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Trinity College Dublin, The University of Dublin

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Dr. Caroline Brophy
Associate Professor, Statistics

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Brophy C, G Grange, C Malisch, J Finn, Making the most of multi-species mixtures: the role of species and functional diversity in intensively managed grasslands, Proceedings of the 34th Meeting of the EUCARPIA Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section: Exploiting Genetic Diversity of Forages to Fulfil their Economical and Environmental Roles, Invited speaker, Online, 2021 Conference Paper, 2021

Cummins S., Finn J.A., Richards K.G., Lanigan G.J., Grange G., Brophy C., Cardenas L.M., Misselbrook T.H., Reynolds C.K., Krol D.J., Beneficial effects of multi-species mixtures on N2O emissions from intensively managed grassland swards, Science of the Total Environment, 792, 2021 Journal Article, 2021 DOI

Grange G., Finn J.A., Brophy C., Plant diversity enhanced yield and mitigated drought impacts in intensively managed grassland communities, Journal of Applied Ecology, 2021 Journal Article, 2021 DOI

Toleikiene M., Zvirdauskiene R., Suproniene S., Arlauskiene A., Brophy C., Kadziuliene Z., Soil microbial functional diversity responds to plant-based organic fertilisers depending on the group of carbon sources, Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 30, (3), 2021, p2755 - 2768 Journal Article, 2021 DOI

McKenna T.P., McDonnell J., Yurkonis K.A., Brophy C., Helianthus maximiliani and species fine-scale spatial pattern affect diversity interactions in reconstructed tallgrass prairies, Ecology and Evolution, 9, (21), 2019, p12171 - 12181 Journal Article, 2019 DOI

Toleikiene M., Brophy C., Arlauskiene A., Rasmussen J., Gecaite V., Kadziuliene Z., The introduction of soybean in an organic crop rotation in the nemoral zone: The impact on subsequent spring wheat productivity, Zemdirbyste, 106, (4), 2019, p321 - 328 Journal Article, 2019 DOI

Grange G, C Brophy and J Finn, Effects of plant diversity on yield in intensively managed grasslands., Grassland Science in Europe, Joint EGF-EUCARPIA Symposium on "Improving sown grasslands through breeding and management", Zurich, Switzerland, 24, 2019, pp54 - 56 Conference Paper, 2019

Brophy C, M Jørgensen, E Elverland and AK Bakken, Functional groups drive positive diversity effects on yields across multiple Norwegian sites, Grassland Science in Europe, Joint EGF-EUCARPIA Symposium on "Improving sown grasslands through breeding and management", Zurich, Switzerland, 24, 2019, pp42 - 44 Conference Paper, 2019

McDonnell J., Brophy C., Ruelle E., Shalloo L., Lambkin K., Hennessy D., Weather forecasts to enhance an Irish grass growth model, European Journal of Agronomy, 105, 2019, p168 - 175 Journal Article, 2019 DOI

McDonnell J., Lambkin K., Fealy R., Hennessy D., Shalloo L., Brophy C., Verification and bias correction of ECMWF forecasts for Irish weather stations to evaluate their potential usefulness in grass growth modelling, Meteorological Applications, 25, (2), 2018, p292 - 301 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Connolly J., Sebastia M.-T., Kirwan L., Finn J.A., Llurba R., Suter M., Collins R.P., Porqueddu C., Helgadottir A., Baadshaug O.H., Belanger G., Black A., Brophy C., Cop J., Dalmannsdottir S., Delgado I., Elgersma A., Fothergill M., Frankow-Lindberg B.E., Ghesquiere A., Golinski P., Grieu P., Gustavsson A.-M., Hoglind M., Huguenin-Elie O., Jorgensen M., Kadziuliene Z., Lunnan T., Nykanen-Kurki P., Ribas A., Taube F., Thumm U., De Vliegher A., Luscher A., Weed suppression greatly increased by plant diversity in intensively managed grasslands: A continental-scale experiment, Journal of Applied Ecology, 55, (2), 2018, p852 - 862, p852-862 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Brophy C, JA Finn, A Lüscher, M Suter, L Kirwan, MT Sebastiá, Á Helgadóttir et al, Identifying the drivers of changes in the relative abundances of species in agroecosystems, Grassland Science in Europe, 27th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation, Cork, Ireland, 2018, pp586 - 588 Conference Paper, 2018

McDonnell, J, C Brophy, E Ruelle, K Lambkin, R Fealy, L Shalloo and D Hennessy, D., Evaluation of ECMWF weather forecasts and their inclusion in an Irish grass growth model., Grassland Science in Europe, 27th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation, Cork, Ireland, 23, 2018, pp823 - 825 Conference Paper, 2018

Colbert D., Dobutowitsch M., Roche B., Brophy C., The proxy-measurement of intelligence quotients using a relational skills abilities index, Learning and Individual Differences, 57, 2017, p114 - 122, p114-122 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Maher A.M.D., Asaiyah M.A.M., Brophy C., Griffin C.T., An Entomopathogenic Nematode Extends Its Niche by Associating with Different Symbionts, Microbial Ecology, 73, (1), 2017, p211 - 223, p211-223 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Brophy C., Finn J.A., Luscher A., Suter M., Kirwan L., Sebastia M.-T., Helgadottir A., Baadshaug O.H., Belanger G., Black A., Collins R.P., Cop J., Dalmannsdottir S., Delgado I., Elgersma A., Fothergill M., Frankow-Lindberg B.E., Ghesquiere A., Golinska B., Golinski P., Grieu P., Gustavsson A.-M., Hoglind M., Huguenin-Elie O., Jorgensen M., Kadziuliene Z., Kurki P., Llurba R., Lunnan T., Porqueddu C., Thumm U., Connolly J., Major shifts in species' relative abundance in grassland mixtures alongside positive effects of species diversity in yield: a continental-scale experiment, Journal of Ecology, 105, (5), 2017, p1210 - 1222 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Brophy C., Dooley A., Kirwan L., Finn J.A., McDonnell J., Bell T., Cadotte M.W., Connolly J., Biodiversity and ecosystem function: making sense of numerous species interactions in multi-species communities, Ecology, 98, (7), 2017, p1771 - 1778 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Dooley A., Isbell F., Kirwan L., Connolly J., Finn J.A., Brophy C., Testing the effects of diversity on ecosystem multifunctionality using a multivariate model, Ecology Letters, 18, (11), 2015, p1242 - 1251 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Richards K.G., Jahangir M.M.R., Drennan M., Lenehan J.J., Connolly J., Brophy C., Carton O.T., Effect of an agri-environmental measure on nitrate leaching from a beef farming system in Ireland, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 202, 2015, p17 - 24, p17-24 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Kirwan L, J Connolly, C Brophy, O Baadshaug, G Belanger, A Black, T Carnus, R Collins, J Cop, I Delgado, A De Vliegher, A Elgersma, B Frankow-Lindberg, P Golinski, P Grieu, AM Gustavsson, Á Helgadóttir, M Höglind, O Huguenin-Elie, M Jørgensen, Z Kadziuliene, T Lunnan, A Lüscher, P Kurki, C Porqueddu, MT Sebastia, U Thumm, D Walmsley and JA Finn , The Agrodiversity Experiment: three years of data from a multisite study in intensively managed grasslands, Ecology, 2014 Dataset, 2014 DOI

Brophy C., Hahn L., Engaging students in a large lecture: An experiment using Sudoku puzzles, Journal of Statistics Education, 22, (1), 2014 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

Sturludottir E., Brophy C., Belanger G., Gustavsson A.-M., Jorgensen M., Lunnan T., Helgadottir A., Benefits of mixing grasses and legumes for herbage yield and nutritive value in Northern Europe and Canada, Grass and Forage Science, 69, (2), 2014, p229 - 240, p229-240 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

Connolly J., Bell T., Bolger T., Brophy C., Carnus T., Finn J.A., Kirwan L., Isbell F., Levine J., Luscher A., Picasso V., Roscher C., Sebastia M.T., Suter M., Weigelt A., An improved model to predict the effects of changing biodiversity levels on ecosystem function, Journal of Ecology, 101, (2), 2013, p344 - 355, p344-355 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Finn J.A., Kirwan L., Connolly J., Sebastia M.T., Helgadottir A., Baadshaug O.H., Belanger G., Black A., Brophy C., Collins R.P., Cop J., Dalmannsdottir S., Delgado I., Elgersma A., Fothergill M., Frankow-Lindberg B.E., Ghesquiere A., Golinska B., Golinski P., Grieu P., Gustavsson A..-M., Hoglind M., Huguenin-Elie O., Jorgensen M., Kadziuliene Z., Kurki P., Llurba R., Lunnan T., Porqueddu C., Suter M., Thumm U., Luscher A., Ecosystem function enhanced by combining four functional types of plant species in intensively managed grassland mixtures: A 3-year continental-scale field experiment, Journal of Applied Ecology, 50, (2), 2013, p365 - 375, p365-375 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

O'Connor P.J., Hennessy D., Brophy C., O'Donovan M., Lynch M.B., The effect of the nitrification inhibitor dicyandiamide (DCD) on herbage production when applied at different times and rates in the autumn and winter, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 152, 2012, p79 - 89, p79-89 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Brophy C., Connolly J., Fagerli I.L., Duodu S., Svenning M.M., A Baseline Category Logit Model for Assessing Competing Strains of Rhizobium Bacteria, Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics, 16, (3), 2011, p409 - 421 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

Connolly J., Cadotte M.W., Brophy C., AIne D., Finn J., Kirwan L., Roscher C., Weigelt A., Phylogenetically diverse grasslands are associated with pairwise interspecific processes that increase biomass, Ecology, 92, (7), 2011, p1385 - 1392, p1385-1392 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

Stinson K.A., Brophy C., Connolly J., Catching up on global change: New ragweed genotypes emerge in elevated CO2 conditions, Ecosphere, 2, (4), 2011 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

Connolly J, T Bell, C Brophy, T Carnus, JA Finn, L Kirwan, A Lüscher, MT Sebastia and A Weigelt, Multi-species mixtures - new perspectives on models and mechanisms, Grassland Science in Europe, 23rd European Grassland Federation General Meeting , Germany, 15, 2010, pp782 - 784 Conference Paper, 2010

Duodu S., Brophy C., Connolly J., Svenning M.M., Competitiveness of a native Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii strain for nodule occupancy is manifested during infection, Plant and Soil, 318, (1-2), 2009, p117 - 126, p117-126 Journal Article, 2009 DOI

Frankow-Lindberg B.E., Brophy C., Collins R.P., Connolly J., Biodiversity effects on yield and unsown species invasion in a temperate forage ecosystem, Annals of Botany, 103, (6), 2009, p913 - 921, p913-921 Journal Article, 2009 DOI

Connolly J, JA Finn, AD Black, L Kirwan, C Brophy and A Lüscher , Effects of multi-species swards on dry matter production and the incidence of unsown species at three Irish sites., Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research, 48, 2009, p243 - 260 Journal Article, 2009

Kirwan L., Connolly J., Finn J.A., Brophy C., Luscher A., Nyfeler D., Sebastia M.-T., Diversity-interaction modeling: Estimating contributions of species identities and interactions to ecosystem function, Ecology, 90, (8), 2009, p2032 - 2038 Journal Article, 2009 DOI

Brophy C, DJ Gibson, PM Wayne, & J Connolly , How reproductive allocation and flowering probability of individuals in plant populations are affected by position in stand size hierarchy, plant size and CO2 regime, Journal of Plant Ecology, 1, 2008, p207 - 215 Journal Article, 2008

Collins RP, M Fothergill, E Rees, L Kirwan, C Brophy and J Connolly, Site effects on species productivity and dynamics: results from COST 852 in Wales, Grassland Science in Europe, 22nd European Grassland Federation General Meeting, Sweden, 13, 2008, pp230 - 232 Conference Paper, 2008

Helgadóttir A, J Connolly, R Collins, M Fothergill, M Kreuzer, A Lüscher, C Porqueddu, MT Sebastià, M Wachendorf, C Brophy, JA Finn, L Kirwan and D Nyfeler, The benefits of sward diversity for cultivated grasslands, Grassland Science in Europe, 22nd European Grassland Federation General Meeting, Sweden, 13, 2008, pp39 - 51 Conference Paper, 2008

Luscher A., Finn J.A., Connolly J., Sebastia M.T., Collins R., Fothergill M., Porqueddu C., Brophy C., Huguenin-Elie O., Kirwan L., Nyfeler D., Helgadottir A., Benefits of sward diversity for agricultural grasslands, Biodiversity, 9, (1-2), 2008, p29 - 32, p29-32 Journal Article, 2008 DOI

Brophy C., Gibson D.J., Wayne P.M., Connolly J., A modelling framework for analysing the reproductive output of individual plants grown in monoculture, Ecological Modelling, 207, (2-4), 2007, p99 - 108 Journal Article, 2007 DOI

Kirwan L., Luscher A., Sebastia M.T., Finn J.A., Collins R.P., Porqueddu C., Helgadottir A., Baadshaug O.H., Brophy C., Coran C., Dalmannsdottir S., Delgado I., Elgersma A., Fothergill M., Frankow-Lindberg B.E., Golinski P., Grieu P., Gustavsson A.M., Hoglind M., Huguenin-Elie O., Iliadis C., Jorgensen M., Kadziuliene Z., Karyotis T., Lunnan T., Malengier M., Maltoni S., Meyer V., Nyfeler D., Nykanen-Kurki P., Parente J., Smit H.J., Thumm U., Connolly J., Evenness drives consistent diversity effects in intensive grassland systems across 28 European sites, Journal of Ecology, 95, (3), 2007, p530 - 539, p530-539 Journal Article, 2007 DOI

Ryan M, C Brophy, J Connolly, K Mc Namara, & OT Carton , Monitoring of nitrogen leaching on a dairy farm during four drainage seasons. , Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research, 45, 2006, p115 - 134 Journal Article, 2006

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Moral, RA, Connolly, J, and Brophy, C, 'DImodels: Diversity-Interactions (DI) Models. R package version 1.0. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=DImodels', 2020, - Software, 2020 URL

A mixture model and bootstrap analysis to assess reproductive allocation in plants in, editor(s)G MacKenzie and D Peng , Statistical Modelling in Biostatistics and Bioinformatic, Springer, 2014, pp213 - 219, [Brophy C, DJ Gibson, PW Wayne and J Connolly ] Book Chapter, 2014

Recognition

Representations

Treasurer of the Irish Statistical Association 2018 - present

Associate Editor for Journal of Ecology 2013 - present

Served on the Irish Statistical Association Executive Committee, included role as Secretary for two years. 2008 - 2014

Awards and Honours

Science Foundation Ireland Frontiers for the Future Project award 2020

Memberships

Irish Statistical Association 2004 – present