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Richard Layte
Professor of Sociology, Sociology

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

McCrory, C., Leahy, S., Ribeiro, A.S, Fraga, S., Barros, H., Avendano, M., Vineis, P., Layte, R. , Socio-economic variation in children's body mass trajectories in four contemporary European child cohorts, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, EPub, 2017, p1 - 10 Journal Article, 2017

Cruise, S.M, Layte, R., Stevenson, M. and O'Reilly, D, Prevalence and factors associated with depression and depression-related healthcare access in mothers of 9-month old infants in the Republic of Ireland, Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 15, 2017, p1 - 11 Journal Article, 2017

Stringhini, S., Carmeli, C., Jokela, M., Avendaño, M., Muennig, P., Guida, F., Ricceri, F., d'Errico, F., Barros, H., Bochud, M., Chadeau-Hyam, M., Clavel-Chapelon, F., Costa, G., Delpierre, C., Fraga, S., Goldberg, M. Giles, M.G., Krogh, V., Kelly-Irving, M., Layte, R., Lasserre, A.M, Marmot, M.G., Preisig, M., Shipley, M.J., Vollenweider, P., Zins, M., Kawachi, I., Steptoe, A., Mackenbach, A.P., Vineis, P., Kivimäki, M. , Socioeconomic status and the 25 × 25 risk factors as determinants of premature mortality: a multicohort study and meta-analysis of 1·7 million men and women, The Lancet, 2017 Journal Article, 2017 URL

Layte, R., Why Do Working-Class Kids Do Worse in School? An Empirical Test of Two Theories of Educational Disadvantage, European Sociological Review, 0 (online), (0), 2017, p1 - 15 Journal Article, 2017 URL TARA - Full Text

Nolan, A. and Layte, R. , The Impact Of Transitions In Insurance Coverage On GP Visiting Among Children In Ireland, Social Science and Medicine, 180, 2017, p94 - 100 Journal Article, 2017

Orr, J., Layte, R. and O'Leary, N. , Sexual activity and relationship quality in middle and older age: Findings from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, EPub, 2017 Journal Article, 2017

Sinnott, S.J., Layte, R., Brick, A. and M.J. Turner , Variation in Induction of Labour Rates Across Irish Hospitals; Cross-Sectional Study, European Journal of Public Health, 26, (5), 2016, p753 - 760 Journal Article, 2016 URL

Sinnott, S.J., Brick, A., Layte, R., Cunningham, N. and M.J. Turner , National Variation in Caesarean Section Rates: A Cross Sectional Study in Ireland, PLoS One, 11, (6), 2016, p1 - 5 Journal Article, 2016 URL

Keane, E., Cullinan, J, Perry, C.P, Kearney, P., Harrington, J., Perry, I. and Layte, R., Dietary quality in children and the role of the local food environment, Social Science and Medicine - Population Health, 2, (1), 2016, p770 - 777 Journal Article, 2016 URL

Layte, R & Banks, J., Socio-economic differentials in mortality by cause of death in the Republic of Ireland, 1984-2008, European Journal of Public Health, 2016 Journal Article, 2016

Layte, R & Banks, J., McKnight, G. & Walsh, C., Socioeconomic Differentials in Male Mortality In Ireland: 1984-2008, Economic and Social Review, 2016 Journal Article, 2016

Brick, A., Layte, R., Farren, M., Sheehan, S.R., Mahony, R. and Turner, M.J. , Recent trends in vaginal birth after caesarean section, Irish Journal of Medical Science, 109, (10), 2016, p482 - 486 Journal Article, 2016

Brick, A, Layte, R, Nolan, A and Turner, M.J, Differences in Nulliparous Caesarean Section Rates across Models of Care: A Decomposition Analysis, BMC Health Services Research, DOI: 10.1186/s12913 - 2016 Journal Article, 2016

McCrory, C., , Finucane, C., O'Hare, Frewen, J., Nolan, H., Layte, R., Kearney, P. and Kenny, R.A , Social disadvantage and social isolation are associated with a higher resting heart rate: evidence from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 71, (3), 2015, p463-73 Journal Article, 2015 TARA - Full Text DOI

Layte, R. and Nolan, A. , Eligibility for Free GP Care and Utilisation of GP Services by Children in Ireland, Journal of Health Economics and Management, 15, (1), 2015, p3 - 27 Journal Article, 2015

Nolan, A. and Layte, R. , The 'Healthy Immigrant Effect': Breastfeeding Behaviour in Ireland, European Journal of Public Health, 25, (4), 2015, p626 - 631 Journal Article, 2015

Nolan, A., Layte, R., The 'healthy immigrant effect': Breastfeeding behaviour in Ireland, European Journal of Public Health, 25, (4), 2015, p626-631 Journal Article, 2015

Sexton, E., King-Kallimanis, B.L, Layte, R. and Hickey, A, How does chronic disease status affect CASP quality of life at older ages? Examining the WHO ICF disability domains as mediators of this relationship, Age and Mental Health, 2015 Journal Article, 2015

Layte, R. and McCrory, C. , Maternal Health Behaviours and Child Growth in Infancy, 4, Dublin, Dept. of Children and Youth Affairs, February, 2015 Report, 2015

McCrory C, Dooley C, Layte R, Kenny R.A, The lasting legacy of childhood adversity for disease risk in later life, Health Psychology, 34, (7), 2015, p687 - 696 Journal Article, 2015 URL

Perry, C.P, Keane, E., Layte, R., Fitzgerald, A.P, Perry, I.J and Harrington, J.M , The use of a dietary quality score as a predictor of childhood overweight or obesity, BMC Public Health, 15, 2015, p581- Journal Article, 2015

Hyland, M., Layte, R., Lyons, S., McCoy, S., Silles, M., Are classroom internet use and academic performance higher after government broadband subsidies to primary schools?, Economic and Social Review, 46, (3), 2015, p399-428 Journal Article, 2015

Layte, R., Nolan, A.,, Socioeconomic Inequalities in Child Health in Ireland, Economic and Social Review, 45, (1), 2014, p25 - 64 Journal Article, 2014 URL

Layte R, Banks J, Walsh C, McKnight G, Trends in socio-economic inequalities in mortality by sex in Ireland from the 1980s to the 2000s., Irish journal of medical science, 2014 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

McCrory, C. Dooley, C., Layte, R., & Kenny RA, The Lasting Legacy of Childhood Adversity for Disease Risk In Later Life, Health Psychology, 34, (7), 2014, p687-696 Journal Article, 2014 TARA - Full Text URL

Harrington, D.M., Belton, S., Coppinger, T., Cullen, M., Donnelly, A., Dowd, K., Keating, T., Layte, R., Murphy, M., Murphy, N., Murtagh, E., Woods, C., Results from Ireland's 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity in Children and Youth, Journal of physical activity & health, 11, 2014, pS63-S68 Journal Article, 2014

Layte, R., Bennett, A., McCrory, C., & Kearney, J., Social class variation in the predictors of rapid growth in infancy and obesity at age three years, International Journal of Obesity, 38, (1), 2014, p82 - 90 Journal Article, 2014 URL TARA - Full Text

Layte, R. Whelan, C.T., Who feels inferior? A test of the status anxiety hypothesis of social inequalities in health, European Sociological Review, 30, (4), 2014, p525 - 535 Journal Article, 2014 URL

Dominguez Castro, Patricia; Layte, Richard; Kearney, John, Ethnic Variation in Breastfeeding and Complimentary Feeding in the Republic of Ireland, Nutrients, 6, (5), 2014, p1832 - 1849 Journal Article, 2014 TARA - Full Text DOI

Ladewig EL, Hayes C, Browne J, Layte R, Reulbach, U., The influence of ethnicity on breastfeeding rates in Ireland: a cross-sectional study. , Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 68, 2014, p356 - 362 Journal Article, 2014 URL DOI

Nolan, A., Layte, R.,, Income-Related Inequity in the Use of GP Services by Children: A Comparison of Ireland and Scotland, European Journal of Health Economics, 2014 Journal Article, 2014

Dominguez Castro, P., Layte, R. and Kearney, J. , A study of early complimentary feeding determinants in the Republic of Ireland based on a cross-sectional analysis of the Growing Up in Ireland infant cohort, Public Health Nutrition, 19, 2014, p1 - 11 Journal Article, 2014

Layte, Richard; McCrory, Cathal, Paediatric Chronic Illness and Educational Failure: the Role of Emotional and Behavioural Problems, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 48, (8), 2013, p1307 - 1316 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Cousins, G. Layte, R. Ingham, R. McGee, H., Sexual risk-taking at home and on holidays: The importance of context for the late application of condoms, Sexual Health, 10, (5), 2013, p414 - 418 Journal Article, 2013 URL

Turner, M.J. Layte, R., Obesity levels in a national cohort of women 9 months after delivery, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 209, (2), 2013, p124.e1 - 124.w7 Journal Article, 2013 URL

Turner, Michael J.; Layte, Richard, Obesity Levels in a National Cohort of Women Nine Months Postpartum, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 209, (2), 2013, p124.e1 - 124.e7 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

O'Dwyer, V. Layte, R. O'Connor, C. Farah, N. Kennelly, M.M. Turner, M.J., International variation in caesarean section rates and maternal obesity, Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 33, (5), 2013, p466 - 470 Journal Article, 2013 URL

Layte, R. Sexton, E. Savva, G., Quality of life in older age: Evidence from an Irish cohort study, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61, (SUPPL2), 2013, pS299 - S305 Journal Article, 2013 URL

McCrory, Cathal; Layte, Richard , Testing competing models of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire's (SDQ's) factor structure for the parent-informant instrument, Personality and Individual Differences, 52, (8), 2012, p882 - 887 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

McAuley, Colette; Layte, Richard, Exploring the Relative Influence of Family Stressors and Socio-Economic Context on Children's Happiness and Well-Being, Child Indicators Research, 5, (3), 2012, p523 - 545 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

McCrory, Cathal; Layte, Richard, Prenatal Exposure to Maternal Smoking and Childhood Behavioural Problems: A Quasi-experimental Approach, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, (8), 2012, p1277 - 1288 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Alice Casey, Richard Layte, Sean Lyons and and Mary Silles, Home computer use and academic performance of 9-year-olds, Oxford Review of Education, 38, (5), 2012, p617 - 634 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

McCrory, C., & Layte, R., Breastfeeding and risk of overweight and obesity at nine years of age, Social Science and Medicine, 75, (2), 2012, p323 - 330 Journal Article, 2012 TARA - Full Text

Keane, Eimear; Layte, Richard; Harrington, Janas; Kearney, Patricia M.; Perry, Ivan J., Measured Parental Weight Status and Familial Socio-Economic Status Correlates with Childhood Overweight and Obesity at Age 9, PLOSone, 7, (8, e43503), 2012 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Brick, Aoife; Layte, Richard, Exploring Trends in the Rate of Caesarean Section in Ireland 1999-2007, The Economic and Social Review, 42, (4), 2011, p383 - 406 Journal Article, 2011

Harrington, Janas; Fitzgerald, Anthony P.; Layte, Richard; Lutomski, Jennifer; Molcho, Michal; Perry, Ivan J. , Sociodemographic, Health and Lifestyle Predictors of Poor Diets, Public Health Nutrition, 14, (12), 2011, p2166 - 2175 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

O'Sullivan, Vincent; Layte, Richard, Income and Asset Levels of Older People, 2011, - 243-264 Miscellaneous, 2011

Layte, Richard, The association between Income Inequality and Mental Health: Testing Status Anxiety, Social Capital, and Neo-Materialist Explanations, European Sociological Review, 2011 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

Layte, Richard; McCrory, Cathal, Growing Up in Ireland - National Longitudinal Study of Children: Overweight and Obesity Among 9-Year-Olds, Dublin, Stationery Office, November , 2011 Report, 2011 TARA - Full Text

Layte,Richard; Harrington,Janas; Sexton,Eithne; Perry,Ivan; Cullinan,J.; Lyons,Seán, Irish Exceptionalism? Local Food Environments and Dietary Quality, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 65, 2011 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

McCrory, Cathal; Layte Richard, The Effect of Breastfeeding on Children's Educational Test Scores at Nine Years of Age: Results of an Irish Cohort Study, Social Science & Medicine, 2011 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

McCrory, C. & Layte, R., The effect of breastfeeding on children's educational test scores at nine years of age: Results of an Irish cohort study, Social Science & Medicine, 72, (5), 2011, p1515 - 1521 Journal Article, 2011

Layte Richard, O'Hara Sinead, Bennett Kathleen, Explaining structural change in cardiovascular mortality in Ireland 1995-2005: a time series analysis., European Journal of Public Health, 21, (5), 2011, p597 - 602 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

Cousins,Gráinne; McGee,Hannah; Layte,Richard, Suppression Effects of Partner Type on the Alcohol-Risky Sex Relationship, Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 71, (3), 2010, p357 - 365 Journal Article, 2010

Cousins, G. McGee, H. Layte, R., Suppression effects of partner type on the alcohol-risky sex relationship in young irish adults, Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 71, (3), 2010, p357 - 365 Journal Article, 2010 URL

Layte,Richard; Clyne,Barbara, Did the Celtic Tiger Decrease Socio-Economic Differentials in Perinatal Mortality in Ireland?, The Economic and Social Review, 41, (2), 2010, p173 - 199 Journal Article, 2010

Layte,Richard; Nolan,Anne; McGee,Hannah; Hanlon,Ann, Do Consultation Charges Deter General Practitioner Use Among Older People? A Natural Experiment, Social Science & Medicine, 68, (8), 2009, p1432 - 1438 Journal Article, 2009 DOI

Layte, R., Nolan, A., McGee, H., O'Hanlon, A., Do consultation charges deter general practitioner use among older people? A natural experiment, Social Science and Medicine, 68, (8), 2009, p1432-1438 Journal Article, 2009

Layte, R. Whelan, C.T., Explaining social class inequalities in smoking: The role of education, self-efficacy, and deprivation, European Sociological Review, 25, (4), 2009, p399 - 410 Journal Article, 2009 URL

McGee, H.M. Molloy, G. O'Hanlon, A. Layte, R. Hickey, A., Older people - Recipients but also providers of informal care: An analysis among community samples in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, Health and Social Care in the Community, 16, (5), 2008, p548 - 553 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Layte, R. O'Connell, P.J. Russell, H., Temporary jobs in Ireland: Does class influence job quality?, Economic and Social Review, 39, (2), 2008, p81 - 104 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Layte, R. McGee, H. Rundle, K. Leigh, C., Does ambivalence about becoming pregnant explain social class differentials in use of contraception?, European Journal of Public Health, 17, (5), 2007, p477 - 482 Journal Article, 2007 URL

Layte, R., Equity in the utilisation of hospital inpatient services in Ireland? An improved approach to the measurement of health need, Economic and Social Review, 38, (2), 2007, p191 - 210 Journal Article, 2007 URL

Whelan, C.T. Layte, R., Economic boom and social mobility: The Irish experience, 24, (2), 2006, 193 - 208 Miscellaneous, 2006 URL

Nordenmark, M. Strandh, M. Layte, R., The impact of unemployment benefit system on the mental well-being of the unemployed in Sweden, Ireland and Great Britain, European Societies, 8, (1), 2006, p83 - 110 Journal Article, 2006 URL

Fouarge, D. Layte, R., Welfare regimes and poverty dynamics: The duration and recurrence of poverty spells in Europe, Journal of Social Policy, 34, (3), 2005, p407 - 426 Journal Article, 2005 URL

Layte, R., O'Connell, P., Fahey, T., Mccoy, S., Ireland and economic globalization. The experiences of a small open economy, Globalization, Uncertainty and Youth in Society, 2005, p415-436 Journal Article, 2005

Whelan, C.T. Layte, R. Maôtre, B., Understanding the mismatch between income poverty and deprivation: A dynamic comparative analysis, European Sociological Review, 20, (4), 2004, p287 - 302 Journal Article, 2004 URL

Layte, R. Nolan, B., Equity in the utilisation of health care in Ireland, Economic and Social Review, 35, (2), 2004, p111 - 134 Journal Article, 2004 URL

Kunst, A.E. Bos, V. Andersen, O. Cardano, M. Costa, G. Harding, S. Hemström, Ö. Layte, R. Regidor, E. Reid, A. Santana, P. Valkonen, T. Mackenbach, J.P., Monitoring of trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality: Experiences from a European project, Demographic Research, 10, (SUPPL. 2), 2004, p229 - 254 Journal Article, 2004 URL

Layte, R., Whelan, C.T., Class Transformation and Trends in Social Fluidity in the Republic of Ireland 1973-94, Social Mobility in Europe, 2004 Journal Article, 2004

Whelan, C.T. Layte, R. Maitre, B., Persistent income poverty and deprivation in the European Union: An analysis of the first three waves of the European community household panel, Journal of Social Policy, 32, (1), 2003, p1 - 18 Journal Article, 2003 URL

Korpi, T. De Graaf, P. Hendrickx, J. Layte, R., Vocational training and career employment precariousness in Great Britain, the Netherlands and Sweden, Acta Sociologica, 46, (1), 2003, p17 - 30 Journal Article, 2003 URL

Whelan, C.T. Layte, R. Maître, B., Multiple deprivation and persistent poverty in the European Union, Journal of European Social Policy, 12, (2), 2002, p91 - 105 Journal Article, 2002 URL

Whelan, C.T. Layte, R., Late Industrialization and the Increased Merit Selection Hypothesis: Ireland as a Test Case, European Sociological Review, 18, (1), 2002, p35 - 50+i Journal Article, 2002 URL

Layte, R. Nolan, B. Whelan, C.T., Reassessing income and deprivation approaches to the measurement of poverty in the Republic of Ireland, Economic and Social Review, 32, (3), 2001, p239 - 261 Journal Article, 2001 URL

Layte, R. Jenkinson, C., Normative data for the SF-12 health survey in the Republic of Ireland with comparisons to England, Irish Journal of Psychology, 22, (1), 2001, p63 - 72 Journal Article, 2001 URL

Layte, R. Maître, B. Nolan, B. Whelan, C.T., Persistent and consistent poverty in the 1994 and 1995 waves of the European community household panel survey, Review of Income and Wealth, 47, (4), 2001, p427 - 449 Journal Article, 2001 URL

Whelan, C.T. Layte, R. Maître, B. Nolan, B., Income, deprivation, and economic strain an analysis of the European community household panel, European Sociological Review, 17, (4), 2001, p357 - 372 Journal Article, 2001 URL

Layte, R. Whelan, C.T. Maître, B. Nolan, B., Explaining levels of deprivation in the European Union, Acta Sociologica, 44, (2), 2001, pX - 120 Journal Article, 2001 URL

Layte, R. Callan, T., Unemployment, welfare benefits and the financial incentive to work, Economic and Social Review, 32, (2), 2001, p103 - 129 Journal Article, 2001 URL

Layte, R. Nolan, B. Whelan, C.T., Targeting poverty: Lessons from monitoring Ireland's national anti-poverty strategy, Journal of Social Policy, 29, (4), 2000, p553 - 575 Journal Article, 2000 URL

Layte, R., Gendered equity? Comparing explanations of women's satisfaction with the domestic division of labour, Work, Employment and Society, 12, (3), 1998, p511 - 532 Journal Article, 1998 URL

Stewart-Brown, S. Layte, R., Emotional health problems are the most important cause of disability in adults of working age: A study in the four counties of the old Oxford region, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 51, (6), 1997, p672 - 675 Journal Article, 1997 URL

Jenkinson, C. Layte, R., Development and testing of the UK SF-12, Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 2, (1), 1997, p14 - 18 Journal Article, 1997 URL

Jenkinson, C. Layte, R. Lawrence, K., Development and Testing of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey Summary Scale Scores in the United Kingdom: Results from a Large-Scale Survey and a Clinical Trial, Medical Care, 35, (4), 1997, p410 - 416 Journal Article, 1997 URL

Jenkinson, C. Gray, A. Doll, H. Lawrence, K. Keoghane, S. Layte, R., Evaluation of Index and Profile Measures of Health Status in a Randomized Controlled Trial: Comparison of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, EuroQol, and Disease Specific Measures, Medical Care, 35, (11), 1997, p1109 - 1118 Journal Article, 1997 URL

Jenkinson, C. Layte, R. Jenkinson, D. Lawrence, K. Petersen, S. Paice, C. Stradling, J., A shorter form health survey: Can the SF-12 replicate results from the SF-36 in longitudinal studies?, Journal of Public Health Medicine, 19, (2), 1997, p179 - 186 Journal Article, 1997 URL

Jenkinson, C. Jenkinson, D. Shepperd, S. Layte, R. Petersen, S., Evaluation of treatment for congestive heart failure in patents aged 60 years and older using generic measures of health status (SF-36 and COOP charts), Age and Ageing, 26, (1), 1997, p7 - 13 Journal Article, 1997 URL

Jenkinson, C. Layte, R. Coulter, A. Wright, L., Evidence for the sensitivity of the SF-36 health status measure to inequalities in health: Results from the Oxford healthy lifestyles survey, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 50, (3), 1996, p377 - 380 Journal Article, 1996 URL

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Layte, Richard; Nolan, Anne, Income-Related Inequity in the Use of GP Services: A Comparison of Ireland and Scotland, 2013 Working Paper, 2013 TARA - Full Text

Layte, Richard; Nolan, Anne, Socioeconomic Inequalities in Child Health in Ireland, 2013 Working Paper, 2013 TARA - Full Text

Layte, Richard, A Good News Story About Irish Health Care, 2011, - Miscellaneous, 2011 TARA - Full Text

Layte, Richard, Should We Be Worried About Income Inequality in Ireland?, 2011, - Miscellaneous, 2011 TARA - Full Text

Alan Barrett, George Savva, Virpi Timonen and Rose Anne Kenny (eds), Fifty plus in Ireland 2011: First results from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, May, 2011 Report, 2011 TARA - Full Text

McCrory, Cathal; Layte, Richard, Investing in Child Health and Development: The Impact of Breastfeeding on Children's School Performance, 2011, - Miscellaneous, 2011 TARA - Full Text

Layte, Richard, Creating a Health Promoting Environment: The Role of Food , 2011, - Miscellaneous, 2011 TARA - Full Text

Research Expertise

Description

Richard Layte is Professor of Sociology at Trinity College Dublin and a Research Professor at the Economic and Social Research Institute. Much of his work stems from a core interest in the structure of social and economic stratification in modern societies and its impact on individual life-chances, health and well-being. His research examines the fundamental processes which influence the distribution of health and well-being in societies and how these are shaped by political economy and the structure and functioning of health care systems. Recent work has examined the relationship between country income inequality and individual health and he has a particular interest in improving understanding of how family background influences child health and development and the impact this has on the child's educational outcomes, adult health and life expectancy. He has a keen interest in Irish health care and the role that health care can play in improving health and well-being. He has published widely on all these issues both in Ireland and internationally in both the academic and policy domains.

Projects

  • Title
    • An allostatic load framework for understanding social differences in health and mortality
  • Summary
    • The life course approach recognises that SES is an important determinant of a wide range of material, behavioural, environmental, and psychosocial exposures that shape health through multiple, complex and interacting pathways. The pernicious effects of living in low SES environments can be seen every major organ system of the body prompting some investigators to suggest that SES may operate through general mechanisms that contribute to a range of biological processes affecting multiple organ systems. Allostatic Load (AL) has been posited as a potential explanatory framework for understanding the biological embedding of SES over the life course. We propose to examine the theoretical and empirical utility of AL as an intermediate construct on the pathway between SES and health using The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA).
  • Funding Agency
    • Health Research Board
  • Date From
    • December 2017
  • Date To
    • December 2021
  • Title
    • Improving Obstetric Practice Through Understanding Variation in Caesarean Section Rates in Irish Maternity Hospitals
  • Summary
    • Over the past 35 years there has been a sustained increase in the Caesarean section (CS) rate in developed countries including Ireland. In 1993, the Department of Health and Children in Ireland reported a CS rate of 13%. By 1999, the next year for which data are available, the rate was 20.4%, increasing to 26.9% by 2009. To date there has been little research on trends in CS in Ireland. In a recent publication the WHO (WHO et al 2009) have stated that there is no empirical evidence for an optimum percentage but questions remain as to why CS rates have been increasing over time. Significant variation in CS rates across hospitals in Ireland also raise concerns about the efficacy of the procedure in some instances. Rates of CS in Irish hospitals varied from 18.6% to 36.4% in 2009 and all but 3 of the 19 maternity units in the Irish hospital system experienced an increase in their CS rate over the period from 1999 to 2009. This project uses linked data from two national databases, the Hospital In-Patient Enquiry scheme (HIPE) and the National Perinatal Reporting System (NPRS) and an in depth prospective study from a large Dublin maternity hospital to investigate the factors that explain the increase in CS in Ireland and the pattern of variation across Irish hospitals. The project will investigate the role of changing maternal characteristics (e.g. increasing age, lower parity (previous births) and obesity), clinical risk factors for CS (e.g. malpresentation, pre-eclampsia, diabetes), changing clinical practices and organisational structures (e.g. private practice, staffing and policy). By understanding the processes associated with growing use of CS in Irish maternity hospitals the project will contribute to the development and improvement of policy and practice in maternity care.
  • Funding Agency
    • Health Research Board
  • Date From
    • 2012
  • Date To
    • 2015
  • Title
    • Trends in Socio-Economic Inequalities in Mortality Differentials in Ireland 1986-2006'
  • Summary
    • The presence of pronounced inequalities in mortality and life expectancy across income, education and social class groups is now well established both in Ireland and internationally. Analyses of Irish data from the 1980s and 1990s show that Irish men in unskilled manual jobs had a mortality rate almost three times higher than men in higher professional occupations. Unfortunately, the most recent year for which information on socio-economic inequalities in mortality have been analysed is 1996 and we have no research on what happened in the following decade when employment grew by over 55%, unemployment shrank by over 60% and long term unemployment fell by almost 80%. In the same period Irish gross national product increased from 60 per cent of the EU average to 110 per cent and real incomes, adjusted for inflation, increased across the entire income distribution. Ireland's overall mortality rate had been falling steadily for a number of decades before 1996 but the rate of reduction accelerated significantly around 1999. Research suggests this change can be explained by significantly reduced mortality from circulatory diseases, particularly during the winter months and that this may have be been influenced by the introduction of free primary care for the over 70s in 2001 along with changes in the pattern of cardiovascular prescribing. It is not known what impact this change in circulatory mortality patterns had on socio-economic inequalities in mortality. Methodological problems have hindered past research on mortality differentials. In this proposal we develop solutions to these problems and set out a programme of research on trends in mortality differentials between 1986 and 2006 and variations in trends by cause and geographic location. Only by understanding recent trends will we gain insight into the causes of mortality differentials in Ireland and develop interventions to improve the health and longevity of all social groups.
  • Funding Agency
    • Health Research Board
  • Date From
    • 2012
  • Date To
    • 2015
  • Title
    • 'The Longitudinal Analysis of Child Health and Development in Ireland
  • Summary
    • Across developed nations two pronounced social regularities have emerged in research over the last two decades. The first is the intergenerational transmission of earnings, education and occupational class. Economic and sociological studies suggest that the association between the income and social class of family of origin and own occupational class and income are substantial and may not have declined to any significant extent over the last half century. Research suggests that they may even have increased. The second regularity is the persistent differential in health and mortality across socio-economic groups that have been shown to exist within developed countries. Studies suggest that although exposure to adversity over the life course contributes to adult health inequalities, conditions early life may be particularly important for specific diseases. Studies have largely assumed that adult socio-economic differentials in health result from the interaction of the two regularities identified above operating across the life course. That is, material conditions throughout life accumulate to produce adult health whilst the intergenerational transmission of income, education and class increases the probability that both poor health and social disadvantage will tend to accumulate among those from lower income and social class backgrounds. In this project we investigate whether socio-economic inequalities in childhood health may actually contribute to adult socio-economic position through a process of 'health selection'. Using two large child cohort studies: the "Growing Up in Ireland Survey" from the Republic of Ireland and the "Millennium Cohort" from Northern Ireland the project will measure the extent of inequalities in child health and their determinants. We will then study the manner in which child health inequalities contribute to inequalities in cognitive and educational development across children and the mediating role played by family background, community and institutional structures across the two jurisdictions.
  • Funding Agency
    • Health Research Board
  • Date From
    • 2010
  • Date To
    • 2014
  • Title
    • Growing Up in Ireland
  • Funding Agency
    • Dept.of Children and Youth Affairs
  • Date From
    • 2007
  • Date To
    • 2014
  • Title
    • The Second European Quality of Life Survey: Social Exclusion, Living Conditions and Mental Well-Being'
  • Funding Agency
    • European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
  • Title
    • the Impact of Demographic Change on the Demand for and Delivery of Healthcare in Ireland to 2020
  • Funding Agency
    • Health Research Board
  • Date From
    • 2008
  • Date To
    • 2010
  • Title
    • Irish Study of Sexual Health and Relationships
  • Funding Agency
    • Crisis Pregnancy Agency
  • Date From
    • 2006
  • Date To
    • 2008
  • Title
    • Slán', the National Health and Lifetsyle Survey
  • Funding Agency
    • funded by the Dept. of Health and Children
  • Date From
    • 2006
  • Date To
    • 2008
  • Title
    • Slán', the National Health and Lifestyle Survey
  • Funding Agency
    • funded by the Dept. of Health and Children
  • Date From
    • 2006
  • Date To
    • 2008
  • Title
    • Sports Monitoring Study
  • Funding Agency
    • Irish Sports Council
  • Date From
    • 2007
  • Date To
    • 2010
  • Title
    • Scoping Study for Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours Survey Toward Relationships, Sexual and Reproductive Health Among Young People In Ireland
  • Funding Agency
    • Crisis Pregnancy Agency
  • Date From
    • 2006
  • Date To
    • 2007
  • Title
    • Retrospective Analysis of Sports Participation
  • Funding Agency
    • Irish Sports Council
  • Date From
    • 2006

Recognition

Representations

2013-Present Member of the Economic and Social Studies Council

2012-Present Director, Centre for Longitudinal Studies in Ireland (www.clsi.ie)

2007-Present Member, Steering Committee, The Longitudinal Study of Ageing ('TILDA').

2012-Present Country Representative - Society for Lifecourse and Longitudinal Studies.

2005-Present Member of the Management Committee and Theme Director of the Irish Longitudinal Study of Children (Growing Up in Ireland).

2004-Present Governing Council European Consortium for Sociological Research.