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An Ever Closer Union? Examining The Evolution Of The Integration Of European Equity Markets Via Minimum Spanning Trees

Claire G. Gilmore, Brian Lucey and Marian Boscia


The concept of a minimum spanning tree (MST) is used to study the process of comovements for 21 European Union stock market indices. We show how the asset tree and its related hierarchical tree evolve over time and describe the dynamics. Over the period studied, 1999-2006, the French equity market provides the main linkages in the system. The 2004 Accession states are more loosely connected to the other markets; they form two groupings, with the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland having tighter links to the main markets than the remaining accession markets. The consequence for global investors is a potential reduction of the benefits of international portfolio diversification
in European markets, with the possible exception of those markets at the outer limits of the MST.

Keywords : Minimum Spanning Tree, Equity Market Integration, Europe, Econophysics
JEL Categories : G15, C49

Last updated 28 August 2014 by IIIS (Email).