Bobby Smyth
Clinical Senior Lecturer in Addiction St, Public Health & Primary Care

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Smyth BP, Lyons S, Cullen W., Decline in new psychoactive substance use disorders following legislation targeting headshops: Evidence from national addiction treatment data., Drug and Alcohol Review, 36, (5), 2017, p609 - 617 Journal Article, 2017

Ivers JH, Zgaga L, Sweeney B, Keenan E, Darker C, Smyth BP, Barry J., A naturalistic longitudinal analysis of post-detoxification outcomes in opioid-dependent patients., Drug and Alcohol Review, 2017 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Smyth B., Hannigan A., Cullen W., Cocaine use in young adults: Correlation with early onset cannabis, alcohol and tobacco use, Irish Medical Journal, 109, (9), 2016, p467 Journal Article, 2016

McCombe G., Henihan A., Klimas J., Klimas J., Swan D., Leahy D., Anderson R., Bury G., Dunne C., Keenan E., Meagher D., O"Gorman C., O"Toole T., Saunders J., Smyth B., Lambert J., Kaner E., Cullen W., Enhancing alcohol screening and brief intervention among people receiving opioid agonist treatment: qualitative study in primary care, Drugs and Alcohol Today, 16, (4), 2016, p247-258 Journal Article, 2016 DOI

Byrne P, Ducray K, Smyth BP, The Impact of Sex Upon Needs and Quality of Life Within a Population on Methadone Treatment., Journal of addiction medicine, 10, (1), 2016, p60-7 Journal Article, 2016

Henihan A., McCombe G., McCombe G., Klimas J., Klimas J., Klimas J., Swan D., Swan D., Swan D., Leahy D., Anderson R., Bury G., Dunne C., Keenan E., Lambert J., Meagher D., O'Gorman C., O'Toole T., O'Toole T., Saunders J., Saunders J., Shorter G., Smyth B., Smyth B., Kaner E., Cullen W., Cullen W., Cullen W., Feasibility of alcohol screening among patients receiving opioid treatment in primary care, BMC Family Practice, 17, (1), 2016, p1-10 Journal Article, 2016 DOI

Smyth BP, Ducray K, Cullen W, Changes in psychological well-being among heroin-dependent adolescents during psychologically supported opiate substitution treatment., Early intervention in psychiatry, 2016 Journal Article, 2016

Cousins G., Mongan D., Barry J., Smyth B., Rackard M., Long J., Estimating Risk of Alcohol Dependence Using Empirically Validated Ordinal Risk Zones Versus Recommended Binary Risk Zones of the RAPS4: A Validation Study Using Stratum-Specific Likelihood Ratio Analysis, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 40, (8), 2016, p1700-1706 Journal Article, 2016 DOI

Cousins G., Mongan D., Barry J., Smyth B., Rackard M., Long J., Potential impact of minimum unit pricing for alcohol in Ireland: Evidence from the national alcohol diary survey, Alcohol and Alcoholism, 51, (6), 2016, p734-740 Journal Article, 2016 DOI

James P., Fida A., Konovalov P., Smyth B., Smyth B., Non-medical use of olanzapine by people on methadone treatment, Psychiatrist, 40, (6), 2016, p314-317 Journal Article, 2016 DOI

Klimas J, Marie Henihan A, McCombe G, Swan D, Anderson R, Bury G, Dunne C, Keenan E, Saunders J, Shorter GW, Smyth BP, Cullen W, Psychosocial Interventions for Problem Alcohol Use in Primary Care Settings (PINTA): Baseline Feasibility Data., Journal of dual diagnosis, 11, (2), 2015, p97-106 Journal Article, 2015

Leahy D., Schaffalitzky E., Armstrong C., Latham L., McNicholas F., Meagher D., Nathan Y., O"Connor R., O"Keane V., Ryan P., Smyth B., Swan D., Cullen W., How social context impacts on the development, identification and treatment of mental and substance use disorders among young people - A qualitative study of health care workers, Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 32, (1), 2015, p117-128 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Smyth, B.P., James, P., Cullen, W., & Darker, C., "So prohibition can work?" Changes in use of novel psychoactive substances among adolescents attending a drug and alcohol treatment service following a legislative ban. , International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, 2015, p887 - 889 Journal Article, 2015

Smyth, B.P., Kelly, A., Cullen, W., Darker, C. , Treatment outcome for adolescents abusing alcohol and cannabis: how many 'reliably improve'?, Irish Medical Journal, 108, (5), 2015, p137 - 140 Journal Article, 2015

Fagan,John B. J.B., Lyons,Suzi M. S.M., Smyth,B. P. B.P., Content analysis of newspaper reports on alcohol-related deaths, Alcohol and Alcoholism, 49, (4), 2014, p479-483 Journal Article, 2014 DOI TARA - Full Text

Schaffalitzky E, Leahy D, Cullen W, Gavin B, Latham L, O'Connor R, Smyth BP, O'Dea E, Ryan S, Youth mental health in deprived urban areas: a Delphi study on the role of the GP in early intervention., Irish journal of medical science, 2014 Journal Article, 2014

Schaffalitzky E, Leahy D, Armstrong C, Gavin B, Latham L, McNicholas F, Meagher D, O'Connor R, O'Toole T, Smyth BP, Cullen W, "Nobody really gets it";: a qualitative exploration of youth mental health in deprived urban areas., Early intervention in psychiatry, 2014 Journal Article, 2014 DOI TARA - Full Text

Darker CD, Palmer D, O'Reilly G , Whiston L & Smyth BP , 1. Young People in Drug Treatment: Their Views on Substance Use Aetiology, Trajectory, Parents' Role in Drug Use and Coping., Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 2014 Journal Article, 2014 TARA - Full Text

J Klimas, K Lally, L Murphy, L Crowley, R Anderson, D Meagher, BP Smyth, G Bury, W Cullen., 6. Development and process evaluation of an educational intervention to support primary care of problem alcohol among drug users. , Drugs & Alcohol Today ,, 14, 2014, p76 - 86 Journal Article, 2014 TARA - Full Text

Apantaku-Olajide T, Smyth BP, Non-medical use of psychotropic prescription drugs among adolescents in substance use treatment., Journal of psychoactive drugs, 45, (4), 2013, p340-6 Journal Article, 2013

Apantaku-Olajide T, Darker CD, Smyth BP, Onset of Cocaine Use: Associated Alcohol Intoxication and Psychosocial Characteristics Among Adolescents in Substance Abuse Treatment., Journal of addiction medicine, 2013 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

Martin M, Klimas J, Dunne C, Meagher D, O'Connor WT, O'Dwyer P, Smyth BP, Cullen W, 5. Genetic Pre-determinants of Concurrent Alcohol and Opioid Dependence: A critical review., OA Alcohol , 1, (2), 2013, p18- Journal Article, 2013

Field CA, Klimas J, Barry J, Bury G, Keenan E, Smyth BP, Cullen W, Problem alcohol use among problem drug users in primary care: a qualitative study of what patients think about screening and treatment , BMC Family Practice, 14, (1), 2013, p98- Journal Article, 2013 URL TARA - Full Text

Leahy D, Schaffalitzky E, Armstrong C, Bury G, Cussen-Murphy P, Davis R, Dooley B, Gavin B, Keane R, Keenan E, Latham L, Meagher D, McGorry P, McNicholas F, O'Connor R, O'Dea E, O'Keane V, O'Toole TP, Reilly E, Ryan P, Sanci L, Smyth BP, Cullen W, Primary care and youth mental health in Ireland: qualitative study in deprived urban areas., BMC family practice, 14, 2013, p194 Journal Article, 2013 DOI TARA - Full Text

Orr C, Morioka R, Behan B, Datwani S, Doucet M, Ivanovic J, Kelly C, Weierstall K, Watts R, Smyth B, Garavan H, Altered resting-state connectivity in adolescent cannabis users., The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse, 39, (6), 2013, p372-81 Journal Article, 2013

Klimas J, Anderson R, Bourke M, Bury G, Field CA, Kaner E, Keane R, Keenan E, Meagher D, Murphy B, O'Gorman CS, O'Toole TP, Saunders J, Smyth BP, Dunne C, Cullen W, Psychosocial interventions for alcohol use among problem drug users: protocol for a feasibility study in primary care., JMIR research protocols, 2, (2), 2013, pe26 Journal Article, 2013

Behan B, Connolly CG, Datwani S, Doucet M, Ivanovic J, Morioka R, Stone A, Watts R, Smyth B, Garavan H, Response inhibition and elevated parietal-cerebellar correlations in chronic adolescent cannabis users., Neuropharmacology, 2013 Journal Article, 2013

Apantaku-Olajide T, Ducray K, Byrne P, Smyth BP, Perception of unmet needs among patients on a methadone maintenance treatment programme and its association with benzodiazepine misuse, The Psychiatrist, 36, 2012, p169 - 174 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

C. Darker, B. Sweeney, H. El Hassan, A. Kelly, B. Smyth and J. Barry., Cognitive behavioural coping skills therapy in cocaine using methadone maintained patients: a pilot randomised controlled trial, Heroin Addiction & Related Clinical Problems, 14, (3), 2012, p101-110 Journal Article, 2012

Philip D. James, Tunde Apantaku-Olajide, Bobby P. Smyth, Substance use and Psychiatric disorders in Irish adolescents: a cross-sectional study of patients attending substance abuse treatment service. , Mental Health and Substance Use , 2012, p1 - 9 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

David Barry, Hussain Syed and Bobby P Smyth, The journey into injecting heroin use, Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems, 14, (3), 2012, p89 - 100 Journal Article, 2012 URL

Ducray D, Darker C, Smyth BP, Situational and psycho-social factors associated with relapse following detoxification in a population of Irish opioid dependent patients. , Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine , 29, (2), 2012, p72 - 79 Journal Article, 2012 URL

Smyth BP, Fagan J, Kernan K, Outcome of heroin-dependent adolescents presenting for opiate substitution treatment., Journal of substance abuse treatment, 42, (1), 2012, p35-44 Journal Article, 2012

Field CA, Klimas J, Barry J, Bury G, Keenan E, Lyons S, Smyth BP, Cullen W, Alcohol screening and brief intervention among drug users in primary care: a discussion paper., Irish journal of medical science, 2011 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

Apantaku-Olajide T, Smyth BP, Gibbons P, Naturalistic study of patients presenting in crisis to an Irish adult community mental health team: Sociodemographic and Clinical characteristics, International Psychiatry, 8, 2011, p72 - 74 Journal Article, 2011

Darker CD, Sweeney BP, El Hassan HO, Smyth BP, Ivers JH, Barry JM, Brief interventions are effective in reducing alcohol consumption in opiate-dependent methadone-maintained patients: Results from an implementation study., Drug and alcohol review, 2011 Journal Article, 2011

Smyth, B., Kelly, A., Cox, G., Decline in age of drinking onset in Ireland, gender and per capita alcohol consumption, Alcohol and Alcoholism, 46, (3), 2011 Journal Article, 2011 DOI URL

Ducray K, Byrne P, Burke C, Smyth BP, A comparison of drug use patterns, measures of needs and quality of life of methadone-maintained patients using and not using cocaine., Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems, 13, 2011, p27 - 38 Journal Article, 2011 URL

Amass L, Pukeleviciene V, Subata E, Almeida AR, Pieri MC, D'Egidio P, Stankova Z, Costa A, Smyth BP, Sakoman S, Wei Y, Strang J, A Prospective, Randomized, Multicenter Acceptability And Safety Study Of Direct Buprenorphine/Naloxone Induction In Heroin-Dependent Individuals., Addiction (Abingdon, England), 2011 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

Kearns C, James P, Smyth BP, Drinking patterns and preferences among Irish substance abusing teenagers: a pilot study. , Journal of Addictions Nursing, 22, 2011, p124 - 129 Journal Article, 2011

Jan Klimas, Catherine Anne Field, Joe Barry, Gerard Bury, Eamon Keenan, Suzi Lyons, Bobby Smyth, Walter Cullen, Commentary on 'The research translation problem: Alcohol screening and brief intervention in primary care - real world evidence supports theory', Drugs: education, prevention and policy, Online, 2011, p1 - 3 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

Edokpolo O, Nkire N, Smyth BP, The Challenges of Treating Adolescents with ADHD and Comorbid Substance Use Disorder- The Irish Experience. , Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 27, 2010, p148 - 151 Journal Article, 2010

Smyth BP, Barry J, Keenan E, Ducray K, Lapse and relapse following inpatient treatment of opiate dependence., Irish medical journal, 103, (6), 2010, p176-9 Journal Article, 2010

Bobby P Smyth, Catherine D Darker, Erica Donnelly-Swift, Joe Barry, Shane PA Allwright, A telephone survey of parental attitudes and behaviours regarding teenage drinking, BMC Public Health, 10, 2010, p297 Journal Article, 2010 DOI URL TARA - Full Text

Edokpolo O, James P, Kearns C, Campbell A, Smyth BP, Gender differences in psychiatric symptomatology in adolescents attending a community drug and alcohol treatment program., Journal of psychoactive drugs, 42, (1), 2010, p31-6 Journal Article, 2010 DOI

Ryder N, Cullen W, Barry J, Bury G, Keenan E, Smyth BP, Prevalence of problem alcohol use among patients attending primary care for methadone treatment., BMC Family Practice, 10, (42), 2009 Journal Article, 2009 URL DOI TARA - Full Text

Roche A, McCabe S, Smyth BP, Illicit Methadone Use and Abuse in Young People Accessing Treatment for Opiate Dependence, European Addiction Research, 14, 2008, p219 - 225 Journal Article, 2008 DOI

Kamal F, Flavin S, Campbell F, Behan C, Fagan J, Smyth R, Factors affecting the outcome of methadone maintenance treatment in opiate dependence, Irish Medical Journal, 100, (3), 2007, p393 - 397 Journal Article, 2007

Smyth BP, Roche A, Recipient syringe sharing and its relationship to social proximity, perception of risk and preparedness to share, Addiction Behaviours, 32, 2007, p1943 - 1948 Journal Article, 2007 DOI

Smyth BP, Abstinence orientated treatment for opiate addiction, 2006, - B J Psych 292-293 Miscellaneous, 2006

Grogan L, Tiernan M, Geogeghan N, Smyth B, Keenan E, Bloodborne virus infections among drug users in Ireland: a retrospective cross-sectional survey of screening, prevalence, incidence and hepatitis B immunisation uptake, Irish Journal of Medical Science, 174, (2), 2005, p14 - 20 Journal Article, 2005

Treatment of Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Disorders in, editor(s)Gowers S , Seminars in Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, London, Gaskell, 2005, pp269 - 292, [Smyth B, Gowers S] Book Chapter, 2005

Smyth B, Barry J, Keenan E, Irish injecting Drug Users and Hepatitis C: Importance of social context of injecting, International Journal of Epidemiology, 34, 2005, p166 - 172 Journal Article, 2005

Smyth B, Barry J, Keenan E, Irish injecting drug users and hepatitis C: the importance of the social context of injecting, International Journal of Epidemiology, 34, 2005, p166 - 172 Journal Article, 2005

Gowers SG, Smyth B., The impact of a motivational assessment interview on initial response to treatment in adolescent anorexia nervosa., Eating Disorders Review, 12, 2004, p87 - 93 Journal Article, 2004

Smyth B, O'Brien M, Children attending addiction treatment services in Dublin, 1990-1999, European Addiction Research, 10, 2004, p68 - 74 Journal Article, 2004

Smyth BP, O'Connor JJ, Barry J, Keenan E, Retrospective cohort study examining incidence of HIV and hepatitis C infection among injecting drug users in Dublin, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 57, 2003, p310 - 311 Journal Article, 2003

Smyth B, Keenan E, Barry J., Incidence of hepatitis C and HIV among injecting drug users in Dublin., Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 57, 2003, p310 - 311 Journal Article, 2003

Smyth B, Barry J, Keenan E, Syringe borrowing persists in Dublin despite harm reduction interventions, Addiction, 96, 2001, p717 - 727 Journal Article, 2001

Smyth BP, Keenan E, O'Connor JJ, Assessment of hepatitis C infection in injecting drug users attending an addiction treatment clinic., Irish journal of medical science, 169, (2), 2000, p129-32 Journal Article, 2000

Smyth B, O'Brien M, Barry J, Trends in treated opiate misuse in Dublin: The emergence of chasing the dragon., Addiction, 95, 2000, p1217 - 1223 Journal Article, 2000

Smyth B, Keenan E, O'Connor JJ, Reduced risk of hepatitis C among short-term injecting drug users in Dublin, Ireland, Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 53, 1999, p434 - 435 Journal Article, 1999

Smyth BP, McMahon J, O'Connor JJ, Ryan J., Knowledge regarding hepatitis C among injecting drug users, Drugs: Education, Prevention & Policy, 6, 1999, p257 - 264 Journal Article, 1999

Smyth B, McMahon J, O'Connor JJ, Ryan J, The use of primary care services by opiate dependant injecting drug users in Dublin. , European Journal of General Practice, 5, 1999, p143 - 148 Journal Article, 1999

Smyth BP, Keenan E, O'Connor JJ, Bloodborne viral infection in Irish injecting drug users., Addiction, 93, 1998, p1649 - 1656 Journal Article, 1998

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

James P, Kearns T, Campbell A & Smyth BP, Adolescents & Substance Use: The Handbook for professionals working with Young People, Oxford, Radcliffe Publishing Ltd, 2013 Book, 2013

The Childs Perspective in, editor(s)David B. Cooper , Responding in Mental Health-Substance Use , Oxford, Radcliffe Publishing Ltd, 2011, [James P, Smyth BP] Book Chapter, 2011

Research Expertise


I am interested in all areas of research into adolescent substance misuse, including aetiology, treatment matching and evaluation of treatment outcome. I have previously evalauted outcome following inpateint treatment of opiate dependence. I have also examined factors associated with unsafe injecting practices among injecting drug users, measuring incidence and prevalance of both HCV and HIV in this group.


Addiction; Addiction and substance abuse; Addictions; ADOLESCENT; ADOLESCENT DRUG-USE; Adolescent Psychology; AETIOLOGY; Childhood and mental health; Development, prevention and treatment of mental disease or disorder; Educational disadvantage in children; Emotional, behavioural and cognitive disorders; Health attitudes and behaviour; Health outcomes; HEPATITIS C; INJECTION-DRUG USERS; Mental health and intellectual disability; Neurophysiology; Psychiatry; Psychometrics; Public health


Awards and Honours

Margaret Davenport Prize (Royal College of Psychiatrists) 2000

Registrar's Prize ( Royal Acadamy of Medicine in Ireland) 1997


Royal College of Psychiatrists

Society for the Study of Addiction

Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland

Association for Child Psychology and Psychiatry