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Professor Khurshid Ahmad
Chair of Computer Science (1973), Computer Science
Chair of Computer Science (1973), Trinity Inst. of Neurosciences (TCIN)

Biography

Khurshid is the Professor of Computer Science in the School of Statistics and Computer Science, Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, Ireland since 2005. He was formerly Professor of Artificial Intelligence at the University of Surrey, UK (1999-2005). He is currently working on spinning out his research in emergency management and decision making as a commercial venture: the product will be a social media monitor for use in emergencies including natural disasters like floods, and health pandemics. Khurshid's research areas include artificial intelligence, machine learning, social media and networks, fuzzy logic and behavioural finance. He was trained as a nuclear physicist and worked in high-performance computing covering areas such as forecasting, computer-assisted learning, engineering design, and information extraction from continuous information streams comprising texts, images and numbers. His work seeks to maximise the potential of computing systems by enabling these systems to deal with different modalities of human communications, language, vision, and numerical information exchange. Khurshid's current focus is on the automatic analysis facial expressions and hand gestures of politicians, civil protection officials, and market traders during emergencies. His collaborators have been diverse ranging from National Gallery of Ireland, UK and Irish Police Forces, Bundeskommnado Leipzig, Protezione Civile Veneto, Italy, Siemens AG, Mercedes Benz, AXA Insurance, international banks, and universities across the EU, the USA, and Australia. He has recently completed an EU Framework Programme 7 - Security Area on the use and abuse of social media in disaster emergency (Project Slandail). A book on Social Computing and the Law (Cambridge, 2018), focussing on emergency management, has just been published. In the past by the UK Research Councils (including EPSRC, ESRC, and AHRC) and EU Information Societies Programme have funded his projects. His work on commercialisation of his research on sentiment analysis and on social computing during disasters were funded by Atlantic Bridge Venture Finds and Enterprise Ireland respectively (2018019).

He was the founding Head and Professor of Artificial Intelligence of the Department of Computing, University of Surrey, UK (1999-2005); Visiting Professor at the Copenhagen Business School (1998, 2013) and University of Surrey (2005-2008). He has extensive international contacts and has been invited to speak at major conferences across the world. He is currently working on an information system that can find trends in the reporting and blogging about infectious disease.

He grew up in Pakistan where he obtained a first class honours degree in Physics and a Masters in Nuclear Physics with distinction from the University of Karachi: he obtained his PhD in Nuclear Structure Physics from the University of Surrey in 1975.

He has published over 250 papers including 6 books; his most recent book is on the topic of Social Computing and the Law (Cambridge) and a five years before he published Affective Computing and Sentiment Analysis: Metaphor, Ontology and Terminology (Springer). He has supervised 45 PhD, 1 MPhil, and 21 MSc students successfully, and is currently supervising 2 PhD students and 6 MSc students.

He is an elected Fellow of the British Computer Society and of Trinity College Dublin, and a Chartered Engineer of the UK Engineering Council.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Khurshid Ahmad, 'DID THE MARKET MOVE FOR YOU? ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE & FINANCIAL AND COMMODITY TRADING', London, England., Z/Yen Group Ltd., 41 Lothbury London EC2R 7HG United Kingdom, 2021, - Digital research resource production, 2021 URL URL

Ammar Qureshi and Khurshid Ahmad, Agents and Secure Contracts in Cyber-Physical Systems: A Simulation, Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2021, Future Technologis Conference- FTC 2021, Vancouver, Canand & ONLINE, 28-29 October 2021, edited by Arai, K. , 1, Springer, 2021, pp533 - 551 Conference Paper, 2021 URL DOI

Jiachuan Wang,Tanmay Bagla,Sneha Srivastava, Adam Teehan, Khurshid Ahmad, Market Movements at High Frequencies and Latency in Response Times, Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2021, Future Technologis Conference- FTC 2021, Vancouver, Canand & ONLINE, 28-29 October 2021, edited by Arai, K. , 1, Springer, 2021, pp943 - 961 Conference Paper, 2021 DOI URL

Ahmad K., Wang S., Vogel C., Jain P., O'Neill O., Sufi B.H., Comparing the Performance of Facial Emotion Recognition Systems on Real-Life Videos: Gender, Ethnicity and Age, Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2021, Future Technologis Conference- FTC 2021, Vancouver, Canand & ONLINE, 28-29 , edited by Arai, K. , 1, Springer, 2021, pp193 - 210 Conference Paper, 2021 DOI

Cathy Gormley-Heenan, Khurshid Ahmad, Stephen Kelly, Shane Finan, 'How sentimental are we about Brexit?', Dublin, Ireland, RTE , 2018, 1 - 4 Digital research resource production, 2018 URL

Khurshid Ahmad, Social computing and the law: Uses and abuses in exceptional circumstances., Cambridge (UK) & New York (USA), Cambridge University Press, 2018, 1 - 170pp Book, 2018 URL

Zemankova A, Kelly S, Ahmad K, Bonferroni mean with weighted interaction, IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, 25, (6), 2018, p3085 - 3096 Journal Article, 2018 URL DOI

Stephen Kelly, Khurshid Ahmad, Kelly, S., & Ahmad, K. (2018). Estimating the impact of domain-specific news sentiment on financial assets. , Knowledge-Based Systems, 150, 2018, p116 - 126 Journal Article, 2018

Zhao Z, Kelly S, Ahmad K, Finding sentiment in noise: Non-linear relationships between sentiment and financial markets, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2017, pp580-591 Conference Paper, 2017 URL DOI

Jing M, Scotney B.W, Coleman S.A, McGinnity M.T, Zhang X, Kelly S, Ahmad K, Schlaf A, Grunder-Fahrer S, Heyer G, Integration of text and image analysis for flood event image recognition, 2016 27th Irish Signals and Systems Conference, ISSC 2016, 2016, 2016 Conference Paper, 2016 DOI URL

Ahmad K, Han J, Hutson E, Kearney C, Liu S, Media-expressed negative tone and firm-level stock returns, Journal of Corporate Finance, 37, 2016, p152 - 172 Journal Article, 2016 URL DOI

Zhang X, Kelly S, Ahmad K, The slandail monitor: Real-time processing and visualisation of social media data for emergency management, Proceedings - 2016 11th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, ARES 2016, 2016, 2016, pp786 - 791 Conference Paper, 2016 DOI URL

Cook J.A, Zhao Z, Ahmad K, Stylized facts of linguistic corpora: Exploring the lexical properties of affect in news, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2016, pp494-502 Conference Paper, 2016 DOI URL

Ahmad K, Spyropoulou M, Disaster-related public speeches: The role of emotions, Proceedings - 2016 11th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, ARES 2016, 2016, 2016, pp800 - 804 Conference Paper, 2016 URL DOI

Stephen Kelly, News, Sentiment, and Financial Markets: A Computational System to Evaluate the Influence of Text Sentiment on Financial Assets., Trinity College Dublin, 2016 Thesis, 2016 TARA - Full Text

Kelly S, Ahmad K, Propagating disaster warnings on social and digital media, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2015, pp475-484 Conference Paper, 2015 DOI URL

Kelly S, Ahmad K, The impact of news media and affect in financial markets, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2015, pp535-540 Conference Paper, 2015 URL DOI

Zhao Z, Ahmad K, Qualitative and quantitative sentiment proxies: Interaction between markets, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2015, pp466-474 Conference Paper, 2015 DOI URL

Zeyan Zhao, Khurshid Ahmad., A Computational Account of Investor Behaviour in Chinese and US Markets., International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 3, 2015, p78 - 84 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Cook J.A, Ahmad K, Behaviour and markets: The interaction between sentiment analysis and ethical values?, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2015, pp551-558 Conference Paper, 2015 URL DOI

Mesiarova-Zemankova A, Ahmad K, Averaging operators in fuzzy classification systems, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 270, 2015, p53 - 73 Journal Article, 2015 DOI URL

Andrea Mesiarová-Zemánková, Khurshid Ahmad, Extended multi-polarity and multi-polar-valued fuzzy sets, Fuzzy Sets and Systems , 234, 2014, p61 - 78 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

Daniel Isemann, Khurshid Ahmad, Ontological access to images of fine art, ACM Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage, 7, (1), 2014, p1 - 25 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

Khurshid Ahmad, Ontology and the Illusion of Knowledge: Mines of text and nuggets of enlightenment. , 11th International conference on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, Berlin, Germany, 19 June , 2014, DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V. & Coreon GmBH Invited Talk, 2014

Andrea Mesiarová-Zemánková, Khurshid Ahmad, Multi-polar Choquet integral, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 220, 2013, p1 - 20 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Daniel Isemann, Khurshid Ahmad, Tim Fernando, and Carl Vogel, Temporal Dependence in Legal Documents, Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning - IDEAL2013 - 14th International Conference, IDEAL 2013 , Hefei, China, October 20-23, 2013, edited by Hujun Yin, Ke Tang, Yang Gao, Frank Klawonn, Minho Lee, Thomas Weise, Bin Li and Xin Yao , LNCS 8206, Springer, 2013, pp497-504 Conference Paper, 2013 DOI TARA - Full Text

Ann Devitt and Khurshid Ahmad, Is There a Language of Sentiment? An Analysis of Lexical Resources for Sentiment Analysis, Language Resources and Evaluation, 47, (2), 2013, p475 - 511 Journal Article, 2013 DOI URL TARA - Full Text

Aaron Gerow, Khurshid Ahmad, Diachronic Variation in Grammatical Relations, Computational Linguistics (COLING) 2012, Mumbai, India, December 2012, American Computational Linguistics Society - COLING, 2012, pp381 - 390 Conference Paper, 2012

Stephen Kelly and Khurshid Ahmad, Sentiment proxies: computing market volatility, 13th international conference on Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning (IDEAL'12), Natal, Brazil, 29-31 August 2012, edited by Hujun Yin, José F. Costa, and Guilherme Barreto , Springer Verlag, 2012, pp771 - 778 Conference Paper, 2012 DOI

Zhang, Xiubo and Ahmad, Khurshid, Affect Proxies and Ontological Change: A finance case study, Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Sentiment Analysis where AI meets Psychology, Mumbai, India, December 2012, edited by Bandyopadhyay, Sivaji and Okumura, Manabu , American Computational Linguistics Society - COLING, 2012, pp99 - 114 Conference Paper, 2012 URL

Khurshid Ahmad , Affective Computing and Sentiment Analysis: Metaphor, Ontology and Terminology, Heidleberg, Springer Verlag, 2011, 1 - 162pp Book, 2011

Daniel Isemann, Mícheál Mac an Airchinnigh and Khurshid Ahmad , Navigating heritage on well-grounded terminology and robust ontology., Specialized Language in Global Communication. Proceedings of the XVIth European Symposium on Language for Special Purposes (LSP), Hamburg (Germany), August 2007, edited by Walther von Hahn, & Cristina Vertan, , Peter Lang, 2010 Conference Paper, 2010

Ann Devitt and Khurshid Ahmad, The Language of Emotion and Financial News., Proceedings of the XVIth European Symposium on Language for Special Purposes (LSP), 2007, Hamburg (Germany) , August 2007, edited by Walther von Hahn, & Cristina Vertan, , Peter Lang, 2010 Conference Paper, 2010

Khurshid Ahmad, Plenary Lecture -- The End of Rationality? Multi-Modal and Multi Sensory Interactions in Human Decision Making, TENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON FUZZY SET THEORY AND APPLICATIONS, Liptovský Ján, Slovak Republic, February 1st, 2010, 2010, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovak Technical University, Bratislava, and Slovak Armed Forces University Invited Talk, 2010

Andrea Mesiarová-Zemánková, Khurshid Ahmad, T-Norms in Subtractive Clustering and Backpropagation, International Journal of Intelligent Systems, 25, (9), 2010, p909 - 924 Journal Article, 2010 DOI

Ann Devitt and Khurshid Ahmad, The language of emotion and financial news, XVI European Symposium on Language for Special Purposes (LSP07), Hamburg, Germany, 27-31 August 2007, edited by Walther von Hahn, & Cristina Vertan, , Peter Lang, 2010, pp40 - 49 Conference Paper, 2010

A. Mesiarová-Zemánková, R. Mesiar, and K. Ahmad, The balancing Choquet integral , Journal of Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 161, 2010, p2243 - 2255 Journal Article, 2010 DOI

Robert Remus, Gerhard Heyer and Khurshid Ahmad, Sentiment in German language news and blogs, and the DAX, Text Mining Services 2009, Leipzig, Germany, 23 March 2009, edited by Gerhard Heyer , Leipziger Beitrage zur Informatik, 2009, pp149 - 158 Conference Paper, 2009 TARA - Full Text

Khurshid Ahmad, Plenary lecture: The Terminology of Moral Hazard, 7th international conference on PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS IN LANGUAGE AND COMPUTERS (PALC 2009), Łodz University, Poland, Wednesday, 8th April, 2009, European Cooperation in Science and Technology and Łodz University, Invited Talk, 2009

Jacob G. Martin, M. Alex Meredith and Khurshid Ahmad, Modeling multisensory enhancement with self-organizing maps, Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 8, (3), 2009 Journal Article, 2009 DOI URL

Mesiar, Radko; Zemankova, Andrea; Ahmad, Khurshid, Level-dependent Sugeno integral, IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, 17, (1), 2009, p167 - 172 Journal Article, 2009 URL DOI

Nicholas Daly, Colm Kearney and Khurshid Ahmad, Correlating market movements with consumer confidence and sentiments: a longitudinal study, Text Mining Services 2009, Leipzig, Germany, 23 March 2009, edited by Gerhard Heyer , Leipzeiger Beitrage zur Informatik, 2009, pp169 - 180 Conference Paper, 2009 TARA - Full Text

Khurshid Ahmad, Emotion, Metaphor, Ontology & Terminology, Workshop , 27 May 2008, In:2008 Language Resources and Evaluation Conf., 2008, Marrakesh, MORROCCO, Khurshid Ahmad, ELDA, Paris, 1-108 Meetings /Conferences Organised, 2008 URL

A Hierarchical Self-organised Classification of 'Multinational' Corporations in, editor(s)IDEAL , Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning, Heidelberg, Springer Berlin, 2008, pp464 - 472, [Khurshid Ahmad, Chaoxin Zheng and Colm Kearney ] Book Chapter, 2008 DOI

Khurshid Ahmad, The 'return' and 'volatility' of sentiments: An attempt to quantify the behaviour of the markets?, Emotion, Metaphor, Ontology and Terminology, Marrakesh, MORROCCO, 27 May 2008, edited by Khurshid Ahmad , ELDA, Paris, 2008 Conference Paper, 2008 DOI

Chaoxin Zheng, Dermott Kelleher, Khurshid Ahmad, A Semi-Automatic Indexing System for Cell Images, 2008 IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence (WCCI 2008), Hong Knog, CHINA, June 1-6, 008, 2008 Conference Paper, 2008 TARA - Full Text DOI

Khurshid Ahmad, Edderkoppspinn eller nettverk: News media and the use of polar words in emotive contexts. , Synaps, 21, 2008, p20 - 36 Journal Article, 2008

Ann Devitt and Khurshid Ahmad, Sentiment Analysis and the Use of Extrinsic Datasets in Evaluation, Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC 2008), Marrakech, Morocco, 28-30 May, 2008 Conference Paper, 2008 TARA - Full Text

R. Mesiar, K. Ahmad, A. Mesiarová-Zemánková, Comonotone maxitivity and extended Sugeno integral., IPMU 2008: Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in , Malaga, Spain, 22nd-27th June 2008, edited by L. Magdalena, M. Ojeda-Aciego, and J.L. Verdegay , 2008, pp1484 - 1489 Conference Paper, 2008 URL

Khurshid Ahmad, Plenary Lecture: Of Provenance and Breeding: Whose corpus is this?, Aston Corpus Symposium, Aston University, Brimingham, UK, Friday 22nd, May, 2008, Aston University Invited Talk, 2008

Ann Devitt and Khurshid Ahmad, Alternative Benchmarks in Sentiment Analysis Evaluation, Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, Marrakesh, May 2008, 2008 Conference Paper, 2008

Khurshid Ahmad, Chaoxin Zheng, and Colm Kearney, A Hierarchical Self-organised Classification of 'Multinational' Corporations, Intelligent Data Engineering and Learning Automated Learning, Daejeon, Korea, Nov 2nd-5th, 2008, edited by C. Fyfe et al. , Springer-Verlag (LNCS 5326), 2008, pp464 - 472 Conference Paper, 2008 DOI

Being in Text and Text in Being: Notes on Representative Texts in, editor(s)Gunilla Anderman and Margaret Rogers , Incorporating Corpora: The Linguist and the Translator, Clevedon, England, Multilingual Matters, 2007, pp60 - 94, [Khurshid Ahmad] Book Chapter, 2007

Khurshid Ahmad, Andrea Mesiarová-Zemánková, "Choosing t-Norms and t-Conorms for Fuzzy Controllers,", Fourth International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery, Haikou, Hainan, China, 24-27 August 2007, edited by Jingsheng Lei, Jian Yu, and Shuigeng Zhou , Vol. 2, 2007, pp641 - 646 Conference Paper, 2007 DOI URL

Khurshid Ahmad (Editor), Christopher Brewster (Editor), Mark Stevenson (Editor), Words and Intelligence II: Festschrift for Yorick Wilks (Text, Speech and Language Technology), Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 2007, 1 - 296pp Book, 2007

Hayssam Traboulsi and Khurshid Ahmad, Automatic Construction of a Thesaurus of Proper Names : A Local Grammar-based Approach, 8th Intext Nooj Workshop 2005 -Formaliser les langues avec l'ordinateur: De INTEX à Nooj, Besançon (France), May 30-June 1, 2005, edited by Svetla Koeva, Denis Maurel et Max Silberztein , Presses universitaires de Franche-Comté, 2007, pp261 - 280 Conference Paper, 2007

Ann Devitt and Khurshid Ahmad, Cohesion-based Sentiment Polarity Identification in Financial News, The 45th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL 2007) , Prague, Czech Republic, June 23-30, 2007 , Stroudsburg, PA: Association of Computational Linguistics, 2007, pp984 - 991 Conference Paper, 2007

Khurshid Ahmad & Margaret Rogers (Eds.), Evidence-based LSP- Translation, Text and Terminology (LSP:Language for Special Purposes), Bern, Peter Lang, 2007, 1 - 584pp Book, 2007 URL

Chaoxin Zheng, Aideen Long, Yuri Volkov, Anthony Davies, Dermot, A Cross-Modal System for Cell Migration Image Annotation and Retrieval, 20th IJCNN:International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, Orlando, Florida, USA, 12th-17th August, IEEE, 2007, pp1738 - 1743 Conference Paper, 2007 DOI URL

Yousif Almas & Khurshid Ahmad, 'LoLo: A System for Extracting Statistical Information and Lexical Resources from Arabic Corpora' , Proc. of the Workshop on Arabic Natural Language Processing, Information and Communication Technologies International Symposium , Fes, Morrocco, July 2007, IEEE, 2007, pp394 - 398 Conference Paper, 2007

Abel Nyamapfene, Khurshid Ahmad, Unsupervised Multimodal Processing, Proceedings of the 25th conference on Proceedings of the 25th IASTED International Multi-Conference: artificial intelligence and applications table of contents, Innsbruck, Austria, 12-14th Feb, 2007, ACTA Press, Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, pp14 - 19 Conference Paper, 2007 URL

Khurshid Ahmad, Artificial Ontologies and Real Thoughts: Populating the Semantic Web? (Invited Keynote Speech), 10th Annual Congress of Italian Association of Artificial Intelligence, Rome, Italy, September 10-13, 200, R. Basili and M.T. Pazienza , Springer-Verlag, 2007, pp3 - 23 Conference Paper, 2007 DOI URL

Khurshid Ahmad, Christopher Brewster, & Mark Stevenson, (Eds.), Words and Intelligence I: Selected Papers by Yorick Wilks (Text, Speech and Language Technology), Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 2007, 1 - 292pp Book, 2007

Handy, C. and Ahmad, K., Indexer variability in specialist domains, Proceedings of the 14th European Symposium on Language for Special Purposes, Evidence-based LSP- Translation, Text and Terminology (LSP:Language for Special Purposes), Guildford, Surrey (UK), August 2003, edited by M. Rogers and K. Ahmad , Peter Lang, Bern, 2007, pp143 - 154 Conference Paper, 2007

Abel Nyamapfene and Khurshid Ahmad, A Multimodal Model of Child Language Acquisition at the One-Word Stage, 20th IJCNN:International Joint Conference on Neural Networks,, Orlando, Florida, USA, 12th-17th August, IEEE, 2007, pp783 - 788 Conference Paper, 2007 DOI URL

Chaoxin Zheng, Khurshid Ahmad, Aideen Long, Yuri Volkov, Anthony Davies and Dermott Kelleher, Hierarchical SOMs: Segmentation of Cell Migration Images, Advances in Neural Networks, 4th International Symposium on Neural Networks - 2007, Nanjing, China, June 3-7, 2007, edited by Derong Liu, S. Fei, Z Hou, H. Zhang, & C Sun , Part II (LNCS 4492), Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2007, pp938 - 946 Conference Paper, 2007 DOI URL

Yousif Almas and Khurshid Ahmad, A note on extracting 'sentiments' in financial news in English, Arabic & Urdu, The Second Workshop on Computation, al Approaches to Arabic Script-based Languages, Linguistic Society of America 2007 Linguistic Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, California., July 21-22, 2007, Linguistic Society of America, 2007, pp1 - 12 Conference Paper, 2007

Bogdan Vrusias, Dimitrios Makris, John-Paul Renno, Neil Newbold, Khurshid Ahmad, Graeme Jones, A Framework for Ontology Enriched Semantic Annotation of CCTV Video, 8th International Workshop on Image Analysis for Multimedia Interactive, Santorini, GREECE, 6th-8th June , 2007 Conference Paper, 2007 DOI URL

Ann Devitt and Khurshid Ahmad, Sentiment Polarity Identification in Financial News: A Cohesion-based Approach, Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL 2007), Prague, Czech Republic, 25-27 June, 2007 Conference Paper, 2007 TARA - Full Text

James Mountstephens & Khurshid Ahmad, Towards Automatic Video Annotation: Experiments, ICAIET06: 3rd Int. Conf. on AI in Engineering & Technology, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, 22-24 November 2006, 2006 Conference Paper, 2006 URL

Pensiri Manomaisupat, Bogdan Vrusias & Khurshid Ahmad, Categorization of Large Text Collections: Feature selection for unsupervised and supervised neural networks, 7th Int. Data Engineering and Automated Learning Conf. (Lecture Notes on Computer Science - LNCS 4224), Burgos, Spain, 20th-23rd September , edited by E. Corchado, H. Yin, V. Botti & C. Fyfe , Springer-Verlag, 2006, pp1003 - 1013 Conference Paper, 2006 URL DOI

Matthew Casey & Khurshid Ahmad, A competitive neural model of small number detection, Neural Networks, 19, (10), 2006, p1475 - 1489 Journal Article, 2006 DOI URL

Khurshid Ahmad, David Cheng and Yousif Almas, Multi-lingual Sentiment Analysis of Financial News Streams., First Int. Conf. on Grids in Finance , Palermo, ITALY., 3-4 February 2006, edited by Stefano Cozzini, Stefano d'Addona and Rosario Mantegna , International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy., 2006 Conference Paper, 2006 URL

Ademola Popoola and Khurshid Ahmad, Fuzzy Models for Time Series Analysis: Towards Systematic Data Pre-processing, 2006 IEEE International Conference on Engineering of Intelligent Systems,, Islamabad, PAKISTAN, 22nd-23rd April, 2006, pp61 - 65 Conference Paper, 2006 DOI URL

Abel Nyamapfene & Khurshid Ahmad., Unsupervised Multi-net Simulation: An Application to Child Development. , IJCNN 06: Int. Joint Conference on Neural Networks 2006 , Vancouver, CANADA, 16-22 July 2006, Int. Neural Network Society & IEEE (Washington), 2006, pp2406 - 2411 Conference Paper, 2006 DOI

Metaphors in the Languages of Science ? in, editor(s)Maurizio Gotti & Vijay Bhatia , New Trends in Specialized Discourse Analysis (Vol. 44), Bern, Peter Lang, 2006, pp197 - 220, [Khurshid Ahmad] Book Chapter, 2006

Khurshid Ahmad, Maria-Teresa Musacchio, & Guiseppe Palumbo, Ontological and Terminological Commitments and the Discourse of Specialist Communities, Proc. of the 5th Int. Conf. on Language Resources and Evaluation (ISBN 2-9517408-2-4), Genoa, ITALY, 24-26 May 2006, Euro. Language Res. Assoc, 2006, pp1454 - 1459 Conference Paper, 2006

Yousif Almas & Khurshid Ahmad, LoLo: A System based on Terminology for Multilingual Information Extraction, COLING ACL 2006: Workshop on Information Extraction beyond the Document, Sydney, Australia, 22 July 2006, edited by Mary Elaine Califf, Mark A. Greenwood, Mark Stevenson & Roman Yangraber , Association of Computational Linguistics, 2006, pp56 - 65 Conference Paper, 2006 URL DOI

Khurshid Ahmad, Craig Bennet & Tim Oliver, Visual Surveillance and Video Annotation and Description, Proc. of the 5th Int. Conf. on Language Resources and Evaluation (ISBN 2-9517408-2-4), Genoa, ITALY, 20th-24th May 2006, Euro. Language Res. Assoc, 2006, pp1574 - 1577 Conference Paper, 2006

Ademola Popoola & Khurshid Ahmad, Testing the Suitability of Wavelet Pre-processing for TSK Fuzzy Models, FUZZ-IEEE'06: Int. Conference on Fuzzy Systems, Vancouver, CANADA, 16-22 July 2006, IEEE Computational Intelligence Society, 2006, pp6655 - 6659 Conference Paper, 2006 URL DOI

Popoola, Ademola; Ahmad, Saif.; Ahmad, Khurshid, Multiscale Wavelet Preprocessing for Fuzzy Systems, 2005 ICSC Congress on Computational Intelligence Methods and Applications, , Istanbul, Turkey, 15-17 Dec. 2005, 2006, pp1 - 4 Conference Paper, 2006 DOI URL

Lee Gillam & Khurshid Ahmad, Financial data tombs and nurseries: A grid-based text and ontological analysis., First Int. Conf. on Grids in Finance , Palermo, ITALY., 3-4 February 2006, edited by Stefano Cozzini, Stefano d'Addona and Rosario Mantegna , International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, ITALY., 2006 Conference Paper, 2006 URL

Khurshid Ahmad and Maria Teresa Musacchio, Diachronic perspectives in Italian terminology and terminography, ACTES de GLAT_BERTINORO2006: Methodlogical aspects of the creation of mono-lingual and multi-lingual lexicons, Bologna, Italy, 17th-20th May 2006, Universitaire de Bertinoro (ISBN 2-908849-18-6), 2006, pp129 - 136 Conference Paper, 2006

Rafif Al-Sayed and Khurshid Ahmad, Knowledge Sharing in a Community of Practice: A Text-Based Approach in Emergent Domains', Electronic J. Knowledge Management, 4, (2), 2006, p99 - 108 Journal Article, 2006 URL

The mood of the (financial) markets: In a corpus of words and of pictures in, editor(s)Andrew Wilson, Dawn Archer and Paul Rayson , Corpus linguistics around the world, Amsterdam/New York, Rodopi, 2006, pp18 - 32, [Khurshid Ahmad, David Cheng, Tugba Taskaya, Saif Ahmad, Lee Gillam, Pensiri Manomaisupat, Hayssam Traboulsi and Andrew Hippisley] Book Chapter, 2006

Khurshid Ahmad, Lee Gillam and David Cheng, Sentiments on a Grid: Analysis of Streaming News and Views, Proc. of the 5th Int. Conf. on Language Resources and Evaluation (ISBN 2-9517408-2-4), Genoa, ITALY, 24-26 May 2006, Euro. Language Res. Assoc, 2006, pp2517 - 2520 Conference Paper, 2006

Citation Patterns in Nobel Prize Lectures in Economics in, editor(s)Vijay Bhatia & Maurizio Gotti , Explorations in Specialised Genres, Bern, Peter Lang, 2006, pp101 - 113, [Khurshid Ahmad & Maria-Teresa Musacchio] Book Chapter, 2006

Ahmad K., Invited Keynote Speech: Uses of corpora - of terms and ontology, & of rocks and hard places, PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS IN LANGUAGE and COMPUTERS, PALC, Łódź, 7th-9th April 2005, 2005 Invited Talk, 2005

Community of Practice and the Special Language 'Ground' in, editor(s)Clarke, S and Coakes, E , Encyclopaedia of Knowledge Management and Community of Practice, Hershey (PA), The Idea Group Reference, 2005, [Ahmad, Khurshid., and Al-Sayed, Rafif] Book Chapter, 2005 URL

Pensiri Manomaisupat and Khurshid Ahmad, Feature Selection For Text Categorisation Using Self-organising Map, International Conference on Neural Networks and Brain (ISBN 0-7803-9422-4) , Beijing (China), 13-15 October 2005, edited by Mingsheng Zhao & Zhongzhi Shi. , 2, IEEE Press, Picatsway (NJ, USA), 2005, pp1875 - 1880 Conference Paper, 2005 URL DOI URL

L. Gillam, K. Ahmad, G. Dear, Grid-enabling Social Scientists: The FINGRID infrastructure, Proc. of the 1st Int. Conf. on e-Social Science, Manchester, July, 2005 Conference Paper, 2005 URL

K. Ahmad and Yousif Almas, Visualising Sentiments in Financial texts, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference Information Visualisation, London, 6-8 July, edited by Ebad Banisi et al. , Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Society Press, 2005, pp268 - 274 Conference Paper, 2005 DOI

K. Ahmad, B. Vrusias, and M. Zhu, Visualising an Image Collection?, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference Information Visualisation, London, 6-8 July, edited by Ebad Banisi et al. , Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Society Press, 2005, pp268 - 274 Conference Paper, 2005 DOI

K.Ahmad & L. Gillam and D.Cheng, Society Grids, Proceedings of the UK e-Science All Hands Meeting 2005, Nottingham UK. Swindon: EPSRC, 18-21 September, edited by Simon Cox and David Walker , 2005, pp923 - 930 Conference Paper, 2005 URL

J. Mountstephens, C. Bennet, and K. Ahmad, Selective Visual Attention in Electronic Video Surveillance, Proc. Of the 5th International Conference on Pattern Recognition in Information Systems, Miami, USA, May, edited by H. Gamboa & A. Fred , Portugal: INSTICC, 2005, pp198 - 203 Conference Paper, 2005 DOI

K. Ahmad and L. Gillam, Automatic Ontology Extraction from Unstructured Texts, On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems - OTM Confederated International Conferences, CoopIS, DOA, and ODBASE 2005 (Lecture Notes on Computer Science 3761), Agia Napa, Cyprus, 31 Oct -2 Nov., edited by R. Meersman and Z. Tari , Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2005, pp1330 - 1346 Conference Paper, 2005 DOI URL

Gillam, L., Tariq, M., & Ahmad, K., Terminology and the Construction of Ontology, Terminology, 11, (1), 2005, p55 - 81 Journal Article, 2005 URL DOI

Taskaya-Temizel, T., Casey, M., & Ahmad, K., Pre-processing inputs for optimally configured time-delay neural networks, IEE Electronics Letters, 41, (4), 2005, p198 - 200 Journal Article, 2005 DOI URL

Andrew Hippiseley, David Cheng, & Khurshid Ahmad, Head-Modifier Principle in Chinese, Natural Language Engineering, 11, (2), 2005, p129 - 157 Journal Article, 2005 URL

Gillam, L., & Ahmad, K., Pattern Mining across Domain-specific Text Collections, International Conference on Machine Learning and Data Mining MLDM (Lecture Notes on Artificial Intelligence 3587), Berlin, edited by P. Perner & A. Imiya , Springer-Verlag, 2005, pp570 - 579 Conference Paper, 2005 DOI

K.Ahmad & L. Gillam and D.Cheng, Textual and Quantitative Analysis: Towards a new, e-mediated Social Science, Proc. of the 1st Int. Conf. on e-Social Science, Manchester, July, 2005 Conference Paper, 2005 URL

Ahmad, K.,T. Taskaya-Temize, D. Cheng, L. Gillam, S. Ahmad, H. Traboulsi and J.Nankervis, Financial Information Grid -an ESRC e-Social Science Pilot, Proceedings of the UK e-Science All Hands Meeting, Nottingham UK, 31st August - 3rd Se, Swindon: EPSRC, 2004 Conference Paper, 2004 URL

H. Traboulsi, David Cheng & Khurshid Ahmad , Text Corpora, Local Grammars & Prediction, 4th Int. Conf. on Language Resources and Evaluation, Lisbon, PORTUGAL, 26th-28th May 2004, edited by M T Lino et al. , III, Euro. Language Res. Assoc., Paris, FRANCE, 2004, pp749 - 752 Conference Paper, 2004

Casey, M. & Ahmad, K., In-Situ Learning in Multi-net Systems, Proc. of 5th Int. Conf. on Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning, Exeter, UK, 25-27 August, edited by Z.R. Yang, R. Everson, and H. Yin , LNCS 3177, Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2004, pp752 - 757 Conference Paper, 2004 DOI

Saif Ahmad, Paolo F C de Oliveira & Khurshid Ahmad, Summarization of Multimodal Information, 4th Int. Conf. on Language Resources and Evaluation, Lisbon, PORTUGAL, 26th-28th May 2004, edited by M. T. Lino et al. , III, Euro. Language Res. Assoc., Paris, FRANCE, 2004, pp1049 - 1052 Conference Paper, 2004

Ahmad, K. & Vrusias, B., Learning to Visualise High-Dimensional Data, Proc. of 8th Int. Conf. on Information Visualisation, London, England, 14-16 July, edited by E. Banissi et al. , Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Press, 2004, pp507 - 512 Conference Paper, 2004 DOI

Ahmad, S., Taskaya Temizel, T., and Ahmad, K., Summarizing Time Series: Learning Patterns in 'Volatile' Series.", Proc. of 5th Int. Conf. on Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning, Exeter, UK, 25-27 August, edited by Z.R. Yang, R. Everson, and H. Yin , Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2004, pp523 - 532 Conference Paper, 2004 URL DOI

Khurshid Ahmad, Taskaya Temizel, T., Cheng, D., Ahmad, S., Gillam, L., Manomaisupat, P., Traboulsi, H. and Casey, M. , Fundamental Data to Satisfi the Chartist., The Technical Analyst, 1, (3), 2004, p36 - 39 Journal Article, 2004

Khurshid Ahmad & Maria Teresa Musacchio , Discovery of (New) Knowledge & the Analysis of Text Corpora, 4th Int. Conf. on Language Resources and Evaluation, 26th-28th May 2004, edited by M.T. Lino et al , V, Euro. Language Res. Assoc, Paris, FRANCE, 2004, pp1567 - 1570 Conference Paper, 2004

Ahmad, K., Complex Data Made Easier for Eyes, Review of Journal of Information Visualisation, Times Higher Education Supplement, 1667, 2004, p24 Review, 2004

Taskaya, T., & Ahmad, K., Bimodal Visualisation: A Financial Trading Case Study, Proc. of 7th International Conference on Information Visualisation, London, England, 16-18 July, edited by E. Banissi et al. , Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Press, 2003, pp320 - 326 Conference Paper, 2003 DOI

Al-Sayed, R. & Ahmad, K., Shared Languages and Shared Knowledge, Electronic J. Knowledge Management, 1, (2), 2003, p1 - 16 Journal Article, 2003 URL

Ahmad, K.., & Al-Thubaity, AbdulMohsen, Can Text Analysis Tell us Something about Technology Progress, Proc. of the Workshop on Patent Corpus Processing, edited by Makoto Iwayama & Atsushi Fujii , East Stroudsburg, PA: The Ass. of Computational Linguistics, 2003, pp46 - 55 Conference Paper, 2003 DOI

Khurshid Ahmad, Matthew Casey, Bogdan Vrusias, & Panos Saragiotis, Combining Multiple Modes of Information using Unsupervised Neural Classifiers, Proc.4th Int. Workshop on Multiple Classifier Systems 2003 (MCS03) (Lecture Notes on Computer Science 2709):, Guildford, Surrey (UK), edited by Terry Windeatt and Fabio Rolli. , Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2003, pp236 - 245 Conference Paper, 2003 DOI URL

Khurshid Ahmad, Events, dear boy: Dead Cat Bounce and Falling Knife, 6th Int. Conference on Terminology in Advanced Management Applications, Pretoria, SOUTH AFRICA, 20-21 February 2003, edited by Gilles-Maurice de Schryver , (SF)2 Press, 2003, pp28 - 34 Conference Paper, 2003

Al-Thubaity, AbdulMohsen & Ahmad, K., Knowledge Maps as Lexical Signatures of Journal Papers and Patent Documents, Proc. of 7th International Conference on Information Visulaisation, London, England, 16-18 July, edited by Ebad Banissi et al. , Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Press, 2003, pp582 - 588 Conference Paper, 2003 DOI

Ahmad, K & Musacchio, M. T., Enrico Fermi and the making of the language of nuclear physics, Fachsprache, 25, (3-4), 2003, p120 - 140 Journal Article, 2003

Ahmad, K., Tariq, M., Vrusias, B. and Handy C., Corpus-Based Thesaurus Construction for Image Retrieval in Specialist Domains, 25th European Conference on Information Retrieval 2003 (Lecture Notes on Computer Science 2633), Pisa, Italy, edited by Fabrizio Sebastiani , Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, GERMANY, 2003, pp502 - 510 Conference Paper, 2003 DOI

Ahmad, K., Notes on Learning to Compute and Computing to Learn (Invited Keynote Speech), International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA'03), Los Angeles, California, June 23-24, 2003, pp107 - 117 Conference Paper, 2003

Ajala, E and Ahmad, K., Managing Knowledge: Nanotubes - A Case Study, Proc. 2nd IASTED Int. Conf. On Information and Knowledge Sharing, edited by W. Chu. , Anaheim: ACTA Press, 2003, pp39 - 44 Conference Paper, 2003

Al-Sayed, R., & Ahmad, K., Shared knowledge: the role of special language, Proc. of the 4th European Conf. on Knowledge Management, Oxford University. Oxford, UK., 2003 Conference Paper, 2003

Al-Thubaity, A. M. & Ahmad, K., Tracking the Knowledge of Emergent Domains, Proc. of 6th International Conference on Information Visulaisation, London, England, 10-12 July, Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Press, 2002, pp685 - 690 Conference Paper, 2002 DOI

Ahmad, Khurshid, Writing Linguistics: When I use a word it means what I choose it to mean (Invited Talk) , 21-22 July 2000, 2002, 15 - 38pp Invited Talk, 2002

Khurshid Ahmad, Bogdan Vrusias, and Mariam Tariq, Co-operative neural networks and 'integrated' classification, Proc of International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, Honolulu, May 12-17, Piscataway, New Jersey: IEEE, 2002, pp1546 - 1551 Conference Paper, 2002 DOI URL

Come nascono I termini: zeri, comportamenti e nuclei (Zeroes, behavio(u)rs and nuclei: terms and their emergence) in, editor(s)M.Magris, M T Musacchio, L Rega & F Scarpa , Manuale di Terminologia: Aspetti Teorici, Metodologici e Applicativi, Milano, Ulrico Hopeli Editore S., 2002, pp63 - 81, [Ahmad, Khurshid] Book Chapter, 2002

Ahmad, K., Knowledge Management: the preservation of best practice and the discovery of things new. X-ray Photoelectron Scattering, Workshop: From Spectra Results/Towards an Expert System, St Malo, Brittany, FRANCE, 22 April, 2002 Invited Talk, 2002

Ahmad, K., Bale, T., & Casey, M., Connectionist Simulation of Quantification Skills, Connection Science, 14, (3), 2002, p165 - 201 Journal Article, 2002 URL DOI

Khurshid Ahmad, OCIS: A prototype scene of crime information system. Quality Matters-Science, advocacy, investigation, The(UK) Forensic Science Society (Annual Gen eral and Autumn Meeting, Glasgow, 1-3 Nov, 2002, pp29 - 30 Conference Paper, 2002

Gillam, L., & K. Ahmad, Sharing the knowledge of experts, Fachsparche, 24, (1-2), 2002, p2 - 19 Journal Article, 2002

The Role of Specialist Terminology in Artificial Intelligence and Knowledge Acquisition in, editor(s)Sue-Ellen Wright and Gerhard Budin , Handbook of Terminology Management (Volume 2), Amsterdam & Philadelphia, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2001, pp809 - 844, [Ahmad, Khurshid] Book Chapter, 2001

Ahmad, K. & Miles, L., Specialist Knowledge and its Management, Journal of Hydroinformatics, 24, (4), 2001, p215 - 230 Journal Article, 2001

Corpus Linguistics and Terminology Extraction in, editor(s)Sue-Ellen Wright and Gerhard Budin , Handbook of Terminology Management (Volume 2), Amsterdam & Philadelphia, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2001, pp725 - 760, [Ahmad, Khurshid, and Rogers, Margaret A.] Book Chapter, 2001

Ahmad, K., Vrusias, B., and Ledford, Anthony, Choosing Feature Sets for Training and Testing Self-Organising Maps: A Case Study, Neural Computing & Applications, 10, 2001, p56 - 66 Journal Article, 2001 URL DOI

Khurshid Ahmad, The knowledge of organisations and the organisation of knowledge, Ingenia- The Informative Quarterly of the Royal Academy of Engineering, 7, 2001, p59 - 65 Journal Article, 2001 URL

Ahmad, K., Gillam, L., & Tostevin, L., Weirdness Indexing for Logical Document Extrapolation and Retrieval (WILDER), The 8th Text Retrieval Conference (TREC-8), Washington: National Institute of Standards and Technology, edited by E.M. Voorhees and D.K. Harman , 2000, pp717 - 724 Conference Paper, 2000 URL

Ahmad, K., Neologisms, Nonces and Word Formation, The 9th EURALEX Int. Congress, Munich, 8-12 August, edited by U. Heid, S. Evert, E. Lehmann & C. Rohrer , II, Munich: Universitat Stuttgart, 2000, pp711 - 730 Conference Paper, 2000

Ahmad, K., and Bale, T., Simulation of Quantification Abilities using a Modular Neural Network Approach, Neural Computing & Applications, 10, 2000, p77 - 88 Journal Article, 2000 DOI

Ahmad, K. & White, D.C., Perl and Morphology', The PERL Journal - A Quarterly Magazin about Perl, 5, (1), 2000, p72 - 78 Journal Article, 2000

Bale, T A., & Ahmad, K., A Partially Recurrent Mixture-of-Experts Model for Task Decomposition into Temporal Subtasks, IJCNN'99: Int. Joint Conference on Neural Networks, Washington: Int. Neural Network Society & IEEE, 3, 1999, pp1511 - 1514 Conference Paper, 1999

Salway, A. & Ahmad, K., Multimedia Systems and Semiotics: Collateral Texts for Video Annotation, IEE Electronics and Communications Colloquium Digest, Multimedia Databases and MPEG-7, London:IEE, 1999, pp7/1 - 7/7 Conference Paper, 1999

Ahmad, K., Bale, T A., & Burford, D., Text Classification and minimal-bias training vectors, IJCNN'99: Int. Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 4, Washington: Int. Neural Network Society & IEEE, 1999, pp2816 - 2819 Conference Paper, 1999

Safe Hydroinformatics in, editor(s)J. Marselak, C. Maksimovic, E. Zeman & R. Price , Hydroinformatics Tools, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Pub., 1998, pp451 - 474, [Ahmad, K. & Price, R.K.] Book Chapter, 1998

Ahmad, K., and Jensen, L. O., En lille Smule Atomernes Bygning: Niels Bohr Writing Atomic Structure, Internationales Institut für Terminologieforschung Journal, 9, (2), 1998, p20 - 33 Journal Article, 1998

Hydroinfomatics Concepts in, editor(s)J. Marselak, C Maksimovic, E. Zeman & R. Price , Hydroinformatics Tools, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Pub., 1998, pp47 - 76, [Price, R. K., Ahmad, K. & Holz, P.] Book Chapter, 1998 URL

Salway, A. & Ahmad, K., Talking Pictures: Indexing and Representing Video with Collateral Texts, Twente Workshop on Language Technology 14 - Language Technology in Multimedia Information Retrieval, Enschede, The Netherlands, December 7-8, edited by Djoerd Hiemstra, Franciska de Jong and Klaus Netter , Enschede: Universiteit Twente, 1998, pp85 - 94 Conference Paper, 1998

The Translator and the Dictionary: Beyond Words? in, editor(s)B. T. Sue Atkins , Using Dictionaries: Studies of Dictionary Use by Language Learners and Translators. (Lexicographica Series Maior 88), Tübingen, Niemeyer, 1998, [Rogers, M. & Ahmad, K.] Book Chapter, 1998

Ahmad, K., Salway, A. & Lansdale, J., (An)notating Dance: Multimodal Storage and Retrieval, Proc. ICCIMA '98, International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Multimedia Applications, Churchill, Victoria, Australia, edited by Henry Selvaraj and Brijesh Verma , Singapore: World Scientific, 1998, pp788 - 793 Conference Paper, 1998

The Role of Corpora in Studying and Promoting Welsh in, editor(s)Anne Wichmann, Steven Fligelstone, Gerry Knowles, & Anthony McEnery , Teaching and Language Corpora, Harlow, Essex, UK, Addison Wesley Longman, 1997, pp157 - 172, [Ahmad, K. & Davies, A.] Book Chapter, 1997

Ahmad, K. & Salway, A., Safety and its Signification: A Case for a Language of Safety, Fachsprache, 19, (3-4), 1997, p94 - 110 Journal Article, 1997

Abidi, S.S.R & Ahmad, K., Conglomerate Neural Network Architectures: The Way Ahead for Simulating Early Language Development, Journal of Information Systems Engineering, 13, (2), 1997, p235 - 266 Journal Article, 1997

Ahmad, K., Safety-Critical Systems: Prescient, Presignifying, Public-Good Systems?, 'Safer Systems'. Proc. of the Fifth Safety-critical Systems Symposium, Brighton, 4-6 Feb., edited by Felix Redmill and Tom Anderson , London: Springer-Verlag, 1997, pp1 - 37 Conference Paper, 1997 URL

Wright, J.F. & Ahmad, K., Neural Simulation of Acquired and Progressive Language Disorder, Neural Computing & Applications, 5, (4), 1997, p215 - 223 Journal Article, 1997 URL

Ahmad, K., Terminology management and knowledge processing in lesser-used languages, Proceedings of the International Congress on Terminology, Donostia, San Sebastian (Spain), Nov. 12-14, Bilbao: UZEI/IVAP, 1997, pp465 - 494 Conference Paper, 1997

Wright, J.F. & Ahmad, K., The connectionist simulation of aphasic naming, Brain and Language, 59, (2), 1997, p367 - 389 Journal Article, 1997 URL

Ahmad, K., Ogonowski, A., Dauphin, E. & Sta, J.-D., Arppe, A., Engineering Terminology - A Case for a Linguistically-Informed Terminology Database, TKE'96:Terminology and Knowledge Engineering. Proc. of 4th International Congress on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, Vienna, 26-28 Aug., Frankfurt: INDEKS-Verlag, 1996, pp166 - 178 Conference Paper, 1996

Brekke, M., Myking, J. & Ahmad, K., Terminology Management and Lesser-Used Living Languages: A Critique of the Corpus-Based Approach, TKE'96:Terminology and Knowledge Engineering. Proc. of 4th International Congress on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, Vienna, 26-28 Aug., Frankfurt: INDEKS-Verlag, 1996, pp179 - 189 Conference Paper, 1996

Ahmad, K. & Collingham, S., Renewable Terminology, EURALEX '96: Proc. I-II, Part II - Papers submitted to the Seventh EURALEX International Congress on Lexicography, Göteborg: Sweden. Göteborg University, Sweden, edited by M. Gellerstam et al , 1996, pp759 - 771 Conference Paper, 1996

Ahmad, K. & Salway, A., The Terminology of Safety, TKE'96:Terminology and Knowledge Engineering. Proc. of 4th International Congress on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, Vienna, 26-28 Aug., Frankfurt: INDEKS-Verlag, 1996, pp269 - 297 Conference Paper, 1996

Ahmad, K. & Holmes-Higgin, P., Is your Terminology in Safe Hands? Data Analysis, Data Modelling and Term Banks, TKE'96:Terminology and Knowledge Engineering. Proc. of 4th International Congress on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, Vienna, 26-28 Aug., Frankfurt: INDEKS-Verlag, 1996, pp215 - 224 Conference Paper, 1996

Ahmad, K., A Terminology Dynamic and the Growth of Knowledge: A Case Study in Nuclear Physics and in the Philosophy of Science, TKE'96:Terminology and Knowledge Engineering. Proc. of 4th International Congress on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, Vienna, 26-28 Aug., Frankfurt: INDEKS-Verlag, 1996, pp1 - 11 Conference Paper, 1996

Khurshid Ahmad et al, POINTER - Terminology Resources in Europe, Freiburg, Germany., DIT, 1996, 1, 235 Report, 1996 URL

Gillam, L. & Ahmad, K., Knowledge-Engineering Terminology (Data)Bases, TKE'96:Terminology and Knowledge Engineering. Proc. of 4th International Congress on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, Vienna, 26-28 Aug., Frankfurt: INDEKS-Verlag, 1996, pp205 - 214 Conference Paper, 1996

Holmes-Higgin, P. & Ahmad, K., Assembling and Viewing a Corpus of Texts: Self-Organisation, Logical Deduction and Spreading Activation as Metaphors, EURALEX '96: Proc. I-II, Part I - Papers submitted to the Seventh EURALEX International Congress on Lexicography, Göteborg, Sweden. Göteborg:University, Sweden, edited by M. Gellerstam et al , 1996, pp109 - 120 Conference Paper, 1996 URL

Ahmad, K., Workbenches and the Engineering of Special Languages, Terminology in Advanced Microcomputer Applications: The 3rd TermNet Symposium, Vienna, Austria, 24-25 November 1994, 1996, International Terminology Network (TermNet) Invited Talk, 1996

Ahmad, K., Keynote Address - Workbenches and the Engineering of Special Languages, Terminology in Advanced Microcomputer Applications: Proc. of the 3rd TermNet Symposium; Recent Advances and User Reports, TermNet: Vienna, Austria, 1995, pp7 - 52 Conference Paper, 1995

Khurshid Ahmad & Constantin Thiopoulos, Terminological storage and filtering of unstructured multimedia information, Proc. Of the Sixth International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction -HCI International '95,, Tokyo, Japan,, 9-14 July 1995, edited by Yuichiro Anzai, Katsuhiko Ogawa & Hirohiko Mori , Elsevier Science Publications B.V, 1995, pp241 - 247 Conference Paper, 1995

Ahmad, K., Pragmatics of Specialist Terms and Terminology Management, Lecture Notes on Artificial Intelligence, Machine Translation and the Lexicon. 3rd Int. EAMT Workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28,1993, edited by Petra Steffens , 898, 1995, pp51 - 76 Conference Paper, 1995

Ahmad, K. & Thiopoulos, C., Terminological storage and filtering of unstructured multimedia information, Symbiosis of Human and Artifact: Future Computing and Design for Human-Computer Interaction. (Proc. of the Sixth International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction -HCI International '95), Tokyo Japan, 9-14 July, edited by Yuichiro Anzai, Katsuhiko Ogawa & Hirohiko Mori , 1, Elsevier Science Publications B.V., 1995, pp241 - 247 Conference Paper, 1995

Kugler, M., Ahmad, K. & Thurmair, G., Translator's Workbench: Tools and Terminology for Translation and Text Processing, Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1995 Book, 1995

Selvaratnam, I. & Ahmad, K., Multi-agent systems in simulation and modelling, WOz'95: International Workshop on Oz Programming, Martigny, Switzerland, 1995, pp1 - 15 Conference Paper, 1995 URL

Ahmad, K. & Benbrahim, M., Text Summarisation: The role of lexical cohesion analysis, The New Review of Document and Text Management, 1, 1995, p321 - 335 Journal Article, 1995

Ahmad, K, A Knowledge-based Approach to the Safe Design of Distributed Networks, Proc. of the Safety-critical Systems Symposium, Achievement and Assurance of Safety, Brighton, 7-9 Feb, edited by Felix Redmill & Tom Anderson , London: Springer-Verlag Ltd, 1995, pp290 - 301 Conference Paper, 1995 URL

Griffin, S.M. & Ahmad, K., Novel Knowledge Acquisition Techniques for Building Intelligent Information Systems, New Developments in Artificial Intelligence for Civil and Structural Engineering, edited by B. Topping , Edinburgh, Scotland: Civil-Comp Press, 1995 Conference Paper, 1995

Ahmad, K. & Wright, J.F., Representation Issues in Child Language Corpora, Child Language. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, edited by M. Aldridge , 1994, pp15 - 27 Conference Paper, 1994 URL

Khurshid Ahmad, Invited Talk: Specialist discourse and expert systems: A new dimension of terminology management,, Conference to celebrate the 10th anniversary of Handelshojskole Syd, Denmark (Forelaesninger ved Handelshojskole Syd's 10 îrs jubilaeum, Kolding, DENMARK, 1994, Handelshojskole Syd, Kolding, DENMARK, 52 - 66pp Invited Talk, 1994

Griffin, S.M., Bauwens, W. & Ahmad, K., Urban Drainage Modelling Intelligent Assistant, Water Science and Technology, 29, 1994, p427 - 436 Journal Article, 1994

Ahmad, K. & Davies, A.E., Weirdness in Special-language Text: Welsh Radioactive Chemicals Texts as an Exemplar, Internationales Institut für Terminologieforschung Journal, 5, (2), 1994, p22 - 52 Journal Article, 1994

Ahmad, K., Invited Talk: Language Engineering and the Processing of Specialist Terminology, Proc of Language Engineering Convention, Paris, 6-7 July, Edinburgh: ELSNET, 1994, pp9 - 16 Conference Paper, 1994

Khurshid Ahmad, A E Davies, H. Fulford, & Margaret Rogers, What is a Term? The Semi-Automatic Extraction of Terms from Text, , Translation Studies - An Interdiscipline, Translation Studies Congress, , Vienna, AUSTRIA, 1992, edited by Mary Snell-Hornby, F. Pöchhacker & K. Kaindl , John Benjamins, Amsterdam, The NETHERLANDS, 1994, pp267 - 278 Conference Paper, 1994

Holmes-Higgin, P.R., Ahmad, K. & Abidi, S.S.R., A Description of Texts in a Corpus: 'Virtual' and 'Real' Corpora, Proc. of the 6th EURALEX International Congress on Lexicography, EURALEX'94, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, edited by W. Martin, W. Meijs, M. Moerland, E. ten Pas, P. van Sterkenburg & P. Vossen , 1994, pp390 - 402 Conference Paper, 1994

Ahmad, K., Holmes-Higgin, P.R., Rogers, M., Höge, M., Le Hong, K., Huwig, C., Kese, R. & Mayer, R., User-Driven Software Development: Translator's Workbench - an exemplar case study in "Human-Computer Interaction: Applications and Case Studies - Volume 1. (Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics 19A)", Proc. of the 5th International Conference on HCI, Orlando, Florida, August 8-13, edited by M.J. Smith & G. Salvendy , Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1993, pp319 - 336 Conference Paper, 1993

Ahmad, K. & Griffin, S.M., Intelligent Assistants and Engineering Decision Support: Management of Water Resources, Computing Systems and Engineering, 4, 1993, p325 - 335 Journal Article, 1993

Segal, J. & Ahmad, K., The Role of Examples in the Teaching of Programming Languages, Journal of Educational Computing Research, 9, (1), 1993, p115 - 129 Journal Article, 1993

Ahmad, K., Terminology and Knowledge Acquisition: A Text-based Approach, Proc. of the 3rd Int. Congress on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, TKE'93: Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, Frankfurt: Indeks Verlag, 1993, pp56 - 70 Conference Paper, 1993

Ahmad, K. & Rogers, M., The elaboration of special language terms: the role of contextual examples, representative samples and normative requirements, EURALEX '92 - Proceedings Part 1: Studia Translatologica. Series A, edited by H. Tommola, K. Varantola, T. Salmi-Tolonen and J. Schoop , 2, Tampere, Finland: Tampereen Yliopisto, 1992, pp139 - 149 Conference Paper, 1992

Segal, J., Ahmad, K. & Rogers, M., The Role of Systematic Errors in Developmental Studies of Programming Language Learners, Educational Computing Research, 8, (2), 1992, p129 - 153 Journal Article, 1992

Terminology Management: A Corpus-Based Approach in, Translating and Computing, 14, London, ASLIB - The Association for Information Management, 1992, [Ahmad, K. & Rogers, M.] Book Chapter, 1992

Ahmad, K. & Rogers, M., Translation and Information Technology: The Translator's Workbench, ReCALL, 6, 1992, p3 - 9 Journal Article, 1992

Ahmad, K., Fulford, H., Griffin, S.M. & Holmes-Higgin, P.R., Text-Based Knowledge Acquisition: A Language for Special Purposes Perspective, Research and Developments in Expert Systems VIII, edited by I. Graham & R.W. Milne , Cambridge University Press, 1991, pp148 - 162 Conference Paper, 1991

Text-Based Knowledge Acquisition: A Language for Special Purposes Perspective in, editor(s)I. Graham & R.W. Milne , Research and Developments in Expert Systems VIII, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 1991, pp148 - 162, [Ahmad, K., Fulford, H., Griffin, S.M. & Holmes-Higgin, P.R.] Book Chapter, 1991

Ahmad, K., Langdon, A. & Frieze, P., An Expert System for Offshore Inspection and Maintenance, Computers and Structures, 49, 1991, p143 - 159 Journal Article, 1991

Ahmad, K., Fulford, H., Holmes-Higgin, P.R., Rogers, M. & Thomas, P., The Translator's Workbench Project, Translating and the Computer, 11, London: ASLIB - The Association for Information Management, 1990 Conference Paper, 1990

The Translator's Workbench Project in, Translating and the Computer, Volume 11, London, ASLIB - The Association for Information Management, 1990, [Ahmad, K., Fulford, H., Holmes-Higgin, P.R., Rogers, M. & Thomas, P.] Book Chapter, 1990

Khurshid Ahmad, Paul R. Holmes-Higgin, P.R., Charles P W Hornsby, Andrew Langdon, & Michael J Metcalfe, The Water Industry Expert Systems Club: A Review, UK IT '88 Conference, Swanses, WALES (UK), 4th-7th July 1988, Information Engineering Directorate, UK Deptt. of Trade and Industry, 1988, pp11 - 14 Conference Paper, 1988

Ahmad, K., Holmes-Higgin, P.R., Hornsby, C.P.W. & Langdon, A., Expert Systems for Planning and Controlling Complex Physical Networks, Knowledge-based Systems Journal, 10, 1988, p153 - 165 Journal Article, 1988

Ahmad, K., Rogers, M. & Thomas, P., Term Banks: A case study in knowledge representation and deployment, Terminology and Knowledge Engineering: Selected papers from the First Int. Congress on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, Trier, West Germany, 19 Sept - 1 Oct, edited by H. Czap & C. Galinski , Frankfurt: Indeks Verlag, 1987 Conference Paper, 1987

The Water Industry Expert System Support Environment in, editor(s)D.S. Moralee , Research and Developments in Expert Systems IV, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 1987, pp276 - 286, [Hornsby, C., Holmes-Higgin, P.R. & Ahmad, K.] Book Chapter, 1987

Ahmad, K. & Corbett, G., The Melbourne-Surrey Corpus, International Computer Archive of Modern English (ICAME) Journal, 11, 1987, p39 - 43 Journal Article, 1987

Ahmad, K., Rogers, M. & Thomas, P., Term Banks: A case study in knowledge representation and deployment, Terminology and Knowledge Engineering: Selected papers from the First Int. Congress on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, Trier, West Germany, 19 September-1 Octob, edited by H. Czap & C. Galinski , Frankfurt: Indeks Verlag, 1987 Conference Paper, 1987

Ahmad, K. & MacDonald, A., An expert system on tolerance in Mechanical Design, Expert Systems for Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Detroit: Engineering Society of Detroit and the U.S. Society of Machine Intelligence, 1987, pp309 - 326 Meeting Abstract, 1987

Thomas, P., Ahmad, K., Barbour, S., Judge, A. & Reeves, N., Outline for a British Terminology Data Bank, Terminologie et Traduction, 3, 1986, p45 - 100 Journal Article, 1986

Ahmad, K., Corbett, G., & Rogers, M., Using Computers with Advanced Language Learners: An Example, The Language Teacher, 9, (3), 1985, p4 - 7 Journal Article, 1985

Ahmad, K., Corbett, G., Rogers, M. & Sussex, R., Computers, Language Learning and Language Teaching, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 1985 Book, 1985

Ahmad K., Scott R.A. and Sur M., Stochastic Modelling on AP-120B - an application to water resources planning, Computer Physics Communications, 27, 1982, p91 - 95 Journal Article, 1982

Ahmad K. and Rogers M.A., Development of Teaching Packages for Undergraduate Students of German, Proc. of Computer Simulation in Undergraduate Education, edited by D. Wildenberg , Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Co., 1981, pp253 - 263 Conference Paper, 1981

Ahmad K. and Corbett G. G., Bilingual Terminals: Input and Output in Cyrillic and Roman Scripts, Proc. of Computer Simulation in Undergraduate Education, edited by D. Wildenberg , Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Co., 1981, pp237 - 252 Conference Paper, 1981

Ahmad K., Moss W.D. and Knowles P.R., Simulation, Modelling and Computer Graphics in Undergraduate Engineering Education, Proc. of Computer Simulation in Undergraduate Education, edited by D.Wildenberg , Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Co., 1981, pp43 - 64 Conference Paper, 1981

Ahmad K. and Rogers M.A., GERAD: An adjective morphology teaching program, Journal of Computer Based Instruction, 6, 1979, p55 - 59 Journal Article, 1979

Moss W.D., Knowles P.R. and Ahmad K., CAL Packages for Civil Engineering Hydraulics and Structure Design, Computers and Education, 3, 1979, p391 - 399 Journal Article, 1979

Ahmad K.,Corbett G. G., and Edwards J.M., Development in CAL for Russian, Russian Language Journal, 32, 1978, p37 - 42 Journal Article, 1978

Ahmad K.,Corbett G. G. and Colenso M., On the Teaching of Russian Numerals by using on-line Computers, Assoc. Ling. and Lit. Computer Bull, 6, 1976, p235 - 241 Journal Article, 1976

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Robert Remus and Khurshid Ahmad, Stimmungen in deutschsprachigen Nachrichten, Blogs und dem DAX, Terminologiemagzin, (1), 2010, p24 - -27 Journal Article, 2010

Rafif Al-Sayed & Khurshid Ahmad, Knowleldge Sharing in a Community of Practice: A Text-Based Approach in Emergent Domains, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Intellectual Capital and Knowledge Management, American University of Dubai, UAE, 21-22 November 2005, edited by Dan Remenyi , 2005, pp30 - 41 Conference Paper, 2005

Ahmad K., Invited Keynote Speech: Checking up and looking in: Self plagiarism in science and technology , Language & Law: east meets West, University of Łódź (Poland), 12th-14th September, 2005 Invited Talk, 2005

Ahmad, K, 5th International Conf. on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, 2005 Meetings /Conferences Organised, 2005

Ahmad, K, 9th Int. Conf. on Information Visualisation, 2005 Meetings /Conferences Organised, 2005

Ahmad, K., Manomaisupat, M. and Vrusias B., Automatic Text Classification and LSP terminology, Proceedings of the 14th European Symposium on Language for Special Purposes, LSP 2003, 2004, pp400 - 404 Meeting Abstract, 2004

Ahmad, K. & Ajala E., Learning about an Emergment Domain, Proc. of the Int. Conf. on Intellectual Capital & Knowledge Management, Toronto, 29-30 Oct, edited by D. Remenyi , 2004, pp309 - 318 Conference Paper, 2004

Ahmad, K, 8th Int. Conf. on Information Visualisation, 2004 Meetings /Conferences Organised, 2004

Ahmad, K, 13th European Conference on Language for Special Purposes, 2003, Guildford, Surrey Meetings /Conferences Organised, 2003

Ahmad, Khurshid., Scientific Texts and the Evolution of Knowledge - the need for a critical framework, Scientiae I - Proceedings of the 13th LSP, Vassa, Finland, August 20-24, 2001, edited by Koskela, M., Lauren, C., Nordman, M., & Pilke, N. Porta , Vaasa:Univ.of Vassa Publications Unit., 2002, pp123 - 135 Conference Paper, 2002

Khurshid Ahmad, Scientific Texts and the Evolution of Knowledge - the need for a critical framework, TKE-02 Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, Nancy, France, 28th-30th August, Rocquencourt (France): INRIA, 2002, pp1 - 6 Meeting Abstract, 2002

Lee Gillam, Khurshid Ahmad, Andrew Salway, Digital Heritage and the use of terminology, TKE-02 Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, Nancy, France, 28th-30th August, Rocquencourt (France): INRIA, 2002, pp51 - 56 Meeting Abstract, 2002

Ahmad, Khurshid. and Gillam, Lee., Scientific Texts and the Evolution of Knowledge: Tunnelling Electrons and Resonating Circuits, Scientiae II - Proceedings of the 13th LSP, Vassa, Finland, August 20-24, 2001, edited by Koskela, M., Lauren, C., Nordman, M., & Pilke, N. Porta , Vaasa:Univ.of Vassa Publications Unit, 2002, pp706 - 719 Meeting Abstract, 2002

Ahmad, K, 4th International Conf. on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, 2002 Meetings /Conferences Organised, 2002

Hippisiley, A., Cheng, D., and Ahmad, Khurshid, Chinese Special Languages and the Notion of Headedness, Porta Scientiae I - Proceedings of the 13th LSP, Vassa, Finland, August 20-24, 2001, edited by Koskela, M., Lauren, C., Nordman, M., & Pilke, N. , Vaasa:Univ.of Vassa Publications Unit., 2002, pp329 - 342 Meeting Abstract, 2002

Khurshid Ahmad, Amanda Schierz, AbdulMohsen Al-Thubaity, Discovery and Terminology, TKE-02 Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, Nancy, France, 28th-30th August, Rocquencourt (France): INRIA, 2002, pp1 - 6 Meeting Abstract, 2002

Ahmad, K. , Gillam, L. & Kuscu, I., Innovation and Change in 'Frontiers' Science: Notes for Knowledge Management, Proceedings of the Knowledge Management Conference, Business Process Resources Centre: University of Warwick, 2000, pp70 - 72 Meeting Abstract, 2000

Salway, A. & Ahmad, K., Multimedia Systems and Semiotics: Collateral Texts for Video Annotation, IEE Electronics and Communications Colloquium Digest, Multimedia Databases and MPEG-7, Jan., 1999, pp7/1 - 7/7 Meeting Abstract, 1999

Ahmad, K, 3rd International Conf. on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering, 1999 Meetings /Conferences Organised, 1999

Ahmad, K., Inivited Talk:Corpora and Machine Translation, Volkswagen Foundation Meeting on Machine assisted Translation, Sofia, Bulgaria, September, 1998, University of Hamburg, GERMANY & University of Sofia, BULGARIA Invited Talk, 1998

Ahmad, K. and Tostevin. M. H., Terminology-based text summarization, Proceedings of the 4th INFOTERM Symposium: Terminology Work and Knowledge Transfer, Vienna, 24-26th Aug., Vienna:TermNet, 1998, pp405 - 425 Meeting Abstract, 1998

Ahmad, K., Terminology management and knowledge processing in lesser-used languages, Proceedings of the International Congress on Terminology, Donostia, San Sebastian (Spain), Nov. 12-14, Bilbao: UZEI/IVAP, 1997, pp465 - 494 Meeting Abstract, 1997

Ahmad, K., Deconstructing Knowledge and Scientific Writing: Acquisition and Representation of Knowledge, The 11th European Symposium on Language for Special Purposes, Copenhagen, Denmark, 18-22 August, 1997 Invited Talk, 1997

Salway, A., Ahmad, K. & Collingham, S., Safe-DIS: Computer Programs for the Safe Design of Urban Drainage Networks, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference of Urban Storm Drainage, Hannover, Germany, edited by Friedhelm Sieker & Hans-Reinhard Verworn , Hannover: Sug Verlagsgesellschaf, 1996, pp1575 - 1580 Meeting Abstract, 1996

Bale, T.A., Ahmad, K., & Abidi, S.S.R, 'Towards a 'Nervous System-Level' model of early numerical development, Computational Coginitve Modelling - AAAI-96 Workshop, Portland, Oregon, Aug 5, 1996 Meeting Abstract, 1996

Price, R., Ahmad, K., Safety-critical design and analysis of water carrying networks, Proc. of the Second Int. Conference on, Hydroinformatics '96, edited by Andreas Muller , Zurich, Rotterdam, Brookfield: A.A. Balkema, 1996, pp349 - 353 Meeting Abstract, 1996

Price, R., Ahmad, K., Hydroinformatics and terminology management, Proc. of the Second Int. Conference on Hydroinformatics, Hydroinformatics '96, Zurich, edited by Andreas Muller , Rotterdam, Brookfield: A.A. Balkema, 1996, pp225 - 230 Meeting Abstract, 1996

Ahmad, K., Document Management: the role of terminology, 4th Day of the Document Conference, 23-24 March, Ede, The Netherlands, 1995 Meeting Abstract, 1995

Ahmad, K., The quality of taste: Sensory perception, knowledge and terminology, Multilingualism in Specialist Communication: 10th European LSP-Symposium, Vienna, Austria, 29 Aug.-.1 Sept., edited by Gerhard Budin , Vienna (Austria): Int. Institute for Terminology Research, 1995, pp665 - 696 Meeting Abstract, 1995

Ahmad, K., A Knowledge-based Approach to the Safe Design of Distributed Networks, The Safety-critical Systems Symposium, Brighton, 7-9 Feb, 1995 Invited Talk, 1995

Ahmad, K. & Holmes-Higgin, P.R., System Quirk: A unified approach to text and terminology, Terminology in Advanced Microcomputer Applications: Proc. of the 3rd TermNet Symposium; Recent Advances and User Reports, TermNet: Vienna, Austria, 1995, pp181 - 195 Meeting Abstract, 1995

Ahmad, K., Pragmatics of Specialist Terms and Terminology Management, 3rd Int. European Association of Machine Translation, Heidelberg, Germany, April 26-28,1993, 1995 Invited Talk, 1995

Griffin, S.M. & Ahmad, K., Archiving Knowledge: Before and After the Interview, Proc. of the Workshop on Knowledge Acquisition Using Conceptual Graph Theory, Int. Conference on Conceptual Structures, Maryland, USA, edited by D. Lukose , 1994 Meeting Abstract, 1994

Ahmad, K., Griffin, S.M. & Shaw, P.J., A Systematic Knowledge-based Approach to Licensing Water Resources, Integrated Computer Applications for Water Supply and Distribution 1993. Volume 1: Methods and Procedures for System Simulation and Control, Integrated Computer Applications for Water Supply and Distribution 1993, edited by B. Coulbeck , Taunton (Somerset):Research Studies Press Ltd, 1994, pp407 - 424 Meeting Abstract, 1994

Ahmad, K. & Rogers, M., Text-based concept-oriented terminology - Eine Neuorientierung?, Festskrift til Gert Engel - anledning af hans 70 îrs fardeslsdag, edited by A. Grinsted & B. N. Madsen , Kolding, Denmark: Handelshojskole Syd., 1994, pp134 - 147 Meeting Abstract, 1994

Ahmad, K. & Rogers, M., Computerised Terminology for Translators: The role of text, Applications and Implications of Current LSP Research (9th European Symposium on Language for Special Purposes, Bergen, Norway, edited by M. Brekke, O. Andersen, T. Dahl & J. Myking , 2, 1994, pp840 - 851 Meeting Abstract, 1994

Saleem, M.T., Das, P. & Ahmad, K., Computerised Fertiliser Data Base: Pakistan Experience, Proc. ICCS-IV, Lahore, Pakistan, 1994, pp269 - 276 Meeting Abstract, 1994

Abidi, S.S.R & Ahmad, K, Unsupervised' category learning in a hybrid connectionist architecture, Proc. of the South East Asia Region Computer Conference '94, Karachi, Pakistan, 1994, pp60 - 74 Meeting Abstract, 1994

Child Language Development: A Connectionist Simulation of the Evolving Concept Memory in, editor(s)M. Aldridge , Child Language, Clevedon, Multilingual Matters, 1994, pp1 - 14, [Abidi, S.S.R. & Ahmad, K.] Book Chapter, 1994 URL

Fulford, H., Griffin, S.M. & Ahmad, K., Resources for Knowledge Transfer and Training: The Exploitation of Domain Documentation and Database Technology, Proc. of the 6th Int. Conference on Urban Storm Drainage, edited by J. Marsalek & H.C. Torno , Volume 2, Victoria, Canada: Seapoint Publishing, 1993, pp1332 - 1338 Meeting Abstract, 1993

Griffin, S.M. & Ahmad, K., On-line Urban Drainage Education: Active Documents, Proc. of the 6th Int. Conference on Urban Storm Drainage, edited by J. Marsalek & H.C. Torno , Volume 2, Victoria, Canada: Seapoint Publishing, 1993, pp1339 - 1344 Meeting Abstract, 1993

Hook, S., Ahmad, K. & Griffin, S.M., The Exchange and Storage of Lexical Resources Using Standards: MULTILEX and SGML, Proc. of Documentation Europe '93, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1993 Meeting Abstract, 1993

Griffin, S.M., Bauwens, W. & Ahmad, K., UDMIA: Urban Drainage Modelling Intelligent Assistant, Proc. of the 6th Int. Conference on Urban Storm Drainage, edited by J. Marsalek & H.C. Torno , Volume 2, Victoria, Canada: Seapoint Publishing, 1993, pp1314 - 1319 Meeting Abstract, 1993

Ahmad, K. & Holmes-Higgin, P., Knowledge as lexical entities: Issues in Representing and Resaoning, Proceedings of Speech and Language Technology Club Workshop on the Unified Lexicon, 15-17 December, edited by R. J. Collingham , Durham:St. Aidan College, Univ.Durham, 1993, pp33 - 35 Meeting Abstract, 1993

Ahmad, K. & Rogers, M., Terminology and Knowledge Processing, Proc. of the Fourth Scandinavian Symposium on Translation Theory (SSOTT IV), 1992, edited by Y. Gambier & H. Tommola , Turku: Grafia Oy, 1993, pp167 - 181 Meeting Abstract, 1993

Griffin, S.M. & Ahmad, K., Intelligent Assistants and the Management of Strategic Resources, Artificial Intelligence Techniques and Applications for Civil and Structural Engineers, Civil-Comp '91, edited by B. Topping , 1992 Meeting Abstract, 1992

Ahmad, K. & Griffin, S.M., The Acquisition of Knowledge for Controlling and Rehabilitating Networks, Proc. of the Conference on Urban Drainage and New Technologies, The Acquisition of Knowledge for Controlling and Rehabilitating Networks, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, 17-21 June, edited by C. Maksimovic , 1991, pp94 - 105 Meeting Abstract, 1991

Ahmad, K. & Fulford, H., Terminology for Interdisciplinary Fields: A New Perspective, Terminology Work in Subject Fields: Proc. of the 3rd Infoterm Symposium, Vienna 12-14 Nov., edited by M. Kromer-Benz & A. Manu , Vienna:TermNet, 1991, pp568 - 587 Meeting Abstract, 1991

Ahmad, K. & Griffin, S.M., The Acquisition of Knowledge for Controlling and Rehabilitating Networks, Proc. of the Conference on Urban Drainage and New Technologies, The Acquisition of Knowledge for Controlling and Rehabilitating Networks, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, 17-21 June, edited by C. Maksimovic , 1991, pp94 - 105 Meeting Abstract, 1991

Ahmad, K. & Wells, I. J., Review of Medical Expert Systems: Something new? Something true, Computer Bulletin, 3, (Part 2, Series IV), 1991, p18-20 Review, 1991

Rogers, M. & Ahmad, K., The Learner, Learner's Errors and Intelligent Computer-Assisted Learning, Stockholm Papers in English Language and Literature (Publication No. 6): Proc. of the Stockholm Conference on the Use of Computers in Language Research and Teaching, Stockholm: University of Stockholm, 1990, pp91 - 112 Meeting Abstract, 1990

Ahmad, K., Q2X: An (Expert) Systems Approach to the Quantity and Quality Management of Strategic Resources, Watershed 89 - The Future of Water Quality in Europe, edited by D. Wheeler, M.L. Richardson & J. Bridges , Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1989, pp129 - 145 Meeting Abstract, 1989

Ahmad, K., Langdon, A. & Frieze, P., An Expert System for Offshore Inspection and Maintenance, Artificial Intelligence Techniques and Applications for Civil and Structural Engineers, Edinburgh: Civil-Comp Press, 1989, pp221 - 232 Meeting Abstract, 1989

Ahmad, K., Holmes-Higgin, P.R. & Langdon, A., Analysis of Expert Systems for Fluid Flow in Networks using a Qualitative Reasoning Approach, Proc. of Hydrocomp '89, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, edited by C. Maksimovic & M. Radokovic , London: Elsevier Applied Science, 1989, pp394 - 403 Meeting Abstract, 1989

Ahmad, K., Holmes-Higgin, P.R., Hornsby, C.P.W. & Langdon, A., Fluid Flow in Networks: An Expert System/Qualitative Reasoning Approach, Powerful Computing Systems for Fluid Flow Applications, British Hydraulics Research Association, Cranfield, Bedford, 1988 Meeting Abstract, 1988

Thomas, P., Ahmad, K., Barbour, S., Judge, A. & Reeves, N., Development of a Term Bank at the University of Surrey, Translation for, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, 1986, edited by G. M. Anderman & M. Rogers , 1988 Meeting Abstract, 1988

Ahmad, K., Hornsby, C.P.W. & Langdon, A., Expert Systems in Urban Storm Drainage, Proc. of the 4th Int. Conference on Urban Storm Drainage. Volume 5: Urban Storm Water Quality, Planning and Management, Lausanne, 1987, pp297 - 302 Meeting Abstract, 1987

Ahmad, K., Langdon, A., Moss, W.D. & Price, R.K., Implementation Issues of Hydrological Expert Systems: A Civil Engineering Case Study, Proc. of the 2nd Engineering Computing Conference, edited by B. Topping , Volume 2, 1985, pp407 - 414 Meeting Abstract, 1985

Ahmad K. and Wells I.G. , Knowledge-Based Systems in Clinical Biochemistry, MEDINFO 83 Seminars (participants' edition), edited by O. Fokkens , Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1983, pp304 - 305 Meeting Abstract, 1983

Research Expertise

Description

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: Terminology and Ontology; Knowledge Acquisition; Expert Systems. NEURAL NETWORKS: Multi-net neural computing systems, simulation of developmental and of degenerative systems. BEHAVIOURAL FINANCE: Affect and sentiment analysis. Metaphors in Finance. Interaction of sentiment and named entities with prices and volumes of financial and commodity instruments. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT: Discovery and Innovation; Knowledge Transfer especially best practice.

Projects

  • Title
    • Slándáil: Security System for language and image analysis
  • Summary
    • Project Slándáil will demonstrate a cost-effective and ethically-correct way in which social media information can be used by an emergency management system. The social media landscape consists of a range of digitized documents in a variety of formats, updated by a diverse and geographically distributed people and organisations. During an emergency, authorities use websites and the population, empowered by social media systems, can broadcast for help or to inform others of their well-being. The burden of search and interpretation in the social media space, however, is largely on the end-users that is the authorities and the citizens. Information obtained during emergencies may contain personal details and the details may or not be correct - there are no protocols for dealing with the ethical and factual provenance of such data. Social media users deploy different modalities of communications, including language, visual icons, and associated meta data. Human beings integrate the information in different modality seamlessly to infer meaning and to make decisions. There are no systems that (a) could aggregate the information in different modalities, and (b) deal with multi-lingual communications during an emergency. Project Slándáil is collaboration of emergency operatives, academics, ethics- and security-oriented NGO and four SMEs. Their common purpose is to make maximum ethical use of the information available in the social media to enhance the performance of emergency management systems. The Project will undertake research in text and image analysis, in ethical and factual provenance of data, together with SMe's specialising in selling systems for social media monitoring and for emergency monitoring. There are experts in human multi-lingual human communication working in the team. This is an Irish-led, Italian, German and British collaboration which will deliver next generation of emergency management systems. TCD is the co-ordinator of the Project
  • Funding Agency
    • EU FP7 Programme
  • Date From
    • 1 April 2014
  • Date To
    • 31 March 2017
  • Title
    • Governance, Risk and Compliance Competence Centre - GRC3 (2012-2013)
  • Summary
    • While regulators continue to drive the deployment of new regulations and standards in Governance, Risk and Compliance, industry spending on GRC continues to climb as the constant game of catch up drives complex and costly projects. The approach to regulations and their deployment timing varies greatly across different geographies/jurisdictions which further complicates life for financial services companies, software development organisations and Outsouring companies. GRC3 understands the dynamic nature of the forces influencing industry actions and will be flexible in all respects in order to ensure complete alignment with changes to the research agenda. In order to systematically and profitably conduct business within and across organisations, it is important that agents (people, machines, algorithms) are able to exchange data and that the data has meaning for all the agents involved in the exchange. There are sophisticated technological solutions for such a meaningful exchange for everyone involved. There are a number of systems that can help with the integration of business processes, and some are appearing in the financial industry. However, the standards are designed for different purposes and support different processes. Generation of a high-level ontology would provide means to enhance the interoperability between standards and support streamlined processes across the financial services sector.
  • Funding Agency
    • Enterprise Ireland
  • Date From
    • 6 Feb 2012
  • Date To
    • December 2015
  • Title
    • Reasoning in Risky Environments: Fuzzy Logic and Multi-criteria decision making
  • Summary
    • The treatment of risk generically is a complex and difficult issue. The aims of our project are (a) the identification of risk from numerical and textual evidence; and (b) the computation of the likelihood of a given risk event using aggregation operators, including Choquet Integrals. The project funding has been made available for Dr Andrea Zemankova to work under the supervision of Prof Khurshid Ahmad
  • Funding Agency
    • AXA Research Fund
  • Date From
    • Sept 2010
  • Date To
    • August 2012
  • Title
    • Faireacháin: A project for building a system for monitoring, evaluating and predicting behaviour of markets and of communities
  • Summary
    • The dynamics of financial markets rely critically on the sentiment of the stakeholders involved. Currently, the focus is on quantitative indicators of market dynamics - prices, volumes of shares or currency sold/bought. The objective of the Faireacháin project is to incorporate qualitative indicators of the dynamics - the sentiments articulated in news/blogs and in consumer confidence surveys - in decision making processes of the stakeholders. The proposed Faireacháin project brings together the methodology of Ahmad and Kearney (A&K) for studying volatility of markets caused by changing sentiments.. Since 1997, both researchers have published extensively in the fields of market volatility and sentiment and have received 4 EU/UK grants for their research in sentiment analysis. The A&K methodology will be used to empower Treocht Ltd.'s financial trading system for incorporating market sentiment in the reports and buy/sell signals generated by Treocht's system. The sentiment-enhanced system will generate revenue by using the click-ad model and by direct sales to individual and corporate clients. Market research shows a significant export potential for the Treocht's sentiment-enhanced trading system especially in the USA. The export-led revenue generation will help Treocht to employ up-to 20 high-tech professionals in Ireland. This is a collaborative project Prof K. Ahmad (School of Computer Science and Statistics) and Prof C. Kearney (School of Business). The spin-off company, Trecoht Ltd., has been awarded a High Potential Start-up status by Enterprise Ireland.
  • Funding Agency
    • Enterprise Ireland & Treocht Ltd
  • Date From
    • December 2009
  • Date To
    • December 2012
  • Title
    • REVEAL
  • Summary
    • Recovering Evidence from Video by Fusing Video Evidence Thesaurus & Video Meta-Data (£126,556)(EPSRC GR/S98450/01)
  • Funding Agency
    • UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
  • Date From
    • 2005
  • Date To
    • 2008
  • Title
    • LIRICS
  • Summary
    • Linguistic Infrastructure for Interoperable Resources and Systems (£58,000)(EU-IST eContent 22236)
  • Funding Agency
    • European Union Information Society Programme on
  • Date From
    • 2005
  • Date To
    • 2007
  • Title
    • FINGRID
  • Summary
    • Financial GriID (£60,000) (ESRC RES-149-25-0028)
  • Funding Agency
    • UK Economic and Social Social Sciences Research Council
  • Date From
    • 2003
  • Date To
    • 2004
  • Title
    • GIDA
  • Summary
    • Generic Information-based Decision Assistant (€329,290)(IST 2000-31123)
  • Funding Agency
    • EU Fifth Framework
  • Date From
    • 2001
  • Date To
    • 2003
  • Title
    • SOCIS
  • Summary
    • Scene of Crime Information System (£174,000) (EPSRC GR/M/89041)
  • Funding Agency
    • UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
  • Date From
    • 1999
  • Date To
    • 2002
  • Title
    • SALT
  • Summary
    • Standards Based Access to Lexica & Terminology (€88,000) (IST 1999-10951)
  • Funding Agency
    • European Union Fifth Framework Programme on IT
  • Date From
    • 1999
  • Date To
    • 2001
  • Title
    • ACE
  • Summary
    • Analyst's Control Environment for Information Extraction and Prediction of Financial Markets (€200,000) (EU- ESPRIT 22271)
  • Funding Agency
    • European Union Fifth Framework Programme on IT
  • Date From
    • 1996
  • Date To
    • 1998
  • Title
    • INTERVAL
  • Summary
    • Interlinguistic Terminology Validation (€50,000) (EU- LE/ESPRIT 4002)
  • Funding Agency
    • European Union Fifth Framework Programme on IT
  • Date From
    • 1996
  • Date To
    • 1998
  • Title
    • POINTER
  • Summary
    • Proposals for an Operational Infrastructure for Terminology in Europe (€42,000) (EU- LRE 63090 10093)
  • Funding Agency
    • European Union Fifth Framework Programme on IT
  • Date From
    • 1995
  • Date To
    • 1995
  • Title
    • TRANSTERM
  • Summary
    • Translation & Terminology: Creation, reuse, normalisation & integration of terminologies in NLP systems (€90,000)
  • Date From
    • 93
  • Date To
    • 96
  • Title
    • TWB I & II
  • Summary
    • Translators' Workbench: Terminology and Translation Tools for the Translator (€979,000)
  • Date From
    • 1989/92
  • Date To
    • 1992/95
  • Title
    • MULTILEX
  • Summary
    • Multifunctional Lexica Specification of European Standards (€190,000)
  • Date From
    • 1990
  • Date To
    • 1993
  • Title
    • MULTILEX II
  • Summary
    • Electronic Publishing Tools for Dictionaries in MULTILEX Format (€51,000)
  • Date From
    • 1993
  • Date To
    • 1994
  • Title
    • SAFE-DIS
  • Summary
    • "Safe Design of networks by the use of Information Systems" (£115,000) EPSRC Project No. GR/H95235
  • Date From
    • 1993
  • Date To
    • 1996
  • Title
    • ELSIE: Expert Licensing System and Information Environment
  • Summary
    • (£100,000)
  • Date From
    • 1992
  • Date To
    • 1994
  • Title
    • W-RAISA
  • Summary
    • Water Resources Management Intelligent Assistant (W-RAISA) (£42,000)
  • Funding Agency
    • National Rivers Authority £42,000
  • Date From
    • 1990
  • Date To
    • 1991
  • Title
    • PLAIM
  • Summary
    • Expert System for Platform Lifetime Assessment through Analysis, Inspection and Maintenance, (£15,000)
  • Date From
    • 1988
  • Date To
    • 1989
  • Title
    • TESSA
  • Summary
    • Tolerance in Mechanical Design: Expert System for Specification and Analysis (£60,000)
  • Date From
    • 1986
  • Date To
    • 1988
  • Title
    • WIESC
  • Summary
    • Water Industry Expert Systems Club: .Expert systems for operational control and procedural planning (£300,000)
  • Title
    • WIFE
  • Summary
    • WASSP Intelligent Front-Ends for Simulation Programs (£18,000)
  • Funding Agency
    • Hydraulics Research Ltd, Wallingford, Oxon
  • Date From
    • 1985
  • Date To
    • 1987
  • Title
    • Teaching Co.Scheme Project
  • Summary
    • Workbench knowledge mining using AI and Neural Networks System. (with IML Ltd) (£160,000)
  • Funding Agency
    • EPSRC: Teaching Company Scheme
  • Date From
    • 1996
  • Date To
    • 1999
  • Title
    • LEXICIM
  • Summary
    • A multi-language lexicon of CIM terms for use in CIM environments (€17,000)
  • Funding Agency
    • ESPRIT-Neues Bundeslander Special Action
  • Date From
    • 1994
  • Date To
    • 1995
  • Title
    • EU-COMETT TECHWARE
  • Summary
    • Advanced IT in Urban Drainage (£12,000)
  • Funding Agency
    • EU-COMETT TECHWARE
  • Date From
    • 1990
  • Date To
    • 1993
  • Title
    • ITLS
  • Summary
    • Intelligent Teaching and Learning Systems for business students (£15,000)
  • Funding Agency
    • UK Computer Board
  • Date From
    • 1986
  • Date To
    • 1988
  • Title
    • (SoJOURN)
  • Summary
    • (£10,000)
  • Funding Agency
    • UK Eng. Industries Training Board & British Aerospace
  • Date From
    • 1985
  • Date To
    • 1986

Keywords

Artificial Intelligence/Cybernetics; Bayesian Inference; Behavioural Economics; behavioural Finance; Bioinformatics & Computational Biology Techniques; Business Cycles/Crises; Cognitive Development/Processes; cognitive linguistics; Computational and theoretical models of cognitive processes; Computer Vision and Image Processing; Content Based Video Analysis; Criminal Information Systems; Decision support tools; Econometric and statistical analysis; Econometrics/Forecasting; Expert Systems; Imaging and Computer Vision; Infant Psychology; Innovation and growth; Internet technologies; Knowledge Acquisition; Knowledge and data engineering; KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS; KNOWLEDGE BASES; KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING; Knowledge Management; Knowledge Representation; LANGUAGE ACQUISITION; Language Acquisition and Development; LANGUAGE DISORDER; Multimedia; Natural Language Programming; NEURAL COMPUTING; NEURAL DEVELOPMENT; NEURAL NETWORKS; Neurodegeneration; Neuroinformatics; Nuclear Physics; Pattern Recognition; Relativity; Statistical and simulation methodologies; Systems control, Modelling, Neural networks; Theoretical Physics

Recognition

Representations

Director, Treocht Ltd, A Trinity Spin-off Company 2009-2012

External Examiner for PhD theses at the Universities of Helsinki, Manchester, Nottingham-Trent, Sheffield and at Copenhagen Business School

Technical Director, InKE Ltd, Guildford 1994-96

Consultant, Advanced Mechanics and Engineering Ltd 1988-92

Consultant, the former UK National Rivers Authority 1994

UNDP/UN-FAO, Technology Transfer (TOKTEN) Consultant to the Planning Commission, Government of Pakistan 1985-1991

Member, nominated by the then DHSS, Surrey Family Practitioners' Committee 1986-1991

Awards and Honours

Fellow of the British Computer Society 2004

Fellow of Trinity College Dublin 2012

Memberships

Member & Chair, Prioritization Panel for Biologically Inspired Computing of the EPSRC(February & July 2004)

Member, UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council 's (EPSRC) College of Computing 2002 – 2009

Fellow, British Computer Society 2005