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Ciaran Simms
Associate Professor, Mechanical & Manuf. Eng

Biography

Ciaran Simms, BA, BAI, PhD, FTCD, MIEI is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering at Trinity College Dublin. He is a Principal Investigator in the Centre for Bioengineering at Trinity College Dublin and also a Fellow of Trinity College Dublin. He is President of the International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury and the Soft Tissue Editor for the Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. Prior to working at Trinity College Dublin he held research engineer positions with TNO Automotive in Delft and Detroit and with Denis Wood Associates in Dublin.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Tierney G.J, Joodaki H, Krosshaug T, Forman J.L, Crandall J.R, Simms C.K, Assessment of model-based image-matching for future reconstruction of unhelmeted sport head impact kinematics, Sports Biomechanics , 2017, p1- Journal Article, 2017 DOI URL

Simms CK, Passive Mechanical Behaviour of skeletal muscle and connective tissue, Euromech conference on novel tissue testing methods, Warburg, 12-16 Feb, 2017 Meeting Abstract, 2017

Cooney G.M, Lake S.P, Thompson D.M, Castile R.M, Winter D.C, Simms C.K, The suture pullout characteristics of human and porcine linea alba, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 68, 2017, p103 - 114 Journal Article, 2017 DOI URL

Kiernan D, Malone A, O'Brien T, Simms C.K, Three-dimensional lumbar segment movement characteristics during paediatric cerebral palsy gait, Gait and Posture, 53, 2017, p41 - 47 Journal Article, 2017 URL DOI

Li G, Yang J, Simms C, Safer passenger car front shapes for pedestrians: A computational approach to reduce overall pedestrian injury risk in realistic impact scenarios, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 100, 2017, p97 - 110 Journal Article, 2017 URL DOI

Mohammadkhah M, Simms C.K, Murphy P, Visualisation of Collagen in fixed skeletal muscle tissue using fluorescently tagged Collagen binding protein CNA35, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 66, 2017, p37 - 44 Journal Article, 2017 URL DOI

Simms C, Kilroy H, Blackburn G, Takaza M, The influence of physical dimension on apparent stress-strain behaviour of in vitro passive skeletal muscle samples, Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, 52, (1), 2017, p3 - 11 Journal Article, 2017 URL DOI

Li G, Lyons M, Wang B, Yang J, Otte D, Simms C, The influence of passenger car front shape on pedestrian injury risk observed from German in-depth accident data, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 101, 2017, p11 - 21 Journal Article, 2017 URL DOI

Kiernan D, Malone A, O'Brien T, Simms C.K, "Children with cerebral palsy experience greater levels of loading at the low back during gait compared to healthy controls", Gait and Posture, 48, 2016, p249 - 255 Journal Article, 2016 DOI URL

Li G, Yang J, Simms C, A virtual test system representing the distribution of pedestrian impact configurations for future vehicle front-end optimization, Traffic Injury Prevention, 17, (5), 2016, p515 - 523 Journal Article, 2016 URL DOI

Tierney G.J, Lawler J, Denvir K, McQuilkin K, Simms C.K, Risks associated with significant head impact events in elite rugby union, Brain Injury , 30, (11), 2016, p1350-1361 Journal Article, 2016 DOI URL

Mohammadkhah M, Murphy P, Simms C.K, The in vitro passive elastic response of chicken pectoralis muscle to applied tensile and compressive deformation, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 62, 2016, p468 - 480 Journal Article, 2016 URL DOI

Li G, Otte D, Yang J, Simms CK, Pedestrian injury trends evaluated by comparison of the PCDS and GIDAS databases, IRCOBI Asia, Seoul, Korea, April 2016, 2016 Meeting Abstract, 2016

Young C, Tiernan J, Bertocci G, Simms C, A model of a wheelchair head restraint to reduce the risk of whiplash, 2016 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, 2016, 2016, pp424 - 425 Conference Paper, 2016 URL

Montgomery C, Blackburn J, Withers D, Tierney G, Moran C, Simms C, Mechanisms of ACL injury in professional rugby union: A systematic video analysis of 36 cases, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2016, p1-9 Journal Article, 2016 URL DOI

Abraham, N., Ghosh, B., Simms, C., Thomson, R., & Amato, G., Assessment of the impact speed and angle conditions for the EN1317 barrier tests, International Journal of Crashworthiness, 21, (3), 2016, p211-221 Journal Article, 2016

Barry F, Simms C, Assessment of head-ground impact patterns in real world pedestrian-vehicle collisions, 2016 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, 2016, 2016, pp509 - 511 Conference Paper, 2016 URL

Li G, Otte D, Yang J, Simms C, Can a small number of pedestrian impact scenarios represent the range of real-world pedestrian injuries?, 2016 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, 2016, 2016, pp20 - 34 Conference Paper, 2016 URL

Cooney GM, Winter DC, Simms CK, Optimising suture-based wound closure using a surrogate abdominal rig, Bioengineering in Ireland, Galway, 2016 Meeting Abstract, 2016

Dockrell, S. Simms, C. Blake, C., Guidelines on schoolbag use: Messaging to inform the stakeholders, WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, 54, 2016, p489 - 492 Journal Article, 2016 DOI

Dockrell, S. Blake, C. Simms, C., Guidelines for schoolbag carriage: An appraisal of safe load limits for schoolbag weight and duration of carriage, WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, 53, 2016, p679 - 688 Journal Article, 2016 DOI

Cooney G.M, Lake S.P, Thompson D.M, Castile R.M, Winter D.C, Simms C.K, Uniaxial and biaxial tensile stress-stretch response of human linea alba, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 63, 2016, p134 - 140 Journal Article, 2016 URL DOI

Moerman K.M, Simms C.K, Nagel T, Control of tension-compression asymmetry in Ogden hyperelasticity with application to soft tissue modelling, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 56, 2016, p218 - 228 Journal Article, 2016 URL DOI

Paden B.E, Kelly P.M, Hines J.A, Bothman D, Simms C, On the feasibility of life-saving locomotive bumpers, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 89, 2016, p103 - 110 Journal Article, 2016 DOI URL

Abraham N, Ghosh B, Simms C, Thomson R, Amato G, Assessment of the impact speed and angle conditions for the EN1317 barrier tests, International Journal of Crashworthiness , 21, (3), 2016, p211-221 Journal Article, 2016 URL DOI

Tierney G.J, Lawler J, Simms C.K, Upper and lower body tackles in rugby union: The effect on head kinematics, 2016 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, 2016, 2016, pp381 - 382 Conference Paper, 2016 URL

Lyons M, Mohan H, Winter D.C, Simms C.K, Biomechanical abdominal wall model applied to hernia repair, British Journal of Surgery, 102, (2), 2015 Journal Article, 2015 URL DOI

Crocetta G, Piantini S, Pierini M, Simms C, The influence of vehicle front-end design on pedestrian ground impact, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 79, 2015, p56 - 69 Journal Article, 2015 URL DOI

Kiernan D, Malone A, O'Brien T, Simms CK, Trunk kinematics and lower lumbar spinal loading during paediatric cerebral palsy gait, Gait & Posture, 2015 Meeting Abstract, 2015

Cooney GM, Winter DC, Simms CK, The suture pullout characteristics of porcine linea alba, Bioengineering in Ireland, Maynooth, 2015 Meeting Abstract, 2015

Amato, G., O'Brien, F., Ghosh, B., & Simms, C. , Gabions: evaluation of potential as low-cost roadside barriers, International Journal of Crashworthiness, 20, (1), 2015, p12-26 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Kiernan D, Malone A, O'Brien T, Simms CK, The clinical impact of hip joint centre regression equation error on kinematics and kinetics during paediatric gait., Gait & posture, 41, (1), 2015, p175-9 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials , 41, 1, (2015), Simms CK, [eds.] Journal, 2015

Huang Y, Takaza M, Simms, CK, Dynamics characterisation of passive porcine skeletal muscle using impact hammer: inline responses, 2015 Conference Paper, 2015

Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials - sp issue on injury biomechanics, 41, 1, (2015), Simms CK, [eds.] Journal, 2015

Harrington P, Bertocci G, Simms C.K, Comparison of novel wheelchair occupant restraint with standard occupant restraints for occupants travelling in transportation, 2015 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, 2015, 2015, pp352 - 353 Conference Paper, 2015 URL

Nishimura N, Simms C.K, Wood D.P, Impact characteristics of a vehicle population in low speed front to rear collisions, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 79, 2015, p1 - 12 Journal Article, 2015 URL DOI

Kiernan D, Malone A, O'Brien T, Simms C.K, A quantitative comparison of two kinematic protocols for lumbar segment motion during gait, Gait and Posture, 41, (2), 2015, p699 - 705 Journal Article, 2015 URL DOI

Li G, Yang J, Simms C, A fitness function for vehicle front optimisation for pedestrian protection, accounting for real-world collision configurations, 2015 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, 2015, 2015, pp398 - 400 Conference Paper, 2015 URL

Cooney,Gerard Michael., Moerman,Kevin M., Takaza,Michael , Winter,Desmond Colm, Simms,C. K. , Uniaxial and biaxial mechanical properties of porcine linea alba, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 41, 2015, p68-82 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Cooney GM, Winter DC, Simms CK, The suture pullout characteristics of porcine linea alba, European Society of Biomechanics, Prague , 2015 Meeting Abstract, 2015

Li G, Yang J, Simms C, The influence of gait stance on pedestrian lower limb injury risk, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 85, 2015, p83 - 92 Journal Article, 2015 DOI URL

Sara Dockrell, Ciaran Simms, Catherine Blake, Schoolbag carriage and schoolbag-related musculoskeletal discomfort among primary school children, Applied Ergonomics, 51, 2015, p281 - 290 Journal Article, 2015

Pedestrian injury biomechanics and protection in, 2015, pp721 - 753, [Simms C.K, Wood D, Fredriksson R] Book Chapter, 2015 DOI URL

Kiernan D, Walsh M, O'Sullivan R, O'Brien T, Simms CK,, The Influence of Estimated Body Segment Parameters on Predicted Joint Kinetics during Diplegic Cerebral Palsy Gait, Journal of Biomechanics, 47, (1), 2014, p284-288 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

Takaza M, Cooney GM, McManus G, Stafford P, Simms CK, Assessing the microstructural response to applied deformation in porcine passive skeletal muscle., Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 40, 2014, p115-26 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

Takaza M, McManus G, Stafford P, Simms CK, Microscopic analysis of muscle tissue that has been subjected to large deformation, Bioengineering in Ireland, Limerick, 2014 Meeting Abstract, 2014

Lyons M, Winter D, Simms CK, Mechanical characterisation of porcine rectus sheath under uniaxial and biaxial tension, Journal of Biomechanics, 7, (8), 2014, p1876-84 Journal Article, 2014 DOI TARA - Full Text

Cooney G and Simms CK, Uniaxial and biaxial mechanics of the linea alba, World Congress of Biomechanics, Boston USA, 2014 Meeting Abstract, 2014

Simms CK, The influence of sample size on apparent stress-strain behaviour in passive skeletal muscle, World Congress of Biomechanics, Boston USA, 2014 Meeting Abstract, 2014

Cooney GM, Winter DC, Simms CK, Mechanical characterisation of the porcine linea alba, Bioengineering in Ireland, Limerick, 2014 Meeting Abstract, 2014

Lyons M., Winter D.C., Simms C.K, Uniaxial and Biaxial Tensile Tests on Porcine Rectus Sheath, Bioengineering in Ireland, Limerick, 2014 Meeting Abstract, 2014

Kiernan, D. Malone, A. O'Brien, T. Simms, C. K., "A 3-Dimensional Rigid Cluster Thorax Model for Kinematic Measurements during Gait", Journal of Biomechanics, 47, (6), 2014, p1499-505. Journal Article, 2014 TARA - Full Text DOI

Amato, G., Ghosh, B., Simms, C., Vehicle-barrier tracking of a scaled crash test for roadside barrier design, 7th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM - 2nd European Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) Society , 2014 Conference Paper, 2014

Takaza M & Simms CK., Microscopic analysis of muscle tissue that has been subjected to large deformation, World Congress of Biomechanics, Boston USA, 2014 Meeting Abstract, 2014

Preston R, Amato, G, Lyons M, Simms CK, A Static test method to assess swivel seat strength in frontal impact, International Journal of Crashworthiness, 19, (5), 2014, p469-483 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

Li, G., Yang, J., Simms, CK, Predicting the effects of pedestrian gait on lower limb injuries, IRCOBI, Berlin, 2014 Conference Paper, 2014

Lyons M., Winter D.C., Simms C.K., Uniaxial and Biaxial Response of Porcine Rectus Sheath, World Congress of Biomechanics, Boston USA, 2014 Meeting Abstract, 2014

Kilroy, H., Takaza, M., Simms, CK., The influence of sample dimension on apparent dynamic stress strain behaviour in passive skeletal muscle, IRCOBI, Berlin, 2014 Conference Paper, 2014

Gindre J, Takaza M, Moerman K, Simms CK, A Structural Model of Passive Skeletal Muscle shows Two Reinforcement Processes in Resisting Deformation, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 22, (June), 2013, p84-94 Journal Article, 2013 TARA - Full Text DOI

Lyons, M., Winter, D.C., Simms, C.K., Extrusion properties of porcine intestines and surrogate materials for ventral hernia modelling, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials , 18, 2013, p57-66 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Amato G, O'Brien F, Ghosh B, Williams, G, Simms CK, Multibody modelling of gabion beams for impact applications, Journal of Crashworthiness, 18, (3), 2013, 237-250 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Flamini V, Kerskens C, Moerman K, Simms CK and Lally C, Fibre orientation of fresh and frozen porcine aorta determined non-invasively, Medical Engineering and Physics, 35, (6), 2013, 765-776 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Amato G, O'Brien F, Ghosh B, Williams, G, Simms CK, A Scaling Method for Modelling the Crashworthiness of Novel Roadside Barriers, Journal of Crashworthiness, 18, (1), 2013, p93-102 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Wood DP, Elliott JR, Lyons M, Simms CK, Applications and Limitations of Wrap-Around Ratio to Vehicle Speed Estimation in Pedestrian Collision Analysis, International Journal of Crashworthiness, 18, (3), 2013, p288-305 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Lyons M, Winter D.C., Simms C.K., Structural Properties of Porcine Rectus Sheath, European Society of Biomechanics, Patras, 2013 Meeting Abstract, 2013

Lyons M., Winter D.C., Simms C.K, A Physical Surrogate Model of the Abdomen for Hernia Modelling, Bioengineering in Ireland, Dublin, 2013 Meeting Abstract, 2013

Takaza M, Moerman KM, Simms CK., Inverse Impact Modelling Of Passive Skeletal Muscle, 11th International Symposium, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, Salt Lake, Utah, 2013 Meeting Abstract, 2013

Takaza M, Gindre J, Moerman K, Lyons CG and Simms CK, The anisotropic mechanical behaviour of passive skeletal muscle tissue subjected to large tensile strain, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 17, 2013, 209-220 Journal Article, 2013 DOI TARA - Full Text

Dockrell S, Simms C, Blake C, Schoolbag weight limit: can it be defined?, The Journal of School Health, 83, (5), 2013, p368-77 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Cabrolier L, D'Souza R, Bertocci G, Simms CK, The Influence of Shoulder and Pelvic Belt Floor Anchorage Location on Wheelchair Occupant Injury Risk: a simulation study, IRCOBI, Gothenburg, 2013 Conference Paper, 2013

Amato, G., Obrien, F., Ghosh, B., Williams, G., Simms, C., Erratum: A scaling method for modelling the crashworthiness of novel roadside barrier designs (International Journal of Crashworthiness (2013) 18:1), 2013, - 317 Miscellaneous, 2013

Takaza, M, Moerman K, Simms CK, Passive Skeletal Muscle Response to Impact Loading: Experimental testing and inverse modelling, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 27, 2013, 214-225 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Takaza M, Simms CK, Passive skeletal muscle response to impact loading: Experimental testing and inverse modelling, Bioengineering in Ireland, Dublin, 2013 Meeting Abstract, 2013

Amato G, O'Brien F, Ghosh B, Simms CK, Multibody modelling of a TB31 and a TB32 crash test with vertical portable concrete barriers: Model verification and sensitivity analysis, IMechE Journal of Multibody Dynamics, 227, (3), 2013, p245-260 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Takaza M, Simms CK, The Passive Response of Skeletal Muscle to Compressive Impact Loading, IRCOBI, Dublin, Ireland, Sep 12-14, 2012 Conference Paper, 2012

Elliot JR, Lyons, Kerrigan JK, Wood DP & Simms CK, Predictive capabilities of the MADYMO multibody pedestrian model: three-dimensional head translation and rotation, head impact time and head impact velocity, IMechE Journal of Multibody Dynamics, 226, (3), 2012, 266-277 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Simms, C.K., Passive skeletal muscle mechanical behaviour: considerations for constitutive modelling., Computer methods in biomechanics and biomedical engineering , 15, (1), 2012, 271 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Takaza M & Simms CK, The anisotropic mechanical behaviour of passive skeletal muscle tissue subjected to large tensile strain, Proceedings of the 19th Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics, 19th Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics, Lisbon, 45, 2012, ppS561- Meeting Abstract, 2012

Moerman KM, Nagel T, Takaza M, Nederveen A, Simms CK, Constitutive modelling of passive skeletal muscle anisotropy in tension and in compression, Proceedings of the 19th Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics, 19th Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics, Lisbon, 45, 2012, ppS487- Meeting Abstract, 2012

David Taylor, Niamh O'Mara, Eoin Ryan, Michael Takaza, Ciaran Simms, The fracture toughness of soft tissues, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 6, 2012, p139-147 Journal Article, 2012 TARA - Full Text

Simms CK, Passive skeletal muscle mechanical behaviour: considerations for constitutive modelling, Computer methods in biomechanics and biomedical engineering CMBBE, 2012 Conference Paper, 2012

Gindre J, Takaza M, Moerman K & Simms CK, A microstructural muscle fibre model shows tension compression asymmetry mechanisms, ESB Conference, Lisbon, 2012 Meeting Abstract, 2012

Takaza M, Moerman K, Lyons CG, Simms CK, The anisotropic mechanical behavior of passive skeletal muscle tissue subjected to large tensile strain, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, Bio-Engineering in Ireland, Saint Etienne, France, 2012 Meeting Abstract, 2012

Moore M, Simms CK, Hennessy D, Hanly A, Winter D, Laparoscopic Wound Closure Techniques: A Review of Current Practice and Proposed Patents, Recent Advances and Research Update, 13, (1), 2012, p109-115 Journal Article, 2012

Lyons, M, Devane L, Winter D, Tierney P, Simms CK, Towards a wound closure device for laparoscopic surgery, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, Bio-Engineering in Ireland, Saint Etienne, France, 2012 Meeting Abstract, 2012

Wood DP, Elliott JR, Lyons M, Augy S, Glynn C & Simms CK, Predicting pedestrian pre-impact speed from pedestrian projection distance and vehicle damage measurements , IMechE part D, Automobile Engineering, 227, (2), 2012, p164-178 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Moerman, KM, Sprengers AMJ, Nederveen AJ, Simms CK, A Novel MRI Compatible Soft Tissue Indentor and Fibre Bragg Grating Force Sensor, Medical Engineering and Physics, 35, (4), 2012, p486-499 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Wilson F, Gissane C & Simms CK & Gormley J, Sagittal plane motion of the lumbar spine during ergometer and single scull rowing, Journal of Sports Biomechanics, 12, (2), 2012, p132-142 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Takaza M & Simms CK, The Impact response of passive skeletal muscle to compressive impact loading, EUROMECH534, Saint Etienne, France, 2012 Meeting Abstract, 2012

D.B. Hennessey, E. Carey, C.K. Simms, A. Hanly, D.C. Winter, Torsion of monofilament and polyfilament sutures under tension decreases suture strength and increases risk of suture fracture, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 12, 2012, 168-173 Journal Article, 2012 TARA - Full Text

KM Moerman, CK Simms, AM Sprengers, J Stoker and AJ Nederveen, Validation of SPAMM Tagged MRI Based Measurement of 3D Soft Tissue Deformation, Medical Physics, 38, (3), 2012, p1248 - 1260 Journal Article, 2012

Lyons M and Simms CK, Predicting the Influence of Windscreen Design on Pedestrian Head Injuries, IRCOBI, Dublin, Ireland, Sep 12-14, 2012 Conference Paper, 2012

McDonnell G, D'Souza R, Bertocci G, Tiernan J, Simms CK, The Influence of Pelvic-belt Angle on Wheelchair Occupant Injury Risk: a simulation study, IRCOBI, Dublin, Ireland, Sep 12-14, 2012 Conference Paper, 2012

Elliot JR, Simms CK, Wood DP, Pedestrian head translation, rotation and impact velocity: The influence of vehicle speed, pedestrian speed and pedestrian gait, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 45, 2012, p343-353- Journal Article, 2012

CK Simms, M Van Loocke, CG Lyons, Skeletal Muscle in Compression: Modelling approaches for the Passive Muscle Bulk, International Journal of Multiscale Computational Engineering, 10, (2), 2012, 143-154 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Takaza M & Simms CK, The response of skeletal muscle to impact loading, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, Bioengineering in Ireland, Galway, 2011 Meeting Abstract, 2011

IRCOBI Council (including CK Simms)(ed.), IRCOBI, The Influence of Vehicle Shape on Pedestrian Ground Contact Mechanisms, Krakow, Sep 12-14 2011, 2011, CD-ROM p Proceedings of a Conference, 2011

Aoife Foley(ed.), ITRN Conference, Development of roadside safety barriers using natural building materials, Cork , Aug 31st 2011, 2011, CD-ROM p Proceedings of a Conference, 2011

Ciaran Simms, Eamonn McKnight, Ali McCorkell, Gareth J. Bennett, Girvan McCorkell, New Product Development of a Walking Aid for Children: A University/Industry Collaboration, 3rd European Seating Symposium Incorporating Assistive Technology, The Convention Centre, Dublin, Ireland, 7-10 November 2011, 2011, ppCD-ROM - CD-ROM Conference Paper, 2011

Moerman, KM ; Kerskens, CM ; Lally, C ; Flamini, V ; Simms, CK , Evaluation of a Validation Method for MR Imaging-Based Motion Tracking Using Image Simulation, EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, 2010, 2010, p942131 Journal Article, 2010 DOI TARA - Full Text

Fiona Wilson, Conor Gissane, John Gormley, Ciaran Simms, A 12 month prospective cohort study of injury in international rowers., British Journal of Sports Medicine, 44, 2010, p207-214 Journal Article, 2010 TARA - Full Text

Flamini V, Kerskens C, Moerman K, Simms C and Lally C, Imaging arterial fibres using diffusion tensor imaging - feasibility study & preliminary results, EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, 2010, 2010, pArticle ID 904091 Journal Article, 2010 DOI TARA - Full Text

Teeling B, Bennett G, Mullaney C, Nugent R, O'Gorman A, O'Donovan S, Simms CK, Application of universal design principles to the design of domestic appliances, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2010, pp28 Meeting Abstract, 2010

Vittoria Flamini, Christian Kerskens, Kevin Mattheus Moerman, Ciaran Simms and Caitríona Lally , Imaging Arterial Fibres Using Diffusion Tensor Imaging-Feasibility Study and Preliminary Results, EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, 2010, (904091), 2010 Journal Article, 2010 DOI URL TARA - Full Text

25. Elliott, J.R., Augy, S., Simms, CK., Wood, DP, Statistical prediction of pedestrian pre-impact speed based on post-accident vehicle damage, IRCOBI, 2010 Conference Paper, 2010

Moerman K, Sprengers A, Nederveen A, Simms CK, Towards the noninvasive determination of the mechanical properties of living human soft tissue', Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2010, pp16 Meeting Abstract, 2010

Elliott J, Augy S, Wood DP, Simms CK, Transverse pedestrian motion as a reconstruction factor in Vehicle-pedestrian collisions, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2010, pp91 Meeting Abstract, 2010

Moerman K, Sprengers A, Nederveen A, Simms CK, Towards the noninvasive determination of the mechanical properties of living human soft tissue, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, Bioengineering in Ireland, Galway, 2010 Meeting Abstract, 2010

Walsh, JE, FitzPatrick, D, Tiernan, J & Simms CK, The effect of postural support devices on rear impact loading for wheelchair occupants in transit, Proceedings of International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injuryconference, International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury conference, York, September, 2009, pp423-426 Conference Paper, 2009

Tiernan J, Walsh J, Simms CK, FitzPatrick DP, Clinical Findings from Rear Impact Investigations of a Wheelchair and Occupant, Posture and Mobility Group National Training Event, Warwick, UK, April 16-17, 2009 Meeting Abstract, 2009

Moerman K, Kerskens C, Lally C, Simms CK, The validation method for motion tracking techniques based on tagged magnetic resonance imaging, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2009, pp78 Meeting Abstract, 2009

Moerman, K, Holt C, Evans S., Simms CK, Digital image correlation and finite element modelling as a method to determine mechanical properties of human soft tissue in vivo., Journal of Biomechanics, 42, (8), 2009, p1150-1153 Journal Article, 2009 TARA - Full Text

Walsh DG, Wood DP, Alliot R, Glynn C, Simms CK, A Comprehensive Treatment of Motorcycle Capsize Mechanisms and Confidence Limits for Motorcycle Capsize Speeds from Slide/Bounce Distance, Proc. ITAI/EVU Conference, ITAI/EVU Conference, Hickley, Leicestershire, September, 2009 Conference Paper, 2009

Van Loocke M, Lyons CG, Simms CK, Viscoelastic properties of passive skeletal muscle in compression: cyclic behaviour, Journal of Biomechanics, 42, (8), 2009, p1038-1048 Journal Article, 2009 TARA - Full Text

Palacio A, Tamburro G, O'Neill D, Simms CK, Non-collision injuries in urban buses: strategies for prevention, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 41, (1), 2009, p1 - 9 Journal Article, 2009 TARA - Full Text

Simms CK, Madden B, Fitzpatrick D, Tiernan J., Rear-impact neck protection devices for adult wheelchair users, Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 46, (4), 2009, p499 - 514 Journal Article, 2009 URL TARA - Full Text

Simms CK and Wood DP, Pedestrian and cyclist Impact - a Biomechanical Perspective, Springer, 2009, 1-212pp Book, 2009 DOI

Walsh J, Simms C, FitzPatrick D, Tiernan J, The effect of wheelchair design in a rear impact, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2009, pp93 Meeting Abstract, 2009

Van Loocke M, Simms CK, Lyons CG. , Viscoelastic properties of passive skeletal muscle in compression: stress-relaxation behaviour and constitutive modeling, Journal of Biomechanics, 41, (7), 2008, p1555-1566 Journal Article, 2008 DOI

Moerman K, Simms C, Kerskens C, Non-invasive determination of soft tissue deformation using tagged MRI: application to a silicon phantom, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2008, pp81 Meeting Abstract, 2008

Simms CK & Prendergast PJ (eds.), Perspectives in Design and Bioengineering, Essays in honour of CG Lyons, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Trinity Centre for Bioengineering, 2008 Book, 2008

Walsh J, Simms C, FitzPatrick D, Tiernan J, Investigation into injury to wheelchair occupants of postural deformities and rear impact, European Society of Biomechanics, Lucerne, edited by July , 2008 Meeting Abstract, 2008

Simms, C.K., Evaluation of customized wheelchair seating: crashworthiness of attachment hardware, 2008, - Invited Talk, 2008

Simms CK, Madden B, FitzPatrick, D, Tiernan J, Development of a head rest for rear impact protection of wheelchair users, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, IRCOBI Conference, September , 2008, pp425-428 Conference Paper, 2008

Van Loocke M, Lyons G, Simms C, Skeletal muscle behaviour in compression - what are the data available?, European Society of Biomechanics, Lucerne, Switzerland, edited by July , 2008 Meeting Abstract, 2008

Walsh JE, Simms CK, FitzPatrick D, Tiernan D., Spinal loading on wheelchair occupants with postural deformities during rear impact and surface transport, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conference, IRCOBI Conference, September , 2008, pp339-352 Conference Paper, 2008

Walsh J, Simms C, FitzPatrick D, Tiernan J, Heidari B, investigation into spinal injuries to wheelchair occupants with postural deformities in a rear impact, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2008, pp69 Meeting Abstract, 2008

Simms, C.K., Wheelchair Occupant Safety in Transportation, 2008, - Invited Talk, 2008

Mulcahy P, Simms C, Tiernan J, FitzPatrick, Evaluation of customised wheelchair seating: crash worthiness of attachment hardware, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2008, pp72 Meeting Abstract, 2008

Simms C.K., Report on national strategic pedestrian safety plan for Road safety authority, 2008 Report, 2008

Simms, C.K., Mechanical models for passive skeletal muscle in compression (with applications in impact biomechanics, surgical simulation and rehabilitation engineering), 2008, - Invited Talk, 2008

Madden B, O'Brien A, Simms C, FitzPatrick D Tiernan J,, Development of an integrated wheelchair headrest for rear impact protection, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2008, pp12 Meeting Abstract, 2008

Developments in Pedestrian Crash Safety - a triumph of design in Bioengineering in, editor(s)Simms CK & Prendergast PJ , Perspectives in Design and Bioengineering, Trinity College Dublin, 2008, [Simms CK] Book Chapter, 2008

Wood DP, Glynn CH, Simms CK, Walsh DG, Confidence limits for motorcycle speed from slide distance, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 222, (8), 2008, p1349-1361 Journal Article, 2008 TARA - Full Text

Simms, C.K., Pedestrian Accidents: General Injuries, Kinematics and Pedestrian Throw Calculations, 2008, - Invited Talk, 2008

Palacio A, Simms C, O'Neill D., Computational modelling of non-collision injuries on urban buses., Ir J Med Sci, 176, (Suppl 6), 2007, ppS211 Meeting Abstract, 2007

Tiernan J, Madden B, Simms CK, FitzPatrick DP, Development of a Head Restraint for Rear Impact Protection for Wheelchair Occupants, Posture and Mobility Group National Training Event, Warwick, April 2007, 2007, pp42 - 42 Conference Paper, 2007

Tiernan J, Simms CK, FitzPatrick D., Enhancing transport safety for wheelchair users - a University industry collaborative approach, European Seating Symposium, Dublin, May 2007., 2007, pp57 - 57 Conference Paper, 2007

Walsh JE, Simms CK, Heidari B, FitzPatrick D, Tiernan D, Towards improved crash safety for wheelchair occupants with scoliosis, European Seating Symposium, Dublin, May 2007, 2007, pp56 - 56 Conference Paper, 2007

Van Loocke, Simms CK and Lyons GL, Passive skeletal muscle: insights into tissue behaviour under compressive loading, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2007, pp9 Meeting Abstract, 2007

Wood DP, Veyrat N, Simms CK and Glynn C, Limits for survivability in frontal collisions: theory and real-life data combined, Journal of Accident Analysis and Prevention, 39, (4), 2007, 679 - 687 Journal Article, 2007

Walsh J, Simms CK, FitzPatrick D, Tiernan J, The effect of lateral curvature of a scoliotic spine on whiplash injury risk, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2007, pp18 Meeting Abstract, 2007

Madden B, Simms CK, FitzPatrick D, Tiernan J, Development of an integrated wheelchair headrest for rear impact protection, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2007, pp52 Meeting Abstract, 2007

Walsh DG, Simms CK & Wood DP, Derivation of Confidence Limits for Impact Speed Estimation from Pedestrian Projection Distance, Impact Journal of ITAI, Winter, 2006, p42 - 52 Journal Article, 2006

Walsh JC, Simms CK, FitzPatrick D, Tiernan J, Towards development of models of scoliosis for crash safety analysis of wheelchair occupants, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2006, pp136 Meeting Abstract, 2006

CK Simms & DP Wood, Effects of pre-impact pedestrian position and motion on kinematics and injuries from vehcile and ground contacts, International Journal of Crashworthiness, 11, (4), 2006, p345 - 356 Journal Article, 2006 DOI

Van Loocke, Simms CK and Lyons GL, Static and dynamic characterisation of passive muscle tissue, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2006, pp51 Meeting Abstract, 2006

Simms C, O'Neill D., Sports Utility Vehicles and vulnerable road users, Injury Prevention, 12, (1), 2006, p6 - 7 Journal Article, 2006 URL

Simms, C.K., Elements of crash safety relevant to cyclists, 2006, - Miscellaneous, 2006

Simms CK and Wood DP, Pedestrian Risk from Cars and Sport Utility Vehicles - A Comparative Analytical Study, 220, (8), 2006, p1085 - 1100 Journal Article, 2006 TARA - Full Text

Walsh J, Simms CK, FitzPatrick J, Tiernan J, Development of models of scoliosis for crash safety analysis of wheelchair occupants, Proceedings World Congress Biomechanics, World Congress Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, 2006 Meeting Abstract, 2006

Van Loocke M, Simms CK, Lyons CG, Static and dynamic properties of passive skeletal muscle under compressive loading, IRCOBI Conference, Madrid, September 2006, 2006, pp421 - 424 Conference Paper, 2006

Simms CK, , On the elastic and viscoelastic properties of passive muscle tissue in compression, Journal of Biomechanics, 39, (1), 2006, ppS36-S37 Meeting Abstract, 2006

M. Van Loocke, C.K. Simms and C.G. Lyons, On the visco-elastic properties of passive muscle tissue in compression, Proceedings World Congress Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, 2006 Meeting Abstract, 2006

Palacio, A. Tamburro, G. O'Neill, D. Simms, C., Preventing Non-Collision injuries on urban buses: Acceleration thresholds that cause falls in older people, Ir J Med Sci, 175, (3 Suppl 2), 2006, pp66 Meeting Abstract, 2006

Palacio A, Simms C, O'Neill D, Tamburro G , Preventing non-collision injuries on urban buses: acceleration thresholds that cause falls in older people, Proceedings of Passive Safety of Rail vehicles, Berlin, December 2006, 2006, pp53 - 67 Conference Paper, 2006

Simms CK, The relationship between a vehicle front-end shape and pedestrian injuries, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2006, pp137 Meeting Abstract, 2006

Simms CK and Wood DP, Validated multibody modeling of vehicle/pedestrian impacts to explain the increased inury risk posed to pedestrians by SUVs, Proceedings World Congress Biomechanics, World Congress Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, 2006 Meeting Abstract, 2006

Wilson F, Gormley J and Simms CK, The Results of a pilot study to design a portable instrument to measure frontal plane angular changes in the lumbar spine of elite rowers, Proceedings World Congress Biomechanics, World Congress Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, 2006 Meeting Abstract, 2006

Madden B, Simms CK, FitzPatrick J, Tiernan J, Development of an integrated wheelchair headrest for rear impact protection, Proceedings World Congress Biomechanics, Munich, Germany, 2006 Meeting Abstract, 2006

Wilson F, Simms C, Gormley J.(ed.), 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Journal of Biomechanics, Munich, 39, (supplement 1), 29/07-05/08 2006, Elsevier, 2006, S545 p Proceedings of a Conference, 2006

Wood DP, Simms CK, Glynn CG and Veyrat N, Frontal Injury Risk Criterion, IRCOBI Conference, Madrid, September 2006, 2006, pp337 - 340 Conference Paper, 2006

Van Loocke M, Lyons CG, Simms CK, A validated model of passive muscle in compression, Journal of Biomechanics, 39, (16), 2006, p2999 - 3009 Journal Article, 2006 DOI

Van Loocke M, Lyons CG & Simms CK, Three Dimensional Passive Properties of muscle tissue in compression(ed.), Iutam Symposium on Impact Biomechanics, Dublin, Ireland, July, 2005, Kluwer, 2005 Proceedings of a Conference, 2005

Simms C, O'Neill D., Sports Utility Vehicles and older pedestrians, British Medical Journal, 331, 2005, p787 - 788 Journal Article, 2005 DOI

CK Simms, M Van Loocke & CG Lyons, Computational Modelling of the Head and Jaw for OOP Frontal Impact Applications , Madymo Users Conference, Cambridge, September , 2005, pp32 - 39 Conference Paper, 2005 URL

Simms CK, Wood DP, Glynn CH, Kullgren A & Ydenius A,(ed.), Iutam Symposium on Impact Biomechanics, Dublin, July 2005, Kluwer, 2005 Proceedings of a Conference, 2005 URL

Van Loocke, Simms CK and Lyons GL, Non-linear transverse isotropy to model passive muscle properties in compression, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 2005 Meeting Abstract, 2005

Simms CK & Wood DP, Monte Carlo Modelling of vehicle frontal collisions, ISSEC Conference, Cork, 2005 Meeting Abstract, 2005

Simms, C.K., Ageing and injury, Trinity Consortium on Ageing, Trinity College Dublin, 2005 Invited Talk, 2005

CK Simms & DP Wood , Pedestrian impact: the effect of pedestrian motion on head contact forces with vehicle and ground, International Research Council on Biomechanics of Impact, Prague, September 2005, 2005, pp451 - 454 Conference Paper, 2005 URL

Van der Horst M, Simms CK & Leerdam PJ,(ed.), Iutam Symposium on Impact Biomechanics, Dublin, Ireland, July 2005, Kluwer, 2005 Proceedings of a Conference, 2005 URL

Van Loocke M, Lyons CG & Simms CK, Three dimensional passive properties of muscle in compression, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2005, pp16 Meeting Abstract, 2005

Wood DP, Simms CK , Glynn CH, Kullgren A & Ydenius A, (ed.), Iutam Symposium on Impact Biomechanics, Dublin, Ireland, July 2005, 2005 Proceedings of a Conference, 2005 URL

Simms CK, Diffuse Brain Injury Due to Blast induced Acceleration, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2005, pp10 Meeting Abstract, 2005

DP Wood, CK Simms & C Glynn , Two car frontal collisions: the role of car mass, collision speed distribution and frontal stiffness in occupant fatality and injury risk, International Research Council on Biomechanicis of Impact, Prague, September , 2005, pp85 - 96 Conference Paper, 2005 URL

Walsh JC, Simms CK & Tiernan J, Towards improved crash safety for wheelchair occupants, Bioengineering in Ireland, Dublin, January 2005, edited by FitzPatrick D , 2005 Conference Paper, 2005

Simms, C.K., Monte Carlo modelling of vehicle frontal Collisions, Annual Symposium of Irish society for Scientific and Engineering Computation, Cork , 2005, pp41 Meeting Abstract, 2005

Van Loocke M, Lyons CG & Simms CK, Three dimensional passive properties of muscle tissue in compression, Bioengineering in Ireland, Dublin, January 2005, edited by FitzPatrick D , 2005 Conference Paper, 2005 URL

Wood D.P, Simms C.K. & Walsh D.G., Vehicle pedestrian collisions: Validated models for pedestrian Impact and Projection, Proceedings of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers Part D, 219, (2), 2005, p183 - 195 Journal Article, 2005 DOI URL

Simms CK, Murphy J, van der Horst M O'Connell D & Williams K, Diffuse Brain Injury Due to Blast induced acceleration, Bioengineering in Ireland, Dublin, January 2005, edited by FitzPatrick D , 2005 Conference Paper, 2005

Walsh JC, Simms CK & Tiernan J, Improved Crash Safety for wheelcahir occupants, International Conference on Posture & Wheeled Mobility, Exeter, April 2005, 2005 Conference Paper, 2005

Simms CK, Towards improved crash safety for wheelchair occupants, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2005, pp46 Meeting Abstract, 2005

Simms, C.K., Report on the stability of a crane following removal of a pin, Danninger LTD, 2004 Report, 2004

Simms CK, Dynamic modelling of the head and jaw in car crash applications, European Society of Biomechanics, Den Bosch, The Netherlands, 2004 Meeting Abstract, 2004

The Three Dimensional Mechanical Properties of Skeletal Muscle: Experiments and Modelling in, editor(s)Prendergast & McHugh , Topics in Bio-Mechanical Engineering, TCBE & NCBES, 2004, pp216-234 , [Van Loocke M, Lyons CG & Simms CK] Book Chapter, 2004

Simms C.K. & Wood D.P, Monte Carlo methods to determine the theor-etical minimum uncertainty for vehicle speed prediction in pedestrian, European Society of Biomechanics, Den Bosch, The Netherlands, 2004 Meeting Abstract, 2004

Simms C.K., Wood D.P., Dynamic modelling of the head and jaw in car crash applications, European Society of Biomechanics, Den Bosch, The Netherlands, 2004 Conference Paper, 2004

Van Loocke M, Lyons CG & Simms CK, A review of skeletal muscle data, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2004, pp27 Meeting Abstract, 2004

Simms C.K., Report on the stability of a crane following removal of a pin, Danninger LTD, 2004 Report, 2004

Simms C.K., Wood D.P., Monte Carlo methods to determine the theor-etical minimum uncertainty for vehicle speed prediction in pedestrian, European Society of Biomechanics, Den Bosch, The Netherlands, 2004 Conference Paper, 2004

Simms C.K., Report on the use of the Madymo hybrid III dummy model and human body model to simulate experimental occupant kinematics in vehicle mine protection, 2004 Report, 2004

Gavin NF & Simms CK, Multi-body modelling of car seat and occupant kinematics in rear Crashes, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2004, pp28 Meeting Abstract, 2004

Van Loocke M, Lyons CG,Simms CK, A review of skeletal muscle data, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2004, pp27 Conference Paper, 2004

Simms CK, Wood DP, Walsh DG, Confidence Limits for Impact Speed Estimation from Pedestrian Projection Distance, Journal of Crash prevention and Injury control, 9, (2), 2004, p219 - 228 Journal Article, 2004 DOI

Gavin NF, Simms CK, Multi-body modelling of ar seat and occupant kinematics in rear Crashes, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2004, pp28 Conference Paper, 2004

Simms, C.K., Report on the use of the Madymo hybrid III dummy model and human body model to simulate experimental occupant kinematics in vehicle mine protection,, TNO-PML, 2004 Report, 2004

Wood D.P. & Simms C.K.,, Discussion on "Development of test procedures and performance criteria to improve compatibility in car frontal collisions", Review of Development of test procedures and performance criteria to improve compatibility in car frontal collisions, by Edwards, M J., Davies, H., Thompson, And Hobbs , Proc. Inst. Mech. Engrs, 217, (D), 2003, p233-245 Review, 2003

Simms, C.K., Pedestrian Injuries & Whiplash Protection., Carlow County Council Road Safety Seminar, Carlow, October, 2003 Invited Talk, 2003

Gallagher J., Simms CK, Evaluation Of Finite Element Material Models For Modelling Passive Muscle In Compression, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2003, pp46 Conference Paper, 2003

Simms, CK, Wood DP, Distribution Of Collision Speed Estimates From Pedestrian Projection Distance, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2003, pp56 Meeting Abstract, 2003

Simms, CK & Wood DP, Distribution Of Collision Speed Estimates From Pedestrian Projection Distance, Proceedings of Bio-Engineering in Ireland, 2003, pp56 Meeting Abstract, 2003

Flynn A, Simms CK, Multibody modelling of trampoline kinematics, Proceedings Madymo Users Conference, Brussels, 2003, pp1 - 8 Conference Paper, 2003 DOI

Wood D.P., Simms C.K., Car Size and Injury Risk: a model for injury risk in frontal collisions, Journal of Accident Analysis and Prevention, 34, (1), 2002, p93 - 99 Journal Article, 2002 DOI

Simms C.K., Breed Technologies Occupant Restraint Report: Parametric and Biomechanical Study of Daewoo V220 PAB Sled Model, September, 2001 Report, 2001

Wood D., Walsh D., Simms C.K., Sharing of collision energy between cars in frontal impacts, Proc of IRCOBI Conference, 2001 Conference Paper, 2001

Simms, C.K., Introduction to Crash Safety Modelling., Seminar to Dept Mechanical Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, April, 2001 Invited Talk, 2001

Wood D.P., Simms C.K., Coefficient of friction in pedestrian throw,, Impact, Journal of ITAI, 9, (1), 2000, p12 - 14 Journal Article, 2000 URL

Wood D.P. Simms C.K., A hybrid model for Pedestrian Impact and Projection,, International Journal of Crashworthiness, 5, (4), 2000, p257 - 269 Journal Article, 2000 URL

Wood D.P. & Simms C.K, Discussion on "Vehicle speed calculation from pedestrian throw distance, Review of Vehicle speed calculation from pedestrian throw distance, by Evans A.K. & Smith R , Proc. Inst. Mech. Engrs, 214, (D), 2000, p467-469 Review, 2000

Dynamics of the Temporomandibular Joint in, editor(s)Yoganandan N. & Pintar F.A. , Frontiers in Whiplash Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical, IOS Press, 2000, pp198 - 215, [Simms C.K, Lyons C.G. & Brady C.L.] Book Chapter, 2000

Lyons C.G., Brady C.L., Simms C.K.,, Rear impact inflicted Temporomandibular Joint injuries, Journal of Crash prevention and Injury control, 2, (4), 2000, p257 - 269 Journal Article, 2000 DOI

Simms, C.K., Temporomandibular Joint Injuries during whiplash, Seminar to Dept Mechanical Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, April, 1999 Invited Talk, 1999

Simms C.K., Investigation of Temporomandibular Joint Injuries during whiplash, Proceeedings in Bioengineering in Ireland Conferenc , 1998, pp7 Meeting Abstract, 1998

Lyons C.G., Brady C.L., Simms C.K, Rear impact inflicted Temporomandibular Joint injuries, Proc of IRCOBI Conference, 1998, pp275 - 287 Conference Paper, 1998 URL

Lyons C.G., Brady C.L. & Simms C.K., An Investigation of Damage to the Human Temporomandibular Joint, Proc of 41st Annual AAAM, 1997, pp315 - 330 Conference Paper, 1997 URL

Simms C.K., Lyons C.G. & Brady C.L., Dynamic Behaviour of the Temporomandibular Joint due to Cranial Accelerations, Proceedings in Bioengineering in Ireland Conference, Bioengineering in Ireland Conference, 1997, pp7 Meeting Abstract, 1997

Lyons C.G., Brady, C.L. & Simms C.K, Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction due to Acceleration of the Cranium, Proceedings in Bioengineering in Ireland Conference, Bioengineering in Ireland Conference, 1996, pp18 Meeting Abstract, 1996

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Special issue on skin mechanobiology, Elsevier, [eds.], 2013 Editorial Board, 2013 DOI

Simms CK , Buddy system: university/industry linkup delivers innovative product development, The Engineers Journal (Journal of Engineers Ireland), 65, (6), 2012, p359 - 360 Journal Article, 2012

Ciaran Simms, Gareth J. Bennett, Garret O'Donnell, Eamonn McKnight, Ali McCorkell, Development of a gait training device for children with cerebral palsy, TCD-UCD Engineering Design Innovation Research Event, Trinity College Dublin, Foster Place, Dublin 2, April 27 2010, edited by Prof. Brian Broderick, Prof. Michael Gilchrist , 2010 Poster, 2010 TARA - Full Text

Simms CK and Lyons CG, Temporomandibular joint injuries during whiplash: Jaw Joint Injuries During Whiplash, Lambert Academic Publishing, 2010, 1-184 pp Book, 2010

The Three Dimensional Mechanical Properties of Skeletal Muscle: Experiments and Modelling in, editor(s)Prendergast & McHugh , Topics in Bio-Mechanical Engineering, Dublin, Trinity College, 2004, pp216 - 234, [Van Loocke M, Lyons CG & Simms CK] Book Chapter, 2004

Simms C.K., Pedestrian Injuries, Seminar to Dept Mechanical Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, 2002 Invited Talk, 2002

Research Expertise

Description

My research interests are injury biomechanics, soft tissue mechanics and device design. I have published 77 papers in international journals on topics varying from head injuries in sport, the mechanics of soft tissues, the influence of vehicle design on human injury, forensic biomechanics, wound closure devices, wheelchair user safety, roadside safety barriers, rowing injuries, safe school bag weights, and cerebral palsy gait. I have a h-index of 21 on Google scholar with over 1400 citations. In the last 15 years a major focus has been on characterizing the mechanical behavior of passive skeletal muscle and other soft tissues (especially abdominal connective tissues). These play an important role in impact biomechanics, rehabilitation engineering and surgical simulation. My research group has published a number of well cited papers in this field and continues to focus on this topic. I have a particular expertise in pedestrian and cyclist impact biomechanics and have written the only textbook on this topic, which has achieved thousands of sales. I have focussed recently on the relationship between vehicle design and pedestrian injury outcome. I am active in medical device design. I have developed an award-winning walking aid for children with physical disabilities in collaboration with Moorings Mediquip. I also engaged with McElmeel Mobility in developing crash resistant swivel seats for easy access to vehicles and well as Blk Box Designs on improved gym equipment designs. I worked with the National Roads Authority of Ireland to develop low-cost roadside barriers from natural building materials. I have focussed on developing wound closure devices for laparoscopic surgery, with an emphasis on devices suitable for obese patients. I am now collaborating with Leinster Rugby and others to study head injuries in rugby.

Projects

  • Title
    • Mechanics of pedestrian ground contact
  • Summary
    • This project uses video analysis of real-world collisions as well as computational modelling to better understand the mechanics of pedestrian ground contact, as a precursor to developing injury mitigation schemes.
  • Funding Agency
    • Chinese Scholarship Council
  • Date From
    • 2016
  • Date To
    • 2019
  • Title
    • The development and validation of a new surgical task trainer to train surgeons the skills of wound cleansing, exploration and anatomical structure repair
  • Summary
    • Research Questions: 1. Do existing models address the learning outcomes of a traumatic contaminated wound model? 2. How realistic is existing synthetic skin, muscle, tendon and nerve in terms of handling properties, stiffness, stretch, layers, adherence to surrounding structures for surgical skills education? 3. Design and validation of a new wound exploration model? 4. Assessment and analysis of existing synthetic skin, muscle, tendon and nerve and determine fit for practice in surgical skills education?
  • Funding Agency
    • RCSI
  • Date From
    • 2016
  • Date To
    • 2020
  • Title
    • Evaluation of the mechanics of head injuries in rugby
  • Summary
    • This project uses video analysis of the head impact on rugby and computational modelling as well as staged impact tests to understand better the mechanics of head impacts in rugby
  • Funding Agency
    • Irish Research Council
  • Date From
    • 2014
  • Date To
    • 2018
  • Title
    • A biomechanical analysis of the trunk and spine during paediatric cerebral palsy gait
  • Summary
    • This is an investigation into the relationship between pathological movement of the trunk and loading at the lower lumbar spine. The specific impact of Trendelenburg and Duchenne type movement patterns on loading at the spine was also examined.
  • Funding Agency
    • CRC
  • Date From
    • 2013
  • Title
    • Deveopment of improved gym equipment designs
  • Summary
    • Principal goals: 1. Streamlining the design of existing gym frame designs to ensure production efficiency, scalability and reliability. 2. Design, development and testing of universal interface bracketry to facilitate modular inclusion of common manual exercise equipment into the gym frame design. The focus was on connections and fasteners which are easy to use and reuse.
  • Funding Agency
    • InterTrade Ireland
  • Date From
    • 2015
  • Date To
    • 2016
  • Title
    • Optimization of Vehicle Fronts for Pedestrian Safety
  • Summary
    • This project uses accident data and computational modelling to find vehicle front-end shapes which are safer for pedestrians across the broad range of collision configurations between vehicles and pedestrians
  • Funding Agency
    • Chinese Scholarship Council
  • Date From
    • 2013
  • Date To
    • 2016
  • Title
    • Mechanics of the Linea Alba and suture based wound closure
  • Summary
    • This project characterised abdominal tissue properties and developed an optimised suturing method to reduce the risk of incisional hernia in laparotomy surgery.
  • Funding Agency
    • GREP
  • Date From
    • 2011
  • Date To
    • 2016
  • Title
    • Passive skeletal muscle form and function
  • Summary
    • This project uses immunohistochemistry approaches to help understand the mechanical response of passive skeletal muscle to external deformation, with a view to developing a constitutive models for finite element implementation
  • Funding Agency
    • TCD E3 fund
  • Date From
    • 2013
  • Date To
    • 2016
  • Title
    • A Mesh based wound closure device for laparoscopic surgery
  • Summary
    • Tissue testing and methodical design of a novel closure method, using a tension-free mesh approach that will reduce the incidence of hernia formation.
  • Funding Agency
    • IRC
  • Date From
    • 2001
  • Date To
    • 2014
  • Title
    • Safer Vehicle Restraint Systems (SAVERS)
  • Summary
    • EU project funded by CEDR on guidelines for vehicle restraint system choice and placement. Statistical Analysis of accident data and roadways to develop guidelines. TCD Irish Collaboration is with Dr Giuseppina Amato of Queens University Belfast.
  • Funding Agency
    • Conference of European Directors of Roads (CEDR)
  • Date From
    • 2012
  • Date To
    • 2014
  • Title
    • Development of a swivel seat
  • Summary
    • Intertrade Ireland Fusion (2009-2011) this is a collaborative project with McElmeel Mobility in Armagh to develop a swivel seat for easy access to vehicles which is capable of withstanding crash loads.
  • Funding Agency
    • InterTrade Ireland
  • Date From
    • 2012
  • Date To
    • 2013
  • Title
    • Experimental and Numerical Characterisation of Low-Cost Roadside Barrier Solutions
  • Summary
    • The NRA is seeking low-cost roadside barrier solutions for National Secondary Roads suitable for implementation following road realignment projects. The current project proposes to use well-established computational modelling techniques to evaluate the potential for proposed new designs that are based on freely available low-cost natural building materials (e.g. stone wall, earth etc.) and which meet cost, aesthetic and engineering requirements. Several outline concepts have already been developed as part of this proposal, and mechanical Characterisation of the constituent materials and basic scaled prototype impact tests as well as buildability and cost evaluation will be performed to provide preliminary data on the potential for the proposed designs. The research group's significant experience in computational crash modelling will then be used to evaluate the potential for the proposed designs to meet the required National and European Standards for roadside barriers. The proposed designs will simultaneously be evaluated for aesthetics and lifecycle cost and a cost/benefit analysis on the proposed designs will be performed by comparison with existing products. This process will be performed in an iterative manner in which proposed designs are computationally evaluated, amended as required, and then re-evaluated. The computational models will be benchmarked using data from existing tests at the Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) in the UK, and the deformation response of the proposed components for the designs will be experimentally evaluated. A scaled prototype of the final proposed design will be produced and physically crash tested to predict the likely performance of the proposed new design in a full-scale barrier test. If the scaled prototype physical test indicates a high potential for success, a full-scale barrier test will be performed at TRL in the UK, and the final report detailing the potential for implementation of the new barrier designed will be presented to the NRA.
  • Funding Agency
    • National Roads Authority
  • Date From
    • 2011
  • Date To
    • 2014
  • Title
    • Human muscle properties in tension
  • Summary
    • The ability to accurately model the human body using the finite element technique depends on material laws. The material laws currently available in commercial crash codes are not capable of capturing the complex constitutive relations present in soft tissue and this project aims to further characterise and model passive muscle deformation behaviour.
  • Funding Agency
    • Galway County Council
  • Date From
    • 2010
  • Date To
    • 2013
  • Title
    • Development of a Walking Aid for children with Cerebral Palsy
  • Summary
    • This collaborative projects with Mmoorings Mediquip in Northern Ireland aims to develop a novel walking aid for children with physical disabilities
  • Funding Agency
    • InterTrade Ireland
  • Date From
    • 2010
  • Date To
    • 2012
  • Title
    • Application of a Three-Dimensional Constant Inertial Property Pedestrian Model to Accident reconstruction
  • Summary
    • This collaborative project with Denis Wood Associates uses statistically based computational modeling of the vehicle pedestrian impact to provide prediction methods for pedestrian speed reconstruction in the event of vehicle pedestrian collisions.
  • Funding Agency
    • IRCSET
  • Date From
    • 2010
  • Date To
    • 2011
  • Title
    • Tagged magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and finite element (FE) analysis for the determination of arterial and skeletal muscle tissue properties
  • Summary
    • This collaborative project with Dr Triona Lally in DCU aims to use inverse finite element modeling combined with novel magnetic lemon novel magnetic resonance imaging approaches to estimate the mechanical properties of muscle tissue in vivo
  • Funding Agency
    • SFI
  • Date From
    • 2006
  • Date To
    • 2009
  • Title
    • Safer public transport for older people: Preventing non-collision Injuries.
  • Summary
    • This collaborative project with Profs O'Neill, O'Mahony & Fuller, (all TCD) aims to use multibody modeling and experimental measurement of urban buses acceleration profiles to estimate standing occupant injury risk.
  • Funding Agency
    • TCD Front Gate Club
  • Date From
    • 2006
  • Date To
    • 2007
  • Title
    • Development of person specfic wheelchair crash safety models
  • Summary
    • Wheelchair occupant crash safety has not received the research focus which car seat occupants have benefited from. I am supervising a PhD student who is using a combined numerical experimental approach to improve wheelchair safety, and investigate the influence of scoliosis on impact injuries.
  • Funding Agency
    • Health Research Board
  • Date From
    • October 2005
  • Date To
    • October 2008
  • Title
    • Lumbar spine injury in rowing: kinematics, rowing mode and fatigue
  • Summary
    • on water evaluation of rowing kinematics and fatigue to assess lumbar spine pain
  • Funding Agency
    • TCD
  • Date From
    • 2003
  • Date To
    • 2011
  • Title
    • Schoolbag-related musculoskeletal pain
  • Summary
    • An investigation of schoolbag-related musculoskeletal pain in the context of schoolbag weight limit guidelines
  • Funding Agency
    • TCD
  • Date From
    • 2011
  • Date To
    • 2015
  • Title
    • Passive mechanical properties of muscle in compression
  • Summary
    • This project aims to characterise and model pasive muscle deformation behaviour in compression.
  • Funding Agency
    • PRTLI
  • Date From
    • 2003
  • Date To
    • 2007

Keywords

Bioengineering; Biomechanics of human movement; Biomechanics, Biomedical Engineering; Road Transport Technology; SAFETY; Transport; Transport Technology, Engineering

Recognition

Representations

I am President of the International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury 2015-present

I am the Soft Tissue Mechanics of the Elsevier Journal of the Mechanical Behaviour of Biomedical Materials 2008-present

Member of the Road Safety Technology Assessment Panel RSA 2015-present

Member of the Scientific Committee for the European Society of Biomechanics, Seville, July 2017 2016

I am a founding member of the Irish Seating and Mobility Interest Group 2008-present

Awards and Honours

President of International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury 2015

Adjunct Associate Professor at University of Waterloo, Canada 2015

Provost's Teaching Award (TCD) 2015

Engineers Ireland Education Excellence Award for MSc in Bioengineering 2012

InterTradeIreland Best Project Award for Buddy Roamer Walking Aid 2011

Nominated for Irish Times Innovation Award 2011

Fellowship of Trinity College Dublin 2010

Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland - best conference paper 2003

Queen's Silver Jubilee Project Prize 1995

Collen Project Prize 1995

Memberships

Chartered Engineer with Engineers Ireland 2014 – present

Member of the European Society of Biomechanics 2004 – present

Member of the International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury 2009 – present