliative Care; the identified Learning Needs of Paediatricians., Irish medical journal, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Lavizzari A, Klingenberg C, Profit J, Zupancic JAF, Davis AS, Mosca F, Molloy EJ, Roehr CC, International Neonatal COVID-19 Consortium, International comparison of guidelines for managing neonates at the early phase of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic., Pediatric research, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Ryan E, Bolger T, Barrett MJ, Blackburn C, Okafor I, McNamara R, Molloy EJ, Paediatric Head Injury and Traumatic Brain Injury., Irish medical journal, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Dietrick B, Molloy E, Massaro AN, Strickland T, Zhu J, Slevin M, Donoghue V, Sweetman D, Kelly L, O'Dea M, McGowan M, Vezina G, Glass P, Vaidya D, Everett AD, Plasma and Cerebrospinal Fluid Candidate Biomarkers of Neonatal Encephalopathy Severity and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes., The Journal of pediatrics, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • O'Dea M, Sweetman D, Bonifacio SL, El-Dib M, Austin T, Molloy EJ, Management of Multi Organ Dysfunction in Neonatal Encephalopathy., Frontiers in pediatrics, 2020Journal Article, 2020
  • Bearer CF, Chalak L, Fuentes-Afflick E, Molloy EJ, The rewards of peer-reviewing., Pediatric research, 2019Journal Article, 2019
  • Bearer C, Agostoni C, Anand KJS, Ambalavanan N, Bhandari V, Bliss JM, Bloomfield F, Bonifacio SL, Buhimschi I, Cilio MR, Coppes M, Czinn SJ, Molloy E, Toward the elimination of bias in Pediatric Research., Pediatric research, 2019Journal Article, 2019
  • Chalak L, Ferriero DM, Gressens P, Molloy E, Bearer C, A 20 years conundrum of neonatal encephalopathy and hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy: are we closer to a consensus guideline?, Pediatric research, 2019Journal Article, 2019
  • Molloy EJ, Dr Janusz Korczak: paediatrician, children's advocate and hero., Pediatric research, 2019Journal Article, 2019
  • Hassan Eliwan and Murwan Omer and Ellen McKenna and Lynne A. Kelly and Beatrice Nolan and Irene Regan and Eleanor J. Molloy, Protein C Pathway in Paediatric and Neonatal Sepsis, Frontiers in Pediatrics, 9, 2022Journal Article, 2022, DOI , URL
  • McCarthy RA, McKenna MJ, Oyefeso O, Uduma O, Murray BF, Brady JJ, Kilbane MT, Murphy JF, Twomey A, Donnell CP, Murphy NP, Molloy EJ, Vitamin D nutritional status in preterm infants and response to supplementation., The British journal of nutrition, 2012, p1-8Journal Article, 2012
  • Chukwu J, Cunney R, Molloy EJ, Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Surveillance, Irish Medical Journal, 107, (8), 2014, p261-Journal Article, 2014
  • Waters A, Jennings K, Fitzpatrick E, Coughlan S, Molloy EJ, et all, Incidence of congenital cytomegalovirus infrection in Ireland: Implications for screeing and diagnosis, Journal of Clinical Virology, Jan 3, (pii: S1386-6532(13)6), 2014Journal Article, 2014
  • O'Hare FM, Watson RWG, O'Neill A, Donoghue V, O'Donnell C, Murphy JFM, Twomey A, Molloy EJ, Neutrophil and Monocyte Toll-Like Receptor 4, CD11b and Reactive Oxygen Intermediates and Neuroimaging Outcomes in Preterm Infants., Pediatric Research, In Press, 2015Journal Article, 2015
  • O'Hare FM, Watson RWG, O'Neill A, Donoghue V, O'Donnell C, Murphy JFM, Twomey A, Molloy EJ, Persistent Systemic Monocyte and Neutrophil Activation in Neonatal Encephalopathy, Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, In Press, 2014Journal Article, 2014
  • Eliwan HO, O'Hare FM, Watson WR, O'Neill A, Molloy EJ, Neonatal Brain Injury and Systemic Inflammation: Modulatin by Activated Protein c ex vivo, Clinical Exp Immunology, 179, (3), 2015, p477 - 484Journal Article, 2015, DOI
  • Geoghegan S, Vavasseur C, Donoghue V, Molloy EJ, Easily missed, potentially fatal complication in an extremely preterm infant, British Medical Journal, In Press, (Case Reports), 2014Journal Article, 2014
  • Carroll A, Onwuneme C, McKenna MJ, Mayne PD, Molloy EJ, Murphy NP, Vitamin D Status in Irish Children and Adolescents: Value of Fortification and Supplementation, Clinical Pediatrics (Phila), July 7, (pii: 000992281454199), 2014, pEpub ahead of printJournal Article, 2014
  • Horan M, Gibney E, Molloy E, McAuliffe F, Methodologies to assess paediatric adiposity, Irish Medical Science, May 4, 2014, pEpub ahead of printJournal Article, 2014
  • Donnelly JM, Walsh JM, Byrne J, Molloy EJ, McAuliffe Fm, Impact of maternal diet on neonatal anthropometry: a randomized controlled trial, Pediatric and Obestricts, Jan 20, (doi:10.1111/j.2047-2), 2014, pEpub ahead of printJournal Article, 2014
  • Lutomski JE, Shiely F, ;Molloy EJ, The prevalence of syphilis at childbirth in Ireland: A six-year review, Journal of Maternaty and Fetal Neonatal Medicine, Dec 20, 2014, pEpub ahead of printJournal Article, 2014
  • Rebolledo J, ;Igoe D, O'Donnell J, Domegan L, Boland M, Freyne B, McNamara A, Molloy EJ, Callaghan M, Ryan A O'Flanagan D, Influenza in hospitalized children in Ireland in the pandemic period and the 2010/2011 season: risk factors for paediatric intensive-care-unit admission, Epidemiolo Infect, 11, (1-10), 2014, pEpub ahead of printJournal Article, 2014
  • McCarthy LK, Molloy EJ, Twomey AR, Murphy JF> O'Donnell CP, A randomised Trial of Exothermic Mattersses for Preterm Newborns in Polyethylene Bags,, Pediatrics, 132, (1), 2013, pe135 - e141Journal Article, 2013
  • Freyne B, Knowles S, Molloy EJ, Universal Perinatal Screening for Treponema pallidum: the role of a dedicated infectios diseses team for prevention of mother to chile transmission, Journal Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 2013Journal Article, 2013
  • Freyne B, Knowles S, Molloy EJ, Treponema pallidum: The role of a dedicated infectious mother to chidl transmission, Irish Medical Journal, 2013Journal Article, 2013
  • McCarthy LK, Twomey AR, Molloy EJ, Murphy JFA, O'Donnell CPF, A Randomized trial of Single nasal prong or facemask for Respiratory support for Preterm infancts in the Delivery Room (ISRCTN59061709), Pediatrics, 132, (2), 2013, pe389 - e395Journal Article, 2013
  • O'Hare FM, Watson RWG, Molloy EJ, Toll-Like receptors in Neonatal responses to bacteria, Acta Paediatrica, 102, (6), 2013, p572 - 578Journal Article, 2013
  • Onwuneme C, Clancy N, Molloy EJ, Vitamin D and Paediatric immune function, Journal of Maternaty and Fetal Neonatal Medicine, 26, (7), 2013, p639 - 646Journal Article, 2013
  • Sweetman D, Molloy EJ, Renal Biomarkers and Neonatal encephalopathy, Eur J Pediatr, 172, (3), 2013, p305 - 316Journal Article, 2013
  • Sweetman D, Olloy EJ, Management of Renal dysfunction and Neonatal encephalopathy , Acta Paediatricia, 102, (3), 2013, p233 - 241Journal Article, 2013
  • Molloy EJ, The decline and fall of the Cardiac biomarker: a good indicator of resolution of cardiac dysfunction after perinatal saphyxia, Neonatology (Invited Editorial), 102, (4), 2012, p249 - 250Journal Article, 2012
  • Walsh H, O'Reilly M, Molloy EJ, Neonatal Palliative Care survey in Irish Nurseries, Irish Medical Journal, 1063, (2), 2013, p60 - 61Journal Article, 2013
  • Kieran E, Twomey A, Molloy EJ, Murphy J O'Donnell C, Randomised Trial of Prongs or Mask for Nasal Continuous Postive Airway Pressure in Preterm Infants, Pediatrics, 103, (5), 2012, pe1170 - e1176Journal Article, 2012
  • Parameshwar M, Abuy I, Knowles S, Molloy EJ, Neonatal Meningitis: a diagnostic dilema, Irish Medical Journal, 105, (8), 2012, p284Journal Article, 2012
  • Roche-Lydon M, Molloy EJ, Dempsey E, Epidemiologic study of Intensive care factors in the Preterm infant, Irish Medical Journal, 106, (1), 2013, p9 - 12Journal Article, 2013
  • Harrison G, Degascun C,l Boyle M, Knowles S, Molloy EJ, Seen but not Heard, Congenital Cytomegalovirus, Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed, 97, (5), 2012, pF390Journal Article, 2012
  • Molloy EJ, Olatundun Owoeye C, Knowles S, Is antenatal screening for syphilis still necessary?, Irish Medical Journal, 105, (2), 2012, p37 - 38Journal Article, 2012
  • Onwuneme C, Murphy N, McCarthy R, Carroll A, Molloy EJ, the correnct dose of Vitamin D Supplementation interm infants, Arch Dis Child, 97, (4), 2012, p387 - 389Journal Article, 2012
  • Noone D, Kieran E, Molloy EJ, Magnesium homeostasis: Paradoxically Stable in Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) Infants, Neonatology, 101, (4), 2012, p274 - 277Journal Article, 2012
  • Freyne B, O'Hare FM, MOlloy EJ, Efficacy and safety of intravenous Ig and alterations in hamatological parameters of infants with isoimmune haemolytic disease, Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Edition, 97, (1), 2012, pF76 - F77Journal Article, 2012
  • Sweetman D, Armstrong K, Murphy J, Molloy EJ, Cardiac biomarkers in neonatal hypoxic ischaemia, Acta Paediatrica, 101, (4), 2012, p338 - 343Journal Article, 2012
  • Morgan CT, Culliton M, McCarthy R, Molloy EJ, Non-blood group-specific red blood cell transfusions in preterm infants and necrotizing enterocolitis, Journal of Pediatrics, Nov 12, 2011, pEpub ahead of printJournal Article, 2011
  • Armstrong K, Franklin O, Molloy EJ, Neonatal encephalopathy and Cardiovascular Dysfunction, Archive of Disease in Childhood, Jul 27, 2011, pEpub ahead of printJournal Article, 2011
  • Armstrong Km,Franklin O, Molloy EJ, The 10 rules of an MD, British Medical Journal Careers, (Careers), 2011, pid=20003562Journal Article, 2011
  • Bahari M, Prunty N, Molloy EJ, Parents' attitude toward Infant Safety during Air travel, Archive of Disease in Childhood, 96, (7), 2011, p701Journal Article, 2011
  • McKenna MJ, McCarthy R, Brady J, Murray B, Molloy EJ, Vitamin D Nutrient Intake for All Life Stages, Irish Medical Journal, 104, (4), 2011, p102Journal Article, 2011
  • Velagapudi A, McCarthy R, Oyefeso O, Molloy EJ, Vitamin D deficiency is associated with altered haematological indices in VEry Low Birth Weight Infants, Journal of Paediatrics, 158, (4), 2011, p687Journal Article, 2011
  • ElL-Khuffash A, Slevin M,. McNamara PJ, Molloy EJ, Troponin T, N-Terrminal Pro Natriuretic Peptide, and a patent ductus arteriosus scoring system predict neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years or death before discharge in preterm Infants, Archive of Disease in Childhood, 96, (2), 2011, pF133 - F137Journal Article, 2011
  • EL-Khuffash A, Kieran E, Molloy EJ, Neonatal Respiratory Extracorporeal Membrane Oxdygenation (ECMO) support in Ireland, Irish Medical Journal, 104, (3), 2011, p78 - 81Journal Article, 2011
  • McKenna M, Kilbane M, Molloy Ej, Vitamin D in 2011: the treat to target concept is impirtant., Irish Medical Journal , April, 2013, pContent ID=4057Journal Article, 2013
  • Ahearne C, Molloy EJ, Phototherapy and exchange transfusion mayh confound the association of NEC and IVIG, Pediatrics, Feb, 2010, peletters/125/1/139Journal Article, 2010
  • Donnelly J, Horan M, Walsh J, McGowan C, Byrne J, Molloy EJ, McAuliffe F, Perinatal inflammation and increase neonatal adiposity, Irish Society of Immunology, Dublin, 2013, 2013Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • O'Hare FmM, Watson RWG, O'Neill A, Donoghue V, O'Donnell C, Murphy JFM, Twomey A, Molloy EJ, Innate Immune Dysregulation in Severe Neonatal Brain Injury, Irish Society of Immunology, Dublin, 2013, 2013Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • Eliwan HO, O'Hare F, Sweetmand D, Watson RWG, O'Neill A, Molloy EJ, Neonatal Encephalopathy and Systemic Inflammation: Modulation by Activated Protein C, Irish Society of Immunology, Dublin, 2013, 2013Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • Onwuneme C, Blance A, Watson RWG, O'Neill A, Murphy N, Mollogy EJ, Vitamin D Increases Phagocytic Function In Preterm Infants, Irish Society of Immunology, Dublin, 2013, 2013Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • Sweetman DU, Ng YS, Donoghue V, Grant T, Molloy EJ, Coagulation Abnormalities and Grade of Encephalopathy in Term Perinatal Hypoxia-Ischaemia, Pediatric Academic Societies, Washington DC, USA, 2013, ppE-PAS2013:3800.55Meeting Abstract, 2013
  • Onwuneme C, Doherty D, Healy M, Kilbane M, Murphy N, McKenna MJ, Molloy EJ, Vitamin D in Paediatric Intensive Care Patients at Risk of Sepsis, Pediatric Academic Societies , Washington DC, USA, 2013, 2013, ppE-PAS2013:2912.135Meeting Abstract, 2013

Research Expertise

Our research group aims to delineate perinatal and early neonatal inflammatory responses in health and disease. We have established longitudinal cohorts of infants with neonatal encephalopathy and preterm infants as well as neonatal controls in order to explore the role of early inflammatory changes and developmental outcomes. We have studied the role of activated monocytes and neutrophils in neonatal diseases and the use of immunomodulatory agents such as vitamin d and activated protein c.

Other Clinical Medicine, Immunity and Infection (including Rheumatology & Inflammatory disease), Immunity and Infection (including Rheumatology & Inflammatory disease), Biochemistry, Molecular & Cellular Biology, Biochemistry, Molecular & Cellular Biology, Biochemistry, Molecular & Cellular Biology, Other Clinical Medicine, Neuroscience and clinical neurology, Neuroscience and clinical neurology, Immunity and Infection (including Rheumatology & Inflammatory disease), Neuroscience and clinical neurology, Immunity and Infection (including Rheumatology & Inflammatory disease), Biochemistry, Molecular & Cellular Biology, Biochemistry, Molecular & Cellular Biology, Other Clinical Medicine, Other Clinical Medicine, Immunity and Infection (including Rheumatology & Inflammatory disease), Neuroscience and clinical neurology, Other Clinical Medicine, Biochemistry, Molecular & Cellular Biology, Immunity and Infection (including Rheumatology & Inflammatory disease), Biochemistry, Molecular & Cellular Biology, Neuroscience and clinical neurology, Other Clinical Medicine, Neuroscience and clinical neurology, Other Clinical Medicine, Neuroscience and clinical neurology, Immunity and Infection (including Rheumatology & Inflammatory disease),