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Dr. Francis Ludlow
Assistant Professor, History

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Travis, Charles; Ludlow, Francis; Matthews, Al; Lougheed, Kevin; Rankin, Kieran; Allaire, Bernard; Legg, Robert; Hayes, Patrick; Nicholls, John; Towns, Lydia; Holm, Poul, Inventing the Grand Banks: A Deep Chart. Humanities GIS, Cartesian and Literary Perceptions of the North-West Atlantic Fishery ca 1500-1800, Geo: Geography and Environment, 2019, p1-42 Journal Article, 2019

Medieval History, Explosive Volcanism,and the Geoengineering Debate in, editor(s)Chris Jones, Conor Kostick & Klaus Oschema , Making the Medieval Relevant, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2019, pp45 - 98, [Conor Kostick & Francis Ludlow] Book Chapter, 2019

Poul Holm; Francis Ludlow Cordula Scherer Charles Travis Bernard Allaire Cristina Brito Patrick W. Hayes Al Matthews Kieran J. Rankin Richard J. Breen Robert Legg Kevin Lougheed John Nicholls, The North Atlantic Fish Revolution, c. AD 1500. Hypotheses, methodologies, and ways forward, Quaternary Research, 2019, p1-38 Journal Article, 2019 DOI

Climate, Debt and Conflict: Environmental History as a New Direction in Understanding Early Modern Ireland in, editor(s)Sarah Covington, Vincent Carey, Valerie McGowan-Doyle , Early Modern Ireland: New Sources, Methods, and Directions, London, Routledge, 2018, pp200-230 , [Francis Ludlow, Arlene Crampsie] Book Chapter, 2018 URL

Agrarian Change and Agricultural Development in, editor(s)Hilary Callan , The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2018, [Samara Brock, Alder S. Keleman, Francis Ludlow, Amy Johnson, Michael R. Dove] Book Chapter, 2018 DOI URL

STEAM Approaches to Climate Change, Extreme Weather and Social-Political Conflict in, editor(s)Armida de la Garza Charles Travis , The STEAM Revolution: Transdisciplinary Approaches to Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Humanities and Mathematics, New York, Springer, 2018, pp33 - 65, [Francis Ludlow, Charles Travis] Book Chapter, 2018 URL DOI

Environmental History of Ireland, 1550-1730 in, editor(s)Jane Ohlmeyer , Cambridge History of Ireland: Volume 2, Early Modern Ireland, 1550-1730, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2018, pp608 - 637, [Francis Ludlow, Arlene Crampsie] Book Chapter, 2018 DOI URL

Ludlow, F., Volcanology: Chronicling a Medieval Eruption, Nature Geoscience, 10, (2), 2017, p77 - 78 Journal Article, 2017 URL DOI

Lauren Baker, Samara Brock, Luisa Cortesi, Aysen Eren, Chris Hebdon, Francis Ludlow, Jeffrey Stoike, Michael R. Dove, Mainstreaming Morality: An Examination of Moral Ecologies as a Form of Resistance, Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature, and Culture, 11, (1), 2017, p23 - 55 Journal Article, 2017 DOI URL

Joseph G. Manning, Francis Ludlow, Alexander R. Stine, William Boos, Michael Sigl, Jennifer Marlon, Volcanic Suppression of Nile Summer Flooding Triggers Revolt and Constrains Interstate Conflict in Ancient Egypt, Nature Communications, 8, 2017, pArticle Number: 900 Journal Article, 2017 TARA - Full Text DOI URL

Indigenous Agriculture and the Politics of Knowledge in, editor(s)P. Sillitoe , Indigenous Knowledge: Enhancing its Contribution to Natural Resources Management, Cambridge & Wallingford, CABI Publishing, 2017, pp203 - 217, [Alder Keleman, Samara Brock, Luisa Cortesi, Chris Hebdon, Amy Johnson, Francis Ludlow, Michael R. Dove] Book Chapter, 2017 URL

Ludlow, F., Baker, L., Brock, S., Hebdon, C. and Dove, M. R. , The Double Binds of Indigeneity and Indigenous Resistance, Humanities, 5, (3), 2016 Journal Article, 2016 DOI TARA - Full Text URL

Gao, C., Ludlow, F., Amir, O. and Kostick, C., Reconciling Multiple Ice-Core Volcanic Histories: The Potential of Tree-Ring and Documentary Evidence, 670-730 CE, Quaternary International, 394, 2016, p180 - 193 Journal Article, 2016 URL DOI

Pedagogy and Climate Change in, editor(s)Susan A. Crate, Mark Nuttall , Anthropology and Climate Change: From Actions to Transformations, London, Routledge, 2016, pp388 - 398, [Chris Hebdon, Myles Lennon, Francis Ludlow, Amy Zhang, Michael R. Dove] Book Chapter, 2016 URL

Revolts under the Ptolemies: A Paleoclimatic Perspective in, editor(s)John J. Collins, Joseph G. Manning , Revolt and Resistance in the Ancient Classical World and the Near East: The Crucible of Empire, Leiden, Brill, 2016, pp154 - 171, [Francis Ludlow, Joseph G. Manning] Book Chapter, 2016 URL

Arlene Crampsie, Francis Ludlow, Meath History & Society: Interdisciplinary Essays on the History of an Irish County, 1st, Dublin, Geography Publications, 2015, 1 - 999pp Book, 2015 URL

Conor Kostick, Francis Ludlow, The Dating of Volcanic Events and their Impacts upon European Climate and Society, 400-800 CE, European Journal of Post-Classical Archaeologies, 5, 2015, p7 - 30 Journal Article, 2015 TARA - Full Text URL URL

Sigl, M., Winstrup, M., McConnell, J.R., Welten, K.C., Plunkett, G., Ludlow, F., Büntgen, U., Caffee, M., Chellman, N., Dahl-Jensen, D., Fischer, H., Kipfstuhl, S., Kostick, C., Maselli, O.J., Mekhaldi, F., Mulvaney, R., Muscheler, R., Pasteri, D.R., Pilcher, J.R., Salzer, M., Schüpbach, S., Steffensen, J.P., Vinther, B., Woodruff, T.E. , Timing and Climate Forcing of Volcanic Eruptions during the Past 2,500 Years, Nature, 523, 2015, p543 - 549 Journal Article, 2015 URL DOI

Naming the Land: Mapping the Meath Field Names Project in, editor(s)Arlene Crampsie, Francis Ludlow , Meath History & Society: Interdisciplinary Essays on the History of an Irish County, Dublin, Geography Publications, 2015, pp481 - 522, [Joan Mullen, Francis Ludlow] Book Chapter, 2015 URL

Michael Sigl, Joseph R. McConnell, Matthew Toohey, Gill Plunkett, Francis Ludlow, M. Winstrup, S. Kipfstuhl, Y. Motizuki, The History of Volcanic Eruptions since Roman Times, Past Global Changes Magazine, 25, (2), 2015, p48 - 49 Journal Article, 2015 DOI TARA - Full Text URL

Natural and Human Landscapes of Meath: A Photographic Essay in, editor(s)Arlene Crampsie, Francis Ludlow , Meath History & Society: Interdisciplinary Essays on the History of an Irish County, Dublin, Geography Publications, 2015, pp481 - 522, [Brianan Ludlow, Francis Ludlow] Book Chapter, 2015 URL

Adelman, J., Ludlow, F., The Past, Present and Future of Irish Environmental History, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 114C, (7), 2014, p359 - 391 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

Usoskin, I. G., Kromer, B., Ludlow, F., Beer, J., Friedrich, M., Kovaltsov, G. A., Solanki, S. K. and Wacker, L. , The AD775 Cosmic Event Revisited: The Sun is to Blame, Astronomy & Astrophysics, 553, 2013 Journal Article, 2013 DOI URL TARA - Full Text

Francis Ludlow, Alexander R Stine, Paul Leahy, Enda Murphy, Paul A Mayewski, David Taylor, James Killen, Michael G L Baillie, Mark Hennessy and Gerard Kiely, Medieval Irish chronicles reveal persistent volcanic forcing of severe winter cold events, 431 - 1649 CE, Environmental Research Letters, 8, 2013, p024035 Journal Article, 2013 TARA - Full Text URL DOI

Francis Ludlow, Juliana Adelman & Poul Holm, Environmental History in Ireland , Environment and History, (19), 2013, p247-252- Journal Article, 2013 DOI URL TARA - Full Text

Assessing Non-Climatic Influences on the Record of Extreme Weather Events in the Irish Annals in, editor(s)Patrick J. Duffy William Nolan , At the Anvil: Essays in Honour of William J. Smyth., Dublin, Geography Publications, 2012, pp93 - 133, [Francis Ludlow] Book Chapter, 2012 URL

"Doing it in Style": The Narrative Rules of Time Travel in the Back to the Future Trilogy in, editor(s)Sorcha Ni Fhlainn , The Worlds of Back to the Future: Critical Essays on the Films, London, McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2010, pp232 - 254, [Jennifer Harwood-Smith, Francis Ludlow] Book Chapter, 2010 URL URL

Gerard Kiely, Paul Leahy, Francis Ludlow, Bettina Stefanini, Eileen Reilly, Michael Monk, Jason Harris, Extreme Weather, Climate and Natural Disasters in Ireland, Synthesis Report, Climate Change Research Programme (CCRP) 2007-2013., 5, Johnstown Castle, Wexford, Environmental Protection Agency, 2010, p1 - 34 Report, 2010 URL TARA - Full Text

Francis Ludlow, Three Hundred Years of Weather Extremes from the Annals of Connacht, Journal of Postgraduate Research [Now: Trinity Postgraduate Review], 5, 2006, p46 - 65 Journal Article, 2006 TARA - Full Text URL

Francis Ludlow, Interpretation of Celestial and Environmental Phenomena in the Irish Annals, Atlas: Journal of the Dublin University Geographical Society, 10, 2005, p48 - 60 Journal Article, 2005 TARA - Full Text

Francis Ludlow, A Surprisingly Useful Source of Information about Ireland's Past Climate - the Irish Annals", Geographical Viewpoint, 33, 2005, p26 - 33 Journal Article, 2005

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Matthew Toohey, Michael Sigl, Francis Ludlow, Allegra N. LeGrande, Kevin J. Anchukaitis, Volcanic Impacts on Climate and Society Working Group, Past Global Changes Magazine, 24, (1), 2016, p29 Journal Article, 2016 DOI URL TARA - Full Text

Matthew Toohey, Francis Ludlow, Allegra LeGrande, How did Climate and Humans Respond to Past Volcanic Eruptions?, Eos: Earth & Space Science News, 97, 2016 Journal Article, 2016 DOI URL

Matthew Toohey, Francis Ludlow, Allegra LeGrande, Kevin J. Anchukaitis, Michael Sigl, Interdisciplinary Views on the Impacts of Volcanic Eruptions: From Global to Personal, Past Global Changes Magazine, 24, (2), 2016, p78 Journal Article, 2016 TARA - Full Text URL DOI

Research Expertise


  • Title
    • Historical Dynamics of Violence, Conflict and Extreme Weather in Medieval Ireland
  • Summary
    • The goal of this project is to investigate the role of climate in the occurrence of violence and conflict in medieval Ireland, examining the complex pathways connecting climatic shocks (such as extreme weather) to violence and conflict, and the means by which medieval society responded and achieved (or failed to achieve) resilience to these shocks. The Irish Annals, together with information from natural archives such as tree-rings and ice-cores, provide a rich source for such research, revealing the pressures that extreme weather could place upon society, as well as the coping mechanisms employed to restore order.
  • Funding Agency
    • Horizon 2020
  • Date From
    • 01 March 2016
  • Date To
    • 28 February 2018


Climate History; environmental history; Historical Climatology



Research Affiliate, Center for Geographic Analysis, Harvard University 2012 – 2013

Visiting Scholar, Initiative for the Science of the Human Past (SoHP), Harvard University 2011 – 2013

Visiting Scholar, MacMillan Center, Genocide Studies Program, Yale University 2014 – 2015

Honourary Adjunct Assistant Professor, Trinity Long Room Hub, Trinity College Dublin 2014 – 2016

Research Associate, Trinity Long Room Hub, Trinity College Dublin 2011 – 2013

Member of the Agricultural History Society of Ireland (AHSI) 2014 – Present

Member of the Forum for Medieval & Renaissance Studies in Ireland (FMRSI) 2012 – Present

Member of the European Society for Environmental History (ESEH) 2010 – Present

Member of the Quaternary Research Association (QRA) 2010 – Present

Member of the Economic and Social History Society of Ireland (ESHSI) 2010 – Present

Member of the Irish Meteorological Society (IMS) 2009 – Present

Member of the Climate History Network (CHN) 2012 – Present

Co-founder, with Profs. Poul Holm and David Dickson, Convener & Co-Convener of the Irish Environmental History Network (IEHN) 2009 – Present

Member of the Irish Quaternary Association (IQUA) 2006 – Present

Member of the Geographical Society of Ireland (GSI) 2006 – Present

Member of the Medieval Chronicle Society 2011 – Present

Visiting Scholar, Dendrochronology Laboratory, Queen's University Belfast, September to October, 2006 and again, December to January 2011-2012 2006 – 2012