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Dr. Michael Carty
Assistant Professor, Clinical Microbiology

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Ryan, T.A.J. and Hooftman, A. and Rehill, A.M. and Johansen, M.D. and Brien, E.C.O. and Toller-Kawahisa, J.E. and Wilk, M.M. and Day, E.A. and Weiss, H.J. and Sarvari, P. and Vozza, E.G. and Schramm, F. and Peace, C.G. and Zotta, A. and Miemczyk, S. and Nalkurthi, C. and Hansbro, N.G. and McManus, G. and O†Doherty, L. and Gargan, S. and Long, A. and Dunne, J. and Cheallaigh, C.N. and Conlon, N. and Carty, M. and Fallon, P.G. and Mills, K.H.G. and Creagh, E.M. and Donnell, J.S.O. and Hertzog, P.J. and Hansbro, P.M. and McLoughlin, R.M. and Wygrecka, M. and Preston, R.J.S. and ZasÅ'ona, Z. and Neill, L.A.J.O., Dimethyl fumarate and 4-octyl itaconate are anticoagulants that suppress Tissue Factor in macrophages via inhibition of Type I Interferon, Nature Communications, 14, (1), 2023 Journal Article, 2023 DOI TARA - Full Text

Laura K Finnegan, Naomi Chadderton, Paul F Kenna, Arpad Palfi, Michael Carty, Andrew G Bowie, Sophia Millington-Ward, Gwyneth Jane Farrar, SARM1 Ablation Is Protective and Preserves Spatial Vision in an In Vivo Mouse Model of Retinal Ganglion Cell Degeneration, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022 Journal Article, 2022 TARA - Full Text URL

Claudia Feriotti, Joana Sa-Pessoa, Ricardo Calderon-Gonzalez, Lili Gu, Brenda Morris, Ryoichi Sugisawa, Jose L Insua, Michael Carty, Amy Dumigan, Rebecca J Ingram, Adrien Kissenpfening, Andrew G Bowie, Jose A Bengoechea, Klebsiella pneumoniae hijacks the Toll-IL-1R protein SARM1 in a type I IFN-dependent manner to antagonize host immunity., Cell Reports, 40, (6), 2022, p111167- Journal Article, 2022 URL DOI

Ciara G Doran, Ryoichi Sugisawa, Michael Carty, Fiona Roche, Claire Fergus, Karsten Hokamp, Vincent P Kelly, Andrew G Bowie, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated SARM1 knockout and epitope-tagged mice reveal that SARM1 does not regulate nuclear transcription, but is expressed in macrophages, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 297, (6), 2021 Journal Article, 2021 URL TARA - Full Text DOI

Feng Gu, Aileen Krüger, Hannes G Roggenkamp, Rick Alpers, Dmitri Lodygin, Vincent Jaquet, Franziska Möckl, Lola C Hernandez C, Kai Winterberg, Andreas Bauche, Anette Rosche, Helmut Grasberger, John Y Kao, Daniel Schetelig, René Werner, Katrin Schröder, Michael Carty, Andrew G Bowie, Samuel Huber, Chris Meier, Hans-Willi Mittrücker, Joerg Heeren, Karl-Heinz Krause, Alexander Flügel, Björn-Philipp Diercks, Andreas H Guse, Dual NADPH oxidases DUOX1 and DUOX2 synthesize NAADP and are necessary for Ca2+ signaling during T cell activation, Science Signaling, 14, (709), 2021 Journal Article, 2021 URL

Carty M, Guy C, Bowie AG., Detection of Viral Infections by Innate Immunity., Biochemical pharmacology, 183, 2021, p114316 Journal Article, 2021 DOI TARA - Full Text

Ozaki, Ema, Gibbons, Luke, Neto, Nuno GB, Kenna, Paul, Carty, Michael, Humphries, Marian, Humphries, Pete, Campbell, Matthew, Monaghan, Michael, Bowie, Andrew and Doyle, Sarah L, SARM1 deficiency promotes rod and cone photoreceptor cell survival in a model of retinal degeneration, Life Science Alliance, 3, (5), 2020 Journal Article, 2020 DOI TARA - Full Text

Carty, M. and Kearney, J. and Shanahan, K.A. and Hams, E. and Sugisawa, R. and Connolly, D. and Doran, C.G. and Muñoz-Wolf, N. and GÃ"rtler, C. and Fitzgerald, K.A. and Lavelle, E.C. and Fallon, P.G. and Bowie, A.G., Cell Survival and Cytokine Release after Inflammasome Activation Is Regulated by the Toll-IL-1R Protein SARM, Immunity, 50, (6), 2019, p1412-1424.e6 Journal Article, 2019 DOI

Carty M, Bowie AG., SARM: from immune regulator to cell executioner., Biochemical pharmacology, 2019, p52-62 Journal Article, 2019 DOI

Dempsey A, Keating SE, Carty M, Bowie AG., Poxviral protein E3-altered cytokine production reveals that DExD/H-box helicase 9 controls Toll-like receptor-stimulated immune responses., The Journal of biological chemistry, 293, (39), 2018, p14989-15001 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Harte, C., Gorman, A.L., McCluskey, S., Carty, M., Bowie, A.G., Scott, C.J., Meade, K.G. and Lavelle, E.C., Alum activates the bovine NLRP3 inflammasome, Frontiers in Immunology, 8, 2017, p1494- Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Gürtler C, Carty M, Kearney J, Schattgen SA, Ding A, Fitzgerald KA, Bowie AG, SARM regulates CCL5 production in macrophages by promoting the recruitment of transcription factors and RNA polymerase II to the Ccl5 promoter., Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 192, (10), 2014, p4821-32 Journal Article, 2014 DOI TARA - Full Text

Carty M, Reinert L, Paludan SR, Bowie AG, Innate antiviral signalling in the central nervous system., Trends in immunology, 35, (2), 2014, 79-87 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

Michael Carty, Andrew G. Bowie, Evaluating the role of Toll-like Receptors in diseases of the Central Nervous system, Biochemical Pharmacology, 81, (7), 2011, p825-837 Journal Article, 2011 TARA - Full Text

Carty, M., Bowie, A.G, Activation of host pattern recognition receptors by viruses, Clinical and Experimental Immunology, 161, (3), 2010, p397-406 Journal Article, 2010 DOI TARA - Full Text

Carty M, Keating S, Bowie A., Uncovering novel gene function in Toll-like receptor signalling using siRNA., Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 517, 2009, p277-295 Journal Article, 2009 DOI

Toll-like receptor 3 in, New Drugs and Targets for Respiratory Diseases, Prous Science, 2008, [Carty, M. & Bowie, A.G. ] Book Chapter, 2008

Michael Carty 1, Rory Goodbody, Martina Schröder, Julianne Stack, Paul N Moynagh, Andrew G Bowie, The human adaptor SARM negatively regulates adaptor protein TRIF-dependent Toll-like receptor signaling, Nature Immunology, 7, (10), 2006 Journal Article, 2006

Gilmore PM, McCabe N, Quinn JE, Kennedy RD, Gorski JJ, Andrews HN, McWilliams S, Carty M, Mullan PB, Duprex WP, Liu ET, Johnston PG, Harkin DP., BRCA1 interacts with and is required for paclitaxel-induced activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 3., Cancer research, 64, (12), 2004, p4148-4154 Journal Article, 2004 DOI

Jennifer E Quinn 1, Richard D Kennedy, Paul B Mullan, Paula M Gilmore, Michael Carty, Patrick G Johnston, D Paul Harkin, BRCA1 functions as a differential modulator of chemotherapy-induced apoptosis, 2003 Journal Article, 2003

Gilmore PM, Quinn JE, Mullan PB, Andrews HN, McCabe N, Carty M, Kennedy RD, Harkin DP., Role played by BRCA1 in regulating the cellular response to stress., Biochemical Society transactions, 31, (pt 1), 2003, p257-262 Journal Article, 2003 DOI

Hedges JC, Oxhorn BC, Carty M, Adam LP, Yamboliev IA, Gerthoffer WT., Phosphorylation of caldesmon by ERK MAP kinases in smooth muscle., American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 278, (4), 2000, pC718-26 Journal Article, 2000 DOI

Cook AK, Carty M, Singer CA, Yamboliev IA, Gerthoffer WT., Coupling of M(2) muscarinic receptors to ERK MAP kinases and caldesmon phosphorylation in colonic smooth muscle., American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 278, (3), 2000, pG429-37 Journal Article, 2000 DOI

Research Expertise


I am interested in the mechanisms that drive and regulate the inflammatory response. This includes how the innate immune system functions in sensing infections and in eliciting an immune response. I am also interested in how the innate immune system impacts the adaptive immune response in health and how this is dysregulated in diseases such as sepsis, cancer and autoimmunity. My current research focuses on exploring native Irish plant extracts for bioactive compounds that block the innate immune response. To achieve this goal I am collaborating with NatPro here in TCD. I am also interested in how aspects of the innate immune system such as inflammasomes and an inflammatory form of cell death known as pyroptosis can be harnessed in the treatment of cancers. My interest in the area of cancer also extends to oncolytic viruses which may exert an anti-tumour response by activating inflammasomes and triggering pyroptotic cell death.


  • Title
    • Exploring native Irish plant extracts for immunomodulatory properties
  • Title
    • Defining the potential for pyroptosis, an immunogenic form of cell death, in cancer subtypes
  • Title
    • The role of inflammasomes in tumour cell death following infection with oncolytic viruses
  • Title
    • How the innate immune system drives T cell dysfunction in chronic infection, sepsis and cancer





I am a member of the editorial advisory board of the scientific journal Biochemical Pharmacology.

I am a review editor of the scientific journal Frontiers in Immunology.

Awards and Honours

Sheldon Wolf prize for cytokine research from the International Cytokine Society 2006

Best oral presentation at Ulster Immunology Group/ British Society of Immunology /Irish society of Immunology conference 2006


International Cytokine & Interferon Society (ICIS) 2004 – Present

Irish Society for Immunology (ISI) 2004 – Present