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Dr. Benjamin Wold
Associate Professor, School of Religion

Biography

My research interests are broadly focused on the historical and cultural study of ancient Judaism and nascent Christianity. I am particularly fascinated by the Dead Sea Scrolls and the ways that this archaeological discovery at Qumran changes our understanding of intellectual trends and patterns in the late Second Temple period. My newest book titled "Qumran Wisdom and the New Testament: Exploring Early Jewish and Christian Textual Cultures" was published by Cambridge University Press in December 2022. This book offers interrelated studies on sections of James, Matthew and the Pauline Letters to explore resonances with Jewish wisdom motifs broadly conceived. I am currently working on a new monograph on the Gospel of John in light of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

In terms of my biography, a native of Washington State, my journey to Ireland followed an international path, from Portland, Oregon (BA), to Jerusalem (MA), and then Durham University, UK (Ph.D.) where I worked with Loren Stuckenbruck. Following a post-doctoral period at Durham University I received an Alexander von Humboldt award which was taken up in Tübingen, Germany where I worked at the Institut für antikes Judentum und hellenistische Religionsgeschicte. I began at Trinity College Dublin in 2007.

One of my interests is archaeology and material culture. I have regularly volunteered at archaeological excavations, including twice at Qumran. I have held fellowships at the American School of Overseas Research (Albright Institute) in Jerusalem; once with an award from the National Endowment for the Humanities (2012/13) and again as a Senior Fellow (2017).

I am presently accepting applications from prospective Ph.D. students who are interested to research in the intersection of Second Temple Judaism and New Testament literature.

In the School of Religion, I am co-founder and current Director of the Trinity Centre for Biblical Studies and coordinate the post-graduate research seminar for biblical and cognate studies. I am also currently the Director of Research (School of RTPS)

My undergraduate teaching consists of the following modules:

Semester 1 Jewish Thought and Practice (REU12731), The Apostle Paul: Life and Letters (REU33114), and co-teaching Introducing the New Testament (REU12112);

Semester 2 The Historical Jesus and the Gospels (REU22111), The Dead Sea Scrolls (REU44722), and co-teaching Introducing the Hebrew Bible (REU12101)

Supervision Students:

Maicol Cortes (1st year Ph.D.), Irene Barbotti (2nd year Ph.D.), Simon Brummer (2nd year Ph.D.), Leszek Lech (final year Ph.D.), Jadesmon Saragih (2nd year Ph.D.), Jesse Sykes (3rd year Ph.D.)

Selected Publications:

Monographs:

Benjamin Wold, Qumran Wisdom and the New Testament (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2023).

Benjamin Wold, 4QInstruction: Divisions and Hierarchies, Studies in the Texts of the Desert of Judah 123 (Leiden: Brill, 2018).

Benjamin Wold, Women, Men, and Angels: The Qumran Wisdom Document Musar le-Mevin and its Allusions the Genesis Creation Traditions (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2005).

Edited Books:

Benjamin Wold, Daniel Machiela, Jeff Garcia, Chad Pierce (ed.), "Bring Them into the Land": The Holy Land in Ancient Judaism and Nascent Christianity: Essays in Honor of R. Steven Notley (Eugene, OR, Wipf & Stock, 2024).

Benjamin Wold, Jan Dochhorn, Susanne Rudnig-Zelt (ed.), Das Böse, Der Teufel, und Dämonen - Evil, the Devil, and Demons, WUNT.II (Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2016).

Benjamin Wold, Loren Stuckenbruck, Stephen Barton (ed.), Memory in the Bible and Antiquity, WUNT (Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2007).

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Creation, James C. VanderKam Lawrence H. Schiffman Sidnie White Crawford, Brill's Online Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Research Tool for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Leiden, 2025, pp1-5 , [Benjamin Wold] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2025

Early Christianity, James C. VanderKam Lawrence H. Schiffman Sidnie White Crawford, Brill's Online Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Research Tool for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Leiden, Brill, 2025, pp1-15 , [Benjamin Wold] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2025

Florilegium, James C. VanderKam Lawrence H. Schiffman Sidnie White Crawford, Brill's Online Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Research Tool for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Leiden, Brill, 2025, pp1-5 , [Benjamin Wold] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2025

Benjamin Wold, Trans. ZHOU Geshan, 'Mandarin Translation of 4QInstruction: Divisions and Hierarchies)', Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2024, 1 - 221 Translation, 2024 TARA - Full Text

Benjamin Wold, Daniel Machiela, Jeff Garcia, Chad Pierce (ed.), "Bring Them into the Land": The Holy Land in Ancient Judaism and Nascent Christianity: Essays in Honor of R. Steven Notley, Eugene, OR, Wipf & Stock, 2024, 1-300pp Book, 2024

Psalms, Hymns and Prayers and the New Testament in, editor(s)Loren T. Stuckenbruck, Ron Herms, Archie Wright , The New Testament in its Second Temple Period Context monograph series, introductory volume, Eugene, OR, Cascade Press, 2024, pp1-12 , [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2024

Wisdom in, editor(s)Matthias Henze & David Lincicum , Israel's Scriptures in Early Christian Writings, Grand Rapids, MI, Eerdmans, 2023, pp1-18 , [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2023 URL

Benjamin Wold, Qumran Wisdom and the New Testament: Exploring Early Jewish and Christian Textual Cultures, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2023, 1 - 236pp Book, 2023 DOI URL

Debt Remission and the Matthean Lord's Prayer in, editor(s)Beth Langstaff, Michael Tilley and Loren T. Stuckenbruck , The Lord's Prayer: Origins, Significance, and Reception, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2022, pp91 - 114, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2022 DOI URL

Benjamin Wold, "Mystery" in the Wisdom of Solomon and 4QInstruction, Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, 31, (1), 2021, p28 - 47 Journal Article, 2021 DOI

"Fleshly Spirit" and "Vessel of Flesh" in 4QInstruction and the Thanksgiving Hymns in, editor(s)James Aitken, Hector Patmore and Ishay Rosen-Zvi , The Evil Inclination in Early Judaism and Christianity, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2021, pp49 - 64, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2021 URL DOI

Benjamin Wold, Pope Francis on "Lead Us Not Into Temptation": Historical and Linguistic Comments, SEARCH, 43, (1), 2020, p35 - 39 Journal Article, 2020 URL

Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, 30, 2, (2020), 59 - 114p, Benjamin Wold & Daniele Pevarello, [eds.] Journal, 2020 DOI

Benjamin Wold, "Ḥokma of the Hands" in Early Jewish Sapiential Tradition and the Letter of James, Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, 30, (2), 2020, p74 - 86 Journal Article, 2020 DOI

Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, 30, 1, (2020), 1-56p, Benjamin Wold & Daniele Pevarello, [eds.] Journal, 2020 DOI

Book of Genesis in, editor(s)D. M. Gurtner and L. T. Stuckenbruck , Companion to Second Temple Judaism, London, T & T Clark, 2019, pp1-8 , [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2019 URL

Wisdom in the New Testament in, editor(s)M. J. Goff and S. Adams , The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Wisdom Literature, Hoboken, NJ, Wiley-Blackwell, 2019, pp351 - 367, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2019 DOI

James in the Context of Jewish Wisdom in, editor(s)Eric S. Mason & Darian R. Lockett , Reading the Epistle of James: A Resource for Students, Atlanta, GA, SBL Press, 2019, pp73 - 86, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2019 URL URL

Words of the Luminaries and John's Plague Septets in, editor(s)B. Blackwell & J. Maston , Reading Revelation in Context: John's Apocalypse and Second Temple Judaism, Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 2019, pp131 - 137, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2019 URL

Benjamin Wold, Sin and Evil in the Letter of James in Light of New Qumran Discoveries, New Testament Studies (Cambridge University Press), 65, (1), 2019, p78 - 93 Journal Article, 2019 URL DOI

Old Testament Context: Insights from the Dead Sea Scrolls in, editor(s)D. Allen & S. Smith , Methodology in the Use of the Old Testament in the New, London, T & T Clark, Library of New Testament Studies, 2019, pp115 - 126, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2019 DOI URL

Benjamin Wold, 4QInstruction: Divisions and Hierarchies, STDJ 123, Leiden, Brill, 2018, 1 - 246pp Book, 2018 DOI URL

Journal for the Study of the New Testament, 41, 1, (2018), 1 - 138p, Benjamin Wold, [editor] Journal, 2018 URL DOI

Instruction in, editor(s)George J. Brooke and Charlotte Hempel , Campanion to the Dead Sea Scrolls, T & T Clark (Bloomsbury Companions), 2018, pp318 - 319, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2018 URL

Benjamin Wold, Universal and Particular Law in James and Early Judaism, Journal for the Study of the New Testament, 41, (1), 2018, p95 - 106 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Benjamin Wold, Reading Messiah Texts Afresh? Comments on Matthew Novenson's "Grammer of Messianism", Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus, 16, (2), 2018, p243 - 249 Journal Article, 2018 DOI URL

4Q174 (Florilegium) 4Q175 (Testimonia) in, editor(s)R. Herms, B. Embry, A. Wright , Early Jewish Literature: An Anthology, Eerdmans, 2018, pp1-10 , [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2018 URL

Benjamin Wold, "基于库姆兰的新发现对《雅各书》的重新解读" ("James in Light of New Qumran Discoveries"), Journal for the Study of Biblical Literature (圣经文学研究), 18, (1), 2018, p1-15 Journal Article, 2018 URL

Apocalyptic Thought in the Epistles of Colossians and Ephesians in, editor(s)Benjamin Reynolds and Loren Stuckenbruck , Jewish Apocalyptic Tradition and the Shaping of the New Testament, Minneapolis, Fortress Press, 2017, pp291 - 310, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2017 URL

Benjamin Wold, Is the 'Firstborn Son' in 4Q369 a Messiah? The Evidence from 4QInstruction, Revue de Qumran, 29, (1/109), 2017, p3 - 20 Journal Article, 2017 URL DOI

Demonizing Sin? The Evil Inclination in 4QInstruction and the Dead Sea Scrolls in, editor(s)Chris Keith and Loren Stuckenbruck , Evil in Second Temple Judaism and Early Christianity, Tuebingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2016, pp34 - 48, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2016 URL

Benjamin Wold, Genesis 2-3 in Early Christianity and 4QInstruction, Dead Sea Discoveries, 23, (3), 2016, p329 - 346 Journal Article, 2016 URL

Apotropaic Prayer and the Matthean Lord's Prayer in, editor(s)B. Wold, J. Dochhorn, S. Rudnig-Zelt , Evil, the Devil, and Demons: Dualistic Characteristics in the Religion of Israel, Ancient Judaism, and Christianity, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2016, pp90 - 101, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2016

Teacher of Righteousness, Eric Orlin, et al., Routledge Dictionary of Ancient Mediterranean Religions, 2016, pp1 , [Benjamin Wold] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2016 URL

Jesus among Wisdom's Representatives in, editor(s)Loren Stuckenbruck and Gabriele Baccaccini , Enoch and the Synoptic Gospels: Reminiscences, Allusions, Intertextuality , Atlanta, SBL Press, 2016, pp317 - 336, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2016 DOI URL

Benjamin Wold, Jan Dochhorn, Susanne Rudnig-Zelt (eds.), Das Böse, Der Teufel, und Dämonen - Evil, the Devil, and Demons, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2016, 1 - 297pp Book, 2016 URL

Benjamin Wold, "Flesh" and "Spirit" in Qumran Sapiential Literature as the Background to the Use in Pauline Epistles, Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft, 106, (2), 2015, p262 - 279 Journal Article, 2015 URL DOI

Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage Publications, [Member of Editorial Board], 2015 Editorial Board, 2015 URL

Exile in Second Temple and Hellenistic Judaism, Vol. 8 Essenes-Fedeism, Dale C. Allison, Jr., Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception, 8, Berlin, Walter de Gruyter, 2013, pp1-4 , [Benjamin Wold] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2013 URL

Benjamin Wold, The Universality of Creation in 4QInstruction, Revue de Qumran, 26, (2/102), 2013, p211 - 226 Journal Article, 2013 DOI URL

Benjamin Wold, Agency and Raising the Dead in 4Q521 2 ii and 4QPseudo-Ezekiel, Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft, 103, (1), 2012, p1 - 19 Journal Article, 2012 URL DOI

Enosh ("Man") in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Heinz-Josef Fabry, Theologisches Wörterbuch zu den Qumranschriften, Band I, Stuttgart, Kohlhammer W., GmbH, 2012, pp241 - 247, [Benjamin Wold] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2012 URL

Ebion ("Poor") in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Heinz-Josef Fabry, Theologisches Wörterbuch zu den Qumrantexten, Band I, Stuttgart, Kohlhammer W., GmbH, 2012, pp13 - 17, [Benjamin Wold] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2012 URL

Revelation 16 and the Eschatological Use of Exodus Plagues in, editor(s)H. Lichtenberger, H.-J. Eckstein, C. Landmesser , Eschatologie - Eschatology: The Sixth Durham-Tübingen Colloquium, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2011, pp249 - 266, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2011 URL

The Eschatological Application of Exodus Plagues in Revelation 16 in, editor(s)H. Lichtenberger, H.-J. Eckstein, C. Landmesser (eds.) , Eschatology/Eschatologie: The Sixth Tübingen/Durham Symposium, Tuebingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2011, pp249 - 266, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2011 URL URL

Benjamin Wold, Agents of Resurrection in 4Q521, 4QPseudo-Ezekiel, and the Saying Source Q, Judaism in Antiquity Seminar, Durham University, November 12, 2010, Robert Hayward, 16pp Invited Talk, 2010 TARA - Full Text

Revelations Plague Septets: New Exodus and Exile in, editor(s)Florentino García Martínez , Echoes from the Caves: Qumran and the New Testament, Leiden, E. J. Brill, 2009, pp279 - 298, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2009 DOI URL

Benjamin Wold, Family Ethics in 4QInstruction and the New Testament, Novum Testamentum, 50, (3), 2008, p286 - 300 Journal Article, 2008 URL DOI

Benjamin Wold, Loren Stuckenbruck, Stephen Barton (eds.), Memory in the Bible and Antiquity, WUNT, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2007, 394 pgs., pls. i-vipp Book, 2007 URL

Erhard Blum, 'Historiography or Poetry? The Peculiarities of Old Testament Prose Tradition', Memory in the Bible and Antiquity, (WUNT), Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2007, 25 - 46 Translation, 2007

Memory in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Exodus, Creation and Cosmos in, editor(s)B. Wold, L.T. Stuckenbruck, S. Barton , Memory in the Bible and Antiquity, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2007, pp47 - 74, [Benjamin Wold] Book Chapter, 2007

Hermann Lichtenberger, 'History Writing and History Telling in First and Second Maccabees', Memory in the Bible and Antiquity, (WUNT), Mohr Siebeck, 2007, 95 - 110 Translation, 2007

Benjamin Wold, Metaphorical Poverty in Musar leMevin, Journal of Jewish Studies, 58, (1), 2007, p140 - 153 Journal Article, 2007 URL DOI

Benjamin Wold, Women, Men and Angels: The Qumran Wisdom Document Musar leMevin and its Allusions to Genesis Creation Traditions, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2005, 286 pgs, pls. i-ixpp Book, 2005 Other URL

Benjamin Wold, Reconstructing and Reading 4Q416 2 ii 21: Comments on Menahem Kister's Proposal , Dead Sea Discoveries, 12, (2), 2005, p205 - 211 Journal Article, 2005 DOI URL

Benjamin Wold, Reconsidering an Aspect of the Title Kyrios in Light of Fragment 4Q416 2 iii, Zeitschrift fuer die Neuetestamentliche Wissenschaft, 95, (3/4), 2004, p149 - 160 Journal Article, 2004 URL DOI

Research Expertise

Keywords

Apocalypticism; Historical Jesus Studies; Jewish studies; New Testament; Qumran Studies; Second temple Judaism

Recognition

Representations

Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, Sage Publishers, editorial board 2015-2018

Associate Editor, De Gruyter Open (Religious Studies) 2012-2016

External Examiner, University of Wales, Trinity Saint David, Department of Theology, Religious Studies, and Islamic Studies. 2008-2012

Awards and Honours

Fellow of Trinity College Dublin (FTCD) 2018

Senior Associate Fellow - Albright Institute for Archaeological Research (Jerusalem) 1 January 2017 to 31 August 2017

Visiting Professor, Chinese University of Hong Kong June-August 2014

Vice President, Irish Biblical Association 2014-15

Honorary President, Theological Society (TCD) 2013-2014

National Endowment for the Humanities award December 2012

M.A. Jure officii, Trinity College Dublin 2011

Alexander von Humboldt (Forschungsaufenthalt) 2010

Alexander von Humboldt award 2006-2007

Lightfoot Scholarship, Durham University 2001-2002

Memberships

Society of Biblical Studies (SBL) 2000 – Present

European Association of Biblical Studies 2004 – Present

Enoch Seminar 2004 – Present

British New Testament Society 2000 – Present

International Organization of Qumran Studies (IOQS) 2004 – Present