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Dr. Kristin Hadfield
Assistant Professor, Psychology

Biography

Dr. Kristin Hadfield is an Assistant Professor in the School of Psychology and the Trinity Centre for Global Health. Dr Hadfield completed her PhD in psychology at Trinity College Dublin in 2015. Following this, she worked as a visiting research specialist in the Department of Health Systems Science at the University of Illinois at Chicago (2014-2015), a postdoctoral research fellow at the Resilience Research Centre at Dalhousie University (2015-2017), and as an assistant professor of positive psychology at Queen Mary University of London (2017-2020).

Dr Hadfield's research focuses on how the resilience, wellbeing, and mental health of young people can best be promoted. She is interested in what makes children and adolescents thrive when faced with adverse or challenging contexts. To this end, she has been involved with and led longitudinal studies and with projects conducting evaluations of educational, psychosocial, and positive psychology-based interventions in multiple countries. Her projects use a multi-method approach to examine changes at multiple levels (psychological, physiological, cognitive, etc). She is interested in proximal influences on development (family, school, etc) but also in more distal factors, such as how community cohesion, healthcare provision, pollution exposure, access to green space, and experiences of climate changes influence young people's mental health and wellbeing.

To examine the above, she focuses on effective measurement and in methodological innovations. This has included the adaptation and validation of a number of questionnaires, the use of cognitive and behavioural tasks, a focus on adolescent participation in health research and how this can best be promoted, and participatory engagement with youth co-researchers.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Hadfield K., Amos M., Ungar M., Gosselin J., Ganong L., Do Changes to Family Structure Affect Child and Family Outcomes? A Systematic Review of the Instability Hypothesis, Journal of Family Theory and Review, 10, (1), 2018, p87 - 110 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Blended Families, Shehan, C.L., Encyclopedia of Family Studies , 2016, [Nixon, E. & Hadfield, K. ] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2016 DOI

Khraisha, Q., Sawalha, L., Hadfield, K., Al-Soleiti, M., Dajani, R., & Panter-Brick, C., Coparenting, mental health, and the pursuit of dignity: A systems-level analysis of refugee father-mother narratives., Social science & medicine, 340, 2024, p116452 Journal Article, 2024 DOI URL

Panter-Brick C., Eggerman M., Ager A., Hadfield K., Dajani R., Measuring the psychosocial, biological, and cognitive signatures of profound stress in humanitarian settings: impacts, challenges, and strategies in the field, Conflict and Health, 14, (1), 2020, p1-7 Journal Article, 2020 DOI

Kristin Hadfield, Aly Ostrowski, Michael Ungar, What can we expect of the mental health and well-being of Syrian refugee children and adolescents in Canada?, Canadian Psychology, 2017, p1-29 Journal Article, 2017

Panter-Brick C., Hadfield K., Dajani R., Eggerman M., Ager A., Ungar M., Resilience in Context: A Brief and Culturally Grounded Measure for Syrian Refugee and Jordanian Host-Community Adolescents, Child Development, 89, (5), 2018, p1803 - 1820, p1803-1820 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Linda C Theron, Yael Abreu-Villaça, Marcus Augusto-Oliveira, Caroline Brennan, Maria Elena Crespo-Lopez, Gabriela de Paula Arrifano, Lilah Glazer, Netsai Gwata, Liyuan Lin, Isabelle Mareschal, Shiri Mermelstein, Luke Sartori, Liesl Stieger, Andres Trotta, Kristin Hadfield, A systematic review of the mental health risks and resilience among pollution-exposed adolescents, Journal of Psychiatric Research, 2022 Journal Article, 2022 URL

Khraisha, Q., Put, S., Kappenberg, L., Warraitch, A., & Hadfield, K., Can large language models replace humans in the systematic review process? Evaluating GPT-4"s efficacy in screening and extracting data from peer-reviewed and grey literature in multiple languages., 2024 Journal Article, 2024

Hadfield, K., McEwen, F.,El Khatib, H.,Pluess, K.,Chehade, N., Bosqui, T.,Skavenski, S., Murray, L., Weierstall-Pust, R., Karam, E., & Pluess, M., Feasibility and acceptability of phone-delivered psychological therapy for refugee children and adolescents in a humanitarian setting, 18, (1), 2024 Journal Article, 2024

Warraitch, A., Lee, M., Bruce, D., Curran, P., Khraisha, Q., Wacker, C., Hernon, J., & Hadfield, K., An umbrella review of reviews on challenges to meaningful adolescent involvement in health research, Health Expectations, 27, (1), 2024 Journal Article, 2024

Dajani R., Hadfield K., van Uum S., Greff M., Panter-Brick C., Hair cortisol concentrations in war-affected adolescents: A prospective intervention trial, Psychoneuroendocrinology, 89, 2018, p138 - 146, p138-146 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Alexandra Chen, Catherine Panter-Brick, Kristin Hadfield, Rana Dajani, Amar Hamoudi, Margaret Sheridan, Minds Under Siege: Cognitive Signatures of Poverty and Trauma in Refugee and Non-Refugee Adolescents, Child Development, 90, (6), 2019, p1856 - 1865 Journal Article, 2019

Panter-Brick C., Wiley K., Sancilio A., Dajani R., Hadfield K., C-reactive protein, Epstein-Barr virus, and cortisol trajectories in refugee and non-refugee youth: Links with stress, mental health, and cognitive function during a randomized controlled trial, Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 87, 2020, p207 - 217 Journal Article, 2020 DOI

Michalek, J. and Lisi, M. and Binetti, N. and Ozkaya, S. and Hadfield, K. and Dajani, R. and Mareschal, I., War-related trauma linked to increased sustained attention to threat in children, Child Development, 2022 Journal Article, 2022 DOI

Hadfield, K. & Nixon, E. , Benefits of and barriers to romantic relationships among mothers in Ireland. , Family Relations, 66, (3), 2017, p383 - 398 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Wacker, C., Biju, S., Lee, M., Bruce, D., Curran, P., Khraisha, Q., Warraitch, A. & Hadfield, K., Positive impacts of adolescent involvement in health research: an umbrella review., Journal of Adolescent Health., 2024 Journal Article, 2024

Warraitch, A., Bruce, D., Lee, M., Curran, P., Khraisha, Q., & Hadfield, K., Involving adolescents in the design, implementation, evaluation, and dissemination of health research: an umbrella review protocol, BMJ Open, 2023 Journal Article, 2023

Hadfield K., Ungar M., Emond A., Foster K., Gatt J.M., Mason-Jones A., Reid S., Theron L., Wouldes T., Wu Q., Challenges of developing and conducting an international study of resilience in migrant adolescents, International Social Work, 63, (2), 2020, p232 - 237 Journal Article, 2020 DOI

Panter-Brick, C., Dajani, R., Hamadmad, D., & Hadfield, K., Comparing online and in-person surveys: Assessing a measure of resilience with Syrian refugee youth, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2021 Journal Article, 2021

Hadfield K., O'Brien F., Gerow A., Is level of prematurity a risk/plasticity factor at three years of age?, Infant Behavior and Development, 47, 2017, p27 - 39, p27-39 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Kristin Hadfield, Mays Al-Hamad, Rinad Bakhti, Rana Dajani, Amal El Kharouf, Julia Michalek, Joana Mukunzi, Lina Qtaishat, Tanvi Sethi, Sophie von Stumm, Isabelle Mareschal, Predictors of Literacy and Attitudes Toward Reading Among Syrian Refugee Children in Jordan, International Journal of Early Childhood, 2022 Journal Article, 2022

Foka S., Hadfield K., Pluess M., Mareschal I., Promoting well-being in refugee children: An exploratory controlled trial of a positive psychology intervention delivered in Greek refugee camps, Development and Psychopathology, 2019 Journal Article, 2019 DOI

Dagher, K. & Hadfield, K., Connectedness to nature in early adolescence., Children, Youth and Environments, 2024 Journal Article, 2024

Michalek, J.E., Qtaishat, L., von Stumm, S. Dajani, R., Hadfield, K., & Mareschal, I., Maternal trauma and psychopathology symptoms affect refugee children"s mental health but not their emotion processing., Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology., 2024 Journal Article, 2024

Hadfield K., Ungar M., Family resilience: Emerging trends in theory and practice, Journal of Family Social Work, 21, (2), 2018, p81 - 84, p81-84 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Hadfield, K., Ungar, M. & Nixon, E., Rethinking discourses of family instability, Journal of Family Social Work, 21, (2), 2018, p172 - 187 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Hadfield, K. & Nixon, E., Comparison of relationship dynamics within stepmother and stepfather families in Ireland., Irish Journal of Psychology, 33, 2012, p100 - 106 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Fearghal O'Brien, Elizabeth Nixon, Kristin Hadfield, Effects of preterm birth and parent"child relationships on socioemotional difficulties, verbal ability, and numerical ability among older children and young adolescents, Developmental Psychology, 2022 Journal Article, 2022 URL

Hadfield, K., Al-Soleiti, M., Dajani, R., & Panter-Brick, C., Father involvement and child development: A prospective study of Syrian refugee families., Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2024 Journal Article, 2024

Oldroyd, R., DeRose, L., Pluess, M., & Hadfield, K., A test of the instability hypothesis in low- and middle-income countries., Journal of Family Psychology, 37, (6), 2023, p786 - 795 Journal Article, 2023

Theron, L., Abreu-Villaça, Y., Augusto-Oliveira, M., Brennan, C., Crespo-Lopez, M.E., de Paula Arrifano, G., Glazer, L., Lin, L., Mareschal, I., Sartori, L. Stieger, L., Trotta, A.., Hadfield, K., Effects of pollution on adolescent mental health: A systematic review protocol, Systematic Reviews, 2021 Journal Article, 2021

Rebecca Oldroyd, Shazia Rahman, Laurie F DeRose, & Kristin Hadfield, Family Structure Transitions: Prevalence and Physical Health Effects in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam, Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2021 Journal Article, 2021 URL

Hadfield K., Nixon E., "He's Had Enough Fathers": Mothers' and Children's Approaches to Mothers' Romantic Relationships Following the Dissolution of Previous Partnerships, Journal of Family Issues, 39, (1), 2018, p271 - 295 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Hadfield, K. & Nixon, E., Including those that exclude themselves: Comparisons of self-identifying and non self-identifying stepfamilies., Journal of Family Studies, 19, (2), 2013, p209 - 218 Journal Article, 2013

Ungar M., Hadfield K., Amarasingam A., Morgan S., Grossman M., The association between discrimination and violence among Somali Canadian youth, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44, (13), 2018, p2273 - 2285, p2273-2285 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Ungar M., Hadfield K., Ikeda J., Adolescents' experiences of therapeutic relationships at high and low levels of risk and resilience, Journal of Social Work Practice, 32, (3), 2018, p277 - 292 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Michalek, J., Lisi, M., Awad, D., Hadfield, K., Mareschal, I., & Dajani, R., The effects of a reading-based intervention on emotion processing in children who have suffered early adversity and war related trauma , Frontiers Psychology, 2021 Journal Article, 2021

Ungar M., Hadfield K., The differential impact of environment and resilience on youth outcomes, Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 51, (2), 2019, p135 - 146, p135-146 Journal Article, 2019 DOI

Clukay C.J., Dajani R., Hadfield K., Quinlan J., Panter-Brick C., Mulligan C.J., Association of MAOA genetic variants and resilience with psychosocial stress: A longitudinal study of Syrian refugees, PLoS ONE, 14, (7), 2019 Journal Article, 2019 DOI

Gatt J.M., Alexander R., Emond A., Foster K., Hadfield K., Mason-Jones A., Reid S., Theron L., Ungar M., Wouldes T.A., Wu Q., Trauma, Resilience, and Mental Health in Migrant and Non-Migrant Youth: An International Cross-Sectional Study Across Six Countries, Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 2020 Journal Article, 2020 DOI

Grossman M., Hadfield K., Jefferies P., Gerrand V., Ungar M., Youth Resilience to Violent Extremism: Development and Validation of the BRAVE Measure, Terrorism and Political Violence, 2020 Journal Article, 2020 DOI

Nixon, E. & Hadfield, K., Construction of Single Mothers' Roles as Gatekeepers Between Children and Nonresident Fathers, Journal of Family Issues, 39, (14), 2018, p3732 - 3752 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Wu Q., Ge T., Emond A., Foster K., Gatt J.M., Hadfield K., Mason-Jones A.J., Reid S., Theron L., Ungar M., Wouldes T.A., Acculturation, resilience, and the mental health of migrant youth: a cross-country comparative study, Public Health, 162, 2018, p63 - 70, p63-70 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Michalek, J., Lisi, M., Dajani, R., Hadfield, K., & Mareschal, I., Facial emotion recognition in refugee children with a history of war trauma, Emotion, 2023 Journal Article, 2023

Debasish Basu, Sugandha Nagpal, Victoria Mutiso, David M Ndetei, Zelna Lauwrens, Kristin Hadfield, Shubnum Singh, Kamaldeep S Bhui, Enhancing Resilience and Mental Health of Children and Adolescents by integrated School- and Family-based Approaches, with a Special Focus on Developing Countries: A Narrative Review and Call for Action, World Social Psychiatry, 1, (1), 2020, p7 - 19 Journal Article, 2020

Sion Kim Harris, Dana Seale, Yvonne Pande, Troy M. Lewis, Erin Gibson, Kristin Hadfield, Jordan Levinson, Paul Seale, Testing Feasibility/Acceptability and Initial Outcomes of a Spiritually-Based Character Strengths Training Curriculum to Enhance Resilience and Reduce Substance Use Rates Among Zambian Adolescents, Journal of Adolescent Health, Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine, 66, (2), 2020 Published Abstract, 2020

Seale, J.P., Seale, D.M., Pande, Y., Lewis, T.M., Manda, W., Kasanga, L., Gibson, E.B., Hadfield, K., Ogoh, T., McGrath, R.E., & Harris, S.K., GROW Zambia: A pilot cluster-randomized trial of a spiritually-based character strengths training curriculum to enhance resilience among Zambian youth , GROW Zambia: A pilot cluster-randomized trial of a spiritually-based character strengths training curriculum to enhance resilience among Zambian youth, 2021 Journal Article, 2021

Kristin Hadfield, Samuel Akyirem, Luke Sartori, Abdul-Malik Abdul-Latif, Dominic Akaateba, Hamideh Bayrampour, Anna Daly, Kelly Hadfield, Gilbert Abotisem Abiiro, Measurement of pregnancy-related anxiety worldwide: a systematic review, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 22, (1), 2022 Journal Article, 2022 DOI

Mulligan, C.J. and Clukay, C.J. and Matarazzo, A. and Hadfield, K. and Nevell, L. and Dajani, R. and Panter-Brick, C., Novel GxE effects and resilience: A case: control longitudinal study of psychosocial stress with war-affected youth, PLoS ONE, 17, (4 April), 2022 Journal Article, 2022 DOI

Quesnel-Valĺee, A. and Taylor, M. and Hadfield, K., Postpartum depression: Balancing continuity and change in designing interventions, American Journal of Public Health, 109, 2019, pS154-S155 Journal Article, 2019 DOI

Hadfield, K. and Nixon, E., †He†s Had Enough Fathers†: Mothers†and Children†s Approaches to Mothers†Romantic Relationships Following the Dissolution of Previous Partnerships, Journal of Family Issues, 39, (1), 2018, p271-295 Journal Article, 2018 DOI

Michalek, J.E. and Lisi, M. and Awad, D. and Hadfield, K. and Mareschal, I. and Dajani, R., The Effects of a Reading-Based Intervention on Emotion Processing in Children Who Have Suffered Early Adversity and War Related Trauma, Frontiers in Psychology, 12, (613754), 2021 Journal Article, 2021 DOI

Azza Warraitch, Delali Bruce, Ciara Wacker, Kristin Hadfield, Involving young people in health research: A Delphi study protocol, Society for Research on Child Development (SRCD) 2023 Biennial Conference, Salt Lake City, Utah, March, 2023 Poster, 2023

Azza Warraitch, Delali Bruce, Maria Lee, Paul Curran, Qusai Khraisha, Kristin Hadfield, Involving adolescents in the design, implementation, evaluation, and dissemination of health research: An umbrella review, European Association for Research on Adolescence (EARA) Conference, Dublin, Ireland, August, 2022 Poster, 2022

Azza Warraitch, Delali Bruce, Kristin Hadfield, Guidelines on youth involvement in health research: A rapid review, UNESCO CFRC 10th Biennial International Conference, Galway, Dublin, June, 2022 Oral Presentation, 2022

Khraisha, Q., Volta, B., Abu Jaber, N., Warraitch, A., & Hadfield, K., Parenting in Protracted Refugee Situations: Systematic Review, Society for Research on Child Development (SRCD) 2023 Biennial Conference, Salt Lake City, Utah, March , 2023 Oral Presentation, 2023

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Kristin Hadfield, Luke Sartori, Dominic Akaateba, Kelly Hadfield, Hamideh Bayrampour, Gilbert Abiiro, 'Measurement of pregnancy-related anxiety worldwide', PROSPERO, 2020, - Protocol or guideline, 2020

Resilience to Prenatal Stress in, editor(s)Orit Taubman - Ben-Ari , Pathways and Barriers to Parenthood, Springer , 2019, pp127 - 153, [Michael Ungar, Kristin Hadfield, Nicole BushAmélie Quesnel-ValléeIgor Pekelny] Book Chapter, 2019

Michele Grossman, Michael Ungar, Joshua Brisson, Vivian Gerrand, Kristin Hadfield ,and Philip Jefferies, Understanding Youth Resilience to Violent Extremism: A Standardised Research Measure, 2017 Report, 2017

Clukay, CJ; Matarazzo, A; Dajani, R; Hadfield, K; Panter-Brick, C; Mulligan, CJ, FAAH, SLC6A4, and BDNF variants are not associated with psychosocial stress and mental health outcomes in a population of Syrian refugee youth, BioRxiv, 2019, p1-16 Journal Article, 2019

Linda Theron, Yael Abreu-Villaça, Marcus Augusto-Oliveira, Caroline Brennan, Maria Elena Crespo-Lopez, Gabriela de Paula Arrifano, Lilah Glazer, Liyuan Lin, Isabelle Mareschal, Luke Sartori, Liesl Stieger, Andres Trotta, & Kristin Hadfield, 'Effects of Pollution on Child and Adolescent Mental Health: A Protocol for a Systematic Review', Research Square, 2020, - Protocol or guideline, 2020

Azza Warraitch, Delali Bruce, Ciara Wacker, Kristin Hadfield, Involving young people in health research: A Delphi study protocol, School of psychology symposium, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, March, 2023 Poster, 2023

Mareschal, I., El Kharouf, A., Bakhti, R., Dajani, R., Khraisha, Q., Michalek, J., Popham, C., Qtaishat, L., von Stumm, S., & Hadfield, K., FIERCE, OSF, 2022 Dataset, 2022 URL

Mental health in displaced populations. in, editor(s)M. Ferrari , Handbook of resilience in displaced populations., 2024, [Khraisha, Q., & Hadfield, K.] Book Chapter, 2024

Resilience to prenatal stress. in, editor(s)O. Taubman Ben-Ari , Pathways and barriers to the transition to parenthood " Existential concerns regarding fertility, pregnancy, and early parenthood., 2020, [Ungar, M., Hadfield, K., Bush, N., Quesnel-Vallée, A., Pekelney, I.] Book Chapter, 2020

The inter-war years. Les années d'entre-deux-guerres. in, editor(s)M.F. Bardon & C. Moffatt , The History of Mechanical Engineering at the Royal Military College of Canada 1876-2018. Le Génie mécanique au Collège militaire royal du Canada 1876-2018., 2018, [Bardon, M.F. & Hadfield, K.] Book Chapter, 2018

Research Expertise

Projects

  • Title
    • Family Intervention for Empowerment through Reading and Education (FIERCE)
  • Summary
    • Community-led, shared book-reading interventions can improve early childhood development and reduce inequity. One such program, We Love Reading (WLR), was implemented in Jordan in response to the Syrian refugee crisis and involves mothers reading stories to children. We will examine the potentially transformative nature of WLR, by (a) evaluating WLR qualitatively and quantitatively and (b) interviewing the people who developed and implemented WLR (WLR Ambassadors, women trained in WLR, children who took part) to create a toolkit for effectively developing and implementing non-formal education resources elsewhere. To address the first aim, we will conduct a grounded theory analysis of interviews with stakeholders (i.e. parents, children) and will conduct a quantitative randomized controlled trial with Syrian refugee women and children. This will allow us to understand how an education intervention may impact children's educational trajectories during war and displacement, and how we can effectively intervene in other humanitarian crisis contexts. For more information on the project, see: https://www.thebritishacademy.ac.uk/projects/education-learning-in-crises-developing-implementing-transformational-intervention/
  • Funding Agency
    • British Academy, Provost's PhD Project Award
  • Date From
    • March 2020
  • Title
    • Improving mental health, wellbeing, and resilience of healthcare workers in changing environments (APOLLO)
  • Summary
    • APOLLO is a European Commission-funded research collaboration between researchers located across Finland, France, Italy, Ireland, Lithuania, Sweden, and the United States. The objectives of APOLLO are to: (1) identify (i) individual, (ii) organisational, and (iii) meso-organisational (team, middle-manager) level factors that affect the physiological and mental health, wellbeing and resilience of health and healthcare workers and, (2) use this understanding to provide stronger and more cost-efficient managerial tools that can be used to better train team managers and directors of hospitals on methods to enhance the resilience of healthcare professionals and, (3) in turn, improve and increase collaboration between policymakers and stakeholders to jointly fight against factors causing stress in the workplace.
  • Funding Agency
    • European Commission
  • Title
    • Developing a conceptual framework for climate attitudes
  • Summary
    • The Environmental Protection Agency commissioned this systematic review to explore attitudes towards climate change through a person-centred lens, recognising the paramount role of individual and collective human actions in both the genesis and mitigation of climate change. Underpinned by Bronfenbrenner"s Bioecological Systems Theory, in this project we explore the multifaceted nature of perceptions of climate change, highlighting key influences on climate change attitudes. At the heart of this exploration is the recognition that human activity significantly influences climate change, making individual actions and the internal processes driving these actions critical to addressing environmental challenges.
  • Funding Agency
    • Environmental Protection Agency
  • Date From
    • 06/2023
  • Date To
    • 02/2024
  • Title
    • Understanding and measuring pregnancy-related anxiety in low- and middle-income contexts: A pilot study in northern Ghana
  • Summary
    • Prenatal anxiety has been associated with poor health outcomes of mothers and children, but much of the evidence is based on high-income nations using measures that have been developed for the use in Western populations. Hence, we need first to systematically review research on prenatal anxiety in order to get a clear overview of levels of pregnancy-related anxiety and relations with maternal and neonatal mortality. Then, we will apply a bottom-up approach, using focus group discussions to investigate the domains of pregnancy-related anxiety in Ghanaian women. This will inform the adaptation and validation of a measure of prenatal anxiety that is culturally relevant and adapted to the context in Ghana. The adapted measure will be pilot tested in a survey study of 575 pregnant women in northern Ghana.
  • Funding Agency
    • UK Medical Research Council
  • Date From
    • January 2021
  • Date To
    • January 2022
  • Title
    • Building a partnership to understand and promote child refugee wellbeing in Uganda
  • Summary
    • This project funded the meeting of researchers and NGO representatives from the Global South and Global North in Uganda to discuss how wellbeing and mental health can best be promoted among refugee children and adolescents. We developed our network, built our capacity for interdisciplinary collaboration, and are in the process of disseminating our learning through conference presentations and publications.
  • Funding Agency
    • Irish Research Council
  • Date From
    • 12/2021
  • Date To
    • 09/2022
  • Title
    • Effects of early childhood trauma on the development of healthy interpersonal skills
  • Summary
    • This aim of this project is to measure the psychological impact of forced migration on children's interpersonal skills, which are a strong predictor of their future mental health. Specifically, we ask whether the foundation of communication, emotion recognition, is impaired in these vulnerable children. Facial emotions convey critical information about state of mind and the inability to interpret emotional expressions is associated with clinical disorders. Sensitivity to facial emotions is impaired in children that have suffered abuse and it is therefore likely that refugee children who have endured or witnessed trauma may also have impaired emotion recognition, disrupting healthy social communication and increasing vulnerability to mental health issues. We will test this hypothesis and will evaluate the potential benefits of a low-cost, scalable intervention. To achieve this ambitious goal we have built a multidisciplinary team that joins world leading scientists and the multiple-award winning NGO "We Love Reading" (WLR), who bring story-telling to young refugee children in Jordan. Hearing and reading stories is a major source for learning social rules that can help children understand another person's emotional state. The collaboration therefore provides a unique opportunity to assess whether an affordable and easily implemented intervention can mitigate the effects of early adverse experiences on emotion recognition in children. Our proposal offers significant potential for academic and non-academic impact including for policy development in response to the growing refugee crisis.
  • Funding Agency
    • The Waterloo Foundation
  • Date From
    • November 2018
  • Date To
    • November 2019
  • Title
    • Engaging Adolescents in Sexual Health Services in Ethiopia (EASE)
  • Summary
    • EASE uses participatory action research methods to examine and implement meaningful, gender sensitive participation of adolescents in sexual and reproductive health (SRH) service design and delivery. Specifically, EASE is designed to address two research objectives. Firstly, to determine (i) what adolescents consider to be their meaningful engagement in SRH services and secondly, to (ii) describe a model of good practice for how to involve adolescents, as required by the Ethiopian Ministry of Health's Standards for the minimum delivery of youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services.
  • Funding Agency
    • Irish Research Council
  • Date From
    • 09/2021
  • Date To
    • 09/2024
  • Title
    • A systematic review of the impacts of pollution on child mental health
  • Funding Agency
    • Trinity College Dublin
  • Date From
    • 01/2021
  • Date To
    • 12/2021
  • Title
    • Evidence to assess the impact of COVID-19 on community-based dementia care in Nova Scotia
  • Funding Agency
    • Nova Scotia COVID-19 Health Research Coalition
  • Date From
    • July 2020
  • Title
    • Global Resilience Oral Workshops (GROW) Zambia: A storytelling approach to hope and resilience through character training and spiritual practices.
  • Funding Agency
    • John Templeton Foundation
  • Date From
    • September 2017
  • Date To
    • August 2019
  • Title
    • The effects of urbanization on life-long mental health - from individual to community
  • Funding Agency
    • Queen Mary University of London
  • Date From
    • November 2018
  • Date To
    • July 2019
  • Title
    • Measuring effects of climate change on adolescent mental health in Madagascar
  • Summary
    • Climate changes have increased the frequency and severity of extreme weather events, impacting mental and physical health, particularly among adolescents in low- and middle-income countries, where the effects are less understood. This project explored these impacts in Madagascar by collaborating with Catholic University in Madagascar, CBM Madagascar, local organisations for persons with disabilities, and adolescents to improve mental health. We conducted interviews and collected pilot data, to understand the impacts of climate changes on mental health among adolescents in Androy.
  • Funding Agency
    • Queen Mary University of London
  • Title
    • Understanding and promoting resilience factors and processes among caregivers of people with dementia
  • Funding Agency
    • Canadian Institutes of Health Research
  • Date From
    • May 2017
  • Title
    • Patterns of resilience among youth in contexts of petrochemical production and consumption in the Global North and Global South
  • Funding Agency
    • Canadian Institutes of Health Research
  • Date From
    • December 2016
  • Date To
    • January 2021
  • Title
    • Understanding youth resilience to violent extremism: A standardised measure
  • Funding Agency
    • Australian Attorney General's Department
  • Date From
    • July 2016
  • Date To
    • July 2017
  • Title
    • The effects of pollution on child and adolescent mental health
  • Summary
    • Whilst there is little uncertainty about the deleterious impact of pollution on human and planetary health, pollution's impact on mental health is less well understood. This is particularly true for children and adolescents - especially those in underdeveloped and developing world contexts, about whom research is generally lacking. This project involves a systematic review to examine the associations between pollution exposure and mental health and neurodevelopment of young people.
  • Funding Agency
    • Arts and Social Sciences Benefaction Fund
  • Date From
    • February 2021
  • Title
    • Public and Patient Involvement (PPI) Ignite
  • Summary
    • We hosted a half-day workshop that united experts in youth involvement in health research and young PPI contributors from across Ireland, offering them a platform to exchange experiences and best practices in youth engagement. The event featured a series of panel discussions, roundtable discussions on various youth engagement issues, and a keynote address by Dr Danielle Kennan, culminating in the formation of a learning group for ongoing collaboration and learning.
  • Funding Agency
    • Trinity College Dublin

Keywords

CHILD DEVELOPMENT; Children/Youth; FAMILY; Global Mental Health; Humanitarianism ; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS; Refugees; resilience; Risk and resilience; Wellbeing

Recognition

Awards and Honours

IRC Research Ally 2023 December 2023