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Dr. Cicely Roche
Associate Professor, Pharmacy
Academic Developer (TEP), Academic Practice


Cicely Roche's career as a pharmacist has been largely in community pharmacy, in Ireland and Ontario, in both management and ownership capacities, although her first two years post-registration as a pharmacist were spent working in Quality Assurance at LEO Laboratories in Dublin.

Her key interests are in the areas of Ethics and Professional reasoning, Higher Education and Continuing professional development, the development of advanced services in Community Pharmacy and in the value of quality assurance systems in pharmacy settings. Her PhD (2016) explored the development and evaluation of moral reasoning competencies in pharmacists, i.e. abilities underpinning decision-making through the ambiguity inherent in professional dilemmas (Roche & Thoma, 2017). Aligned with Neo-Kohlbergian theory, her research guided participants through a structured approach to decision-making. Profession-specific dilemmas were integrated throughout an educational intervention delivered primarily online to volunteer community pharmacists (Roche, Radomski, Grimes & Thoma, 2017).

Dr Roche's current research explores the adaptation of this approach for use in Academic Online Modules associated with in-service placements for 4th year pharmacy students (Roche et al, 2019) and in Interprofessional Learning (FHS Dean's Innovation in Teaching Award 2017-2018). Cicely joined the School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences as an Associate Professor in the Practice of Pharmacy in 2009 (Half-time) and has also worked as a Trinity Education Fellow/Academic Developer (part-time) since 2016.

She was awarded a Provost's Teaching Award in 2015, and holds an MEd in Higher Education Teaching & Learning (Roche, 2014). She also holds MSc Degrees in both Healthcare Ethics and Law (Roche & Kelliher, 2009), and in Community Pharmacy. She continues to work part-time as an employee Community Pharmacist.

She is a past President of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland (PSI) (2001 to 2003), chair of the PSI Fitness to Practice Committee (Health)(2009 to 2019),founding chair and member of the Pharmacy Law and Ethics Association (Ireland) and a past member of the Boards of the Irish Medicines Board (IMB)(2006-2011) and the Irish Centre for Continuing Pharmaceutical Education (ICCPE) (2004-2012).

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Dr Rangariroyashe Chipika, Dr Tamasine Grimes, Dr Cicely Roche and Dr Emer McGowan, Authentic, Innovative and Feasible: Designing Assessments for a New Module, QQI, Let"s Talk About Assessment 2023: Rethinking Assessment in Higher Education, Dublin, 30th January 20233, edited by QQI , QQI, 2023 Poster, 2023 URL

Jonny Johnston, Pauline Rooney, Caitriona NiShe, Jade Concannon, NIcola Byrne, Cicely Roche, Surfacing academic integrity via authentic & integrated assessment, Let's Talk About Assessment 2023: Rethinking Assessment in Higher Education, Croke Park Conference Centre, Dublin, 30 Jan 2023, 2023 Poster, 2023

Roche, Cicely; Jameson, Grainne; Gardiner, Clair, Assessment of graduate attributes: priming for & observing elective vaccines debates., Let"s Talk About Assessment 2023: Rethinking Assessment in Higher Education, Croke park, Dublin, 30th January, 2023, edited by Quality & Qualifications Ireland , 2023 Poster, 2023

Roche, C., Abria, L., Farrell, O., Johnston. J, Penny Light, T., McKibben, A., Reast, A., & Yancey, K. , ePortfolio for experiential learning: guided by theory, cultivated by students., International Journal of students as partners, 2023 Journal Article, 2023

Kearney, Maeve; Roche, Cicely; Poole, Claire., Promoting Professional Judgement through peer debate in radiation therapy undergraduate curriculum, Technical Innovations & Patient Support in Radiation Oncology, 2022, p11 Journal Article, 2022 DOI

Johnston, J.; Rooney, P.; Ni She, C.; O'Darrell, C.; Roche, C., Podcasts: taking educational enhancement conversations online? , Irish Learning Technology Association/ 'EdTech' annual conference, University College Cork , 26-27 May 2022, edited by ILTA review panel , 2022 Poster, 2022

Roche, Cicely, 'Prescription' for Purposeful Adaptation of Professionalism-and-Ethics Teaching Strategies for Remote Delivery. , Pharmacy, 9(1), (55), 2021, p1-13 Journal Article, 2021 DOI

Roche, C & O'Farrell, C., Evidencing and assessing troublesome attributes across the professional disciplines. , INHED - Irish Network of HealthCare Educators, Preparing students for the complexities of practice and transformative experiences, Trinity College Dublin, February 13th - 14th, 2020 Oral Presentation, 2020 URL

Roche C., Flood, M, Lynch, M. & Sahm, L., Balancing Assessment with "In-Service Practical Training": A Case Report on Collaborative Curriculum Design for Delivery in the Practice Setting, Pharmacy, 7, (3), 2019, p1-25 Journal Article, 2019 DOI

Cicely Roche, Rubrics in support of Learning and assessment: how to design and integrate to curriculum planning., New frontiers in educational and curriculum development, Leeds, UK, 14th & 15th November, 2019 Oral Presentation, 2019 URL

Cicely Roche Tamasine Grimes, Jack Kavanagh & Emer Guinan,, Spotlight on role-play and peer interaction in dilemma resolution: a Neo-Kohlbergian approach to Interprofessional education, Working With Others, Ballymascanlon, Ireland, 15th October, 2019 Oral Presentation, 2019 URL

Ryan, T.J.; Grimes, T.; Henman, M.C.; Sheachnasaigh, E.N.; O'Dwyer, M.; Roche, C.; Ryder, S.A.; Sasse, A.; Walsh, J.J. & D'Arcy, D.M, Design and Implementation of an Integrated Competency-Focused Pharmacy Programme: A Case Report., Pharmacy, 7, (3), 2019, Journal Article, 2019 DOI

Codes of Conduct/ Ethics in pharmacy practice in, editor(s)Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar Section Editor: Zubin Austin , ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHARMACY PRACTICE AND CLINICAL PHARMACY, United Kingdom, Elsevier, 2019, pp1-29 , [Roche, Cicely] Book Chapter, 2019

Roche, Cicely, From Competencies to Public Health, Health Outcomes and Social Pharmacy, Belgrade, 23-24 March 2018, 2018 Oral Presentation, 2018 URL

Roche C, Radomski M, Grimes T, Thoma SJ. , Promoting Peer Debate in Pursuit of Moral Reasoning Competencies Development: Spotlight on Educational Intervention Design., Innovations in Pharmacy, 8, (4), 2017, p1 - 14 Journal Article, 2017 URL

Roche, Cicely, New and innovative health technologies for enhanced public health - challenges and ethical issues. (Plenary Session)., Emerging technologies in Healthcare, Belgrade, Serbia, 17th August,, 2017, European Society for Philosophy of Medicine and Healthcare Invited Talk, 2017

Roche C, Thoma SJ. , Insights from the Defining Issues Test on Moral Reasoning Competencies Development in Community Pharmacists. , American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. , 7, (3), 2017, p1 - 19 Journal Article, 2017 URL

Aziz C, Grimes T, Deasy E, Roche C, Compliance with the Health Information and Quality Authority of Ireland National Standard for Patient Discharge Summary Information -A Retrospective Study in Secondary Care, European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 23, 2016, p272 - 277 Journal Article, 2016 URL DOI

Roche, C., Thoma, SJ., Wingfield, J., Grimes, T., Radomski, M., Spotlight on Moral Reasoning: a blended learning approach to CPD that demonstrates measurable improvement in relevant competencies, 7th All Ireland Pharmacy Conference, Ballymascanlon, Ireland, 27th January, 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015

Roche, C., 'Addiction Pharmacy' and the professionalisation process: technology-enhanced assessment of reflective practice and teamwork., Pharmacy, Special Issue: Online Learning., 2, (2), 2014, p175 - 194 Journal Article, 2014 URL

Roche, C. & Kelliher, F. , Giving 'best advice': Proposing a Framework of Community Pharmacist Professional Judgement Formation., Pharmacy, Special Issue: Rural and Regional Pharmacy Education and Leadership. , 2, (1), 2014, p74 - 85 Journal Article, 2014 URL

Kelliher, F & Roche, C., I wish I was there: Emulating the sense of 'being' in an eClassroom. , Irish Academy of Management, University of Limerick, Sept 3rd-5th, 2014 Conference Paper, 2014

Roche, C., Thoma, S. & Wingfield, J., From Workshop to E-Learning: Using Technology-Enhanced "Intermediate Concept Measures" As a Framework for Pharmacy Ethics Education and Assessment, Pharmacy. Special Issue: eLearning, 2, (2), 2014, p137 - 160 Journal Article, 2014 URL

Roche, Cicely., In Pursuit of Excellence: Facilitating 'Right Advice' in Retail Pharmacy Practice., Irish Academy of Management, Sept 2-4, 2013 Poster, 2013

Roche, Cicely, Development and assessment of moral reasoning competencies: a blended learning approach to dilemma review and resolution , The International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) 73rd World Congress., Dublin, 2013 Poster, 2013

Roche, Cicely., Online assessment incorporating reflective practice and teamwork: Technology-Enhanced Learning in the final semester., Blackboard European teaching and learning conference, Birmingham, April, 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013 URL

Roche, Cicely, The professionalization of pharmacist students in the final semester: a 'blended learning' approach to assessment of reflective practice and teamwork following workshops with external practitioners, The International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) 73rd World Congress. , Dublin, September, 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013

Roche, C. & Kelliher, F., Educating community pharmacists: exploring influences on professional judgement formation in a commercial environment. , Irish Academy of Management , WIT Waterford, Sept 2-4, 2013 Conference Paper, 2013

Cicely Roche, FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT FOR 'GRADUATE ATTRIBUTES': TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING IN THE FIRST SEMESTER., Edulearn12 Proceedings. Barcelona, Spain., Online, (July 2nd - 4th), 2012, p5129 - 5137 Journal Article, 2012 TARA - Full Text

Roche, Cicely, Technology enhanced pharmacy education: Using the virtual learning environment to support the development of professional attributes., the FIP Centennial Congress of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2012., Amsterdam, October 2012, 2012 Poster, 2012

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Children and the Law: Dispensing Prescriptions to Minors , Irish Pharmacy Journal, 88, (1,2 & 3; Jan - March), 2010, p168 - 169 Journal Article, 2010 URL

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Residential Care: Pharmacist dilemmas and issues of 'covert' medication. , Irish Pharmacy Journal, 89, (June-August), 2010, p203 - 2204 Journal Article, 2010 URL

Roche, Cicely & Gallagher, Paul., Developing Moral Reasoning skills in the Virtual Learning Environment (VLE), AMEE Association of Medical Education, Glasgow, September, 2010 Poster, 2010

Sahm, L., MacCurtain, A., Hayden, J., Roche, C & Richards, H.L., Electronic reminders to improve medication adherence - are they acceptable to the patient?, Pharm World Sci, 31, (6), 2009, p627 - 629 Journal Article, 2009

Roche, Cicely, Ethical and legal Issues in healthcare: Is pharmacy a profession?, Irish Pharmacy Journal, (November/December), 2009, p144 - 144 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Research Ethics and the Ethics of Research., Irish Pharmacy Journal, 87, (2 & 3), 2009, p52 - 52 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Collegiality Challenged, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 87, (5, 6 & 7. May-July), 2009, p92 - 92 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Capacity: the pharmacist's judgement of the ability to decide, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86 & 87, (12 & 1), 2009, p22 - 23 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely & Kelliher, Felicity, Exploring the Patient Consent Process in Community Pharmacy Practice, Journal of Business Ethics, 86, (1), 2009, p91 - 99 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Link Selling., Irish Pharmacy Journal, 87, (8, 9 & 10. Aug - Oct), 2009, p122 - 123 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: The right not to know: Issues in genetic testing, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (6), 2008, p142 - 143 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Professional Judgement, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (8 & 9), 2008, p202 - 203 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: The doctrine of double effect: implications for end-of-life healthcare. , Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (3), 2008, p48 - 49 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Standards of Care and the 'Best Interests' principle, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (10 & 11), 2008, p208 - 210 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: The ethics of resource management in Pharmacy., Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (7), 2008, p170 - 171 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Conscientious Objection: the right to refuse to dispense. , Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (2), 2008, p18 - 19 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Duty of Care in Matters of Confidentiality and Privacy., Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (4), 2008, p81 - 82 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Balancing Paternalism and Autonomy in professional practice. , Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (5 ), 2008, p122- Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: What is a prescription?, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 85 & 86, (12 & 1), 2007, p492 - 492 Journal Article, 2007 URL

Roche, C, Does co-location of prescribers and dispensers in Primary Care compromise the patient's right to consent?, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 85, (5), 2006, p142 - 146 Journal Article, 2006

Kelliher, Cicely, An Evaluation of the Advent of Computers in Irish Community Pharmacy, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 63, (4), 1985, p123 - 124 Journal Article, 1985

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Roche, C, Can we teach professional judgement and reasoning? Experiences from research and practice. , A professional update day for academics and pharmacy trainers, Birmingham, England, 9th September, 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014

Roche, Cicely, Online assessment incorporating reflective practice and teamwork: Technology-Enhanced Learning in the final semester., EdTech 2013, University College Cork, May, 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013

Roche C., Grimes T., Conscientious Objection by Pharmacists: Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act, 2013, IPU Review, September 2013., 2013, p20 - 22 Journal Article, 2013 URL

Roche, Cicely., Challenging the 21st Century Learner:Supporting the development of reasoning competencies, Dublin eLearning Summer School, Dublin DIT, June , 2011 Oral Presentation, 2011

Roche, Cicely., Is Irish Pharmacy ready for MURs? , IPU Review, September, 2008, p32 - 35 Journal Article, 2008

Roche, Cicely., Cholesterol testing in Demand? , Counterintelligence online, February, 2008, p4 Journal Article, 2008

Research Expertise


Moral reasoning Competencies Development in Community Pharmacists in Ireland. (PhD thesis). Professional ethics education as proposed in 'Moral Development in the Professions: Psychology and Applied Ethics' (Rest & Narvaez, 1994) incorporates the Four Component Model (FCM) of morality, namely moral sensitivity, reasoning , motivation and implementation, as interactive elements in the development of a professional (Bebeau & Monson, 2008; Bebeau, 2002; Bebeau & Thoma, 1999). Moral reasoning, which reviews the development of moral reasoning competencies, as measured by a psychometric measure known as the DIT2 (Rest et al, 1999a, 1999b), following educational intervention(s) incorporating profession-specific dilemmas, is a key area of interest for both research and teaching/mentoring student development. Research in other professions, e.g. dentistry (Bebeau, 2002) and business (Jones, 2008), indicates that even relatively short profession-specific educational programmes (referred to as an intervention for the purposes of this research) can lead to significant improvements in moral reasoning competencies, especially when the design, development and delivery of the intervention is context-appropriate. The Professional Role Orientation Inventory, a measure of professional Identity formation, has been adapted for the pharmacy profession and is being investigated as a potential tool for use by practicing pharmacists and for evaluation of student development. ePortfolio for experiential learning is a further area of research currently being progressed - with the support of a FHS teaching innovation award Cicely leads a multidisciplinary team, involving students and staff/preceptors in Pharmacy, Medicine and Dentistry, the project explores how ePortfolio for experiential learning might further address competence assessment challenges in Sophister health professional curriculums.


Business Ethics; Moral reasoning competencies development; Neo-Kohlbergian theory; Pharmacy; Professional Development and Reflective Practice; professional Identity Formation; Professionalism and Ethics; Programme Focussed Assessment; Technology Enhanced Learning



MPharm Integrated Programme Academic Online Module year 4 Implementation Group Lead (TCD/ UCC/ RCSI Collaboration) 2018- ongoing

MPharm integrated Programme Academic Online Module Development group (TCD/ UCC/ RCSI collaboration): TCD representative 2016-2018

Chair, Fitness to Practice - Committee of Inquiry (Health), Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland 2009 to December 2018

President, Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland 2001-2003

Irish Medicines Board (Board Member) 2006 -2011

Chair, Pharmacy Law and Ethics Association 2010-2013

Chair, Joint working group PSI/ICCPE/HSE/DoH, Engagement of pharmacists in Joint Continuing Education initiatives 2008-2012

Irish Centre for Continuing Pharmaceutical Education (Board Member) 2004-2012

Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland: Accreditation Standards development (Level 8, Level 9 and 5-year integrated programmes)... Expert groups. 2010-2015

Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland - Core Competency Framework Development Group 2011

President, Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland Benevolent Fund (Reg. CHY) 2004-2012

Asthma Society of Ireland Medical Committee 2002-2016

Director, Pharmacy Bevenvolent Fund (Reg CHY) 2012-2013

Director, Gorey Educational Trust Ltd (Reg. CHY) 2003 to current

Awards and Honours

FHS Visiting Professor Award Dr Maria Allinson 2023

Dean's Innovation in Teaching Award: ePortfolio for experiential reflection: student-led competence assessment. [Lead Dr Cicely Roche] 2022

Dean's Innovation in Teaching Award: Interprofessional education - development of a module suitable as an elective [Lead: Dr Emer McGowan] 2022

FHS Visiting Professor award 2022 Prof Steve Thoma June 2022

Teaching Hero Award 2021 [National Forum for the enhancement of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education] 2021

Royal Irish Academy Charlemont Scholar 2017

Deans Innovation in Teaching Award: eLearning package for development of healthcare student' resilience [Lead applicant Dr Louise Gallagher] 2019

Dean's Teaching Innovation Award, Faculty of Health Sciences: A multidisciplinary approach to moral reasoning competencies development. June 2017

Trinity Education Project Fellow 2016-2017

Provost's teaching award, Trinity College Dublin. 2015

Elected to serve as President of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland Oct 2001 & Oct 2002

Roches Pharmacy Gorey won the Excellence Ireland Foundation Mark National Award. (Integrated QA & continuous improvement system.) Sept 2004

Best Conference Paper, Irish Academy of Management 2014

Irish Management Institute 'Poster Presentation Award' Irish Acadamy of Management Conference 2013


Member of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland 1984 – current

Reviewer, Journal of Business Ethics 2011

Member of the Pharmacy Law and Ethics Association (Ireland) 2010 – current

Member of the Pharmacy Law and Ethics Association (UK) 2008 – current

Reviewer: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy 2017 – current