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Reforms & Productivity dynamics in Chinese State-Owned Enterprises

Peter McGoldrick and Patrick Paul Walsh


Institutional change has taken place incrementally since 1978 for State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) in the Industrial Sector of China. We will provide evidence for the notion that this is largely due to increased domestic competitive pressures and the opportunities arising from the integration of international markets. In this paper we estimate the effect of deep reform (the right to hire and fire labour, buy and sell capital and operate on international markets) on the productivity dynamics of enterprises. Using a unique balanced panel of 681 SOEs for the period 1980 to 1994, we find consistent production function estimates using an algorithm put forward in Olley and Pakes (1996), which corrects for simultaneity bias. Furthermore, we allow selection to reform to be endogenous, and correct for this selection bias by formulating an entry rule to reform similar to the Olley and Pakes (1996) exit rule. We show that exposure to deep reform have lead to higher productivity realisations while remaining under state ownership.

Keywords : Selection to Reform, Simultaneity, Production Functions, Productivity, Chinese Industrial State-Owned Enterprises, Factor Market Liberalisation, International Integration.

Last updated 28 August 2014 by IIIS (Email).