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Gender Egalitarian Beliefs and Europe’s Immigrants

Peter Muhlau, Department of Sociology and Institute for International Integration Studies (IIIS), Trinity College Dublin
Antje Roder, Department of Sociology and Institue for International Integration   Studies (IIIS), Trinity College Dublin

IIIS Discussion Paper No. 414

Abstract

A substantial share of Europe’s population are immigrants and children of immigrants. Typically, immigrants migrate from countries with less gender egalitarian cultures to countries with more egalitarian cultures. This study examines whether the gender egalitarian values of immigrants are shaped by the gender relations in their origin country and whether they adapt their values to the standards of their residence country. It is of particular interest if such an acculturation can be observed within the ‘first generation’ or mainly across generations. The paper further investigates whether acculturation patterns differ between male and female migrants. Based on European Social Survey data, the analyses show that immigrants originating from countries with very traditional gender relations support gender equality less than members of mainstream society. Small differences are still noticeable for children of immigrant parents. However, the key finding is that immigrants adapt their gender ideology to the standards of their residence country and that the origin context loses force over time. Both, acculturation within the first generation and acculturation across the generations play a role; but women tend to ‘assimilate’ within the first generation and more thoroughly than men. 



Last updated 28 August 2014 by IIIS (Email).