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Pablo Gracia
Assistant Professor, Sociology

Biography

Dr. Pablo Gracia is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Trinity College Dublin. He obtained a PhD in Sociology at Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona, while receiving parallel doctoral education and training at the University of Oxford. Dr. Gracia has previously been a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Amsterdam Centre for Inequality Studies from the University of Amsterdam and Max Weber Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence. He has been a visiting researcher or guest lecturer at leading institutions in his research fields, including the University of Oxford, New York University, University College London (Institute of Education), University of Antwerp (Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy), National Institute for Demographic Studies in Paris (INED), and the Centre for Demographic Studies in Barcelona (CED-UAB). As a lecturer and researcher, Dr. Gracia's main areas of academic interest include Family Sociology, Social Stratification, Social Demography, Cross-National Research, and Research Design. Dr Gracia has recently received the Provost PhD Project Award (2017), Arts and Social Sciences Benefactions Fund (2018) and Enterprise Ireland Project Grant (2018) to support his research on intergenerational inequalities and child development. His main ongoing projects (including grants and international collaborations) focus on three areas: (1) Socioeconomic inequalities in parenting and child development; (2) Child and adolescent daily activities (i.e., digital activities, educational time, family activities) across different micro-macro contexts; (3) Impacts of the 24/7 economy on family life and child well-being. Dr. Gracia's research has been published at the European Sociological Review, Journal of Marriage of Family, Demographic Research, Social Science Research and Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, among other international peer-reviewed journals.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Gracia, P. & Garcia-Román, J., Child and Adolescent Developmental Activities and Time Use in Spain: The Gendered Role of Parents' Work Schedules and Education Levels, European Sociological Review, 5, (1), 2018, p518 - 538 Journal Article, 2018

Children's Time Use: Past, Present and Future in, editor(s)Cook, D. , The SAGE Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood Studies, Sage, 2018, [Gracia, P.] Book Chapter, 2018

Gil-Hernandez, C. & Gracia, P., Adolescents' Educational Aspirations and Ethnic Background: The Case of Students of African and Latin American Migrant Origin in Spain, Demographic Research, 2, 2018, p1 - 32 Journal Article, 2018

Gracia, P. & Gil-Hernandez, C., Adolescents' educational aspirations and ethnicity: evidence on children of African and Latin American migrants in Spain. EUI Working Paper Series. MWP/15., 2017 Working Paper, 2017

Gracia, P., Ghysels, J., Educational inequalities in parental care time: Cross-national evidence from Belgium, Denmark, Spain, and the United Kingdom, Social Science Research, 63, 2017, p166-180 Journal Article, 2017

Gracia, P. & Garcia-Roman, J, Parents' Nonstandard Work Hours and Children's Time Use in Spain: The Intersection of Parental Work Schedules, Gender, and Education.SSRN Working Paper, 2924016. , 2017 Working Paper, 2017

Roeters, A., Gracia, P., Child Care Time, Parents" Well-Being, and Gender: Evidence from the American Time Use Survey, Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25, (8), 2016, p2469-2479 Journal Article, 2016

Gracia, P. & Garcia-Roman, J, Parental Work Schedules and Children's Daily Activities: Evidence from Spain. EUI Working Paper Series. MWP/16., 2016 Working Paper, 2016

Gracia, P., Social Stratification and Parental Care: An Analysis of the Spanish Case, La Caixa Obra Social Foundation, 2016 Report, 2016

Gracia, P., Vázquez-Quesada, L., Van de Werfhorst, H.G., Ethnic penalties? The role of human capital and social origins in labour market outcomes of second-generation Moroccans and Turks in the Netherlands, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42, (1), 2016, p69-87 Journal Article, 2016

Gracia, P., Kalmijn, M., Parents' Family Time and Work Schedules: The Split-Shift Schedule in Spain, Journal of Marriage and Family, 78, (2), 2016, p401-415 Journal Article, 2016

Gracia, P. & Ghysels, J., Educational Differences in Parents' Child Care Time in Cross-National Perspective, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, San Diego, US, May 1, 2015 Conference Paper, 2015

Gracia, P., Esping-Andersen, G., Fathers" child care time and mothers" paid work: A cross-national study of Denmark, Spain, and the United Kingdom, Family Science, 6, (1), 2015, p270-281 Journal Article, 2015

Gracia, P., Parent-child leisure activities and cultural capital in the United Kingdom: The gendered effects of education and social class, Social Science Research, 52, 2015, p290-302 Journal Article, 2015

Gracia, P., Vazquez, L., & Van de Werfhorst, H. , Are Ethnic Minorities Disadvantaged? The Employment Participation and Occupational Status of Moroccan and Turkish Second Generation Migrants in the Netherlands. AMCIS Working Paper Series, January (Num 1/2014)., 2014 Working Paper, 2014

Gracia, P., Fathers' child care involvement and children's age in Spain: A time use study on differences by education and mothers' employment, European Sociological Review, 30, (2), 2014, p137-150 Journal Article, 2014

Gracia, P., Review of: J.Treas & S.Drobnic [eds.] [2010]. 'Dividing the domestic. Men, women and household work in cross-national perspective, European Sociological Review, 29, (2), 2013, p404 - 406 Journal Article, 2013

Parenting and Inequality in, editor(s)Christina Inbakaran & Marie-Louise Van Der Klooster , 2012 Time Use, Melbourne, Deakin University., 2013, pp5 - 6, [Gracia, P.] Book Chapter, 2013

Gracia, P., Father's Child Care Involvement in Spain: Education, Women's Employment, and Children's Age, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, US , April 12, 2013 Conference Paper, 2013

Esping-Andersen, Gø., Boertien, D., Bonke, J., Gracia, P., Couple specialization in multiple equilibria, European Sociological Review, 29, (6), 2013, p1280-1294 Journal Article, 2013

Gracia, P. & Delclos, C., Review of: William J.Wilson [1987]. 'The truly disadvantaged: The inner city, the underclass, and public policy, Athenea Digital, 12, (1), 2012, p247 - 250 Journal Article, 2012

Gracia, P., Diverging Parenting Behavior: Education, Gender, Class, and Institutions., Barcelona, Spain, Pompeu Fabra University , 2012 Book, 2012

Gracia, P., Paternal Involvement and Children's Developmental Stages in Spain. Demosoc Working Paper Series. Num. 46. , 2012 Working Paper, 2012

Gracia, P., Ghysels, J. & Vercammen, K. , Parental Care in Four European Countries: Comparing Types and Contexts. Demosoc Working Paper Series. Num. 41., 2011 Working Paper, 2011

Gracia, P. & Ghysels, J., Parental Care Time Allocation in Four European National Contexts, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, US. , August 20, 2011 Conference Paper, 2011

Gracia, P. & Bellani, D., Las políticas de conciliación en España y sus efectos: un análisis de las desigualdades de género en el trabajo del hogar y el empleo, Fundación Alternativas - Estudios de Progreso. Num. 51., 2010 Report, 2010

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Gracia, P., Does the Spanish work schedule hurt family life, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, München, Population Europe, 2016 Report, 2016

Gracia, P., Educational inequalities in parents' time with children. , UK-based blog., Inequalities: Research and reflection from both sides of the Atlantic , 2013 Report, 2013

Research Expertise

Description

Dr. Pablo Gracia's main research areas include family, social stratification, social demography and cross-national research. His main ongoing projects (including grants and international collaborations) focus on three main areas: (1) Socioeconomic inequalities in parenting and child development; (2) Child and adolescent daily activities (i.e., digital activities, educational time, family activities) across different micro-macro contexts; (3) Impacts of the 24/7 economy on family life and child well-being.

Projects

  • Title
    • CHILDTIMES - Inequalities in Children's Activities and Development: A Multi-Method, Longitudinal and Cross-Country Approach
  • Summary
    • Contemporary society presents a strong persistence of social inequalities across generations. The reproduction of such inequalities is not only problematic to equalising children's opportunities. This reality also imposes serious barriers to the possibility of every child being able to fully contribute to our society and economy by adding his/her intrinsic human capital potential. The project establishes links between two main disciplines that often operate independently, namely the psychological literature on child development and the life-course social stratification literature. The funding from Enterprise Ireland will be used to exchange knowledge and innovative research ideas with international researchers, as well as developing a research pilot (together with a research assistant) to better understand the reproduction of social inequalities by studying children's daily activities in our digitalised societies, combining observational and experimental approaches.
  • Funding Agency
    • Enterprise Ireland
  • Date From
    • 2018
  • Date To
    • 2019
  • Title
    • Social Inequalities, Time Use and Child Development in Ireland: A Longitudinal Approach
  • Summary
    • Children's family background is a determinant predictor of individuals' key life-course outcomes, such as schooling attainment, labour market trajectories, health status and income dynamics. Recent multi-disciplinary developments in the social sciences suggest a set of reasons why children from privileged social backgrounds are advantaged throughout the life course. This project seeks to contribute to the international literature on social inequalities and child development by studying children's daily activities and experiences from a longitudinal perspective. The project will adopt a life-course approach, using rich cohort longitudinal data, focusing on Ireland and related countries, to analyse intergenerational inequalities from infancy to late adolescence.
  • Funding Agency
    • Provost PhD Award Competition
  • Date From
    • 2018
  • Date To
    • 2022
  • Title
    • Social Inequalities in Girls' and Boys' Daily Activities and Skills Accumulation in Ireland and Australia
  • Summary
    • This project, coordinated by Dr. Pablo Gracia, will investigate how boys and girls from different SES achieve key developmental competences from infancy (age 0) to adolescence (age 17), analysing the role of their daily activities in explaining inequalities in skills development. Previous studies reveal that children's family background is a critical indicator of future life chances. Privileged children disproportionately obtain the highest levels of education, occupational status and health outcomes across the life course (Morgan, 2006). This raises strong policy concerns from an equality of opportunity and human capital perspective (Putnam, 2015). Yet, the exact mechanisms by which boys and girls from different SES (socioeconomic status) achieve different cognitive and socio-emotional skills remain insufficiently understood. This project will contribute to these empirical debates by using the best available data from Australia and Ireland to study this empirical question in two countries that combine an interesting mixture of liberal welfare regimes with traditional work-family policies (OECD, 2016).
  • Funding Agency
    • Trinity College Dublin
  • Date From
    • 2018
  • Date To
    • 2020
  • Title
    • Parental Conditions, Family Relations, and Work: Implications for Families and Children.
  • Summary
    • This research project, based on a prize received by Dr. Pablo Gracia, fully funded by the EUI Max Weber Programme, aimed at providing new and more precise understandings of how time and resources are allocated from parents and children across different demographic groups in contemporary post-industrial societies. The project was related to three main empirical outputs: (1) Empirical evidence was published on how fathers and mothers allocated time to child care activities and how this can be related to gendered inequalities in parents' wellbeing, levels of enjoyment and stress; (2) Cross-national evidence on gendered and educational inequalities in parenting was provided using international time-diary data; (3) Evidence on ethnic penalties and differentials in students' aspirations and future employment outcomes were provided using survey data from the Dutch and Spanish contexts. Finally, the project resulted into different publications in international peer-reviewed journals.
  • Funding Agency
    • European University Institute
  • Date From
    • 2015
  • Date To
    • 2017
  • Title
    • Family Conditions and Child Outcomes
  • Summary
    • This project, coordinated by Dr. Pablo Gracia, was funded as part of the ECSR Project Workshop Grants, in order to bring together a range of junior and more senior scholars to establish networks of collaboration and discussion around the topic of child outcomes. The main project's task consisted of a workshop organised at the University of Amsterdam in which junior and senior scholars from leading European research institutions presented their studies on how families influence child outcomes. This scientific exchange provided some new insights to better understand how child outcomes (defined as skills, behaviours, and qualifications) are affected by family contexts, including socioeconomic, demographic, and ethnic origins. 
 Main Partners of the Project's Network: University of Amsterdam (host), WZB, Goethe University Frankfurt, Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, University of Mannheim, University of Oxford.
  • Funding Agency
    • European Consortium for Sociological Research
  • Date From
    • 2013
  • Date To
    • 2014
  • Title
    • Family Polarization: Stratified Family Dynamics: polarizing trends in couple behaviour and parenting
  • Summary
    • The project applies a multiple equilibrium framework to understand ongoing transformations in family demography and their consequences for social inequalities. Associated with the changing economic role of women emerge novel family forms that replace the conventional male breadwinner model. The transition is very much in flux, producing multiple equilibria some of which are unstable and associated with inefficient and inequitable couple specialization. Based on long micro panel data for four countries at different stages of the transition, the study will address three parallel issues. One, identifying equilibrium shifts from the traditional towards more gender symmetric family forms, with particular focus on the endogenously driven dynamics that drive populations towards a gender egalitarian equilibrium. Two, analyzing the potentially polarizing demographic correlates of changing family behaviour in particular in terms of marital choice and couple stability. Three, testing hypotheses regarding family polarisation with respect to parental investments in children and how these, in turn, influence children's life chances. Dr. Pablo Gracia, supervised by Prof. Esping-Andersen as a doctoral researcher at UPF, participated in this project by engaging in a cross-national research on Denmark, Spain and the UK that revealed different gender relations and equilibria in the division of paid and unpaid work. Results from this work are visible in this publication: Esping-Andersen, G., Boertien, D., Bonke, J. and Gracia, P., 2013. Couple specialization in multiple equilibria. European Sociological Review, 29(6), pp.1280-1294.
  • Funding Agency
    • EU Commission
  • Date From
    • 2010
  • Date To
    • 2013
  • Title
    • Multiple Equilibria in Families
  • Summary
    • The main objective of this project, coordinated by Prof. Gosta Esping-Andersen, is to apply a multiple equilibrium framework to test key hypotheses regarding family behaviour and its broader effects on social inequality. We focus in particular on two dimensions: couple relationships and parental investment in children. Our point of departure is the evidence from recent demographic and sociological research that, on both dimensions, there are trends towards polarisation. Our research on couple relations will examine two key dimensions: gender specialisation in domestic tasks and labour supply, and the stability of partnerships. Our research on parenting will focus on child outcomes, in particular with regard to educational attainment and early career transitions. Of special interest here is the growing gender-gap and what might be called the 'boy-problem': the large proportion of boys with problematic social behaviour and inadequate schooling. Dr. Pablo Gracia, supervised by Prof. Esping-Andersen as a doctoral researcher at UPF, participated in this project by conducting empirical analyses on educational and gender inequalities in parenting and domestic work in the Spanish context. Results of this assistance contributed to this publication: Esping-Andersen, G., 2009. Incomplete revolution: Adapting welfare states to women's new roles. Cambridge: Polity Press (Chapter 1).
  • Funding Agency
    • Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation
  • Date From
    • 2010
  • Date To
    • 2013
  • Title
    • Work-Family Policy and Gender Inequalities in Paid and Unpaid Work in Spain
  • Summary
    • This project, coordinated by Dr. Pablo Gracia and Dr. Daniela Bellani, has two main objectives: (1) to analyse gender inequalities in unpaid household work in Spain, both in housework and time spent with children; (2) the projects aims at recommending efficient policies for reconciling work and family to reduce the existing gender inequalities at work and, indirectly, social class inequalities in the Spanish system. After exploring time use data form different countries (2002/2003 Spanish Time Use Survey; Harmonised European Time Use Survey: 2000-2005), the project shows that gender inequalities in the division of household work are significantly more pronounced in Spain than in most Western European countries. This is captured by the fact that the relative contribution of men to the total household work is lower in Spain than in other Western European countries. In addition, the project suggests that, in Spain, women's increasing economic and employment autonomy compared to their husbands or male partners, is likely to foster gender equality in the division of domestic chores and parental care responsibilities. The project further proposes several family and gender policies, such as active female employment policies, policies of work-family reconciliation and, ultimately, argues that increasing public spending and intervention in families is positive both from an equitable and efficient perspective. Dr. Gracia was the PI and the main applicant of this project, which was converted into a scientific report published by 'Fundacion Alternativas'.
  • Funding Agency
    • Fundacion Alternativas
  • Date From
    • 2009
  • Date To
    • 2010
  • Title
    • Economic Change, Quality of Life and Social Cohesion Network of Excellence (EQUALSOC).
  • Summary
    • The EQUALSOC project, coordinated by Prof. Robert Erikson (University of Stockholm), was a "Network of Excellence" (NoE) that mobilise and develop research expertise across Europe on economic change, quality of life and social cohesion. Initially, a total of 14 leading institutes or universities participated working on issues of social inequalities and social cohesion. There were institutes from Sweden (SOFI), the Netherlands (AIAS), France (CNRS), Italy (DSRS, Bicocca, University of Turin), Ireland (ESRI), Germany (MZES, WZB), Great Britain (Nuffield), Spain (UPF), Estonia (UT) and Belgium (CSB). The project is funded by the European Union. The project aimed at strengthening the exchange of knowledge between scientists in Europe and promoting the development of joint projects in the fields of social cohesion and inequalities. Work was based on network conferences, workshops for the subject-oriented working groups and cross-cutting workshops with participants from different working groups have been or will be arranged. Dr. Gracia's involvement in this network was devoted to the working package FAMNET (network on family research) and in particular the working group on the gendered household division of housework and child care
  • Funding Agency
    • EU Commission
  • Date From
    • 2008
  • Date To
    • 2013
  • Title
    • Diverging Parenting? Socioeconomic Background, Gender, and Institutions
  • Summary
    • This project, based on the externally-funded doctoral research project of Dr. Pablo Gracia, analysed the degree of variation in parenting behaviour by education, gender, and social class across national contexts. Time-diary data from Denmark, Belgium, Spain and the UK were analysed to study parenting practices across different demographic groups. The main findings from this project can be summarised as follows: (1) Cross-national variations in parenting-work balance are observed amongst fathers, but less so amongst mothers, for which a stronger educational gradient is instead observed; (2) In Spain, women's employment is strongly associated with paternal involvement in routine/physical activities in families with preschool children; (3) A strong education gradient in fathering is correlated with children's developmental stages, in line with child-rearing practices recommended by "parenting experts"; (4) In the UK, social class and education are strongly correlated with the parenting styles that are more directly linked to children's accumulation of cultural, human, and social capital; (5) Men in post-industrial occupations appear to be particularly identified with the more egalitarian and highly involved fathering practices. The project content and results resulted into 4 subsequent publications in international peer-reviewed journals in sociology and cognate disciplines or fields.
  • Funding Agency
    • Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation
  • Date From
    • 2008
  • Date To
    • 2012

Keywords

ADOLESCENCE; CHILDREN; CROSS-NATIONAL ANALYSIS; EDUCATION; ETHNICITY; FAMILY; GENDER; Life Course; PARENT-CHILD RELATIONS; PARENTING; Quantitative Research; social demography; Social Inequality; Social Policy; Social Stratification/Mobility; Work-family interface

Recognition

Awards and Honours

Visiting Researcher. Pompeu Fabra University 2018

Visiting Researcher. New York University 2018

Enterprise Ireland Project Grant. Enterprise Ireland/IRC. 2018

Arts and Social Sciences Benefactions Fund. Trinity College Dublin 2018

Provost Award Competition (for PhD Project Supervision). Trinity College Dublin 2017

Visiting Researcher & Lecturer. University College London, Institute of Education 2017

Visiting Researcher. Institut National d'Études Démographiques 2017

Max Weber Fellowship Prize. European University Institute 2015

Visiting Researcher. Autonomous University of Barcelona, Centre for Demographic Studies 2015

Visiting Researcher. University of Antwerp, Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy 2014

ECSR Project Grant. European Consortium for Sociological Research 2014

Aage Sorensen Travel Award. Research Committee 28 on Social Stratification and Mobility (ISA) 2011

Visiting PhD Researcher. University of Oxford 2010/12

Fundacion Alternativas Youth Prize. Alternativas Foundation. 2009

FPU Doctoral Project Scholarship. Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation 2008

Memberships

American Sociological Association 2010 – 2012

Dutch/Flemish Association of Sociology 2013 – 2014

EqualSoc Network of Excellence 2008 – 2012

European Association of Population 2016 – to date

European Consortium for Sociological Research 2012 – to date

Global Research Network on Children in the 24/7 Economy (GRNCE) 2017 – to date

International Association for Time Use Research 2010 – to date

Max Weber Fellows Programme, European University Institute 2015 – 2017

Population Association of America 2013 – to date

RC28 on Social Stratification and Mobility (ISA) 2010 – to date

Spanish Sociological Association 2013 – 2014

Trinity Research in Childhood Centre (TRiCC) 2018 – to date