Francis Morgan Boland
Adjunct Professor, Electronic & Elect. Engineering

Biography

My career as an engineer has been predominantly based within the academic sector. I am very committed to and derive much satisfaction from teaching electrical engineering principles to junior students and teaching advanced topics in signal processing and systems theory to senior undergraduate and postgraduate students. My research work is in the mathematics and algorithms of adaptive systems and digital signal processing for audio and acoustics. The focus of my research has, in recent years, been the delivery of accurate immersive audio environments. The research is motivated by the obvious flaw in a virtual environment in which visual and auditory cues are not spatially coincident. Furthermore, the perceptive effect of this spatial disjunction is often unpredictable as it depends on the events in the virtual environment and the nature of the actions expected of the user or participant. The objective of my research is to create, for a listener, the immersive experience of spatially accurate audio cues that are stable with voluntary or random head and other movements by the user. The research of the group I lead has, in recent years, achieved novel theoretical and experimental results that include [Details are included in our associated publications] 1 We proposed and verified that within the large data sets of angle dependent head related impulse (HRIR) response functions, associated with binaural hearing, there exist angle independent sub-systems. We have recently reported a theoretical underpinning of this work by showing its equivalence to the approximate factorisation of sets of polynomials with random coefficients and we have also shown that the method can be used to equalise headphone transfer functions. 2 We have implemented an Ambisonic soundfield using a virtual uniform circular array with a rotatable soundfield using headtracking to maintain a stable orientation. 3 We have developed algorithms for detecting and interpolating the reflections in Room Impulse Response functions and a novel method for measuring the standard acoustic decay response of a room.

I have maintained strong links with the engineering industry and this has always informed my research. These links include extensive EU collaborative research, the delivery of specialist courses and consultancy work and professional associations

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Bates, E. and O†Dwyer, H. and Flachsbarth, K.-P. and Boland, F.M., A recording technique for 6 degrees of freedom VR, 144th Audio Engineering Society Convention , Milan, 23-26 May, 2018, pp10022- Conference Paper, 2018 URL

O'Dwyer, H. and Bates, E. and Boland, F., A machine learning approach to detecting sound-source elevation in adverse environments, 144th Audio Engineering Society Convention, Milan, 23-26 May, 2018, pp9968- Conference Paper, 2018 URL

Walsh ME, Galvin R, Boland F, Williams D, Harbison JA, Murphy S, Collins DR, McCabe DJH, Crowe M, Horgan NF, Validation of two risk prediction models for recurrent falls in the first year after stroke: A prospective cohort study, Age and Ageing, 46, (4), 2017, p642-648, Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Bednar, A., Boland, F.M., Lalor, E.C., Different spatio-temporal electroencephalography features drive the successful decoding of binaural and monaural cues for sound localization, European Journal of Neuroscience, 45, (5), 2017, p679-689 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

O'Dwyer SM, MacHale E, Sulaiman I, Holmes M, Hughes C, D'Arcy S, Rapcan V, Taylor T, Boland F, Bosnic-Anticevich S, Reilly RB, Ryder SA, Costello RW, The effect of providing feedback on inhaler technique and adherence from an electronic audio recording device, INCA®, in a community pharmacy setting: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial., Trials, 17, (1), 2016, p226 Journal Article, 2016 DOI TARA - Full Text URL URL URL

Sulaiman I, Seheult J, MacHale E, Boland F, O'Dwyer SM, Rapcan V, D'Arcy S, Cushen B, Mokoka M, Killane I, Ryder SA, Reilly RB, Costello RW, A Method to Calculate Adherence to Inhaled Therapy That Reflects the Changes in Clinical Features of Asthma., Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 13, (1), 2016, p1894-1903. Journal Article, 2016 DOI

Meriel Huggard, Frank Boland, Ciaran Mc Goldrick, Using Cooperative Learning to Enhance Critical Reflection, IEEE Frontiers in Education, Madrid, Spain, 22-25 October 2014 , IEEE, 2014, pp1899 - 1906 Conference Paper, 2014 TARA - Full Text DOI

Ian J. Kelly, Francis M. Boland, Randomness and the reverberation time, RT60, of acoustic responses, IEEE International Conference ob Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), Florence, Italy, May 2014, 2014, pp8222 - 8226 Conference Paper, 2014 DOI

I. J. Kelly, F. M. Boland, Detecting Arrivals in Room Impulse Responses with Dynamic Time Warping, IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing, 22, (7), 2014, p1139 - 1147 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

Yun-feng Wang, Jason I Kilpatrick, Suzanne P Jarvis, Frank Boland, Anil Kokaram, David Corrigan, Automated Registration of Low and High Resolution Atomic Force Microscopy Images using Scale Invariant Features, IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), Paris, France, October 2014, 2014 Conference Paper, 2014

Scanlon P.,Kavanagh D., Boland F. M. , Residual Life Prediction of Rotating Machines Using Acoustic Noise Signals, Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on, 62, (1), 2013, p95-108 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Corrigan D., Gorzel M., Squires J., Boland F., Depth perception of audio sources in stereo 3D environments , IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications, Burlingame, CA, USA , 2013, 2013 Conference Paper, 2013 DOI

Kelly I.J. and Boland F.M., Exploiting randomness in acoustic impulse responses to achieve headphone compensation through deconvolution, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 133, (5), 2013, p2778 - 2787 Journal Article, 2013 TARA - Full Text

Masterson, C. and Kearney, G. and Gorzel, M. and Boland, F.M., HRIR Order Reduction Using Approximate Factorization, Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on, 20, (6), 2012, p1808 - 1817 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Kearney G., Gorzel M., Boland F, On Loudspeaker Rendering of Auditory Distance in Higher Order Ambisonics, Acoustics 2012, Nantes, France, , April 2012, 2012 Conference Paper, 2012

Kearney, Gavin; Gorzel, Marcin; Rice, Henry; Boland, Frank, Distance Perception in Interactive Virtual Acoustic Environments using First and Higher Order Ambisonic Sound Fields, Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 98, (1), 2012, p61-71 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Kelly I.,J., Boland F.,M., On Phase and Randomness in Head Related Impulse Responses, 9th IMA International Conference on Mathematics in Signal Processing, Birmingham, UK, December 2012, IMA, 2012 Conference Paper, 2012

M. Gorzel, G. Kearney, H. Rice, F. Boland, On the Perception of Dynamic Sound Sources in Ambisonic Binaural Renderings, 41st AES International Conference: Audio for Games , London, February 2011, AES, 2011, ppPaper No P2-1 Conference Paper, 2011

Kearney, G., Gorzel, M., Boland, F., (...), Lennon, D., Rice, H, Real-time walkthrough auralisation of the acoustics of Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, 8th International Conference on Auditorium Acoustics 2011, Dublin, 20-22 May, 33, (2), 2011, pp244-258 Conference Paper, 2011

Kearney, Gavin; Masterson, Claire;Gorzel, Marcin; Rice, Henry; Boland, Frank, Application of HRIR Factorisation to Game Audio, Proceedings of the AES 41st International Conference: Audio for Games, 41st International Conference: Audio for Games , London, UK, February 2-4, 2011, Audio Engineering Society, 2011, ppP1-1 Conference Paper, 2011

G.J. Bennett, K. Kelly, R. Collins, F. Boland, C. McGoldrick, S. Pavia, K. O'Kelly, Implementation of Project Based Learning in a Large Engineering Programme, 3rd International Symposium for Engineering Education (ISEE2010), University College Cork, 30/06-2/07 2010, edited by E. Byrne , 2010, pp214 - 223 Conference Paper, 2010 TARA - Full Text

Gavin Kearney, Marcin Gorzel, Frank Boland, Henry Rice, Depth Perception in Interactive Virtual Acoustic Environments using Higher Order Ambisonic Soundfields, Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Ambisonics and Spherical Acoustics, Second International Symposium on Ambisonics and Spherical Acoustics, Paris, France, 6-7 May, 2010, edited by Markus Noisternig and Nicolas Misdariis , IRCAM (Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique), 2010 Conference Paper, 2010 TARA - Full Text

Claire Masterson, Gavin Kearney, Frank Boland, HRIR Factorisation: A Regularised Approach, Proceedings of the 18th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO 2010), 18th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO-2010), Aalborg, Denmark, August 23-27, 2010, 2010 Conference Paper, 2010 TARA - Full Text

Gavin Kearney, Claire Masterson, Stephen Adams and Frank Boland, Dynamic Time Warping for Acoustic Response Interpolation: Possibilities and Limitations, Proceedings of the 17th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO 2009), 17th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO 2009), Glasgow, Scotland, August 24-28, 2009, 2009, pp705 - 709 Conference Paper, 2009 URL TARA - Full Text

O'Kelly B.C., Torrance A.A., West R.P., Burke M.J. and Boland F.M., Case study of an interdisciplinary problem-based engineering design course, Proceedings of the Sixth AECEF International Symposium on Civil Engineering Education in Changing Europe, Vilnius, Lithuania, 28th - 30th May, 2008, pp37 - 48 Conference Paper, 2008 URL TARA - Full Text

D. McCarthy, F. Boland, A Method for Source-Microphone Range Estimation, Using Arrays of Unknown Geometry, in Reverberant Room Environments, EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing , EUSIPCO 2007, September 2007, 2008, 2008 Conference Paper, 2008 DOI URL

D. McCarthy and F. Boland, A Method for Source-Microphone Range Estimation in Reverberant Environments Using Arrays of Unknown Geometry, Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, 2008, 2008 Journal Article, 2008 DOI URL

Kavanagh, Darren F.; Scanlon, Patricia; Boland, Frank;, Envelope analysis and data-driven approaches to acoustic feature extraction for predicting the remaining useful life of rotating machinery, Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, March 31 2008-April , 2008, pp1621 - 1624 Conference Paper, 2008 URL DOI

D. Kelly, F. Pitie,A.Kokaram, F. Boland,, A Comparative Error Analysis of Audio-Visual Source Localization, International Workshop on Multi Camera and Multi-modal Sensor Fusion, ECCV 2008, Marsaille, October 2008, 2008 Conference Paper, 2008 TARA - Full Text

avin Kearney, Enda Bates, Dermot Furlong and Frank Boland, A Comparative Study of the Performance of Spatialisation Techniques for a Distributed Audience in a Concert Hall Environment , Proceedings of 31st International Conference of the Audio Engineering Society, 31st International Conference of the Audio Engineering Society, June 2007, AES, 2007 Conference Paper, 2007 URL

E. Bates, G. Kearney, D. Furlong and F. Boland., Localisation Accuracy of Advanced Spatialisation Techniques in Medium-Sized Concert Halls, Proc of 153rd meeting of the Acoustical Society Of America, 153rd meeting of the Acoustical Society Of America, June 2007, 2007 Conference Paper, 2007 URL

D. Kavanagh and F. Boland, A non-linear operator based method for harmonic feature extraction from speech signals, Proceedings on IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing and Communications, IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing and Communications, November 2007, 2007 Conference Paper, 2007 URL

Gavin Kearney, Enda Bates, Dermot Furlong and Frank Boland, A Comparative Study of the Performance of Spatialisation Techniques for a Distributed Audience in a Concert Hall Environment , 31st International Conference of the Audio Engineering Society, June 2007, AES, 2007 Conference Paper, 2007 URL

Enda Bates, G. Kearney, F. Boland and D. Furlong, Monophonic source localization for a distributed audience in a small concert hall, Proceedings of 10th Int. Conference on Digital Audio Effects , '10th Int. Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-07), Bordeaux,, 10th to 15th of Sept, 2007 Conference Paper, 2007 URL

G. Kearney, D. Kelly, E. Bates, F. Boland and D. Furlong, Source Localisation Mapping using Weighted Interaural Cross-Correlation, Irish Signals and Systems Conference, September, 2007 Conference Paper, 2007 URL

Mickael Lallart, Frank Boland, Onset Detection for Direction Estimation using Ultrasonic Transducers, EUSIPCO'06, 2006 Conference Paper, 2006

D. McCarthy, F. Boland, A method for source-microphone range estimation in reverberant environments, using an array of microphones of unknown relative position, Proceedings of ISSC 2006, ISSC 2006, Dublin, 28-30 June 2006, IEEE, 2006, pp495 - 499 Conference Paper, 2006 URL TARA - Full Text

A. Quinlan, F. Boland, J. Barbo , P. Larzabal, Determination of the Number of Wideband Acoustical Sources in a Reverberant Environment, 14th EUSIPCO, September 2006, 2006 Conference Paper, 2006 URL

D. L McCarthy and F. Boland, A multichannel speech dereverberation technique based upon the Wiener filter, Proceedings of AES, AES 120th Convention, Paris, May 20-23, AES, 2006 Conference Paper, 2006 URL

Angela Quinlan, Frank Boland, Jean-Pierre Barbot, Pascal Larzabal, Determination of the Number of Wideband Acoustical Sources in a Reverberant Environment, EUSIPCO '06, 2006 Conference Paper, 2006

D. Kelly, F. Boland., Motion Model Selection in Tracking Humans, Proceedings of IET Irish Signals and Systems Conference (ISSC 2006), ISSC, Dublin, 28-30 June 2006, IET, 2006, pp363-368 Conference Paper, 2006 TARA - Full Text DOI URL

Denis L. McCarthy, Frank Boland, The Effect of Near - Field Sources on the Griffiths-Jim Generalised Sidelobe Canceller, Proc IEE Irish Signals and Systems Conference 2005, IEE Irish Signals and Systems Conference 2005, Trinity College Dublin, IET, 2005, pp29-34 Conference Paper, 2005 URL DOI

D. L. McCarthy, F. Boland, The Effect of Near - Field Sources on the Griffiths-Jim Generalised Sidelobe Canceller', Proceedings of the IEE Irish Signals and Systems Conference, IEE Irish Signals and Systems Conference, Dublin, 1-2 Sept. 2005 , 2005, pp29 -34 Conference Paper, 2005 URL DOI

Deepti Singh, Frank Boland, Time Delay Estimation Using Difference Functions, Proc IEE Irish Signals and Systems Conference 2005, IEE Irish Signals and Systems Conference 2005, Trinity College Dublin, 1-2 Sept. , 2005, pp174-179 Conference Paper, 2005 DOI URL

D. Singh, F. Boland, Time Delay Estimation Using Difference Functions, Proceedings of Irish Signals and Systems Conference , IEE Irish Signals and Systems Conference 2005, Dublin, IEEE, 2005, pp174-179 Conference Paper, 2005 URL DOI

A. Quinlan and F. Boland, The Effect of Vibrato on Singer Localisation, Proc GSPx , Global Signal Processing Conference, Santa Clara, California, September 27-30,, 2004 Conference Paper, 2004

A Quinlan and F. Boland,, Using the "Singer's Formant" to Reduce Inaccuracies in the Location of a Singer on Stage', Proceedings of Irish Signals and Systems Conference, Irish Signals and Systems Conference, Belfast, June 30th-July 2nd, 2004, pp485 - 489 Conference Paper, 2004 URL DOI

O'Ruanaidh, J.J.K. Dowling, W.J. Boland, F.M. , Watermarking digital images for copyright protection, IEE PROCEEDINGS-Vision, Image and Signal Processing, 143, (4), 1996, p250 - 256 Journal Article, 1996 TARA - Full Text URL

Boland, F.M.; O'Ruanaidh, J.J.K.; Dautzenberg, C, Watermarking digital images for copyright protection, Proc on Fifth International Conference on Image Processing and its Applications, Fifth International Conference on Image Processing and its Applications, Edinburgh, 4-6 Jul 1995, 1995, pp326 - 330 Conference Paper, 1995 URL TARA - Full Text

Signal and Image Processing in, editor(s)John T.L.Thong , Electron Beam Testing Technology, New York and London, Plenum Press, 1993, pp315 - 358, [F.M.Boland, R. Lynch] Book Chapter, 1993

Advice Project: Final Balance and Future Perspectives in, editor(s)Commission of the European Communities Directorate-General Telecommunications Information Industries and Innovation , Esprit '89 , Netherlands, Springer, 1989, pp89 - 99, [M. Melgara, I. Whyte, Y.J. Vernay, F.Boland, B.Courtois] Book Chapter, 1989

Melgara, Marcello, Battu, Mario, Garino, Pierangelo, Boland, Frank, , Automatic location of IC design errors using an electron beam system, CSELT Technical Reports, 17, (1), 1989, p73-81 Journal Article, 1989 DOI

Melgara, M., Battu, M., Garino, P., Dowe, J., Vernay, Y.J., Marzouki, M., Boland, F. , Automatic location of IC design errors using an e-beam system, Digest of Papers - International Test Conference , International Test Conference , Washington, DC, USA, 09/12/1988 - 09/14/1, IEEE, 1988, pp898-907 Conference Paper, 1988 TARA - Full Text URL DOI

E R Lynch and F M Boland, Waveform parametrisation in stroboscopic scanning electron microscopy, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS E-SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, 21, 1988, p197 - 203 Journal Article, 1988 DOI URL

J . B. Foley and F. M. Boland, A Note on the Convergence Analysis of LMS Adaptive Filters with Gaussian Data, 1988, - 1809-1810 Journal Article, 1988 URL TARA - Full Text

F. M. Boland and J. B. Foley, Stochastic convergence of the LMS algorithm in adaptive systems , SIGNAL PROCESSING, 13, (4), 1987, p339 - 352 Journal Article, 1987 DOI URL

Lynch, E.R., Boland, F.M., WAVEFORM PARAMETER EXTRACTION IN E-BEAM TESTING., Microelectronic Engineering, 7, (2-4), 1987, p195-199 Journal Article, 1987 DOI URL

F M Boland and E R Lynch, Analysis of the stroboscopic waveform mode in scanning electron microscopy, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS E-SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, 20, 1987, p1011 - 1015 Journal Article, 1987 DOI URL

Foley, JB and Boland, F, COMPARISON BETWEEN STEEPEST DESCENT AND LMS ALGORITHMS IN ADAPTIVE FILTERS, IEE PROCEEDINGS-F RADAR AND SIGNAL PROCESSING, 134, 1987, p283 - 289 Journal Article, 1987

Normile, JO and Boland F, Adaptive Filtering with Finite Wordlength constraints, IEE PROCEEDINGS-E COMPUTERS AND DIGITAL TECHNIQUES, 130, (2), 1983, p42 - 48 Journal Article, 1983

BOLAND FM, DOYLE T , PRACTICAL PROBLEMS IN THE USE OF CORRELATION-ANALYSIS TO IDENTIFY NON-LINEAR SYSTEMS, 1982, - Miscellaneous, 1982

Boland, F.M., Normile, J.O. , ADAPTIVE FILTERS DESIGN AND STABILITY CONSIDERATIONS., Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 3, IEEE, New York, NY, USA, 1982, pp1248-1249 Conference Paper, 1982

Boland, F.; Doyle, T., Deconvolution in real time of noisy signals, Proceedings of IEE Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, IEEE International Conference on ICASSP '82., 7, IEEE, 1982, pp1853- 1857 Conference Paper, 1982 TARA - Full Text URL

BOLAND, FM, GIBLIN, J, NON-LINEAR CONTROL OF NON-MINIMUM-PHASE SYSTEMS, IEE PROCEEDINGS-D CONTROL THEORY AND APPLICATIONS, 129, 1982, p118 - 122 Journal Article, 1982

BOLAND, FM, ON THE STABILITY OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL DISCRETE-SYSTEMS - COMMENT, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, 26, 1981, 799 - 800 Miscellaneous, 1981 TARA - Full Text

Boland, F.M., Owens, D.H., LINEAR MULTIPASS PROCESSES: A TWO-DIMENSIONAL INTERPRETATION., IEE Proceedings D: Control Theory and Applications, 127, (5), IEEE, 1980, pp189-193 Conference Paper, 1980

Boland, F.M., Mousavi, S.A. , SYSTEMS ENGINEERING IN LAND TRANSPORT - A COMPUTATIONALLY EFFICIENT APPROACH TO THE OPTIMISATION OF TRACTION DRIVE CONTROL., Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Conference Publications , 1980, p25-28 Journal Article, 1980

Boland, F.M., Owens, D.H., On quantization and other bounded nonlinearities. in first-order discrete multivariable control., IEE Proceedings D: Control Theory and Applications, 127, (2), 1980, p38-44 Journal Article, 1980

Boland, F.M., OPTIMAL CONTROL OF THE ARGON-OXYGEN DECARBURISING STEELMAKING PROCESS, 126, (2), 1979, p198-202 Journal Article, 1979

Billings, S.A., Boland, F.M., Nicholson, H., Electric arc furnace modelling and control, Automatica, 15, (2), 1979, p137-148 Journal Article, 1979

Boland, F.M., Owens, D.H., BOUNDS FOR THE ZEROS OF PARTIALLY SYMMETRIC MULTIVARIABLE SYSTEMS., Proceedings of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, 126, (8), IEEE, 1979, pp789-790 Conference Paper, 1979

Boland, F.M., Nicholson, H., ESTIMATION OF THE STATES DURING REFINING IN ELECTRIC-ARC-FURNACE STEELMAKING., Proceedings of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, 124, (2), 1977, p161-166. Journal Article, 1977

Billings, S.A., Boland, F.M., Nicholson, H., CONTROL OF STEELMAKING IN THE ELECTRIC ARC FURNACE., 1977, p189-196 Journal Article, 1977

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Enda Bates, Sean Dooney, Marcin Gorzel, Hugh O'Dwyer, Luke Ferguson and Francis M. Boland , Comparing Ambisonic Microphones - Part 2, AES 142nd Convention of the AES, Berlin, Germany., 20-23 May, 2017, AES, 2017 Conference Paper, 2017

Research Expertise

Description

Research interests in digital signal processing and technology for audio, acoustics. Systems theory for modelling and design in complex and adaptive systems.

Projects

  • Title
    • Mathematical Modelling of Solar Heating Systems
  • Funding Agency
    • EU ESA-088
  • Date From
    • 1980
  • Date To
    • 1981
  • Title
    • Project 271 ADVICE
  • Summary
    • The ADVICE project aimed to develop a methodology and an environment for automatic design error diagnosis using an electron beam
  • Funding Agency
    • European Commission
  • Date From
    • December 1984
  • Date To
    • November 1989
  • Title
    • Contract No.P4:058 Adaptive Noise Cancelation
  • Funding Agency
    • National Enterprise Agency
  • Date From
    • 1 Jan1983
  • Title
    • Vector quantization of colour imagery
  • Summary
    • Comparison of alternative formulations of the vector quantization paradigm for application to colour imagery.
  • Funding Agency
    • APPLE Computers (US) & EOLAS HEIC
  • Date From
    • 1 Jan 1989
  • Date To
    • 31 Aug 1990
  • Title
    • Image analysis of colour and texture for the food industry
  • Summary
    • Meat quality assessment using machine vision
  • Funding Agency
    • EOLAS
  • Date From
    • Oct 1991
  • Date To
    • Sept 1993
  • Title
    • Institute for Advanced Microelectronics
  • Summary
    • UCC (NMRC), Trinity College Dublin and Queen's University Belfast combined their expertise in the Institute for Advanced Microelectronics, IAM, established with IFI help. The achievements of the Institute - technical and non-technical - are impressive. Collaboration and exchange between the three parties is now commonplace; the institute has played an active role in attracting major new industrial concerns to both parts of Ireland. Perhaps the greatest achievement of the Institute was in becoming self-supporting. The original work has moved from academic research to industrial exploitation.
  • Funding Agency
    • International Fund for Ireland
  • Date From
    • 1992
  • Date To
    • 1996
  • Title
    • Machine Vision Centre
  • Funding Agency
    • Dept. of Industry
  • Date From
    • 1992
  • Date To
    • 1998
  • Title
    • Project R2008 EUROBRIDGE
  • Summary
    • To accelerate the development of multimedia and multipoint applications by providing application developers with a Service Platform enabling their applications to run on a variety of broadband networks. The main objective of the project is to accelerate the formation of a consensus in the European communications industry on the process of developing multimedia services and applications which operate on heterogeneous broadband networks, through its prototyping and demonstration activities. The project involves studies on a wide range of topics, such as user requirements, concept development, architecture and design with prototyping and public demonstrations which illustrate the usefulness of the project results to industry. A key concept is the development of a uniform service application interface on broadband networks based on different technologies
  • Funding Agency
    • European Commission
  • Date From
    • 1 Jan 1992
  • Date To
    • 31 Dec 1995
  • Title
    • Project 6534 3D-FASHION
  • Summary
    • The objective of the 3D-FASHION project was to develop a common database through which clothing designers and engineers can cooperate in designing garments in 3D and in preparing patterns for cutting.
  • Funding Agency
    • European Commission
  • Date From
    • 1 Sept 1992
  • Date To
    • 31 Aug 1995
  • Title
    • Project BE - 5535-92 DUALETO
  • Summary
    • Dual-energy computed tomography for the examination of fibre reinforced composites
  • Funding Agency
    • European Commission
  • Date From
    • 1 Mar 1993
  • Date To
    • 31 July 1997
  • Title
    • B1011 ARTLINE
  • Summary
    • This is a TEN-IBC (Trans European Networks - Integrated Broadband Communications) project. The broad aim of Artline is to specify the provision of an international online visual arts information service to a wide cross section of the community. The project is to assess the ideal end user and system requirements and produce a system specification in terms of the terminal hardware and software as well as scenarios for the use of Broadband bearer networks and services which will be possible to implement in the European context.
  • Funding Agency
    • European Commission
  • Date From
    • Nov 1994
  • Date To
    • May 1996
  • Title
    • Project AC242 OCTALIS
  • Summary
    • The objectives of this project are: - Specify and build up a prototype of an advanced information technology infrastructure that will support Quick and Accurate Response in consumable goods manufacturing industries; - Develop an Accurate Response (AR) manufacturing model; - Promote the benefits of adopting AR solutions among industry; - Devise ways of using information and communication technologies to improve manufacturing business performance by providing an enhanced and proactive respon
  • Funding Agency
    • European Commission
  • Date From
    • 15 Aug 1996
  • Date To
    • 14 Nov 1998
  • Title
    • Project 22038 AITEAR
  • Summary
    • The objectives of this project are: - Specify and build up a prototype of an advanced information technology infrastructure that will support Quick and Accurate Response in consumable goods manufacturing industries; - Develop an Accurate Response (AR) manufacturing model; - Promote the benefits of adopting AR solutions among industry; - Devise ways of using information and communication technologies to improve manufacturing business performance by providing an enhanced and proactive respon
  • Funding Agency
    • European Commisssion
  • Date From
    • 15 Aug 1996
  • Date To
    • 14 Nov 1998
  • Title
    • Project BIS - 4067 IMAGEIN
  • Funding Agency
    • European Commission
  • Date From
    • 1997
  • Date To
    • 1998
  • Title
    • Audio Signal Processing for Enhanced ELearning, ASPEEL
  • Summary
    • This project investigated advanced sound enhancement with DSP solutions for: (a) The use of microphone arrays for the acoustic scene analysis required to localize the active participant. (b) The synthesis of a soundfield that provides accurate spatial clues at the listeners' end. These tasks also considered the operation of active acoustic echo cancellation.
  • Funding Agency
    • Enterprise Ireland
  • Date From
    • 1 Oct 2003
  • Date To
    • 27 June 2006
  • Title
    • THRIVE - Tracking Headphones Realise Immersive Virtual Environments
  • Summary
    • The development of a set of technical subsystems for building an immersive audio/video environment, for use with headphones, in which the apparent sound source is localized within the user's video display. Assessment of such technical subsystems for interactive audio-visual presentations, in particular PC-based e-Learning and gaming systems.
  • Funding Agency
    • Enterprise Ireland
  • Date From
    • Feb 2011
  • Date To
    • Jan 2012
  • Title
    • THRIVE
  • Summary
    • THRIVE addresses the following challenges: 1. 5.1/7.1 audio are not designed for games as they favour frontal directions. The resultant sound scene is not uniform in terms of 'sharpness' of sounds. 2. Binaural sound is either unavailable or severely simplified or requires external (hardware) solutions 3. Lack of head-tracking in headphone listening produces physically wrong output and deteriorates the experience (lack of realism). 4. Headphones distort localization cues (very important for 'with-height' audio) 5. Only around 30% of available (known) cues are utilized to create a sensation of sound source depth (distance) which results in purely localized or 'in-head' sound.
  • Funding Agency
    • Enterprise Ireland
  • Date From
    • 1 Oct 2013
  • Date To
    • 30 Sept 2014
  • Title
    • Spatial audio over virtual and irregular arrays
  • Summary
    • In applications where audio is by headphone presentations, the result is a disjointed audio-visual presentation, since all audio appears 'in-head' and is not localised at the desired place. Furthermore, the movement of the soundfield with head motion prevents accurate and stable presentations of audio sources in the external domain. When loudspeaker configurations are used there are major geometric and spatial constraints on the location of the loudspeakers. That is, even the use of 5.1 spatial audio often requires the location of speakers at positions that are not compatible with domestic accommodation. Our research has been successful in creating head tracking based solutions to spatial auralisation on the horizontal plane. The novel approximation methods, this research has introduced, have firm theoretical foundations which will form the foundation for the proposed research. This research will investigate the challenges presented in processing audio to deliver accurate distance and elevation cues to headphone listeners and individual spatial audio cues via loudspeakers to multiple listeners. In particular, we wish to explore the presentation of spatial audio localisation cues in a dynamic environment.
  • Funding Agency
    • Science Foundation Ireland
  • Date From
    • 1 Sept 2014
  • Date To
    • 31 Aug 2018

Keywords

Applied probability; Communication engineering, technology; Communications engineering; Computer vision and robotics; Control Engineering; Engineering & Physical Acoustics; Foundations and methods; Human computer interactions; Imaging and Computer Vision; Modelling, modelling tools, 3D modelling; Multimedia; Performance and technology; Signal processing; Signal, Video & Audio Processing; Sound Engineering; Speech processing/technology; Systems control, Modelling, Neural networks; Systems Engineering; Systems/Control; Telecommunication Engineering; Telecommunications; Vibration and Accoustic Engineering

Recognition

Representations

Visiting Academic Researcher, HM Health & Safety

Member NBST Telecommunications Research Committee

Member Forfas, Foresight Committee on IT

Member of the Electrical Division Board of the Institution of Engineers of Ireland

Member of Executive Committee of the Dublin Zoo

External Examiner for undergraduate courses at the University of Ulster and Dublin City University.

External Examiner for PhD and MSc degrees at UK and Irish universities.

Awards and Honours

Kelvin Premium, Institution of Electrical Engineers 1977

Fellow of Trinity College Dublin, FTCD 1990

Memberships

Fellow of the Institution of Engineers of Ireland, FIEI, Chartered Engineer, C.Eng. 1990