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Risk, Government and Globalization: International Survey Evidence

Anna Maria Mayda, Kevin H. O'Rourke and Richard Sinnott


This paper uses international survey data to document two stylized facts. First, risk aversion is associated with anti-trade attitudes. Second, this effect is smaller in countries with greater levels of government expenditure. The paper thus provides evidence for the microeconomic underpinnings of the argument associated with Ruggie (1982), Rodrik (1998) and others that government spending can bolster support for globalization by reducing the risk associated with it in the minds of voters.

Keywords : Trade attitudes, risk

JEL classification : F13, F16

Last updated 28 August 2014 by IIIS (Email).