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*trainee in the Farmer laboratory

*Huttenlocker, A and C.G. Farmer. 2017. Bone microvasculature tracks red blood cell size diminution in Triassic mammal and dinosaur forerunners.  Current Biology 27(1):48-54.

Farmer, C.G.  Pulmonary Transformations of Vertebrates. In, The Biology of the Avian Respiratory System: Evolution, Development, Structure and Function. J. Maina, editor. Springer. In press.

*Cieri, R., C.G. Farmer.  2016.  Unidirectional pulmonary airflow in vertebrates: Structure, function, evolution.  Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B:1-12 doi:10.1007/s00360-016-0983-3

Farmer, C.G. 2016. A lizard that generates heat. Nature 529(7587):470-472.

Farmer, C.G. 2016. Hot-blooded lizard illuminates endothermy origins. Journal of Experimental Biology 219:908-911.

Farmer, C.G. 2015.  Unidirectional flow in lizard lungs: a paradigm shift in our understanding of lung evolution in Diapsida. Zoology 118(5):299-301 doi:10.1016/j.zool.2015.06.001.

Farmer, C.G. 2015.  Similarity of crocodilian and avian lungs indicates unidirectional flow is ancestral for archosaurs.  Integrative and Comparative Biology 55(6):962-971 (cover) doi:10.1093/icb/icv078.

Famer, C.G. 2015. The evolution of unidirectional pulmonary airflow. Physiology 30(4):260-272.  doi: 10.1152

Riede, T., L. Zhiheng, I.T. Tokuda, C.G. Farmer.  2015. Functional morphology of the Alligator mississippiensis larynx with implications for vocal production.  Journal of Experimental Biology 218:991-998.

*Cieri, R., Craven, B., *Schachner, E., Farmer, C.G.  2014.  New insight into the evolution of the vertebrate respiratory system and the discovery of unidirectional airflow in iguana lungs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111(48): 17218-17223.

*Schachner, E.R., *Cieri, R. Butler, J., Farmer, C.G.  2014.  Unidirectional pulmonary airflow patterns in the savannah monitor lizard. Nature 506(7488): 367-370.

*Schachner, E.R., Hutchinson, J.R. and C.G. Farmer. 2013. Pulmonary anatomy in the Nile crocodile and the evolution of unidirectional airflow in Archosauria. PeerJ

Sanders, K and C.G. Farmer.  2012.  The pulmonary anatomy of Alligator mississippiensis and its similarity to the avian respiratory system.  Anatomical Record 295(4):699-714. 

Farmer, C.G. 2011. On the Evolution of Vascular Patterns of Tetrapods.  Journal of Morphology 272(11):1325-1341.

Reide, T., I.T. Tokuda, C.G. Farmer.  2011. Subglottal pressure and fundamental frequency control in contact calls of juvenile Alligator mississippiensis. Journal of Experimental Biology214: 3082- 3095 (cover).

*Schachner, E.R., C.G. Farmer, A.T. McDonald, P.Dodson. 2011.  Evolution of the dinosauriform respiratory apparatus: new evidence from the postcranial axial skeleton.  Anatomical Record 294: 1532-1547.

Farmer, CG and K Sanders. 2010.  Unidirectional airflow in the lungs of alligators. Science 327B(5963): 338-340.

Farmer, CG. 2010. The provenance of the alveolar and parabronchial lungs: Insights from paleoecology and the discovery of cardiogenic, unidirectional airflow in the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 83(4): 561-575 (cover).

Torday, J.S., Powell, F.L., Farmer, CG, Orgeig, S., Nielsen, H.C., Hall, A.J. 2010. Leptin integrates vertebrate evolution: From oxygen to the blood-gas barrier. Respiration Physiology and Neurobiology 173S: S37-S42.

*Uriona, TJ, *Lyon, M., Farmer, CG.  2009.  The importance of the diaphragmaticus to dive-time in the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis).   Zoology 112 (4): 263-269. 

*Uriona, T.J., and CG Farmer.  2008.  Recruitment of the diaphragmaticus, ischiopubis, and other respiratory muscles to control pitch and roll in the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis).  Journal of Experimental Biology 211(7):1141-1147 (cover).

Farmer, CG, *T.J. Uriona, *M. Steenblik, D. Olsen, K. Sanders.  2008. The right-to-left shunt of crocodilians serves digestion. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 81 (2):125–137, (cover).

*Chan, B.K., Peterson, A.L., CG Farmer.  2007.  Predation of Dendrobates auratus larvae by Phelsuma laticauda. Herpetological Review 38 (3): 321-322.

*Uriona, T.J. and CG Farmer. 2006.  Contribution of the diaphragmaticus muscle to vital capacity in postprandial American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis).  Journal of Experimental Biology 209 (21): 4313-4318.

Farmer, CG.  2006.  On the Origin of Avian Air Sacs.  Respiration Physiology and Neurobiology 154:89-106.

*Uriona, T.J., CG. Farmer, J. *Dazely, F. Clayton, J. Moore. 2005.  Structure and function of the esophagus of the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis). Journal of Experimental Biology 208:3047-3053.

Farmer, CG. 2003.  Reproduction: the adaptive significance of endothermy.  American Naturalist 162(6):826-840.

Farmer, CG. and J.W. Hicks. 2002. The intracardiac shunt as a source of myocardial oxygen in a turtle, Trachemys scriptaIntegrative and Comparative Biology 42(2):208-215.

Farmer, CG. 2001. Parental care: A new perspective on the origin of endothermy.  Pp. 389-412, In J.A. Gauthier and L.F. Gall, eds., New Perspectives on the Origin and Early Evolution of Birds: Proceedings of the International Symposium in Honor of John H. Ostrom.  Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University.

Carrier, D.R. and CG. Farmer. 2000. The evolution of pelvic aspiration in archosaurs.  Paleobiology 26(2):271-293.

Carrier, D.R. and CG. Farmer.  2000. The integration of ventilation and locomotion in archosaurs. American Zoologist 40(1):87-100.

Farmer, CG. 2000. Parental Care: The key to understanding endothermy and other convergent features in birds and mammal.  American Naturalist 155 (3): 326-334.

Farmer, CG. and D.R. Carrier. 2000. Pelvic aspiration in the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis).  Journal of Experimental Biology 203:1671-1678.

Farmer, CG. and D.R. Carrier. 2000. Respiration and gas exchange during recovery in alligators.  Respiration Physiology 120(1):81-87.

Farmer, CG. and D.R. Carrier. 2000. Ventilation and gas exchange during treadmill-locomotion in the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis).  Journal of Experimental Biology 203:1679-1687.

Farmer, CG. and J.W. Hicks. 2000. Circulatory impairment induced by exercise in the lizard Iguana iguanaJournal of Experimental Biology 203: 2691-2697.        

Farmer, CG. 1999. The evolution of the vertebrate cardio-pulmonary system. Annual Review of Physiology 61:573-592

Hicks, J.W. and CG. Farmer. 1999. Gas exchange potential in reptilian lungs: implications for the dinosaur-avian connection.  Respiration Physiology 117(2-3): 73-83

Janis, C.M. and CG. Farmer. 1999. Proposed habitats of early tetrapods: Were all Devonian forms aquatic? Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 126 (1):117-126

Owerkowicz, T., CG. Farmer, J.W. Hicks, and E.L. Brainerd. 1999. Contribution of the gular pump to ventilation.  Science 284:1661-1663

Farmer, CG. and D.C. Jackson. 1998. Air-breathing during activity in the fishes Amia calva and Lepisosteus oculatus. Journal of Experimental Biology 201:943-948.

Hicks, J.W and CG. Farmer. 1998. Lung ventilation and gas exchange in theropod dinosaurs. Science 281:45-46

Farmer, C. 1997. Did lungs and the intracardiac shunt evolve to oxygenate the heart in vertebrates? Paleobiology  23(3):358-72

Simons, A.D., D.R. Carrier, C. Farmer, and C. Gregerson. 1997. Lack of locomotor-cardiac coupling in trotting dogs. American Journal of Physiology 273(4 part 2):R1352-R60


Publications of data sets 

*Schachner ER, *Cieri RL, Butler JP, Farmer CG (2013) Data from: Unidirectional pulmonary airflow patterns in the savannah monitor lizard. Dryad Digital Repository.

*Schachner, E.R., Hutchinson, J.R. and CG Farmer. 2013.  PeerJ.  Pulmonary anatomy in the Nile crocodile and the evolution of unidirectional airflow in Archosauria.  Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi:10.5061/dryad.h702r

Selected Honors, Grants, and Publications of Farmer Lab Trainees (not previously listed).  Graduate students (bold), undergraduate students (italics), and postdoctoral fellows (bold italic):

2014  Neumeyer, C.H., Farmer, C.G.  Computing body mass from skeletons using photogrammetric models.  Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology: P1.210
2013 National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Research Fellowship in Biology awarded to Adam Huttenlocker to work on characterizing the vascular tree in the long bones of vertebrates.
2013 National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship awarded to Robert Cieri to work on patterns of airflow in the lungs of monitor lizards
2012 Bell, A. and Farmer, CG.  The effects of atmospheric gas concentrations on the development of the avian lung.  The University of Utah Undergraduate Research Abstracts 12: 64.
2012 Lassen, K., Taylor, E., Schachner, E., Farmer, CG.  Variation in hindlimb muscle attachment sites in Alligator mississippiensis. University of Utah Undergraduate Research Abstracts
2012 Postdoctoral fellowship ($20,000) awarded to Dr. E. Schachner by the American Association of Anatomists based on research being done in the Farmer lab.
2011 Bain, D., J. Araneo-Yowell, CG Farmer.  Preferred body temperature in alligators exposed to DDE (Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane).  The University of Utah Undergraduate Research Abstracts 11: 7.
2011 Barlow, J., T. J. Uriona, CG Farmer.  Contribution of the diaphragmaticus muscle to ventilation in American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) during an active state. The University of Utah Undergraduate Research Abstracts 11: 8.
2011 Hanson BY, Bell AW, Cipriani MA, Schachner ER, Farmer CG.  Environmentally induced phenotypic plasticity in the Japanese Quail (Coturnix corturnix japonica) and its impact on avian evolution. Society Vertebr Paleontol.
2011 Araneo-Yowell J,  Miller M,  Farmer CG. The visual learning ability and effect of temperature on the spatial learning ability of juvenile alligators. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology P2.44.
2011 Minear KJ,  Kurnath P, Farmer CG,  Schachner E. Pulmonary development in American alligator, Alligator mississippiensis. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology P1.60.
2009 Farmer, CG, D. Blatter, B. Lui, D. Stone, B. Wyatt, L. Erickson, C. Davis. "Was the blood gas barrier a constraint on activity metabolism and thereby body size in Mesozoic mammals?"  International Congress of Respiratory Science.
2008 Uriona, TJ and Farmer, C.G.  Examining the role of the diaphragm muscle in American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) and African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) in aquatic locomotion.  TJ Uriona gave an oral presentation at the annual meeting for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology.
2008 Uriona, TJ, M. Lyon, and Farmer, C.G.  The importance of the diaphragm muscle to dive time in American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis).  M. Lyon presented a poster at the annual meeting for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology.
2006 Uriona, TJ and Farmer, C.G. Contribution of the diaphragmaticus muscle to vital capacity in postprandial American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis). Honorable Mention at the First International Congress of Respiratory Biology, Bonn, Germany. Pg. 99.
2006 Broderick, M. and Farmer, CG. An Investigation of Growth Strategies Utilizing American Alligator Growth Rate Data.  20th National Conference on Undergraduate Research 6: 119.
2006 Faisal A., Jones, C.R., Chillson, M., Farmer, CG. Thermoregulation in the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis).  20th National Conference on Undergraduate Research 6: 7-8.
2005  Uriona, TJ.  Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD)fellowship to study pulmonary morphology of archosaurs in Bonn, Germany.
2003 Baxter; N.B., Dazley, J.S., Savage, C., Farmer, C.G. Apparent Assimilation Efficiency of Various Diets of Juvenile American Alligators, Alligator mississippiensis. Integrative and Comparative Biology: 43:P2.112.
2003  Dazley, J.  2003.  The structure and function of the esophagus of the American alligator.  17th National Conference on Undergraduate Research: P216.
2003 Dazley, J.S., C. Farmer, J. Moore, F. Clayton. Structure and Function of the Esophagus in the American alligator.  University of Utah Undergraduate Research.  UROP 3: 31.
2003 Dazley, J.S., Farmer, C.G., Moore, J, Clayton, F.  Esophageal Structure and Function in the American alligator. Integrative and Comparative Biology: 43:P2.80.
2003 Uriona, T.J. Effect of Blood Flow on the Drive to Breathe during Exercise. 17th National Conference on Undergraduate Research: P234.
2003 Uriona, TJ.  BioURP MiniGrant for undergraduate research
2002 Uriona, TJ.  Pfizer SURF grant for Research.
2002 Uriona, TJ  Pfizer Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship Awardee in Biology (COMBO)