Research proposed by postgraduate students must comply with the School's Ethics Policy. Research students should discuss possible ethical implications of their research plans as early as possible and supervisors are obliged to advice research students about potential ethical issues in the early stages of the postgraduate trajectory. It is the responsibility of the PhD student and her supervisor to familiarise themselves with the School of Social Sciences and Philosophy's Ethics Policy. Students and their supervisors have to secure ethical approval for their research project, if needed, before their status as PhD students can be confirmed. For this purpose, students and their supervisors have to complete the research ethics checklist which has to be signed off by the Departmental ethics officer, Dr Peter Muhlau (firstname.lastname@example.org) to assess the need for a certificate of ethical approval by the school.