HIU34035-36 Empire and Environment in Russia from Peter I to Gorbachev I and II
- Module Coordinator:
- Dr Katja Bruisch
- All year
- Contact Hours:
- 3 hours per week
- 20 ECTS
- Michaelmas term source analysis 40%, essay 60%; Hilary term essay 50%, exam 50%.
We will study how political, social and environmental developments interacted in Eurasia over the past three hundred years. Using translated primary sources, we will follow explorers, hunters and animals through the spaces of the expanding Russian Empire; we will examine how the extraction of resources and the construction of infrastructure served the interests of social elites and transformed local environments; and we will look at how the population of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union enacted and responded to changes in their environment. Topics include the Russian conquest of the Far East, Crimea and Central Asia; hunting and extinction; natural resources during the 1917 Russian Revolution; the famine in Ukraine and Kazakhstan during the early 1930s; the exploitation of labour and nature in the GULAG; the Virgin Land Campaign; Cold War environmental diplomacy; environmental disaster and the end of the Soviet Union (Chernobyl, Aral Sea).