Air Pollution & Quality: Exposure, Impacts & Mitigation

Eco Eye 14, EP04 - Healthy Environment

Medical advancements over the course of our lifetime have been astronomical. Many of the diseases that killed our parent’s generation only 30 years ago, are no longer the same threat to us today. But with new threats and diseases constantly developing will we continue to live longer and healthier lives? Dr Lara Dungan will explore how all these factors affect our health, and discover what we can do to protect ourselves ...


Academic Staff

  • Prof Brian Broderick
  • Associate Prof Brian Caulfield
  • Assistant Prof John Gallagher
  • Associate Prof Bidisha Ghosh
  • Prof Laurence Gill
  • Prof Aonghus McNabola
  • Prof Margaret O'Mahony 

Professor Brian Broderick

Professor of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering

+353 1896 2348

Research Expertise

The central objective of my research is protection of the built environment, of human health and of climate. I protect civil society by studying interactions between engineered and natural systems. Hence, my key research projects have developed improved methods for protecting buildings and their occupants during earthquakes, for protecting the health of individuals from exposure to air pollution and for protecting the climate through renewable energy production. My primary research approach is the integrated mathematical-information modelling of complex systems, especially the effects of environmental loads (earthquake and wind) on engineering structures, and the effects of anthropogenic emissions (e.g. road transport) on air quality. My research is highly multidisciplinary, and I have achieved research breakthroughs by exchanging ideas and methods between diverse fields. Hence my research spans disciplines from atmospheric science to solid mechanics, and the research methods I employ include computational modelling, numerical simulation, experimental investigation and engineering design. I have collaborated and published with researchers from a wide variety of fields including engineers, environmental scientists, physicists, economists, clinicians, health scientists and seismologists. My research strengths in integrating information about real world processes with physical theory based mathematical models have allowed me to transform conventional approaches to globally important activities and achieve real impact through the generation of knowledge alongside my contributions to broader society. My research has made a unique and substantive contribution to a wide field and has had a high impact on policies and practices supporting societal protection, sustainable development, and economic efficiency. The main pathway for these contributions has been through the development of modelling tools that support innovation. For example, I have developed advanced air quality forecasting models to protect the health of vulnerable people, promoted renewable energy by creating methods for the simulation of the dynamic response of wind turbines, and extended urban resilience by improving the design of earthquake-resistant building structures. I have a sustained track-record of research achievement, having been awarded major research grants from several national (e.g. IRC, EPA) and international programmes (e.g. EU FP5-7, H2020), and maintained substantial research teams (PhD students, postdoctoral researchers and PIs) for over two decades. I have led multi-partner, multi-project European and national research programmes in more than one topic. I have published widely in fora that reach both scientific and professional engineering communities. As evidence of research leadership, I led the formation of the consortium recently awarded the National Construction Technology Centre by Enterprise Ireland. The lead PIs in all the other universities in this consortium completed their PhDs under my supervision or within our research group at Trinity. With initial platform funding of €5m, `ConstructInnovate" will contemporise the Irish construction industry. In the field of air quality, in which there had been almost no research activity before I joined Trinity, I have founded and led a research group that has published over 100 journal articles and won over €10M in research grants. As Associate Dean of Research and PI on the CHARM-EU TORCH project I am developing new University policies and strategies in Responsible Research and Innovation to ensure that Trinity remains at the forefront of European research practice.

Dr. Brian Caulfield

Associate Professor of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering

+353 1896 2534


Dr Caulfield is an Associate Professor and Head of Discipline in the Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering. Since joining the Department Dr Caulfield has embarked on an intensive research program addressing global issues such as the environmental impacts of transport and methods to reduce the carbon impacts of transport and in 2017 he addressed the Irish Citizens Assembly on this topic. He recently provided advice to the Climate Change Advisory Council on pathways to decreasing transport emissions by 2030. Dr Caulfield is currently a member of the Steering Group for the review and update of the GDA Transport Strategy with the National Transport Authority. 

Dr Caulfield has published over 200 papers in these areas in high impact international journals and international conferences and to date has been awarded aprox. €6.7 million in research funding (from EPA, SFI, FP7, CEDR, TII, DoT, RSA, SEAI and HORIZON Europe). He currently has 7 PhD students and 7 postdoctoral researchers in his research group. 

Dr Caulfield also a member of a number of National and International research groups and is the former Chair of the Irish Transportation Research Network and was a member of the executive committee of the Universities Transport Studies Group as well as several committees at the Transportation Research Board in Washington D.C. 

He is a Senior Editor of Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews (impact factor: 16.799) and an Editor of Transport Policy (impact factor: 6.173). He is a member of the International Editorial Board of Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment (impact factor: 7.041), Case Studies on Transport Policy (impact factor: 2.669), and the Journal of Transport Geography (impact factor: 5.899).

Dr. John Gallagher

Assistant Professor of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering

+353 1896 1638


Position: Assistant Professor in Environmental Systems Modelling, School of Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, the University of Dublin. Experience: Design and assessment of passive air pollution control systems using life cycle assessment to generate low-carbon and resource efficient conclusions without negative consequences i.e. aligning with circular economy goals. Approach: Delivering innovative solutions to current environmental and energy challenges and problem solving using the 3M technique (Measurement, Modelling and Mitigation). Activity: Co-investigator on several National and European projects: two INTERREG projects, and one Horizon2020, Erasmus+, SEAI and EPA project on air pollution, energy efficiency/recovery measurement and circular economy solutions. Teaching: Delivered lectures and workshops on undergraduate and postgraduate programmes across Europe. Dissemination & Collaboration: Actively disseminating research through social and public media outlets. International research and industry sector collaborations: air, energy, water and construction.

Dr. Bidisha Ghosh

Associate Professor of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering

+353 1896 3646

Research Expertise

Bayesian Inference; Econometric and statistical analysis; Environmental aspects of transportation; Intelligent Vehicles; Simulation and modelling transportation networks; Time frequency techniques; Traffic Assignment; Traffic Engineering; Transport Modelling ; Transportation Engineering; Transportation Engineering (Environmental Imp; Transportation Engineering Design

Prof Laurence Gill

Chair of Environmental Engineering

+353 1896 1047


Laurence Gill is a Professor in Environmental Engineering in the School of Engineering, Trinity College Dublin. His research interests involve studying the fate and transport of both air and water-borne pollutants in the natural and built environment, as well as the development of passive treatment processes. Much of the work involves extensive field studies which are then used to develop mathematical models to gain further insight into the processes. Prior to joining at Trinity College in 1999, he spent several years working in the UK water industry on the design of water and wastewater treatment processes for urban populations.

Prof. Aonghus Mc Nabola

Professor, Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering

+353 1896 3837


Prof. McNabola is a Professor in Energy and the Environment at the Dept of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering, TCD. His research interests lie in the field of Environmental Fluid Dynamics where he has applied this expertise in air pollution, energy efficiency and/or water services sectors. He has been active in this field of research for over 15 years.Prof. McNabola teaches at postgraduate and undergraduate levels in the subject areas of hydraulics, air pollution and renewable energy. He holds a qualification in teaching and learning at third level and has been involved in teaching activities in Italy and India.Prof. McNabola is a Visiting Reader at the Global Centre for Air Research(GCARE), at the Dept of Civil and Environmental Engineering in the University of Surrey, UK. He is also a Colaborador Honorario (Adjunct Professor) at the Hydraulic division of the Agronomy Department at University of Córdoba, Spain.Prof. McNabola is an Associate Editor for the international journal, Transport Research Part D: Transport and the Environment. He is also a regular reviewer for journals such as Renewable Energy, Atmospheric Environment, Water Resources Management, etc.Prof. McNabola currently leads a group of 3 PhD students and 8 postdoctoral researchers and is involved, primarily as the lead partner and principal investigator, in a number of national and international collaborative projects, funded by SFI, Enterprise Ireland, INTERREG ERDF,SEAI and the EPA.Prof. McNabola has a h-index of 36 and an i-10 index of 83. He has generated funding of over €6.5 Million from national and primarily EU sources in over 36 funded research projects since 2008.

Professor Margaret O'Mahony

Chair of Civil Engineering

+353 1896 2084

Research Expertise

Transport engineering, city networks, energy, highway engineering, transport network modelling, public transport, environmental impacts of transport, external costs of transport, traffic demand management.

Awards and Honors

Fellow of Trinity College Dublin - FTCD

Fellow of the Irish Academy of Engineering

President's Award, Association of Consulting Engineers of Ireland, for outstanding contribution to the field

Rendell Palmer and Tritton Award


Chartered Engineer, FIEI, CEng, Engineers Ireland - from 1993 

Member of the Irish Academy of Engineering - from 2010 



Member of Transport Advisory Group, EU Horizon 20202012-2014

Board Member of the National Roads Authority2009-2012

Member of Board of Railway Procurement Agency (delivering Light Rail Transit and Metro to Dublin)2000-2005

Has served as a member of the following Transportation Research Board Committees (US): Socio and Economic Factors, Freight Transportation Planning and Logistics, Bus Transit Systems, Light Rail Transit, statistical methodology and software in transportation research

Reviewer for several high impact journals including Transportation Research, Energy Policy, and Applied Energy

Expert Evaluator for the EU R&D Calls

Executive Committee Member of the Universities Transport Study Group (UK)2000-02 and 2005-06

Accreditation Panel Reviewer for Engineers Ireland

Council of the Association of European Transport1999 - 2000

Represented the University of Dublin on the Dublin Transportation Initiative Consultative Panel1991-1993

Invited expert on the Transport panel of the recent Technology Foresight Ireland to formulate future directions for development of transport policies in Ireland.1996-97

Irish representative on the Benchmarking Group of the EU Transport Research Knowledge Centre project, EXTR@Web