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Professor Joan Lalor
Professor in Midwifery, School of Nursing & Midwifery

Biography

Joan Lalor is a Professor in Midwifery in Trinity College Dublin where she teaches and supervises across undergraduate and postgraduate programmes and leads a team of researchers (including doctoral and post-doctoral candidates) to generate evidence to optimise outcomes in maternity care. Joan was awarded a BNS (Hons), MSc, MA, PGDip in Clinical Health Science Education (Distinction) and PG Dip in Statistics (Distinction) and a PhD from Trinity College. More recently Joan has graduated from the Honorable Society of the Kings Inns with a Barrister at Law (BL) degree (2021), and with a Diploma in Legal Studies (2019).

Joan's research contribution is organised around the following main areas: i) Complex issues in Childbirth including Birth Related Trauma, ii) Optimising maternity Services to improve outcomes iii) Research Methodology, Healthcare Ethics and Law.

Joan currently leads a pan-European network, COST Action 18211: Perinatal Mental Health and Birth-Related Trauma: Maximising Best Practice and Optimal Outcomes. www.ca18211.eu. The main aim of this Action is to 1) consolidate and disseminate current evidence and coordinate a joint effort to seek ways to prevent, minimise and resolve birth-related trauma, and to optimise emotional and psychological outcomes for parents and families and 2) accelerate the translation of that knowledge into best practices that can be shared across Europe to reduce the societal and economic burden arising from birth-related negative/traumatic experiences. Ultimately, CA18211 is working towards an ideal universal standard of care to prevent and minimise birth trauma and optimise positive birth experiences.

However, as a member of the academy Joan is also centrally involved in a number of collaborative interdisciplinary projects across Health, Education and the Humanities. The CORALE project (with Dr Andrea Mulligan from Law) aims to investigate, for the first time, the operation of the right to conscientious objection in abortion services in Ireland and to develop a coherent framework for situating conscientious objection within a system of access to abortion services in a manner that is proportionate, effective and legally robust.

Joan's methodological expertise lies within the application of qualitative methodologies (specifically Grounded Theory and Case Study) to complex issues in health care, Joan has a particular interest in area of sensitive research and ethical challenges in fieldwork. Joan completed her PhD studies " A Longitudinal study of women's experiences of carrying a baby with a fetal abnormality up to the birth and beyond". Her work in the area of prenatal diagnosis and perinatal palliative care continues. She is an expert member of the Implementation of Bereavement Guidelines in Maternity Care and the Neonatal Palliative Care Clinical Programmes, seeking to inform policy and service planning nationally. She is a member of the ICM expert research group, is a reviewer for several professional peer review journals and is an associate editor with the BMC. Joan has been awarded over €3m in funding as PI or co-applicant from a range of funding bodies.

To-date, she has published 192 peer reviewed publications and other outputs in high-impact journals/conference proceedings etc. Joan is currently editing a book on birth related trauma with contributions from women affected by the experience and by international experts in the field. Joan has held key academic leadership positions, including: Director of Research, Director of Postgraduate Programmes and Course Co-ordinator. Joan launched and implemented the School of Nursing and Midwifery PhD Scholarship programme in March 2020 which is currently supporting 12 doctoral students.

Joan continues to contribute to the academic community through her involvement in a number of school, faculty and college committees.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Hollywood, E., Comiskey, C., Lalor, J. and Creaner, M. , What does family mean for the school-aged child who lives in an area of urban disadvantage? , Trinity Health and Education International Research Conference (THEconf2021), Online, 10th and 11th March, 2021, pp8 - 8 Oral Presentation, 2021

Lalor J, Ayers S, Calleja Agius J, Downe S, Gouni O, Hartmann K, Nieuwnehuijze M, Oosterman M, Turner JD, Karlsdottir SI, Horsch A, Balancing restrictions and access to maternity care for women and birthing partners during the Covid-19 pandemic: the psychosocial impact of suboptimal care, BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics an Gynaecology, 2021, p1 - 1 Journal Article, 2021

Gonzalez-Mesa E, Rengel-Diaz C, Riklikiens O, Thomson G, Cazorla-Granados O, Abreu W, Morgado-Neves D, Gokce Isbir G, Jonsdottir SS, Karlsdottir SI, Lalor J, Assessment of the attitude towards childbirth in health sciences students - development and validation of the questionnaire Cave-St, Current Psychology, 2021 Journal Article, 2021

Henderson C Laragy G Lalor J, Hidden in Plain Sight: Concealing and Revealing Stillborn Infants in the Irish Landscape in the 19th and 20th century, Perceptions of Pregnancy Network International Workshop, University of Hertfordshire, online at University of Hertfordshire , 15 September , 2021 Oral Presentation, 2021

Thompson G et al Lalor JG, "Policy, service, and training provision for women following a traumatic birth: An international knowledge mapping exercise", BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 2021 Journal Article, 2021

Laura Bordoni , Irene Petracc, Jean Calleja-Agius Joan G. Lalor Rosita Gabbianelli, Nurr1 alterations in perinatal stress: A first step towards late-onset diseases? a narrative review, Biomedicines, 8, (12), 2021, p1 - 16 Journal Article, 2021

Helena C. Bartels, Kristen Terlizzi, Naomi Cooney, Athina Kranidi, Martina Cronin, Joan G. Lalor, Donal J. Brennan, , Quality of life and sexual function after a pregnancy complicated by placenta accreta spectrum, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 2021 Journal Article, 2021

Helena Bartels Karen Mulligan Joan G Lalor Mary F Higgins Donal J Brennan, A life changing experience: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of women's experiences of placenta accreta spectrum, European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 2021 Journal Article, 2021

Concealed pregnancy , Birth & Infanticide: The Impact of Criminalising Traumatised Women in, Ryan S , Birth and the Irish: A Miscellany, Wordwell Press, 2021, [Murphy Tighe S and Lalor JG] Book Chapter, 2021

Shorey S, Chan V, Lalor J, Perceptions of women and partners on labor and birth positions: A meta-synthesis, Birth , 2021 Journal Article, 2021

Shorey, Shefaly; Ajaz, Erilda; Ng, Esperanza Debby; Sheaf, Greg; Barros, Luisa; Gouni, Olga; O Byrne, Sofia; Lalor, Joan, Reproductive decisions after a traumatic birth: A scoping review, Trauma, Violence, & Abuse., 2021 Journal Article, 2021

Shorey, Shefaly; Downe, Soo; Chua, Joelle Yan Xin; O Byrne, Sofia; Fobelets, Maaike; Lalor, Joan, Effectiveness of psychological interventions to improve the mental well-being of parents who have experienced traumatic childbirth: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Trauma, Violence and Abuse , 2021 Journal Article, 2021

Murphy Tighe S, Lalor JG, The Psychology of Concealed Pregnancy- Understanding the difference between Agency and Autonomy, THE Trinity International Health Education and Research Conference , Dublin, 13th March , 2020, pp1 - 1 Oral Presentation, 2020

Gabbianelli, R., Bordoni, L., Morano, S., Calleja-Agius, J., Lalor, J.G. , Nutri-epigenetics and gut microbiota: How birth care, bonding and breastfeeding can influence and be influenced?, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21, (14), 2020, p1 - 17 Journal Article, 2020

Horsch, A., Lalor, J. & Downe, S. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. , Moral and mental health challenges faced by maternity staff during the Covid-19 pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy., Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. , 2020, p1 - 1 Journal Article, 2020

Murphy Tighe S, Lalor JG, Reconceptualising concealed pregnancy- understanding complex trauma and the association with infanticide , International Marce Conference , virtual , March , 2020 Oral Presentation, 2020

Henderson, C, Laragy G, Lalor J,, What Lies Beneath: Long-Term Mourning following Perinatal Death in the 19th and early 20th century,, Trinity International Health Education Conference, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, 10 March, 2020 Oral Presentation, 2020

Clarke M, Devane D, Gross MM, Morano S, Lundgren I, Sinclair M, Putman K, Beech B, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen K, Nieuwenhuijze M, Wiseman H, Smith V, Daly D, Savage G, Newell J, Simpkin A, Grylka-Baeschlin S, Healy P, Nicoletti J, Lalor J, Carroll M, van Limbeek E, Nilsson C, Stockdale J, Fobelets M, Begley C, OptiBIRTH: a Cluster Randomised Trial of a Complex Intervention to Increase Vaginal Birth After Caesarean Section, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 20, (143), 2020 Journal Article, 2020 DOI URL

Henderson, C, Laragy G, Lalor J, , A Case Study on Infant Burials in South-West Ireland in the 19th century, Irish History Students Association, 70th international conference, University College Dublin , Dublin , 25th February 2020, 2020 Oral Presentation, 2020

Concealed Pregnancy in, editor(s)Jayne Marshall and Maureen Raynor , Myles Textbook for Midwives, Loondon, Elsevier , 2019, pp275 - 288, [Murphy Tighe S, Lalor J] Book Chapter, 2019

Kieran Murray, Louise Moore, Celine O'Brien, Anne Clohessy, Caroline Brophy, Oliver FitzGerald, Eamonn S. Molloy, Anne-Barbara Mongey, Shane Higgins, Mary F. Higgins, Patricia Minnock, Joan Lalor, Fionnuala M. McAuliffe & Douglas James Veale , A multidisciplinary approach to reproductive healthcare in women with rheumatic disease, Irish Journal of Medical Science , 189, 2019, p237 - 243 Journal Article, 2019

Murphy Tighe S, Lalor JG , Regaining Agency and Autonomy: A Grounded Typology of Concealed Pregnancy, Journal of Advanced Nursing , 2018, p1 - 1 Journal Article, 2018

Murphy Tighe S, Lalor JG , Concealed pregnancy and link with sexual assault. , online publication , Trinity Health and Education International Research Conference , Dublin , March , 2018, pp1 - 1 Conference Paper, 2018

Murphy Tighe S, Lalor JG, Hiding Women, Hiding Pregnancies, INMO/RCM NI - All Ireland Midwifery COnference , Dublin, 18th October , 2018 Oral Presentation, 2018

Murphy Tighe S, Lalor JG, Concealed PRegnancy and maternal infant attachment: ripples that last a lifetime, Institute of Community Health Conference , Limerick, May, 2017 Oral Presentation, 2017

Murphy Tighe S and Lalor JG, Regaining Agency: A Grounded Theory Typology of Concealed Pregnancy, 31st ICM Triennial Congress, Toronto, 18-22 June, 2017 Oral Presentation, 2017

Lalor, Joan Gabrielle, Brady, Anne-Marie, Ryan, Padhraig, Hasson, Felicity, McKenna, Hugh, Sheaf, Greg, Vilinsky-Redmond, Aliona, Pittalis, Chiara, OBoyle, Colm, Systematic literature review of the evidence to inform the future education, role and function of the maternity care assistants in Ireland , Dublin, Health Service Executive, April , 2017, p1 - 227 Report, 2017 TARA - Full Text

Begley, C, Clarke, M, Devane, D, Gross, M, Morano, S, Lundgren, I, Sinclair, M, Putman, K, Beech, B, Vehvilainen-Julkunen, K, Nieuwenhuijze, M, Wiseman, H, Smith, V, Daly, D, Savage, G, Newell, J, Grylka, Baeschlin, S, Healy, P, Nicoletti, J, Lalor, J, Van Limbeek, E, Nilsson, C, Stockdale, J, Fobelets, M, Evaluation of an intervention to increase vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC) through enhanced women-centred care: The OptiBIRTH cluster randomised trial (ISRCTN10612254), 31st ICM Triennial Congress, Toronto, 18-22 June, 2017 Oral Presentation, 2017

Lalor JG, McAuliffe, F, From bedside to Court side- The impact of Article 40.3.3 on maternity care and practices, The Constitution at 80 Conference, University of Limerick, 11th November , 2017 Conference Paper, 2017 TARA - Full Text

Lalor, Joan Gabrielle, Praying for it not to be true: Religiosity, spirituality and Hope as aspects of grieving in women who have experienced a Fetal Anomaly diagnosis, 31st ICM Triennial Congress, Toronto, 18-22 June, 2017 Oral Presentation, 2017 TARA - Full Text

McGuinness, Denise, Lalor, Joan Gabrielle, A systematic review of the evidence to support perinatal palliative care for the fetus and neonate, Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, AIIHPC, February , 2017, p1 - 93 Report, 2017 TARA - Full Text

Nilsson, C, Lalor, J, Begley, C, Carroll, M, Gross, MM, Grylka-Baeschlin, S, Lundgren, I, Matterne, A, Morano, S, Nicoletti, J, Healy, P, Vaginal Birth After Caesarean: Views of women from countries with low VBAC rates , Women and Birth , 2017 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Murphy Tighe S, Lalor JG, oncealed Pregnancy: Findings from the Keeping it Secret Study (KISS) , ursing and Midwifery Health Research Innovation Conference, Limerick , February , 2017 Oral Presentation, 2017

BRADY, V. and Lalor, J., Space for human connection in antenatal education: Uncovering women's hopes using Participatory Action Research, Midwifery, 55, 2017, p7 - 14 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Devane D, Lalor JG, Daly S, McGuire W, Cuthbert A, Smith V., Cardiotocography versus intermittent auscultation of fetal heart on admission to labour ward for assessment of fetal wellbeing, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2017 Journal Article, 2017

Murphy Tighe, S and Lalor JG, Media Portrayals of Concealed Pregnancy: Judge, Jury and Executioner, ICM 31st Triennial Congress, Toronto, 18-22 June, 2017, pp1- Oral Presentation, 2017 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe S, Lalor JG, gaining Agency and Autonomy- A Grounded Theory Typology of Concealed Pregnancy, ICM 31st Triennial Congress, Toronto, 18-22 June , 2017 Oral Presentation, 2017

Pregnancy loss and complexity in, editor(s)Jenny Hall Susan Crowther , Spirituality and Childbirth: meaning and care at the start of life, Routledge. Taylor & Francis Group, 2017, [Lalor, Joan Gabrielle] Book Chapter, 2017 TARA - Full Text

Sylvia Murphy Tighe and Joan Lalor , Concealed pregnancy and newborn abandonment: a contemporary 21st century issue Part 2, The Practising Midwife, 19, (7), 2016, p14 - 16 Journal Article, 2016

Eleanor Hollywood Joan Lalor, Mary Creaner, Catherine Comiskey , The role of grandparents in the health of the child who lives in a disadvantaged area, 1tth Healthcare Interdisciplinary Research Conference, Dublin, 9-11 November , 2016 Oral Presentation, 2016

Murphy Tighe S and Lalor JG , A hidden trauma, World of Irish Nursing , 24, (5), 2016, p59 - 60 Journal Article, 2016 TARA - Full Text

Ingela Lundgren, Patricia Healy, Margaret Carroll, Cecily Begley, Andrea Matterne, Mechthild M. Gross, Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin, Jane Nicoletti, Sandra Morano, Christina Nilsson and Joan Lalor, Clinicians' views of factors of importance for improving the rate of VBAC (vaginal birth after caesarean section): a study from countries with low VBAC rates, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 16, (350), 2016, p1-10 Journal Article, 2016 URL TARA - Full Text DOI

Coyne I, Comiskey C, Lalor J, Higgins A, Elliott N, Begley C., An exploration of clinical practice in sites with and without clinical nurse or midwife specialists or advanced nurse practitioners, in Ireland, BMC Health Services Research, 16, (1), 2016, p151- Journal Article, 2016 TARA - Full Text DOI Other

Lalor, Joan Gabrielle, Commentary on E. Berkery, S. Tiernan and M. Morley (2014) The relationship between gender role stereotypes and requisite managerial characteristics: the case of nursing and midwifery professionals, Journal of Nursing Management, 24, (2), 2016 Journal Article, 2016 DOI

Murphy Tighe S and Lalor JG, Concealed pregnancy and newborn abandonment: a contemporary 21st century issue Part 1'., The practising midwife, 6 , (1), 2016, p14 - 16 Journal Article, 2016

Murphy Tighe S and Lalor JG, Denial as Defense? The Criminalisation of Women who Conceal Pregnancy and Birth, 17th Healthcare Interddisciplinary Research Conference , Dublin, 9-11 November, 2016 Oral Presentation, 2016 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe, S Lalor, J, Contemporary Media Representations of Concealed Pregnancy: Shaming, Blaming and Vilifying Women, 'Institutions and Ireland': Medicine, Health, and Welfare, Trinity College Dublin, 5th February, 2016 Oral Presentation, 2016 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe, S and Lalor J, Concealed Pregnancy and Newborn Abandonment, 2015, - Miscellaneous, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Lalor, Joan Gabrielle, McAuliffe, Fionnuala, Schweppe, Jennifer, Spain, Eimear, Report on a Multidisciplinary Analysis of the Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act 2014 and the Guidance Document for Health Professionals on its Implementation , TARA, July, 2015, p1 - 20 Report, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor JG, Understanding Concealed Pregnancy and how best to respond, Inaugural HSE West-Midwest Nursing & Midwifery Research & Innovation , Limerick, 29th April, 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor JG, The Psychological Implications of Concealed Pregnancy for Women and their Babies: The Hidden Costs, to Society for Reproductive and Infant Psychology 34th International Conference , East Midlands, Sept , 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor JG, Letter to Irish Times , 2015, - Miscellaneous, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor, J, Concealed Pregnancy in 21st Century Ireland- A Mark of Personal or National Shame?, Shame and Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, 16th October , 2015 Poster, 2015

Giving Bad and Ambiguous News in, editor(s)Marion Verp and Joann Paley Galst , Prenatal and Preimplantation Diagnosis. The burden of choice, New York, Sage , 2015, pp131 - 152, [Lalor JG] Book Chapter, 2015

Giving Bad and Ambiguous News in, editor(s)(Eds: Verp and Galst): , Prenatal and Preimplantation Diagnosis: The Burden of Choice, New York, Springer, 2015, pp131 - 152, [Joan Lalor] Book Chapter, 2015

Biesty, L, OBoyle, C, Lalor J, Begley C., Choosing home birth in Ireland, 5th International Nursing and Midwifery Conference, Galway, 30th and 31st March, 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Lalor JG , Religiosity, Spirituality Hope and trauma in Women who have experienced Fetal Anomaly Diagnosis, First International Spirituality In Healthcare Conference - Sowing the seeds, Dublin, 25th June, 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor JG, Concealed Pregnancy: A Concept Analysis, 4th International Nursing and Midwifery Conference, Galway, 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015 TARA - Full Text

OBoyle, C, Lalor JG, Maths and miscommunications, AIMS Journal, 27, (2), 2015, p22 - 23 Journal Article, 2015

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor JG, Concealed Pregnancy, intimate partner violence and sexual assault: Is there a link?, European Domestic Violence Conference , Belfast, 6-9th September, 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor JG, Concealed Pregnancy: a concept analysis, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72, (1), 2015, p50-61 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Begley, C., Elliott, N., Lalor, J., & Higgins, A. , Perceived Outcomes of Research and Audit Activities of Clinical Specialists in Ireland. , Clinical Nurse Specialist,, 29, (2), 2015, p100 - 111 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor JG, Social Policy Implications of Baby Hatches, Safe Haven & Anonymous Birthing Laws: the impact on concealed pregnancy, New Directions in Child Protection and Wellbeing: Making a Real Difference to Children's Lives, Edinburgh, 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Lundgren I, Smith V, Nilsson C, Vehvilainen-Julkunen K, Nicoletti J, Devane D, Bernloehr A, van Limbeek E, Lalor J, Begley C, Clinician-centred interventions to increase vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC): a systematic review., BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 15, (1), 2015, p16 Journal Article, 2015 DOI TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor JG, A typology of concealed pregnancy, Health, Wellbeing and Innovation: advancing research, practice and education, Dublin, 4-5 November, 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor JG, When Pregnancy isn't part of your Concealed Pregnancy & the link with complicated maternal-infant attachment, UNESCO Child & Family Research Centre 7th Biennial Research Conference, Galway, 11th June, 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor JG, Using statistics to write out our cultural history of concealed pregnancy. Motherhood & Culture , International & Interdisciplinary Conference NUI Maynooth , Galway, June 15th-17th, 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015 TARA - Full Text

Higgins, A., Begley, C., Lalor, J., Coyne, I., Murphy K., Elliott, N, Factors influencing advanced practitioners' ability to enact leadership. A case study within Irish healthcare, Journal of Nursing Management, 22, (7), 2014, p894 - 905 Journal Article, 2014 URL

Murphy Tighe, S, Lalor, J, 'Recruitment Challenges Posed When Researching Concealed Pregnancy: Lessons Learned' , Trinity HIRC, Dublin, November 5th-6th, 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014 TARA - Full Text

Vadakepurathkudiyil Chacko, S, Lalor, J, 'When Mammy or Daddy needs to move to a nursing home: the experiences of transition for adult children.' , Trinity HIRC, Dublin, November 5th-6th, 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014

Lalor, J, Murphy Lawless, J, The Impact on Midwifery Practice of the European Convention on Human Rights in relation to Women's Reproductive Autonomy, 30th ICM Triennial Prague Congress, Prague, 1-5 June, 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014

Murphy Tighe S & Lalor J, Concealed Pregnancy: A Concept Analysis, 2nd Annual Health & Social Care Professionals Conference, 28th Feb, 2014 Poster, 2014 TARA - Full Text

Biesty, L, Lalor, J, OBoyle, C, The home and hospital interface in maternity care in Ireland - experiences of Self Employed Community Midwives during in-labour transfers, Optimising Childbirth Across Europe, Brussels, 9-10 April, 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014

Sylvia Murphy Tighe and Joan Lalor , Concealed pregnancy and Neonaticide: A changing knowledge base, Perceptions of Pregnancy: From Medieval to Modern Conference, University of Hertfordshire, 16-18 July 2014, 2014 Meeting Abstract, 2014 TARA - Full Text

Biesty, L, Lalor, J, OBoyle, C, Ethnography of Home Birth - "my Midwife" , 14th Annual Interdisciplinary Research Conference, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, 6-7 November, 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014 TARA - Full Text

Murphy Tighe S, Lalor J, The KISS Study: The Context & Implications of Concealed Pregnancy, RCSI 33rd Annual International Nursing & Midwifery Conference, Dublin, 20th February, 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014 TARA - Full Text

Nilsson, C, van Limbeek, E, Vehvilainen-Julkunen, K, Nicoletti, J, Lalor, J, Matterne, A, Lundgren, I, Women's views of factors of importance for improving the rate of vaginal births after caesarean section (VBAC) - A study from countries with high and low VBAC-rates, Optimising Childbirth Across Europe , Brussels, 9-10 April, 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014

Lalor, Joan Gabrielle , Fetal conquests, maternal subjugation: the social impact of ultrasound in pregnancy, The Future of the Body: Phenomenology, Medicine and the (Post)Human, Trinity Long Room Hub, 19-20 June , 2014, 1- Invited Talk, 2014

Lawler, D., Lalor, J., & Begley, C, Challenges and barriers encountered by women with a disability when accessing maternity services: a literature review, International Journal of Childbirth, 3, (4), 2014, p203 - 217 Journal Article, 2014

Comiskey C, Coyne I, Lalor J, Begley C., A national cross-sectional study measuring predictors for improved service user outcomes across clinical nurse or midwife specialist, advanced nurse practitioner and control sites, Journal of Advanced Nursing , 70, (5), 2014, p1128-37 Journal Article, 2014 URL

Lundgren, I, van Limbeek, E, Vehvilainen-Julkunen, K, Nicoletti, J, Lalor, J, Matterne, A, Nilsson, C, Clinicians views of factors of importance for improving the rate of vaginal births after caesarean section (VBAC) - A study from countries with high and low VBAC-rates, Clinicians views of factors of importance for improving the rate of vaginal births after caesarean section (VBAC) - A study from countries with high and low VBAC-rates, Brussels, 9-10 April , 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014

Lalor, J , An exploration of the emotional effects of prenatal diagnosis on men during and after their partner's diagnosis, Optimising Childbirth Across Europe, Brussels, 9-10 April, 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014 TARA - Full Text

Murphy, K., Casey, D., Devane, D., Meskell, P., Higgins, A., Elliott, N., Lalor, J, Begley, C., Reflections on the added value of using mixed methods in the SCAPE study, Nurse Researcher, 21, (4), 2014, p13 - 19 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

V Chacko, S, Lalor, J, Exploring the experiences of families when previously independent relatives require unexpected nursing home care, 33rd Annual International Nursing & Midwifery Research & Education , Dublin, 20th February, 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014

Lawler, D, Lalor, J, Begley, C, Access to maternity services in Ireland for women with a disability: adherence too or in breach of international instruments decreeing the rights of people with a disability, Optimising Childbirth Across Europe, Brussels, 9-10 April, 2014, pp55- Oral Presentation, 2014 URL

Murphy K, Casey D Devane D, Lalor J, Higgins A, Elliot N, Meskell P, Begley C, Exploring the added value of Mixed Methods Research: Reflections on using Mixed Methods Research design in the SCAPE study , Nurse Researcher, 21, (4), 2014, p13 - 19 Journal Article, 2014

Sylvia Murphy Tighe & Joan Lalor, Concealed pregnancy: secrecy and silence., Forum, May, 2014 Journal Article, 2014 TARA - Full Text

Murphy K, Casey D, Devane D, Begley C, Higgins A, Meskell P, Elliott N, Lalor J, Exploring the added value of Mixed Methods Research: Reflections on using Mixed Methods Research design in the SCAPE study, 4th International Nursing and Midwifery Conference, National University of Ireland, Galway, 15-16th April 2013, 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013 TARA - Full Text

Lawler D., Lalor J. & Begley C, 'Being with woman': myth or fact for women with a disability, 4th International Nursing and Midwifery Conference, NUI Galway, 15th April, 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013

Seery, A, Loxley, A, Geoghegan, P, Lalor, J, Student feeding time? exploring the role of feedback in undergraduate teaching and learning, 4th International Nursing and Midwifery Conference, NUI Galway, 15th April, 2013 Conference Paper, 2013

Murphy K, Casey D, Devane D, Begley C, Higgins A, Meskell P, Elliott N, Lalor J. , Exploring the added value of Mixed Methods Research: Reflections on using Mixed Methods Research design in the SCAPE study. , 4th International Nursing and Midwifery Conference 2013 , National University of Ireland, Galway., 15-16th April. , 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013 URL

Lalor, J Casey, D Elliott, N Coyne, I Comiskey, C Higgins, A Coyne I, Murphy K, Devane D, Begley C, Using case study within a sequential explanatory design to evaluate the impact of specialist and advanced practice roles on clinical outcomes: The SCAPE Study, BMC Medical Research Methodology , 2013, p13:55- Journal Article, 2013 TARA - Full Text URL DOI

Lazala, O., Hershberger, P.E., Kavanaugh, K., Lalor, J., Giurgescu, C., & White-Traut, R, .Continuing a pregnancy following fetal anomaly diagnosis, Midwest Nursing Research Society (MNRS) 2013 Annual Research Conference, Chicago, Illinois, March 2013, 2013 Meeting Abstract, 2013

Corry, M. Clarke, M. While, A. Lalor, J. , Developing complex interventions for nursing: a critical review of key guidelines.", Journal of clinical nursing, 22, (5-6), 2013, p1 - 15 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Lawler, D., Lalor, J. & Begley, C., Being with woman: a myth or fact for women with a disability, 4th International Nursing and Midwifery Conference, School of Nursing and Midwifery, National University of Ireland, Galway, , 15th-16th April , 2013, pp1- Meeting Abstract, 2013 URL

Lalor, J, Creaner, M, Delany, D, Potter, J, Academic's vision of supervision at doctoral level and beyond: the VOS study, 4th International Nursing and Midwifery Conference, NUI Galway, 15th April, 2013 Meeting Abstract, 2013

Lalor, JG, Thirty years after Article 40.3.3: Ireland is to legislate finally for termination of pregnancy, MIDIRS Digest, June , 2013, p187 - 192 Journal Article, 2013

Lalor, Joan , Imaging and imagining the fetus:the development of obstetric ultrasound- Nicolson, M, Fleming J.E.E , USA , John Hopkins University Pre, 2013, 336 pagespp Book, 2013

Elliott, N; Higgins A; Begley,C; Lalor,J; Sheerin, F; Coyne,I; Murphy, K , The identification of clinical and professional leadership activities of advanced practitioners. Findings from the Specialist Clinical and Advanced Practitioner Evaluation study in Ireland. , Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69, (5), 2013, p1037 - 1050 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Higgins A, Begley C, Lalor J, Coyne I, Murphy K, Elliott N, Factors influencing advanced practitioners' ability to enact leadership: a case study within Irish healthcare, Journal of Nursing Management, 22, (4), 2013, p410 - 422 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Lawler D, Lalor J, Begley C., 'Being with woman': a myth or fact for women with a disability (WWD) , 4th Annual Nursing and Midwifery Conference, NUIG,, Galway, 15th - 16th April , 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013 URL URL

Begley C., Elliott N., Lalor J., Coyne I., Higgins A. & Comiskey C.M. , Differences between clinical specialist and advanced practitioner clinical practice, leadership, and research roles, responsibilities, and perceived outcomes (the SCAPE study), Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69, (6), 2013, p1323 - 1337 Journal Article, 2013 DOI URL

Begley C, Elliott N, Lalor J, Coyne I, Higgins A, Comiskey C, Differences between clinical specialist and advanced practitioner clinical practice, leadership, and research roles, responsibilities, and perceived outcomes (the SCAPE study), Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69, (6), 2013, p1323-1337 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Corry, M. Clarke, M. Lalor, J. and While, A(ed.), Developing a nursing intervention using the Medical Research Council Framework (2000 and 2008), 31st Annual International Research Conference 2012, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland , Dublin, February, 2012, 28 p Proceedings of a Conference, 2012 URL

Corry, M, Clarke, M, Lalor, J, Developing a nursing intervention using the Medical Research Council Framework, 31st Annual International Nursing and Midwifery Research & Education Conference "Nursing and Midwifery Practice in a Global Community: Collaborating and Networking for the Future, Dublin, 22-23 February, 2012 Oral Presentation, 2012

Lawler, D., Lalor, J. & Begley, C, Exploring the impact the transition to motherhood may have on a woman's sense of self: a grounded theory study, Nottingham International Conference for Education and Research in Midwifery, Nottingham University,, 8th September, 2012, pp1- Meeting Abstract, 2012 URL

Lawler, D., Lalor, J. & Begley, C. (2012), Exploring the impact the transition to motherhood may have on a woman's sense of self: a grounded theory study, Nottingham International Conference for Education and Research in Midwifery, Nottingham University, 8th September 2012, 2012 Meeting Abstract, 2012

Devane, D, Lalor, JG, Daly, S, McGuire, W, Smith, V, Cardiotocography versus intermittent auscultation of fetal heart on admission to labour ward for assessment of fetal wellbeing, by Devane, D, Lalor, JG, Daly, S, McGuire, W, Smith, V , Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online), 2, 2012, pCD005122 Script, 2012 TARA - Full Text

Andrews, L., Devane, D., Lalor, J. G. and Cronin, P., Claiming their place - Men's interactions with midwives within maternity care, NICER, Nottingham, 2012, pp1-27 Conference Paper, 2012 TARA - Full Text

BRADY, V and Lalor, J., Finding Common Ground in Antenatal Education, 12th Annual Interdisciplinary Research Conference Transforming Healthcare through Research and Education,, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin. pp1, Nov , 2012 Conference Paper, 2012

Andrews, L., Lalor, J. and Devane, D, Men's interactions with midwives - do they have an impact on men's transition to fatherhood?, Andrews, L., Lalor, J. and Devane, D. (2012) Men's interactions with midwives - do they have an impact on Nottingham International Conference for Education and Research in Midwifery , Nottingham, UK, 7th & 8th September , 2012 Meeting Abstract, 2012

Lalor J.G., Clarke M. and Sheaf G., An evaluation of the effectiveness of information literacy training for undergraduate midwives to improve their ability to access evidence for practice, Nurse Education in Practice, 12, (5), 2012, p269 - 272 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Lalor, J. G., Clarke, M., & Sheaf, G, the effectiveness of information literacy training for undergraduate midwives to improve their ability to access evidence for practice, Nurse Education in Practice, 12, (5), 2012, 269-272 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Andrews, L, Lalor, J, Devane, D, The role antenatal education classes in Facilitating men's transition to fatherhood, The Second ISA Forum of Sociology Social justice and democratization, Buenos Aires, Argentina , Aug 1-4 , 2012, pp161 - 162 Oral Presentation, 2012

Sheaf, G, Lalor, J, Clarke, M, An evaluation of the effectiveness of information literacy training for undergraduate midwives to improve evidence for practice, AIRC 13th Annual Interdisciplinary research Conference, TCD, Dublin, November 7-8th, 2012 Oral Presentation, 2012

Corry, M. Clarke, M. Lalor, J. and While, A, Complex Intervention for Nursing: A systematic review, The Royal College of Nursing of the United Kingdom, The 2012 International Nursing Research Conference,, London , April , 2012, pp12- Oral Presentation, 2012

Andrews, L., Higgins, A., Waring, M. and Lalor, J, Using Classic Grounded Theory to analyse secondary data: reality and reflections, Grounded Theory Review,, 11, (1), 2012, p12 - 26 Journal Article, 2012 URL

Brady, V., LALOR, J., Murphy Lawless, J , Developing Antenatal Education in Preparation for Motherhood - A Participatory Action Research Approach, ICM 29th Triennial Congress, Durban, South Africa, 19-23 June, 2011 Oral Presentation, 2011

Biesty, L, Lalor, J, OBoyle, C, An Ethnographic Study of In-Labour Transfer to Hospital for Homebirth- To be there or not to be there? , Ethnography Symposium, Keele University, Liverpool, 5-7 September 2011, 2011 Meeting Abstract, 2011 TARA - Full Text

Brady, V., Lalor, J., and Murphy-Lawless, J. (2011), Developing Antenatal Education in Preparation for Motherhood - A Participatory Action Research Approach, ICM 29th Triennial Congress, Durban, South Africa, 19-23 June, 2011, pp1 Conference Paper, 2011 TARA - Full Text

Lalor, J, Begley, C, Galavan, E, Choosing between imagined lives: Termination of Pregnancy following Fetal Anomaly Diagnosis, School of Nursing & Midwifery 3rd bi annual conference, Galway, 4th and 5th April, 2011 Oral Presentation, 2011

Lawler D, Lalor J, Begley C, Higgins A, Sheerin F, Keenan P, Nicholl H, Tuohy, Kavanagh R. , Accommodating diversity in the maternity services: the experiences of women with disabilities , 29th Triennial Congress of the International Confederation of Midwives, Durban, June, 2011, pp163 - 163 Meeting Abstract, 2011

Lalor, Joan., Lawler, Denise., Begley, Cecily., Sheerin, Fintan., KEENAN, Paul., Higgins, Agnes., Nicholl, Honor., Tuohy, Teresa., Kavanagh, Roisin, Accommodating diversity in the maternity services: the experiences of women with disabilities, ICM 29th Triennial Congress, Durban, South Africa, 19-23 June, 2011 Oral Presentation, 2011

Lalor, J, Begley, C, Galavan, E, Termination of pregnancy for Fetal Abnormality: challenges faced by women living in Ireland opting to travel and their experiences of care in the UK, ICM 29th Triennial Congress, Durban, South Africa, 19-23 June, 2011 Oral Presentation, 2011

Lawler, D., Lalor, J. & Begley, C. (2011), Pushed to the margins: access to maternity services in Ireland from the perspective of women with a physical or sensory impairment, 3rd International Nursing and Midwifery Conference, School of Nursing and Midwifery, National University of Ireland, Galway, 5th April 2011, 2011, pp1 Meeting Abstract, 2011 URL

Biesty, L., LALOR, J., OBoyle, C, An Ethnographic Study of In-Labour Transfer to Hospital for Planned Home Birth - The Beginning, School of Nursing & Midwifery 3rd bi annual conference, Galway, 2011 Oral Presentation, 2011 TARA - Full Text

Lawler D, Lalor J, Begley C, 'Being with woman': Fact or fiction for women with a physical disability or sensory impairment, 29th Triennial Congress of the International Confederation of Midwives , Durban , June , 2011, pp105 - 105 Meeting Abstract, 2011

Sheaf G., Lalor J.G. and Clarke M, Sheaf G., Lalor J.G. and Clarke M., Trying to stop the kids using Google (and get a paper out of it too...), HSLG2013. Visible Evidence: the role of Health Science Libraries in Ireland, Dublin, Dublin, 11-12 April, 2011, 2011, pp0 Oral Presentation, 2011

Corry, M. Clarke, M. Lalor, J. (ed.), Measuring caregiver burden in Multiple Sclerosis: a literature review, 12th Annual Interdisciplinary Research Conference, School of Nursing & Midwifery, TCD, School of Nursing & Midwifery TCD, November 8th, 2011, 17 p Proceedings of a Conference, 2011

Lalor J, Begley C, Galavan E , Choosing between imagined lives: Termination of Pregnancy following Fetal Anomaly Diagnosis, Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Nursing and Midwifery Conference, 3rd Annual Nursing and Midwifery Conference, NUIG, Galway, 2011, 2011, pp1 Meeting Abstract, 2011 URL

Brady, V, Lalor, J, Murphy-Lawless, J, Participatory Action Research - Negotiating Access in Maternity Care Settings, 10th Annual Interdisciplinary Research Conference - Transforming Healthcare through Research and Education, Dublin, 4th November, 2010 Oral Presentation, 2010

Lawlor D, Lalor J, Begley C. , Antenatal education for women with disabilities: the clandestine challenges for antenatal educators in Ireland. , 11th Annual Research Conference, School of Nursing and Midwifery , Trinity College Dublin, November, 2010, pp73 - 73 Meeting Abstract, 2010

Begley, C., Higgins, A., Lalor, J., Alexander, J., Nicholl, H., Lawler, D., Keenan, P., Tuohy, T., Kavanagh, R, The stengths and weaknesses of publicly-funded Irish health services provided to women with disabilities in relation to pregnancy, childbirth and early motherhood, National Disability Authority, 2010 Report, 2010

Begley, C., Higgins, A., Lalor, J., Sheerin, F., Alexander, J., Nicholl, H., Lawler, D., Keenan, P., Tuohy, T., Kavanagh, R , The strengths and weaknesses of publicly-funded Irish health services provided to women with disabilities in relation to pregnancy, childbirth and early motherhood , Dublin, National Disability Authority, 2010 Report, 2010 URL

Lalor, J, Devane, D, Using the biophysical profile to assess fetal wellbeing, The Practising Midwife, 13, (6), 2010, p16 - 17 Journal Article, 2010

Lalor J, Lawler, D., Begley, C., Sheerin, F., Keenan, P., Higgins, A., Nicholl, H., Tuohy, T., Kavanagh, R. , Women with disabilities: accessibility issues for women receiving care within the publically-funded maternity service in the Republic of Ireland, 11th Annual Research Conference, School of Nursing and Midwifery , Trinity College Dublin, November, 2010, pp71 - 71 Meeting Abstract, 2010

Begley C, Murphy K, Higgins A, Elliott N, Lalor J, Sheerin F, Coyne I, Comiskey C, Normand C, Casey C, Dowling M, Devane D, Cooney A, Farrelly F, Brennan M, Meskell P, MacNeela P. , An Evaluation of Clinical Nurse and Midwife Specialist and Advanced Nurse and Midwife Practitioner Roles in Ireland (SCAPE), Dublin, National Council for the Professional Development of Nursing and Midwifery in Ireland, December, 2010, 1-467 Report, 2010 TARA - Full Text

Lawler, D., Lalor, J. & Begley, C. (2010), Antenatal education for women with a physical disability and sensory impairment: the clandestine challenges for antenatal educators in Ireland, 11th Annual Interdisciplinary Research Conference - Transforming Healthcare through Research and Education, Trinity College Dublin, 4th November , 2010, pp1- Meeting Abstract, 2010 URL

Potter, J., Creaner, M., Delaney, D. & Lalor, J, VISIONS OF EFFECTIVE DOCTORAL SUPERVISION: DISCIPLINES AND TRADITIONS IN A TIME OF CHANGE, Research-Teaching Linkages: PRACTICE AND POLICY PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY'S THIRD ANNUAL CONFERENCE, TCD, 2010, pp49- Meeting Abstract, 2010

Begley C, Murphy K, Higgins A, Elliott N, LALOR J, Sheerin F, Coyne I, Comiskey C, Normand C, Casey C, Dowling M, Devane D, Cooney A, Farrelly F, Brennan M, Meskell P, MacNeela P, An Evaluation of Clinical Nurse and Midwife Specialist and Advanced Nurse and Midwife Practitioner Roles in Ireland (SCAPE), Dublin, National Council for the Professional Development of Nursing and Midwifery, 2010, 1-497 Report, 2010 URL

Lalor, J., Lawler, D., Begley, C., Sheerin, F., KEENAN, P., Higgins, A., Nicholl, H., Tuohy, T. & Kavanagh, R., Women with disabilities: accessibility issues for women receiving care within the publicly-funded maternity service in the Republic of Ireland., 11th Annual Interdisciplinary Research Conference - Transforming Healthcare through Research and Education, Trinity College Dublin, 4th & 5th November , edited by Trinity College Dublin, School of Nursing and Midwifery Research Events Committee , 2010, pp71 Meeting Abstract, 2010

Lawler, D., Lalor, J., & Kavanagh, R, Interviewing women with a sensory disability - reflections on the impact of the disability on the interaction, 15th International Interdisciplinary Conference, Qualitative Health Research, Vancouver, Canada, 6th October, 2009 Oral Presentation, 2009

Begley, C, Higgins, A, LALOR, J, Sheerin, F, Alexander, J, Nicholl, H, Lawler, D, Keenan, P, Tuohy, T, Kavanagh, R, Maternity Care needs of women with disabilities: a hidden challenge., European Academy of Nursing Science Annual Scientific Meeting,, Klaipeda, Lithuania, January , 2009 Meeting Abstract, 2009

Potter, J., Creaner, M., Delaney, D. & Lalor, J, Visions of Effective Doctoral Supervision: disciplines and traditions in a time of change , National Academy for Integration, Research, Teaching and Learning (NAIRTL) 3rd. Annual Conference, TCD, November , 2009 Meeting Abstract, 2009 URL

Lawler, D. & Lalor, J , Interviewing women with a sensory disability - reflections on the impact of the disability on the interaction Focus group dynamics: changes in participant behaviour when the facilitator is a wheelchair user, 15th International Interdisciplinary Conference, Qualitative Health Research, Vancouver, Canada, October 6th, 2009 Oral Presentation, 2009

Lawler, D., Lalor, J. & Kavanagh, R. , Focus group dynamics: changes in participant behaviour when the facilitator is a wheelchair user, 15th International Interdisciplinary Conference, Qualitative Health Research , Vancouver, Canada, 6th October , 2009, pp1- Conference Paper, 2009 URL

Lawler, D., Lalor, J. & Kavanagh, R, Lawler, D., Lalor, J. & Kavanagh, R. (2009) Focus group dynamics: changes in participant behaviour when the facilitator is a wheelchair user, 15th International Interdisciplinary Conference, Qualitative Health Research, Vancouver, Canada, Lawler, D., Lalor, J, 2009 Oral Presentation, 2009

Lawler, D., Lalor, J. & Kavanagh, R , Facilitating a focus group: how the dynamics and participant behaviour changes in response to the physicality of the facilitator, 10th Annual Interdisciplinary Research Conference - Transforming Healthcare through Research and Education, Dublin, 4th November, 2009 Oral Presentation, 2009

Begley C, Higgins A, Lalor J, Sheerin F, Alexander J, Nicholl H, Lawler D, Keenan P, Tuohy T, Kavanagh R. , Maternity care needs of women with disabilities: a hidden challenge, European Academy of Nursing Science Annual Scientific Meeting, , Klaipeda, Lithuania,, January 2009, 2009 Conference Paper, 2009

Lawler, D. & Lalor, J., Interviewing women with a sensory disability - reflections on the impact of the disability on the interaction. Focus group dynamics: changes in participant behaviour when the facilitator is a wheelchair user, 15th International Interdisciplinary Conference, Qualitative Health Research, Vancouver, Canada , 6th October 2009, 2009, pp1- Meeting Abstract, 2009 URL

Begley, C., Higgins, A., Lalor, J., Alexander, J., Nicholl, H., Lawler, D., Keenan, P., Tuohy, T., Kavanagh, R., Women with disabilities: policies governing procedure and practice in service provision in Ireland during pregnancy, childbirth and early motherhood. , National Disability Authority, Dublin , 2009 Report, 2009

Begley, C., Higgins, A., Lalor, J., Sheerin, F., Alexander, J., Nicholl, H., Lawler, D., Keenan, P., Tuohy, T. & Kavanagh, R. (2009), Maternity care needs of women disabilities: a hidden challenge., European Academy of Nursing Science Annual Scientific Meeting, Klaipeda, Lithuania, January , 2009 Conference Paper, 2009

Lalor, J, Begley, C & Galavan, E, Recasting hope: A process of adaptation following fetal anomaly diagnosis, Social Science and Medicine, 68, (3), 2009, p462 - 472 Journal Article, 2009 DOI

Begley, C., Higgins, A., Lalor, J., Sheerin, F., Alexander, J., Nicholl, H., Lawler, D., Keenan, P., Tuohy, T., Kavanagh, R., Women with disabilities: barriers and facilitators to accessing services during pregnancy, childbirth and early motherhood., National Disability Authority, Dublin., 2009 Report, 2009

Lalor J, Begley C, Galavan O , Recasting Hope: A process of adaptation following fetal anomaly diagnosis , Social Science & Medicine , 68, (3), 2009, p462 - 472 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Lawler, D., Lalor, J. & Kavanagh, R. (2009), Facilitating a focus group: how the dynamics and participant behaviour changes in response to the physicality of the facilitator, 10th Annual Interdisciplinary Research Conference - Transforming Healthcare through Research and Education, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, 4th November 2009, 2009, pp1- Meeting Abstract, 2009 URL

Lalor, J, Russell, N & McParland, P, Routine screening and detection of fetal anomales in a predominantly midfiwery-led ultrasound service , Evidence Based Midwifery, 6, (3), 2008, p87 - 94 Journal Article, 2008

Lalor J, Galavan O, Begley C, A grounded theory study of information preference and coping styles following antenatal diagnosis of foetal abnormality, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 64, (2), 2008, p185 - 194 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Lalor, J, Begley, C & Galavan, E, Recasting hope: A theory of adaptation following fetal anomaly diagnosis, ICM , Glasgow, 3rd June , 2008 Meeting Abstract, 2008

Andrews, L, LALOR, J, Devane, D. Midwives versus peer support for mothers in the postnatal ward: which is better? (ed.), 14th Qualitative Health Research Conference, Banff, Canada, , 3-5 October, 2008, 2008, 73 p Proceedings of a Conference, 2008

Lalor, J and Devane, D , Participation in sensitive research: taking part or taken apart? , 14th Qualitative Health Research Conference , Banff, Canada, , 3-5 October, 2008, 2008, pp44- Meeting Abstract, 2008

Lalor, J, Begley, C & Galavan, E, A grounded theory study of information preference and coping following fetal anomaly diagnosis, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 64, (2), 2008, p185 - 194 Journal Article, 2008 DOI TARA - Full Text

Lalor, J and Devane, D, , Foreknowledge of fetal anomaly in pregnancy: Is there any benefit? , 14th Qualitative Health Research Conference , Banff, Canada, , 3-5 October, 2008, 2008, pp44- Meeting Abstract, 2008

Andrews, L, LALOR, J, Devane, D. 'His and Her Transition to Parenthood': fact of Fiction? 14th Qualitative Health Research Conference, Banff, Canada, 3-5 October, 2008. (ed.), 14th Qualitative Health Research Conference, Banff, Canada, , 3-5 October, 2008, 2008, 24 p Proceedings of a Conference, 2008

Lalor, J, Begley, C & Galavan, E, Peripheral fatherhood: Men's experiences of adverse prenatal diagnosis , ICM, Glasgow, 5th June, 2008 Meeting Abstract, 2008

Lalor, JG Fawole, B Alfirivic, Z Devane D, Biophysical profile for fetal assessment in high risk pregnancies, Cochrane Library, (1 ), 2008 Review, 2008

Lalor, J., Begley, C & Galavan, E, Hoping to Cope, Experiencing Reproductive Loss: Working Together to Change Practice, Milton Keynes, UK, 2 Oct 2008, 2008 Meeting Abstract, 2008

Lalor, J, Begley, C & Galavan, E, Meaning reconstruction: adaptation and recovery following prenatal diagnosis of fetal anomaly, Grief and Bereavement in Contemporary Society, Melbourne, July, 2008 Meeting Abstract, 2008

Andrews, L, LALOR, J, Devane, D. 'It's not only a Mother's Job'.(ed.), 8th Transforming Healthcare through Research Conference, TCD, Dublin, 5-7 November 2008, 2008 Proceedings of a Conference, 2008

LALOR, J. and Devane, D. , Information, knowledge and expectations of the routine ultrasound scan, Midwifery, 23, (1), 2007, p13 - 22. Journal Article, 2007 DOI URL

LALOR, J. & DEVANE, D, Information, knowledge and expectations of the routine ultrasound scan., Midwifery, 23, 2007, p13 - 22 Journal Article, 2007

Devane, D, Bonnar, J, Lalor, J, The use of intrapartum electronic fetal heart rate monitoring: A National Survey, Irish Medical journal, 100, (2), 2007, p360 - 362 Journal Article, 2007 URL

Devane, D, LALOR, J, Bonnar, J., The use of intrapartum electronic fetal heart rate monitoring: A National Survey, Irish Medical journal, 100, (2), 2007, p360-362 Journal Article, 2007

LALOR, J., Begley, C & Galavan, E,, A Tale of Fifteen Men: Male Partner Experiences of adverse prenatal diagnosis, 9th Annual research conference of the School of Nursing and Midwifery -"Transforming Healthcare through Research, Education and Technology", , TCD, Nov, 2007., 2007 Conference Paper, 2007

LALOR, J., Devane, D. & Mc Parland, P., Ultrasound screening for fetal abnormality in Ireland: A national survey, Irish Journal Medical Science, 176, 2007, p175-179 Journal Article, 2007

LALOR, J., DEVANE, D. & MC PARLAND, P, Ultrasound screening for fetal abnormality in Ireland: A national survey, Irish Journal of Medical Science, 176, (3), 2007, p175 - 179 Journal Article, 2007

LALOR, J., Devane, D. & Begley, C., Unexpected diagnosis of fetal abnormality: Women's encounters with caregivers, Birth, 34, (1), 2007, p80 - 88 Journal Article, 2007 DOI URL

(ed.), Continuing or terminating a pregnancy after fetal abnormality diagnosis: Decision-making that breaks your heart., Edmonton Canada, 4th April, 2006 Proceedings of a Conference, 2006

LALOR, J. & BEGLEY, C, Fetal anomaly screening: what do women want to know? Journal of Advanced Nursing, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 55, (1), 2006, p11 - 19 Journal Article, 2006

(ed.), Ultrasound screening in Ireland: How effective is the service?, Dublin , 12th May, 2006 Proceedings of a Conference, 2006

Devane D, Lalor JG, A randomised-controlled trial evaluating a fetal monitoring education programme, Midwifery , 22, (4), 2006, p296 - 307 Journal Article, 2006

(ed.), Ultrasound screening in Ireland: What's happening?, Dublin , 13th May., 2006 Proceedings of a Conference, 2006

(ed.), Comparison of perinatal grief between women that continue or terminate the pregnancy after second trimester diagnosis of fetal anomaly. , Dublin , Nov , 2006 Proceedings of a Conference, 2006

LALOR, J., DEVANE, D. & MC PARLAND, P, Ultrasound screening in Ireland: How effective is the service?, Irish Medical Journal, 99, (9), 2006, p264 - 266 Journal Article, 2006 URL

(ed.), How effective is midwifery led routine ultrasound screening?, Cardiff Wales, 6-7th April, 2006 Proceedings of a Conference, 2006

Lalor, J, Begley, C, & Devane, D, Exploring painful experiences: impact of emotional narratives on members of a qualitative research team., Journal of Advanced Nursing, 56, (6), 2006, p607 - 616 Journal Article, 2006

Devane D, Lalor JG, Intra and inter-observer agreement in midwives visual interpretation of the intrapartum cardiotocograph, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 52, (2), 2006, p133 - 141 Journal Article, 2006

(ed.), Exploring painful experiences: the impact of emotional narratives on researchers and transcribers', Edmonton Canada, 4th April, 2006 Proceedings of a Conference, 2006

Lalor, JG, Begley, C , Reconstructing the Future: Women's adjustment to the diagnosis of fetal abnormality, 27th Triennial Congress of the International Confederation of Midwives, Brisbane Australia, 25-28th May, 2005 Conference Paper, 2005

Lalor, J., Begley, C., Screening for fetal abnormality: what do women know? , 5th Annual research conference of the School of Nursing and Midwifery, TCD. "Transforming Healthcare through Research, Education and Technology", Dublin , 4-5th Nov, 2005 Conference Paper, 2005

Lalor, J., Begley, C., FETAL ABNORMALITY DETECTION IN THE SECOND TRIMESTER: THE INFORMATION NEEDS OF WOMEN., 6th Annual research conference of the School of Nursing and Midwifery, TCD. "Transforming Healthcare through Research, Education and Technology, Dublin , 2nd - 4th Nov, 2005 Conference Paper, 2005

Lalor J, Russell N, McParland P, Ultrasound diagnosis of fetal anomaly in an Irish tertiary referral centre- How accurate are we? , Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine,, November, 2005, p173- Journal Article, 2005

Lalor, J., Russell, N., Mc Parland, P, Ultrasound diagnosis of fetal anomaly in an Irish tertiary referral centre- How accurate are we? , 3rd International Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians. , Dublin , 19th May, 2005 Conference Paper, 2005

Lalor, J , Sensitive Interviewing, 4th Annual Kaleidoscope Conference. St Francis Hospice, Dublin , 24th May , 2005 Conference Paper, 2005

Devane D, Lalor JG, Daly S, McGuire W, Cardiotocography versus intermittent auscultation of fetal heart on admission to labour ward for assessment of fetal wellbeing [protocol]. , The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews,, (1), 2005 Journal Article, 2005

Lalor, JG. , Review of The emotional nature of qualitative research- Boca Raton Florida: CRC Press, 2001. 201 pages, by Gilbert, KR (ed) , MIDIRS Digest, March, 2004 Review, 2004

Devane D, Lalor JG, Bonnar J , The use of intrapartum electronic foetal monitoring in Ireland: A national survey , Normal Labour and Birth Research Conference , Grange-Over-Sands, England, June 10th, 2004 Conference Paper, 2004

Devane D, Lalor JG, Maternity Care and its delivery is being viewed as a competition, Irish Medical News, March 14, (31), 2003 Journal Article, 2003

Lalor, JG., Learning to Facilitate Group Work: A Journey of Personal Development. , 3rd Annual Research Conference, School of Nursing & Midwifery Studies, University of Dublin Trinity College and associated hospitals -"Transforming Healthcare through Research, Education and Technology", Dublin , Nov , 2002 Conference Paper, 2002

Lalor, J G,, Routine Antenatal Ultrasound: Reassuring or Anxiety-Provoking?, 20th Annual Nursing and Research Conference, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, RCSI, Dublin , February , 2001 Conference Paper, 2001

Lalor, J G , Routine Antenatal Ultrasound: Provision of pre-ultrasound information, Irish Perinatal Society Conference, Mullingar, October , 2000 Conference Paper, 2000

Lalor, J G , Routine Antenatal Ultrasound: Women;s expectations and experiences of routine antenatal ultrasound , South Eastern Health Board Conference, Kilkenny, September, 2000 Conference Paper, 2000

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Murphy Tighe S, Lalor JG, Concealed pregnancy- lessons to be learned, World of Irish Nursing, 28, (4), 2020 Journal Article, 2020

Lalor Joan Gabrielle, When birth and death collide , The Final Transformation Identities during and after death, Trinity Long Room Hub, 26th January , 2018 Oral Presentation, 2018

Murphy Tighe S, Lalor JG , State Failures to Protect Women Who Experience a Concealed Pregnancy , Maternity Care Research Symposium , Dublin , February , 2018, pp1 - 1 Conference Paper, 2018

Lalor Joan Gabrielle , From Bedside to Courtside- maternity care practices , Living Humanely; Perspectives from Law, Morality and Science , Trinity College , April 13th , 2018, Fainche Ryan Invited Talk, 2018

Lalor, JG , Reimaging Ireland's Response to Concealed Pregnancy (Keynote Address) , Reimaging Ireland's Response to Concealed Pregnancy , University of Limerick , 2018, School of Nursing and Midwifery, 1- Invited Talk, 2018

Prof Joan Lalor , Re-thinking decisional authority and the interconnection between the pregnant woman, the fetus and the clinician., Bearing Witness- an interdisciplinary symposium University of Limerick, Limerick, 6th December , 2018, UL, 1 - 2pp Invited Talk, 2018

Lalor, JG, Words you never want to hear. , Bereavement Care. International Stillbirth Alliance , Cork, 22-24 September , 2017, ISA, 1- Invited Talk, 2017

Sheaf G., Lalor J.G. and Clarke M., Trying to stop the kids using Google (and get a paper out of it too...), HSLG2013. Visible Evidence: the role of Health Science Libraries in Ireland, Dublin, 11-12 April, 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013 TARA - Full Text

Lalor, J, Socioeconomic value of midwifery-led care, 10 years of midwifery led care in Ireland, RCSI, Waterford, 22nd September, 2011 Invited Talk, 2011

Lalor, J, Prenatal Screening in Ireland, Mortality and Morbidity in Pregnancy, HSE Tullamore, 13th October, 2011 Invited Talk, 2011

Dr Joan Lalor, Research Versus Audit: Challenges and Pitfalls, 2nd Annual Research and Audit Conference, St James' Hospital, 28th May , 2009 Invited Talk, 2009

Begley, C., Higgins, A., Lalor, J., Alexander, J., Nicholl, H., Lawler, D., Keenan, P., Tuohy, T., Kavanagh, R. , Women with disabilities: policies governing procedure and practice in service provision in Ireland during pregnancy, childbirth and early motherhood. , Dublin, National Disability Authority, 2009 Report, 2009 URL TARA - Full Text

Lalor, J , Words you never want to hear, Irish Hospice Foundation End of Life Series. Children's Forum, Dublin , 10th June, 2009, Irish Hospice Foundation Invited Talk, 2009

Lalor, J, Research ethical approval- governance or surveillance?, Drexel University College of Nursing and Health Professions , Dublin, April , 2008 Oral Presentation, 2008

Lalor, J G , Fetal anomaly diagnosis: the human consequences, Perinatal Research Centre , April, 2008, Queens University Belfast Invited Talk, 2008

Lalor, J G , Obstetric ultrasound in Ireland: A national picture, Obstetric and Gynaecological Ultrasound, Dublin , February , 2008 Invited Talk, 2008

Lalor, J G , Choosing between imagined lives, Doctoral Midwifery Research Society, University of Ulster, February , 2008, UU Invited Talk, 2008

LALOR, J., DEVANE, D. & MC PARLAND, P, Ultrasound screening in Ireland: A national survey, Charter Day, National Maternity Hospital, January, 2006 Invited Talk, 2006

Lalor, JG, Communication in Fetal Medicine, Obstetric and Gynecological Ultrasound: Hot Topics, Dublin , February , 2005 Invited Talk, 2005

Devane D. Lalor J, Response to the November Birthwrite 'Postmodernism and maternity care', British Journal of Midwifery., 10, (12), 2002, p776-777- Journal Article, 2002

Lalor, JG, Routine antenatal ultrasound, reassuring or anxiety-provoking? , An Bord Altranais News, 14, (1 ), 2002, p5- Journal Article, 2002 URL

LALOR, J. & DEVANE, D, Coping with Labour, Joint Dublin Maternity Hospitals Information Guide, Ashville Media Group, 2001 Journal Article, 2001

Research Expertise

Description

Joan's research area of interest lies within the school's research pillar of "Improving the Health and Wellbeing of Women, Children and Families" and the colleges strategic focus on "Health Policy and Delivery". Joan's research contribution is organised around the following main areas: (1) Complex issues in childbirth including birth related trauma (2) Optimising Maternity Health Service Delivery (3) Research methodology, Healthcare ethics and Law

Projects

  • Title
    • The CORALE Study - Conscientious Objection after Repeal: Abortion, Law and Ethics
  • Summary
    • In May 2018 the Irish people voted to repeal the 8th Amendment to the Constitution and paved the way for the rollout of abortion services in 2019, heralding a radical change in clinical practice as well as in law. A major challenge that has emerged in abortion provision is how to accommodate the right to conscientious objection while ensuring equitable access to abortion services. The right of conscientious objection allows a person refuse to engage in a particular task by reason of their personal moral objection to it. The Health (Termination of Pregnancy) Act 2018 provides for a right to conscientious objection. Anecdotal evidence suggests that right is quite widely relied upon, with the result that access to abortion may be limited in some locations. However, the right does not extend to certain persons who may strongly object to abortion, such as health care assistants, hospital administrators, and pharmacists. The objective of the CORALE Study is to investigate, for the first time, the operation of the right to conscientious objection in abortion services in Ireland and to develop a coherent framework for situating conscientious objection within a system of access to abortion services in a manner that is proportionate, effective and legally robust. To investigate this complex question, an interdisciplinary approach is inherently necessary, because it seeks to understand how a legal right operates in the reality of clinical practice. The Project Team spans the disciplines of law, midwifery and ethics. Building on a sophisticated theoretical framework, the Project will employ interviews, focus groups and surveys with those involved at the frontline of abortion provision. The Project will produce evidence and recommendations that will inform abortion law and policy in Ireland, but also generate important contributions to international scholarship and policy debate on conscientious objection in abortion services.
  • Funding Agency
    • Irish Research Council
  • Date From
    • 1 December 2021
  • Date To
    • 1 December 2023
  • Title
    • CA18211 - Perinatal Mental Health and Birth-Related Trauma: Maximising best practice and optimal outcomes. The DEVoTiON (DEliVery-related Trauma Outcomes Network)
  • Summary
    • Unlike other sources of trauma, perinatal or birth-related trauma is relatively unrecognised. Evidence suggests up to 30% of women describe their birth experience as traumatic and experience some symptoms of intrusion, avoidance or hyper-arousal. Meta-analyses show post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects 4% of women after birth and up to 18% of women in high risk groups. Rectification of this situation is essential. In 2016, 5.11 million babies were born in Europe, indicating that up to 1.5 million women may have had sub-optimal birth experiences and over 200,000 may have developed PTSD as a result. Developmental research has firmly established that the quality of infant-parent relationships is a critical factor in early and later childhood development, consequently, a family-centred approach to any investigation of birth-related trauma is critical, as trauma can be transmitted within the family system. Given the enormous economic burden it places on women, health systems, and particularly children, relatively small improvements in services to prevent, detect and treat this problem can benefit society significantly. The main aim of this Action is two-fold. The Action will establish an international multidisciplinary network of researchers, clinicians, NGOs and SMEs to 1) consolidate and disseminate current evidence and coordinate a joint effort to seek ways to prevent, minimise and resolve birth-related trauma, and to optimise emotional and psychological outcomes for parents and families and 2) accelerate the translation of that knowledge into best practices that can be shared across Europe to reduce the societal and economic burden arising from birth-related negative/traumatic experiences.
  • Funding Agency
    • EU Cost Action 18211
  • Date From
    • 2019
  • Date To
    • 2023
  • Title
    • INTERSECT An international Survey of Childbirth-Related Trauma
  • Summary
    • Being pregnant and having a baby is a time of huge physical, psychological and social changes for women. It is therefore a period of rapid transition and adaptation. Although the birth of a baby is viewed positively in most cultures, research suggests between 20 and 40% of women find childbirth traumatic and 3-4% of women may develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a result. Birth trauma and PTSD have a substantial impact on women and their families. Postpartum PTSD is highly comorbid with depression and fear of subsequent births, as well as reduced breastfeeding, poorer child development and strain on the couples relationship. The INTERSECT study The INTERSECT study works in collaboration with principle investigators across the world, with an emphasis on working with under-represented countries in South-America, Asia and Africa. The protocol has been publicly registered and is available here. Principle investigators in each country have the responsibility of conducting the INTERSECT survey with postpartum women in their country. The INTERSECT project will thus result in cross-cultural information on the prevalence of postpartum PTSD, as well as cross-cultural variation in the etiology and manifestation of childbirth-related PTSD worldwide. This research aims to study childbirth PTSD in an international context. Specifically to: Determine the prevalence of birth trauma and PTSD across countries and cultures. Determine differences in symptom presentation across countries and cultures. Determine the etiology of childbirth-related PTSD symptoms across countries and cultures. Prof Lalor is the principal investigator for Ireland working with doctoral student Ursula Nagle.
  • Funding Agency
    • Global Challenges Research Funding provided by Research England.
  • Date From
    • 2021
  • Title
    • Autonomy for Two - A Longitudinal Study of Women's Understanding of the Maternal and Fetal Dyad and its implications for maternal autonomy in post-repeal Ireland.
  • Summary
    • Maternal and fetal interests often seem to be framed opposing each other, even in the absence of a legal framework supporting fetal rights. This study sets out to explore how women approach decision-making where a perceived or real conflict between fetal and maternal wellbeing exists and how they navigate the moral-ethical space of their symbiosis. A grounded theory study is designed for this purpose using vignettes as an additional means of investigation. Conducted in Ireland where the legal status of the fetus has only recently changed, it is hoped that the emerging theory will help promoting maternity services in which maternal autonomy and -rights are safeguarded in the interest of both mother and baby.
  • Funding Agency
    • 1252 PhD Student Scholarship
  • Date From
    • !st October 2021
  • Title
    • The impact of perinatal trauma on mothers
  • Summary
    • This is a mixed methods study which investigates the prevalence of birth related trauma and subsequently explores with a sub group of women with a previous history of trauma to explore the impact of that experience on their birth.
  • Funding Agency
    • SNM PhD Scholarship Fund
  • Date From
    • !st October 2021
  • Date To
    • September 2027
  • Title
    • The lived experience of involuntarily limiting one's family size as a result of a traumatic childbirth experience
  • Summary
    • A Heidegerian phenomenological approach will be used to explore the lived experience of parents who have limited their family size to less than desired as a result of a traumatic birth experience. To explore the emotional consequences of limiting one's family size as a result of traumatic birth.
  • Date From
    • 2020
  • Date To
    • 2023
  • Title
    • Development and testing of the Irish version of the Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher (CLES+T) Evaluation Scale
  • Funding Agency
    • HRB
  • Date From
    • June2020
  • Date To
    • August 2020
  • Title
    • an oral history of the experience of stillbirth in Ireland
  • Summary
    • awarded with PhD student Ciara Henderson
  • Funding Agency
    • 1252 Scholarship
  • Date From
    • 2018
  • Date To
    • 2022
  • Title
    • Leadership Academy for Student Nurses and Midwives
  • Summary
    • this project funded by ErasmusPlus over two years is designed to identify and nurture student or junior leaders for the future
  • Funding Agency
    • EU Erasmus Plus
  • Date From
    • Jan 2017
  • Date To
    • Sept 2019
  • Title
    • Evaluation of Clinical Learning Environment for Midwifery degree students
  • Summary
    • This project will involve surveying all midwifery degree students in Ireland in Years 2-4 of their programme to seek their perception of the clinical learning environment using the CLEST+ tool
  • Funding Agency
    • VP Benefaction fund and HRB Summer Scholarship
  • Date From
    • Jan 2020
  • Date To
    • Sept 2020
  • Title
    • A National Survey of Education and Training on Irish Maternity Early Warning Score
  • Summary
    • The aim of this study is to identify education and training on IMEWS and the use and audit of IMEWS in your maternity unit, and nationally in Ireland.
  • Funding Agency
    • Visiting Professor Benefaction Fund
  • Date From
    • November 2017
  • Date To
    • November 2018
  • Title
    • A National Survey of Perinatal Palliative Care in Ireland
  • Summary
    • This survey will be undertaken to establish the availability and variation in provision of perinatal palliative care across the maternity care system in Ireland
  • Funding Agency
    • none
  • Date From
    • September 2017
  • Date To
    • September 2018
  • Title
    • A systematic review of perinatal palliative care guidelines
  • Summary
    • The purpose of this review is to synthesise the evidence and professional guidelines currently available to determine best practice and areas for development within the area of perinatal palliative care
  • Funding Agency
    • AIIHPC
  • Date From
    • Nov 2015
  • Date To
    • Sept 2016
  • Title
    • A Systematic Review of the Role and Function of the Maternity Care Assistant in Ireland
  • Summary
    • This scoping review of the literature brings together the existing evidence available related to the role and function, the educational preparation and potential impact and cost of the role of the maternity care assistant in Ireland and internationally. The review focuses on three main themes: 1.The role and function of the Maternity Care Assistant (MCA) 2.The educational preparation of the MCA 3.The impact of the MCA and skill mix on quality and cost of care
  • Funding Agency
    • Health Service Executive
  • Date From
    • September 2016
  • Date To
    • December 2016
  • Title
    • An Evaluation of a Student Parent Support Service
  • Summary
    • the project seeks to evaluate a third level college student parent support service for those who experience an unplanned pregnancy during the course of their studies. The aim of the evaluation is to assess the extent to which the aspirations of the service are being met and to make recommendations for the future.
  • Funding Agency
    • Crisis Pregnancy Programme
  • Date From
    • 9.2.15
  • Date To
    • 9.6.15
  • Title
    • Protection of Life in Pregnancy Act 2013 and the Pathway of Care for Pregnant Women in Ireland (POLPPath2013)
  • Summary
    • This project brings together key members of the medico-legal community to debate the interpretation of the Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act 2013, with reference to key clinical scenarios in maternity care. The purpose of the workshop is to explore if: 1. The POLP Act has added clarity to the circumstances in which a woman can obtain a lawful termination of pregnancy (TOP) 2. Medics and lawyers reach the same or varying conclusions on whether a TOP in a particular scenario would be lawful under the POLP Act 2013. 3. Data will be collected to inform any future law reform
  • Funding Agency
    • Irish Research Council
  • Date From
    • March 2014
  • Date To
    • Dec 2014
  • Title
    • Improving the organisation of maternal health service delivery, and optimising childbirth, by increasing vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC) through enhanced women-centred care (OptiBIRTH)
  • Summary
    • This study addresses the widespread concern over rising Caesarean section rates throughout Europe, particularly routine CS following a previous CS, despite calls for increased vaginal births after Caesarean (VBAC). VBAC is associated with lower maternal mortality than repeat CS, less overall morbidity for mothers and babies, and is the preferred option for the majority of women. VBAC rates in Ireland, Germany, and Italy are significantly lower (29-36%) than those in the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden (45-55%). The OptiBIRTH project will use a cluster randomised trial in Ireland, Germany, and Italy, with 15 clusters of 94 women in each, to increase VBAC rates from 33% to 53% through a complex intervention designed to increase women-centred care and women's involvement in their care. The multi-national, multi-disciplinary research team for this project developed from the ESF-funded workshop: "Promoting Normality in Childbirth" held in the School in March 2010, and from the COST Action, (IS0907: Childbirth Cultures, Concerns, and Consequences: Creating a Dynamic EU Framework for Optimal Maternity Care), which started in June 2010. The team is composed of 12 partner institutions from 8 countries, and includes service users, midwives, obstetricians, neonatologist, epidemiologist, sociologist, psychologist, bioethicist, health economist and a 'high-tech' small industry. Lead institution: Trinity College Dublin, Ireland Lead investigator: Prof Cecily Begley, and team: Valerie Smith, Deirdre Daly, Joan Lalor, Janine Stockdale, David Prendergast, including the Coombe Hospital: Chris Fitzpatrick, Michael Turner, Jan Miletin, Patricia Hughes Co-applicant institutions and lead investigators: Beverley Beech, Association for Improvements in Maternity Services, UK Prof Ingela Lundgren, University of Gothenburg, Sweden Marianne Nieuwenhuijze, Zuyd University, The Netherlands Prof Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, University of Eastern Finland, Finland Prof Marlene Sinclair, University of Ulster, UK Hugh Wiseman, Entando, UK Prof Mike Clarke, Queen's University of Belfast, UK Prof Mechthild Gross, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Germany Prof Declan Devane, National University Ireland, Galway, Ireland Prof Sandra Morano, Universita Degli Studi Di Genova, Italy Prof Koen Putman, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium Funding Agency EU Commission FP7 Framework Programme (€3,000,000) Programme HEALTH 2012 3.2-1 call "Improving the organisation of health service delivery,"
  • Funding Agency
    • EU
  • Date From
    • Sept 2012
  • Date To
    • August 2016
  • Title
    • Enhancing Assessment Feedback
  • Summary
    • This is an international project across TCD, Exeter and Loughborough Universities seeking to develop a project to support assessment feedback for academics and students. We are undertaking a pilot study in TCD at present across four schools: Midwifery, History, Physics and Dentistry. we hope the data from the pilot project will form the basis of a European Research Council application to be submitted in February 2013. Applicants: Dr Carol Evans (PI) Exeter Dr Mike Waring (Loughborough) Dr Joan Lalor (TCD) Dr Patrick Geoghegan (TCD) Dr Aidan Seery (TCD) Dr Andrew Loxley (TCD)
  • Funding Agency
    • ERC fundung to be sought
  • Date From
    • Nov 2012
  • Date To
    • Dec 2016
  • Title
    • An Ethnographic Study of in-labour transfer to hospital for planned home birth.
  • Summary
    • The aim of the project is to explore and understand the structures and processes inherent in the transition between midwifery-led and obstetric-led care through the transfer process for planned home birth where an in-labour transfer to hospital is required. Lalor JG (Principal Supervisor) and OBoyle, C (Co-supervisor)
  • Funding Agency
    • TCD Stipend and HRB research award
  • Date From
    • Oct 2010
  • Date To
    • Oct 2014
  • Title
    • A case study of concealed pregnancy in 21st Century Ireland
  • Summary
    • This research focuses on issues for women who conceal a pregnancy and on the challenges facing the support workers who offer support during this critical time.
  • Funding Agency
    • HRB
  • Date From
    • 2013
  • Date To
    • 2016
  • Title
    • The SCAPE study
  • Summary
    • Evaluation of the role of Clinical Nurse Specialists/Clinical Midwife Specialists and Advanced Nurse Practitioners/Advanced Midwife Practitioners in Ireland
  • Funding Agency
    • National Council for Nursing and Midwifery
  • Date From
    • 2008
  • Date To
    • 2010
  • Title
    • An exploratory RCT of a manualised nurse-led telephone support intervention for people who support/carers of People with Multiple Sclerosis (MN-TISS trial).
  • Summary
    • This is an intervention study with 200 carers randomly assigned to one of two groups: the intervention or control group. Using a manual designed to enable the nurse specialist to provide proactive telephone support, the nurse specialist(s) will empower carers by enabling them to learn problem management skills. Carer outcomes are determined in terms of improving self-efficacy in problem solving and obtaining respite, preparedness to care, quality of life and reduced carer burden. For People with MS outcomes are determined by exploring their experience of being cared for by a carer who has received telephone support from the multiple sclerosis nurse specialist. Funding Agency Health Research Board (Funding sponsors: Profs. Mike Clarke and Alison While) Academic supervisors: Dr. Joan Lalor, Prof. Mike Clarke, Prof. Alison While Date from October 2011 to Sept 2014
  • Funding Agency
    • HRB
  • Date From
    • 2011
  • Date To
    • 2014
  • Title
    • Experiences of Becoming a Father for the First Time: A Grounded Theory Approach
  • Summary
    • Andrews, L (PhD student) with Lalor JG (Principal Invevstigator) and Devane D (Supervisor)
  • Funding Agency
    • HRB
  • Date From
    • Oct 2008
  • Date To
    • Oct 2012
  • Title
    • the Teen father project
  • Summary
    • An evaluation of the the Father Focus Project in HSE-NE
  • Funding Agency
    • Health Service Executive- North East
  • Date From
    • Dec 2008
  • Date To
    • May 2009
  • Title
    • The VOS Study: Academic's Visions of Supervision and Doctoral level
  • Summary
    • This study is designed to explore 'Academics' Visions of Supervision at doctoral level: The VOS Study' (Delany D, Lalor J, Creaner M, Potter J, O'Sullivan C and Seery A). This study will explore the models of supervision across faculties and disciplines. Experienced supervisors will be asked to discuss issues such as PhD completion rates, selection of students, working within research teams, allocation to supervisors etc in order to make recommendations to College through the identification of effective and exemplary practice in research supervision.
  • Funding Agency
    • NAIRTL
  • Date From
    • 2008
  • Date To
    • 2011
  • Title
    • Developing an Antenatal Education Model in Preparation for Motherhood - A Participatory Action Research Approach
  • Summary
    • The aim of this study is to develop a meaningful model of antenatal education that has a positive impact on the transition to parenting from women's perspectives. This model should be sufficiently flexible to be implemented throughout the Republic of Ireland; taking into consideration various needs identified by service users, in addition to providing an appropriate response within the context of current evidence based clinical practice.
  • Funding Agency
    • TCD 2007-09, HRB 2008-11
  • Date From
    • 1 October 2007
  • Date To
    • 30 September 2011
  • Title
    • An exploration of the strengths and weaknesses of publicly funded Irish maternity and early childhood services provided to women with disability
  • Summary
    • the study aims to explore the strengths and weaknesses of publicly funded Irish health services provided to the following groups of women: (a) Women with a visual impairment (VI) (b) Women with a hearing impairment (HI) (c) Women with a physical disability (PD) (d) Women with a mental health difficulty (MHD) (e) Women with an intellectual disability (ID) Objectives: a) To review Irish and international literature on the challenges facing women with disabilities in accessing health services during pregnancy, childbirth and early motherhood (i.e within the first 2 years) (b) To document and review current policy governing procedure and practice in service provision at :- (i) HSE level, (ii) hospital/maternity unit level, (iii) relevant professional body level for women with disabilities who need to access publicly funded Irish health services during pregnancy, childbirth and early motherhood (c) To provide a commentary on the state of such policy development in Ireland vis-à-vis the international situation d) To seek and discuss the views of the relevant service providers as to strengths and weaknesses of the services provided and their opinion on the development required (e) To ascertain and explore the views and experiences of women with disabilities, throughout the countryand across all socio-economic groupings, in relation to (i)the strengths and weaknesses they encountered in publicly funded Irish health services during pregnancy, childbirth and in the first two years of motherhood, (ii) their experiences of accessing General Practitioners (GPs), Midwives, Obstetricians (Obstets), Neonatologists, Paediatricians (Paeds), Allied Health Professionals (AHPs), Public Health Nurses (PHNs) and Public Health Doctors (PHDs), health care workers, family support workers, and (iii) the service they received from these people. (f) To make clear recommendations as to how the experience of engaging with the various publicly funded Irish health service providers during pregnancy, childbirth and early motherhood can be improved for women with disabilities, and to do this in such a way as to maximise the likelihood of the report influencing policy-making.
  • Funding Agency
    • National Disability Authority (NDA)
  • Date From
    • November 2007
  • Date To
    • October 2009
  • Title
    • Two year follow up of couples following fetal anomaly diagnosis
  • Date From
    • 2008
  • Date To
    • 2012
  • Title
    • Termination of pregnancy for fetal anomaly: Experiences of care
  • Date From
    • 2008
  • Date To
    • 2011
  • Title
    • Male partner experiences of prenatal diagnosis
  • Date From
    • 2008
  • Date To
    • 2012
  • Title
    • The Femplus Project
  • Summary
    • An evaluation of a crisis pregnancy community based intervention
  • Funding Agency
    • Crisis Pregnancy Agency
  • Date From
    • Nov 2008
  • Date To
    • March 2009
  • Title
    • National survey on the provision of routine antenatal ultrasound screening in Ireland
  • Summary
    • This survey examines nine key areas associated with service provision including protocols for screening, the antenatal ultrasound package available and management following the identification of a fetal abnormality, the availability of information for women, record keeping, standards and training, and monitoring of quality.
  • Funding Agency
    • NMH
  • Date From
    • 2004
  • Date To
    • 2005
  • Title
    • Recasting Hope. A longitudinal study of women's experience of carrying a baby with a fetal anomaly up to and beyond the birth.
  • Summary
    • Abstract Aim: The overall aim of this study is to explore and understand women's experiences of carrying a baby with a fetal abnormality up to and beyond the birth of the baby, from which recommendations can be made to optimise provision of care. Background: Routine ultrasound in pregnancy has received uncritical acceptance in pregnancy from both women and clinicians alike. However, due consideration has not been given to the psychosocial consequences of mass screening resulting in fetal anomaly detection in low risk populations. Methodology: A constructivist grounded theory (n=38) was carried out in 2004-2005 using repeated in-depth interviews before and after the birth. Thirty women chose to continue the pregnancy and eight women accessed termination of pregnancy services outside the state. Data were analysed using constant comparative analysis. The usual tenets of written informed consent were obtained. Findings: The conceptual framework of Recasting Hope emerged and represents the process of adaptation after fetal anomaly diagnosis. Recasting Hope is a theory of traumatic loss, and is idiosyncratic to the area of prenatal diagnosis. The process of adaptation is represented temporally in four phases 'Assume Normal', 'Shock', 'Gaining Meaning' and 'Rebuilding', whereby women are concerned with reconstructing meaning in the aftermath of an ostensibly negative event in order to resolve the inconsistency between the experience and previously held views of pregnancy and beliefs in the world in general. Conclusion: The process of adaptation after fetal anomaly diagnosis is complex. The framework of Recasting Hope is intended for use as a tool to assist health professionals through offering simple yet effective interventions in order to support women during this time. The data have shown that women need particular support during this crisis. Therefore consideration of the impact of a midwife practitioner role on the process of meaning reconstruction is recommended.
  • Funding Agency
    • HRB
  • Date From
    • 2003
  • Date To
    • 2006
  • Title
    • National survey on the use of and education for electronic fetal monitoring in labour
  • Funding Agency
    • cardiac services
  • Date From
    • 2003
  • Date To
    • 2005
  • Title
    • Implementation and Evaluation of IMEWS in Ireland
  • Summary
    • HRB undergraduate student Sofia O'Byrne
  • Funding Agency
    • HRB
  • Date From
    • 2019
  • Date To
    • 2019
  • Title
    • The DEVoTiON (DeliVery-related Trauma Outcomes
  • Funding Agency
    • EU COST Action 18211
  • Date From
    • October 2019
  • Date To
    • October 2023

Keywords

Adaption Following Pregnancy Loss; assessment of fetal wellbeing; Birth related trauma ; Fathers in maternity care; Foetal Abnormality; Health psychology; healthcare ethics and law ; Identification and quantification of health care needs; Maternity Care; medical and health humanities ; Midwifery; Parenthood; Perinatal health; Population based intervention trials; prenatal diagnosis and screening; Prenatal Screening; Scanning in Pregnancy; service evaluation and development ; Ultrasound screening in pregnancy

Recognition

Representations

Member of Childbirth Guideline Development Group (CGDG) 1st march 2018

Expert member of the national Clinical Effectiveness Committee for Neonatal Palliative Care 2017- current

Member of the national Implementation Bereavement Guidelines in Maternity Care Group 2017-current

Informing Families Steering Group:This group has received government funding to develop national guidelines for best practice in breaking the news to parents that their child has a disability. Joan is a member of the Informing Families Steering Group advising on aspects of breaking bad news relevant to prenatal screening.

Reviewer for Cochrane protocols and reviews 2006

Associate Editor for BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011

Awards and Honours

The Antonia O'Callaghan Memorial Prize awarded for the highest grade in Constitutional Law The Honorable Society of the King's Inns 2019

The Michael O'Connor Prize awarded for the highest grade in Contract Law The Honorable Society of the King's Inns 2019

HRB Clinical Fellowship in Midwifery 2003

Primary Fellowship in Nursing 1992

Memberships

Reviewer for Frontiers in Psychology 2020 – current

Reviewer for PLOS one 2021 – current

Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, Cochrane Collaboration, UK. 2003 – current

ICM Research Advisory Network 2004 – current

Grounded Theory Institute, San Franscisco, USA 2004 – current

Birth/Death Research group, UK 2008 – current

Australian Centre for Grief and Bereavement 2008 – current

Association of Research Ethics Committees (AREC) 2012 – current

Reviewer for Midwifery, An International Journal 2006 – current

Reviewer for Journal of Advanced Nursing 2004 – current

Reviewer for Social Science in Medicine 2006 – current

Reviewer for PEDIATRICS 2008 – current

Reviewer for Libyan Journal of Medicine 2009 – current

Reviewer for International Journal of Men's Health 2009 – current

Reviewer for Archives in Obstetrics and Gynecology 2009 – current

Reviewer for Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare 2009 – current

Reviewer for Qualitative Research 2010 – current

Reviewer for International Journal of Social Research Methodology 2009 – current

Reviewer for Journal of Reproductive Medicine 2011 – present

Reviewer for Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology 2011 – current

Reviewer for Oxford Internet Institute, (University of Oxford) for the Policy Studies Organization (PSO). 2011 – current

Reviewer for Nurse Education in Practice 2012 – current

Reviewer for Sexual and Reproductive Health 2013 – current

Reviewer for International Journal of Research and Methodology in Education 2013 – current

Reviewer for Postgraduate Medical Journal 2013 – current

Reviewer for Irish Educational Studies 2015

Invited Member of Clinical Guideline Development Group Department of Health- Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2018 – current