Johnnie Gratton
Fellow Emeritus, French

Biography

I studied French at the University of Kent at Canterbury (BA 1972), where I went on to become a postgraduate (1972-75). I obtained my PhD, on 'The Poetic Language of André Breton', in 1981. My first teaching post was in the French Department of University College Dublin, where I worked from 1975 to 2002 before being appointed to the 1776 Chair of French at Trinity College Dublin in 2002. I served as Head of Dept from 2002 to 2005, before being awarded an IRCHSS Senior Research Fellwship for the academic year 2005-06. I was elected a Fellow of the College in 2004 and was appointed Director of Research of the School of Languages, Literatures and Cultural Studies in October 2006. As well as language, I teach modern and contemporary French literature, particularly autobiography and biography, and, at postgraduate level, contribute actively to the French Department's MPhil programme, Textual and Visual Studies, which I also currently direct. My main current research interest lies in contemporary French autobiography and biography, with particular reference to works exploring the relations between writing and photography.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Johnnie Gratton, Georges Didi-Huberman's Iconology of the Ninfa Moderna: A Critique, Irish Journal of French Studies, 11, 2012, p113 - 134 Journal Article, 2012

'Livret de famille (1977): jeux et enjeux du récit incertain' in, editor(s)Anne-Yvonne Julien , Modiano ou les intermittences de la mémoire, Paris, Hermann Éditeurs, 2010, pp147 - 164, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2010

"Sophie Calle: écriture blanche, photographie, photo-textualité" in, editor(s)Dominique Rabaté and Dominique Viart , Écritures blanches, Saint-Étienne (France), Publications de l'Université de Saint-Étienne, 2009, pp155 - 167, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2009

'_Gotham Handbook_ de Sophie Calle: vie et mort d'une identité hybride' in, editor(s)Phyllis Gaffney, Michael Brophy, Mary Gallagher , Reverberations: Staging Relations in French since 1500, Dublin, University College Dublin Press, 2008, pp199 - 206, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2008

Johnnie Gratton, 'Du documentaire au documontage: Vingt ans après de Sophie Calle', Intermédialités, (7), 2006, p167 - 179 Journal Article, 2006

Johnnie Gratton, Michael Sheringham (eds), The Art of the Project: Projects and Experiments in Modern French Culture, Oxford, Berghahn Books, 2005, 232pp Book, 2005

'Tracking the Art of the Project' in, editor(s)Johnnie Gratton, Michael Sheringham , The Art of the Project: Projects and Experiments in Modern French Culture, Oxford, Berghahn Books, 2005, pp1 - 30, [Johnnie Gratton, Michael Sheringham] Book Chapter, 2005

Johnnie Gratton, Derval Conroy (eds), L' il écrit. Etudes sur des rapports entre texte et image, 1800-1940, Geneva, Slatkine Erudition, 2005, 267 pp Book, 2005

Johnnie Gratton, 'Postmemory, Prememory, Paramemory: The Writing of Patrick Modiano', French Studies, LIX, (1), 2005, p39 - 45 Journal Article, 2005

'On the Subject of the Project' in, editor(s)Johnnie Gratton, Michael Sheringham , The Art of the Project: Projects and Experiments in Modern French Culture, Oxford, Berghahn Books, 2005, pp123 - 139, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2005

'Autobiography', Christopher John Murray, Encyclopedia of Modern French Thought, NY/London, Fitzroy Dearborn, 2004, [Johnnie Gratton] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2004

Johnnie Gratton, 'Auto-photo-bio: Sophie Calle', Textes et Documents pour la Classe, (884), 2004, p16 - 19 Journal Article, 2004

Johnnie Gratton, 'Sophie Calle's True Stories: More of the Same?', Paragraph, 26, (3), 2003, p108 - 122 Journal Article, 2003

'Poétique et pratique du receuil photo-textuel dans l' uvre de Sophie Calle' in, editor(s)Irène Langlet , Le Recueil littéraire. Pratiques et théorie d'une forme, Rennes (Brittany), Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2003, pp125 - 132, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2003

'Sophie Calle's Des histoires vraies: Irony and Beyond' in, editor(s)Alex Hughes, Andrea Noble , Phototextualities: Intersections of Photography and Narrative, Albuquerque, University of New Mexico Press, 2003, pp182 - 197, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2003

"The Subject of Enunciation in Roland Barthes's La Chambre claire" in, editor(s)Mike Gane, Nicolas Gane , Roland Barthes, 3 vols, vol 3, London, Sage Publications, 2003, pp287 - 301, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2003

'Experiment and Experience in the Phototextual Projects of Sophie Calle' in, editor(s)Gill Rye, Michael Worton , Women's Writing in Contemporary France, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2002, pp157 - 170, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2002

'D'une certaine revenance de la poésie dans la prose: essai sur la littérature contemporaine' in, editor(s)David Murphy, Aedín Ní Loingsigh , Thresholds of Otherness / Autrement mêmes: Identity and Alterity in French-Language Literatures, London, Grant & Cutler, 2002, pp245 - 258, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2002

'Du "peu de vrai" dans la biographie contemporaine: Macé, Michon, Modiano, Quignard' in, editor(s)suzanne Guellouz, Gabrielle Chamarat-Malandain , Modèles, Dialogues et Invention. Mélanges offerts à Anne Chevalier, Caen (Normandy), Presses Universitaires de Caen, 2002, pp313 - 324, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2002

'Subject/Subjectivity', Michael Kelly, Glossary of Modern French Culture, London, Arnold, 2001, pp249 - 250, [Johnnie Gratton] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2001

'Photography', Michael Kelly, Glossary of Modern French Culture, London, Arnold, 2001, pp201 - 202, [Johnnie Gratton] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2001

'Structuralism', Michael Kelly, Glossary of Modern French Culture, London, Arnold, 2001, pp248 - 249, [Johnnie Gratton] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2001

'Autobiography', Michael Kelly, Glossary of Modern French Culture, London, Arnold, 2001, pp22 - 23, [Johnnie Gratton] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2001

Johnnie Gratton, 'Pleasure in Foucault", Journal of Romance Studies, 1, (2), 2001, p31 - 40 Journal Article, 2001

Eugène Atget, Michael Kelly, Glossary of Modern French Culture, London, Arnold, 2001, pp19 - [Johnnie Gratton] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2001

'Nouvelle et photographie' in, editor(s)Vincent Engel, Michel Guissard , La Nouvelle de langue française aux frontières des autres genres, Louvain-La-Neuve (Belgium), Academia-Bruylant, 2001, pp544 - 550, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2001

'Short Story', Michael Kelly, Glossary of Modern French Culture, London, Arnold, 2001, pp238 - 239, [Johnnie Gratton] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2001

'Autofiction', Margaretta Jolly, Encyclopedia of Life Writing, 1, London/Chicago, Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001, pp86 - 87, [Johnnie Gratton] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2001

'The Subject of Enunciation in Roland Barthes's La Chambre claire' in, editor(s)Diana Knight , Critical Essays on Roland Barthes, New York, G. K. Hall & Co. ('Critical Essays in World Literature' Series), 2000, pp266 - 278, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2000

Johnnie Gratton, Paul Gifford (eds), Subject Matters: Subject and Self in French Literature from Descartes to the Present, Amsterdam/Atlanta GA, Rodopi, 2000, 243pp Book, 2000

'La Pratique du récit incertain chez Jean-Loup Trassard' in, editor(s)Arlette Bouloumié , L'Ecriture du bocage: Les Chemins de Jean-Loup Trassard, Angers (France), Presses de l'Université d'aNgers, 2000, pp277 - 287, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2000

'Introduction: The Return of the Subject" in, editor(s)Johnnie Gratton, Paul Gifford , Subject Matters: Sublect and Self in French Literature from Descartes to the Present, Amsterdam/Atlanta GA, Rodopi, 2000, pp1 - 27, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 2000

Johnnie Gratton, Expressivism: The Vicissitudes of a Theory in the Writing of Proust and Barthes, Oxford, Legenda, 2000, 123pp Book, 2000

'Roland Barthes: du sujet de l'énonciation au sujet de l'expérience' in, editor(s)Paul Gifford, Alain Goulet , Voix, traces, événements: l'écriture et son sujet, Caen (Normandy), Presses Universitaires de Caen, 1999, pp147 - 155, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 1999

'Short Story Writing', Alex Hughes, Keith Reader, Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture, London, Routledge, 1998, pp487 - 489, [Johnnie Gratton] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 1998

'From the Nouvelle to the Nouvellistique' in, editor(s)J. E. Flower , Short French Fiction: Essays on the Short Story in France in the Twentieth Century, Exeter, Univesity of Exeter Press, 1998, pp122 - 152, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 1998

Johnnie Gratton, 'The Poetics of the Autobiographical Incident in Roland Barthes's Fragments d'un discours amoureux', Nottingham French Studies, 36, (1), 1997, p63 - 75 Journal Article, 1997

Johnnie Gratton, Jean-Philippe Imbert, La Nouvelle hier et aujourd'hui, Paris, L'Harmattan, 1997, 381pp Book, 1997

'Nouvelle et autobiographie: Le Récit bref chez Jean-Loup Trassard in, editor(s)Johnnie Gratton and Jean-Philippe Imbert , La Nouvelle hier et aujourd'hui , Paris, L'Harmattan, 1997, pp251 - 259, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 1997

'Espèces d'espaces d'enfance' in, editor(s)David Gascoigne , Le Moi et ses espaces: Quelques repères identitaires dans la littérature française contemporaine, Caen (Normandy), Presses Universitaires de Caen, 1997, pp242 - 260, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 1997

'Postmodern French Fiction: Practice and Theory' in, editor(s)Timothy Unwin , The Cambridge Companion to the French Novel, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp242 - 360, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 1997

Johnnie Gratton, 'The Subject of Enunciation in Roland Barthes's La Chambre claire', French Studies, 50, (2), 1996, p170 - 181 Journal Article, 1996

'Brièveté et brouillage dans "La Femme cachée" de Colette' in, editor(s)Jean-Philippe Imbert and Madeleine Cottenet-Hage , Anthologie critique de nouvelles de femmes francophones, Quebec, l'Instant même, 1996, pp22 - 31, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 1996

Johnnie Gratton, 'Text, Image, Reference in Roland Barthes's La Chambre claire', Modern Language Review, 91, (2), 1996, p355 - 364 Journal Article, 1996

Johnnie Gratton, 'Autobiography and Fragmentation: The Case of Nathalie Sarraute's Enfance', Nottingham French Studies, 34, (2), 1995, p31 - 40 Journal Article, 1995

Johnnie Gratton, 'Du Seigneur à la chasse au Seigneur chassé: Lecture d'un fragment barthésien', Littérature, (97), 1995, p14 - 27 Journal Article, 1995

Johnnie Gratton, "Towards Narrativity: Nathalie Sarraute's Enfance', Forum for Modern Language Studies, 31, (4), 1995, p300 - 311 Journal Article, 1995

Johnnie Gratton, Brigitte Le Juez (eds), Modern French Short Fiction, Paperback, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1994, 204pp Book, 1994

'Introduction' in, editor(s)Johnnie Gratton and Brigitte Le Juez , Modern French Short Fiction, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1994, pp2 - 21, [Johnnie Gratton and Brigitte Le Juez] Book Chapter, 1994

Johnnie Gratton, 'The Present Tense in Nathalie Sarraute's Enfance', French Studies Bulletin, (52), 1994, p15 - 17 Journal Article, 1994

Johnnie Gratton, 'Roland Barthes par Roland Barthes: Autobiography and the Notion of Expression', Romance Studies, (8), 1986, p57 - 65 Journal Article, 1986

'Runaway: Textual Dynamics in the Surrealist Poetry of André Breton' in, editor(s)Ian Higgins , Surrealism and Language: Seven Essays, Edinburgh, Scottish Academic Press, 1986, pp30 - 45, [Johnnie Gratton] Book Chapter, 1986

Johnnie Gratton, 'Runaway: Textual Dynamics in the Surrealist Poetry of André Breton', Forum for Modern Language Studies, 18, (2), 1982, p126 - 141 Journal Article, 1982

Johnnie Gratton, 'Textual Interaction in Combray: the Instance of Golo', Dalhousie French Studies, 2, 1980, p66 - 88 Journal Article, 1980

Johnnie Gratton, 'Poetics of the Surrealist Image', Romanic Review, 69, (1-2), 1978, p103 - 114 Journal Article, 1978

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Johnnie Gratton, 'The Defamiliarisation of Formalism', Third Degree, (4), 1979, p23 - 27 Journal Article, 1979

Research Expertise

Projects

  • Title
    • Sophie Calle Project Artist
  • Summary
    • A study of the work of the French writer/photographer Sophie Calle guided by the notion of project art and with particular reference to her photo-textual documentations of her various projects.
  • Funding Agency
    • IRCHSS (2005-06)
  • Date From
    • 2005
  • Date To
    • 2007

Keywords

19th and 20th century writing; Aesthetics; Art Criticism; Contemporary France; Critical theory; French Language/Literature; Literary Criticism; Mixed-Media Art; Narrative theory; Photography; Visual Arts

Recognition

Representations

Panel chairman/external reviewer, Strategic Departmental Review of French Studies, University of Warwick (UK), 8-10 December 2009 2009

Committee of Heads and Professors of French, Ireland 2002-05

Alliance Française Organising Committee, annual Literary Festival, Dublin, 2001-

External Examiner, PhD (French), London Birkbeck, UK 2004

Public lecture, 'Introducing Sophie Calle', Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin 27 June 2004

External Examiner, PhD (French), Cambridge, UK 2005

General Editor, The Irish Journal of French Studies 2005-

External Examiner, French U/G and P/G programmes, University of Liverpool, UK 2005-2008

Executive Committee, Association des Etudes Françaises et Francophones d'Irlande

External examiner, PhD in French, University College London (UL) 2008

(Prior to joining TCD): extern, PhD (French) in Royal Holloway UL (2), Queens University Belfast, University of Kent at Canterbury, University of Oxford; external supervisor for PhD student (French) in University of Wolverhampton (UK); external examiner in U/G French at DIT Dublin (3 years) and University of Nottingham, UK (3 years). -2002

Awards and Honours

Chevalier des Palmes Académiques 2004

Memberships

Association des Etudes Françaises et Francophones d'Irlande 2002

Society for French Studies 1985

Conseil International d'Etudes Francophones 2003