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The Troika: The Interlocking Roles of Commission v Luxembourg & Belgium, Van Gend en Loos, and Costa v Enel in the Creation of the European Legal Order


William Phelan
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science Trinity College Dublin

IIIS Discussion Paper No. 431

Through a comparison with dispute resolution procedures in NAFTA's Side Agreements, this paper demonstrates that three of the ECJ's most important decisions - Van Gend en Loos, Costa v. Enel, and Commission v. Luxembourg & Belgium - should be understood as combining to reorganize general international law's relationship between the EU member states and thus providing the foundations for the
EU's distinctive legal order.

Keywords:
European Law
International Law
NAFTA Side Agreements
Countermeasures
Commission v. Luxembourg & Belgium
Van Gend en Loos


 

 


Last updated 28 August 2014 by IIIS (Email).