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An Account of Geographic Concentration Patterns in Europe

Marius Brülhart and Rolf Traeger


This paper provides a methodologically rigorous description of sectoral location patterns across Western European regions over the 1975-2000 period. To measure geographic concentration, we use decomposable entropy indices and associated bootstrap tests. In addition, we estimate locational centreperiphery gradients for individual sectors and the impact of the EU membership on countries' internal geography. It is found that manufacturing has become gradually and statistically significantly more concentrated, although the locational bias towards central regions has become waeker. Conversely, market services have been relocating towards centrally located regions. Accession to the EU has strengthened countries' internal concentration trends.

keywords: geographic concentration, EU regions, centre-periphery gradients, entropy indices, bootstrap inference

Last updated 28 August 2014 by IIIS (Email).