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Dr. Benjamin Wold
Associate Professor, School of Religion


My path to Trinity College Dublin includes training in Portland, OR (B.A.), Jerusalem (M.A., and Semitic Languages Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rothberg), Germany (Ph.D. Erasmus+ exchange at the University Tübingen), and Britain (Ph.D. at Durham University, advisor: Loren Stuckenbruck). After completing my Ph.D. I held a post-doctoral fellowship in the Department of Theology and Religion at Durham University before receiving an Alexander von Humboldt-award which was hosted by the Institute for Ancient Judaism and Hellenistic Religions at the University of Tübingen. I am broadly interested in comparative religions and especially the study of early Judaism and early Christianity in the context of the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean world. In addition to specializing in wisdom literature, particularly as found among the Hebrew texts from the Dead Sea, I am also engaged in the study of archaeology and material culture. I have volunteered at archaeological excavations, including twice at Qumran. Following on from formal study in Jerusalem, I have since held fellowships at the American School of Oriental Research (Albright Institute); once with an award from the National Endowment for the Humanities (2012/13) and again as a Senior Fellow (2017). My current research project is a monograph on the significance of Qumran Wisdom Traditions for the study of the New Testament (anticipated completion summer 2021).

Another of my interests is religion and society in Asia (particularly S.E. Asia); I have spent time at Trinity Theological College, Singapore as a scholar in residence and also was visiting professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong (2014).

In 2018 I was elected to Fellowship at TCD. I am the co-founder and current director of the Trinity Centre for Biblical Studies (

I am presently accepting applications from prospective Ph.D. students who are interested to research in early Jewish studies, and especially the intersection of early Judaism and New Testament literature. Recent (last five years) Ph.D. theses completed under my supervision, or in their final stages, include:

- A Feminist Reconstruction of the Message to Thyatira in the Book of Revelation.

- Warding Off Evil: An Analysis of Apotropaic Tradition in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Synoptic Gospels [Published with Mohr Siebeck].

- The Significance of Obduracy and Obfuscation Motifs in the Letters of Paul.

- Oral Legislation in Rabbinic Judaism: A Comparative Study of the Jurisdiction and the Shabbat Halakhot in the Mishnah and Qumran Scrolls (2nd Century BCE - 2nd Century CE).

- Wisdom in Transition in Early Judaism and the Letter of James.

- Inheritance, Identity and Inclusion in the Gospel of Matthew and Antecedent Tradition [Accepted for publication with Baylor University Press].

- Spirit, Water, and the Self: Early Jewish and Christian Immersion Traditions.

- Religious Experience of Heavenly Cult: A Study in the Ascension of Isaiah.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Israel's Scriptures in the New Testament: Wisdom in, editor(s)Matthias Henze & David Lincicum , The Old Testament in the New: Israel's Scriptures in the New Testament and Other Early Christian Writings, Grand Rapids, MI, Eerdmans, 2021, pp1-18 , [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2021

Debt Remission and the Matthean Lord's Prayer in, editor(s)Beth Langstaff, Michael Tilley and Loren T. Stuckenbruck , The Lord's Prayer: Origins, Significance, and Reception, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2021, pp1-25 , [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2021 URL

"Fleshly Spirit" and "Vessel of Flesh" in 4QInstruction and the Thanksgiving Hymns in, editor(s)James Aitken, Hector Patmore and Ishay Rosen-Zvi , The Evil Inclination in Early Judaism and Christianity, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2021, pp49 - 64, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2021 URL DOI

Benjamin Wold, "Ḥokma of the Hands" in Early Jewish Sapiential Tradition and the Letter of James, Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, 30, (2), 2020, p74 - 86 Journal Article, 2020 DOI

Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, 30, 1, (2020), 1-56p, Benjamin Wold & Daniele Pevarello, [eds.] Journal, 2020 DOI

Benjamin Wold, Pope Francis on "Lead Us Not Into Temptation": Historical and Linguistic Comments, SEARCH, 43, (1), 2020, p35 - 39 Journal Article, 2020 URL

Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, 30, 2, (2020), 59 - 114p, Benjamin Wold & Daniele Pevarello, [eds.] Journal, 2020 DOI

Wisdom in the New Testament in, editor(s)M. J. Goff and S. Adams , The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Wisdom Literature, Hoboken, NJ, Wiley-Blackwell, 2019, pp351 - 367, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2019 DOI

Old Testament Context: Insights from the Dead Sea Scrolls in, editor(s)D. Allen & S. Smith , Methodology in the Use of the Old Testament in the New, London, T & T Clark, Library of New Testament Studies, 2019, pp115 - 126, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2019 DOI URL

Words of the Luminaries and John's Plague Septets in, editor(s)B. Blackwell & J. Maston , Reading Revelation in Context: John's Apocalypse and Second Temple Judaism, Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 2019, pp131 - 137, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2019 URL

James in the Context of Jewish Wisdom in, editor(s)Eric S. Mason & Darian R. Lockett , Reading the Epistle of James: A Resource for Students, Atlanta, GA, SBL Press, 2019, pp73 - 86, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2019 URL URL

Benjamin Wold, Sin and Evil in the Letter of James in Light of New Qumran Discoveries, New Testament Studies (Cambridge University Press), 65, (1), 2019, p78 - 93 Journal Article, 2019 DOI URL

Book of Genesis in, editor(s)D. M. Gurtner and L. T. Stuckenbruck , Companion to Second Temple Judaism, London, T & T Clark, 2019, pp1-8 , [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2019 URL

Benjamin Wold, Reading Messiah Texts Afresh? Comments on Matthew Novenson's "Grammer of Messianism", Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus, 16, (2), 2018, p243 - 249 Journal Article, 2018 URL DOI

Benjamin Wold, "基于库姆兰的新发现对《雅各书》的重新解读" ("James in Light of New Qumran Discoveries"), Journal for the Study of Biblical Literature (圣经文学研究), 18, (1), 2018, p1-15 Journal Article, 2018 URL

Instruction in, editor(s)George J. Brooke and Charlotte Hempel , Campanion to the Dead Sea Scrolls, T & T Clark (Bloomsbury Companions), 2018, pp318 - 319, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2018 URL

Benjamin Wold, Universal and Particular Law in James and Early Judaism, Journal for the Study of the New Testament, 41, (1), 2018, p95 - 106 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

4Q174 (Florilegium) 4Q175 (Testimonia) in, editor(s)R. Herms, B. Embry, A. Wright , Early Jewish Literature: An Anthology, Eerdmans, 2018, pp1-10 , [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2018 URL

Benjamin Wold, 4QInstruction: Divisions and Hierarchies, STDJ 123, Leiden, Brill, 2018, 1 - 246pp Book, 2018 DOI URL

Journal for the Study of the New Testament, 41, 1, (2018), 1 - 138p, Benjamin Wold, [editor] Journal, 2018 URL DOI

Apocalyptic Thought in the Epistles of Colossians and Ephesians in, editor(s)Benjamin Reynolds and Loren Stuckenbruck , Jewish Apocalyptic Tradition and the Shaping of the New Testament, Minneapolis, Fortress Press, 2017, pp291 - 310, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2017 URL

Benjamin Wold, Is the 'Firstborn Son' in 4Q369 a Messiah? The Evidence from 4QInstruction, Revue de Qumran, 29, (1/109), 2017, p3 - 20 Journal Article, 2017 URL DOI

Benjamin Wold, Jan Dochhorn, Susanne Rudnig-Zelt (eds.), Das Böse, Der Teufel, und Dämonen - Evil, the Devil, and Demons, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2016, 1 - 297pp Book, 2016 URL

Teacher of Righteousness, Eric Orlin, et al., Routledge Dictionary of Ancient Mediterranean Religions, 2016, pp1 , [Benjamin Wold] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2016 URL

Jesus among Wisdom's Representatives in, editor(s)Loren Stuckenbruck and Gabriele Baccaccini , Enoch and the Synoptic Gospels: Reminiscences, Allusions, Intertextuality , Atlanta, SBL Press, 2016, pp317 - 336, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2016 URL DOI

Demonizing Sin? The Evil Inclination in 4QInstruction and the Dead Sea Scrolls in, editor(s)Chris Keith and Loren Stuckenbruck , Evil in Second Temple Judaism and Early Christianity, Tuebingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2016, pp34 - 48, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2016 URL

Benjamin Wold, Genesis 2-3 in Early Christianity and 4QInstruction, Dead Sea Discoveries, 23, (3), 2016, p329 - 346 Journal Article, 2016 URL

Apotropaic Prayer and the Matthean Lord's Prayer in, editor(s)B. Wold, J. Dochhorn, S. Rudnig-Zelt , Evil, the Devil, and Demons: Dualistic Characteristics in the Religion of Israel, Ancient Judaism, and Christianity, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2016, pp90 - 101, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2016

Benjamin Wold, "Flesh" and "Spirit" in Qumran Sapiential Literature as the Background to the Use in Pauline Epistles, Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft, 106, (2), 2015, p262 - 279 Journal Article, 2015 URL DOI

Exile in Second Temple and Hellenistic Judaism, Vol. 8 Essenes-Fedeism, Dale C. Allison, Jr., Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception, 8, Berlin, Walter de Gruyter, 2013, pp1-4 , [Benjamin Wold] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2013 URL

Benjamin Wold, The Universality of Creation in 4QInstruction, Revue de Qumran, 26, (2/102), 2013, p211 - 226 Journal Article, 2013 DOI URL

Enosh ("Man") in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Heinz-Josef Fabry, Theologisches Wörterbuch zu den Qumranschriften, Band I, Stuttgart, Kohlhammer W., GmbH, 2012, pp241 - 247, [Benjamin Wold] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2012 URL

Ebion ("Poor") in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Heinz-Josef Fabry, Theologisches Wörterbuch zu den Qumrantexten, Band I, Stuttgart, Kohlhammer W., GmbH, 2012, pp13 - 17, [Benjamin Wold] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2012 URL

Benjamin Wold, Agency and Raising the Dead in 4Q521 2 ii and 4QPseudo-Ezekiel, Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft, 103, (1), 2012, p1 - 19 Journal Article, 2012 DOI URL

The Eschatological Application of Exodus Plagues in Revelation 16 in, editor(s)H. Lichtenberger, H.-J. Eckstein, C. Landmesser (eds.) , Eschatology/Eschatologie: The Sixth Tübingen/Durham Symposium, Tuebingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2011, pp249 - 266, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2011 URL URL

The Eschatological Application of Exodus Plagues in John's Apocalypse in, editor(s)H. Lichtenberger, H.-J. Eckstein, C. Landmesser , Eschatologie - Eschatology: The Sixth Durham-Tübingen Colloquium, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2011, pp249 - 266, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2011 URL

Benjamin Wold, Agents of Resurrection in 4Q521, 4QPseudo-Ezekiel, and the Saying Source Q, Judaism in Antiquity Seminar, Durham University, November 12, 2010, Robert Hayward, 16pp Invited Talk, 2010 TARA - Full Text

Revelations Plague Septets: New Exodus and Exile in, editor(s)Florentino García Martínez , Echoes from the Caves: Qumran and the New Testament, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 2009, pp279 - 298, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2009 URL DOI

Benjamin Wold, Family Ethics in 4QInstruction and the New Testament, Novum Testamentum, 50, (3), 2008, p286 - 300 Journal Article, 2008 URL DOI

Benjamin Wold, Metaphorical Poverty in Musar leMevin, Journal of Jewish Studies, 58, (1), 2007, p140 - 153 Journal Article, 2007 URL DOI

Benjamin Wold, Loren Stuckenbruck, Stephen Barton (eds.), Memory in the Bible and Antiquity, WUNT, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2007, 394 pgs., pls. i-vipp Book, 2007 URL

Remembrance in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Exodus, Creation and Cosmos in, editor(s)B. Wold, L.T. Stuckenbruck, S. Barton , Memory in the Bible and Antiquity, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2007, pp47 - 74, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2007

Erhard Blum, 'Historiography or Poetry? The Peculiarities of Old Testament Prose Tradition', Memory in the Bible and Antiquity, (WUNT), Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2007, 25 - 46 Translation, 2007

Hermann Lichtenberger, 'History Writing and History Telling in First and Second Maccabees', Memory in the Bible and Antiquity, (WUNT), Mohr Siebeck, 2007, 95 - 110 Translation, 2007

Benjamin Wold, Reconstructing and Reading 4Q416 2 ii 21: Comments on Menahem Kister's Proposal , Dead Sea Discoveries, 12, (2), 2005, p205 - 211 Journal Article, 2005 URL DOI

Benjamin Wold, Women, Men and Angels: The Qumran Wisdom Document Musar leMevin and its Allusions to Genesis Creation Traditions, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2005, 286 pgs, pls. i-ixpp Book, 2005 URL

Benjamin Wold, Re-examining an Aspect of the Title Kyrios in Light of 4Q416 2 iii, Zeitschrift fuer die Neuetestamentliche Wissenschaft, 95, (3/4), 2004, p149 - 160 Journal Article, 2004 URL DOI

Research Expertise


  • Title
    • Student & Faculty Mobility (Erasmus+ KA 107 Mobility Grant)
  • Summary
    • These Erasmus+ grants enable reciprocal mobility for faculty and students in the School of Religion at TCD with two leading universities in Israel: Bar Ilan University and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Faculty and students visiting HUJ and BIU are able to learn from leading scholars working across Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, while also availing of unique resources for the study of archaeology, languages, and the intersection of religion and society.
  • Funding Agency
    • Erasmus+
  • Date From
    • 09/01/2018
  • Date To
    • 09/01/2023
  • Title
    • Wisdom: From the Judean Wilderness to Diaspora
  • Summary
    • What is "wisdom" and how do we understand it across religious traditions? As typically understood, these traditions teach that there are those who measure up to wisdom's standards by birth, gender, propriety, or achievement and those who do not. "Conventional wisdom," a somewhat misleading category, consists of what is observable in the world around us and its practical character is taken for granted; a sage can teach how to live in relationship to it and this can be applied across peoples and cultures. Such wisdom is rooted in the consequences of the here and now, if one acts in the ways instructed it will result in observable outcomes. In the last two decades, compositions discovered among the Dead Sea Scrolls have challenged these notions of wisdom. In much of this newly discovered Jewish literature, which is not "sectarian," we find that social boundaries and distinctions are challenged, and that act and consequence are no longer limited to this present life. This international symposium takes as its point of departure scrolls that have changed the last generation of scholarly categories and their social function. Furthermore, new questions are asked about how wisdom literature discovered at Qumran relates to Jewish Hellenistic and Diaspora traditions and whether our scholarly constructs are misconceived. A number of international research symposia are planned that will bring together experts across religious traditions. Meetings are planned that will focus on Jewish and Christian Wisdom, as well as Near Eastern and Far Eastern religious traditions. This is the first of a series of symposia, which is scheduled to take place at Trinity College Dublin this December 2nd and 3rd. The proceedings of this first symposium are being published in two thematic editions of the Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha (Sage).
  • Funding Agency
    • AHSS Benefactions Fund & Ireland Fund of Canada
  • Date From
    • December 2019


Apocalypticism; Historical Jesus Studies; Jewish studies; New Testament; Qumran Studies; Second temple Judaism



Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, Sage Publishers, editorial board 2015-2018

Associate Editor, De Gruyter Open (Religious Studies) 2012-2016

External Examiner, University of Wales, Trinity Saint David, Department of Theology, Religious Studies, and Islamic Studies. 2008-2012

Awards and Honours

Fellow of Trinity College Dublin (FTCD) 2018

Senior Associate Fellow - Albright Institute for Archaeological Research (Jerusalem) 1 January 2017 to 31 August 2017

Visiting Professor, Chinese University of Hong Kong June-August 2014

Vice President, Irish Biblical Association 2014-15

Honorary President, Theological Society (TCD) 2013-2014

National Endowment for the Humanities award December 2012

M.A. Jure officii, Trinity College Dublin 2011

Alexander von Humboldt (Forschungsaufenthalt) 2010

Alexander von Humboldt award 2006-2007

Lightfoot Scholarship, Durham University 2001-2002

Erasmus+ Ph.D. exchange to University of Tübingen, Germany (12-months) 2002-2003


Society of Biblical Studies (SBL) 2000 – Present

European Association of Biblical Studies 2004 – Present

European Association of Jewish Studies 2007 – Present

Enoch Seminar 2004 – Present

British New Testament Society 2000 – Present

International Organization of Qumran Studies (IOQS) 2004 – Present