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Joseph Clarke
Assistant Professor, History

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Joseph Clarke, ''The Hundred Days and the French Clergy' and 'Ney goes over to Napoleon'', Kate Astbury and Mark Philp eds. The Last Stand: Napoleon's 100 Days in 100 Objects​ - A Virtual Exhibition, http://100days.eu/, University of Warwick, 2015, - Exhibition, 2015

J. Clarke, 'Valour knows neither Age nor Sex': The Recueil des Actions Héroïques et Civiques and the Representation of Courage in Revolutionary France', War in History, 20, (1), 2013, p50 - 75 Journal Article, 2013 URL

J. Clarke, Rethinking Death in the Year II: the dechristianisation of death in Revolutionary France in, editor(s)J. Kelly and M. Lyons , Death and Dying in Ireland, Britain and Europe: Historical Perspectives , Dublin, 2013, pp143 - 170, [Joseph Clarke] Book Chapter, 2013

'The Napoleonic Wars in Caricature, 1799-1815' in, editor(s)W. Vaughan , The Old Library, Trinity College Dublin 1712-2012, Dublin, 2012, pp164 - 183, [Joseph Clarke] Book Chapter, 2012

'The Sacred Names of the Nation's Dead: War and Remembrance in Revolutionary France' in, editor(s)Kate McLoughlin and Alana Vincent eds. , Memory, Mourning and Landscape: Interdisciplinary Essays, New York, Rodopi, 2010, pp21 - 42, [Joseph Clarke] Book Chapter, 2010

Joseph Clarke, 'Revolution and Remembrance', H-France Forum, vol. 3, (no. 4), 2008, p43-51 Journal Article, 2008

J. Clarke, 'Cenotaphs and Cypress Trees: Commemorating the Citizen-Soldier in an II', French History, xxii, (ii), 2008, p217 - 240 Journal Article, 2008 URL

J. Clarke, Commemorating the Dead in Revolutionary France: Revolution and Remembrance 1789-1799, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2007, 1-316pp Book, 2007 URL

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Joseph Clarke, Review of The French Revolution and the Birth of Electoral Democracy, by Melvin Edelstein , Modern and Contemporary France, 23, 2015, p414-415 Review, 2015

Joseph Clarke, Civic Catechisms and Reason in the French Revolution, by Adrian Velicu, English Historical Review, 129, 2014, p1220-1222 Review, 2014

Joseph Clarke, Review of Marisa Linton, Choosing Terror: Virtue, Friendship, and Authenticity in the French Revolution, British Association of Romantic Studies (BARS) Review, 2014 Review, 2014

Joseph Clarke, Review of N. Shusterman, Religion and the Politics of Time: Holidays in France from Louis XIV through Napoleon, Journal of Modern History, 83, 2011, p656-658 Review, 2011

Joseph Clarke, Review of R. Reichardt and H. Kohle, Visualizing the Revolution: Politics and the Pictorial Arts in Late Eighteenth-century France', French History, 24, 2010, p295-296 Review, 2010

Joseph Clarke, Review of P. Bourdin ed. La Révolution: 1789-1871: Ecriture d'une Histoire Immédiate', French History, 24, 2010, p296-297 Review, 2010

Joseph Clarke, Where Fate Beckons, Review of Where Fate Beckons: the life of Jean-François de la Pérouse, by John Dunmore , The Historian, 71, 2009 Review, 2009

Research Expertise

Projects

  • Title
    • Making War, Mapping Europe: Militarized Cultural Encounters, 1792-1920
  • Summary
    • "Making War, Mapping Europe" is a HERA-funded international collaborative research project, analysing militarized cultural encounters across the long 19th century. It examines one of the most significant forms of mass cross-cultural contacts in Europe and its borderlands from the Revolutionary Wars to the First World War. The project explores the experiences of German, British and French soldiers stationed on the European periphery and in the Middle East as well as researching the persistent impact these encounters had on the society of their respective home country. This project asks how military cultural encounters helped to shape collective perceptions of 'the self', 'the other', of Europe and of its borders in the period between 1792 and 1920? The project team involves researchers from Germany (Freie Universität Berlin), Ireland (Trinity College Dublin) and the United Kingdom (Universities of York and Swansea).
  • Funding Agency
    • Humanities in the European Research Area (HERA)
  • Date From
    • 2013
  • Date To
    • 2016
  • Title
    • Unconventional Warfare: Guerrilla War and Counter-Insurgency from Iraq to Antiquity
  • Summary
    • Guerrilla warfare, like the guerrilla himself, comes in many guises. Whether defined as la petite guerre, kleiner krieg, the now standard guerrilla, the more modern insurgency or the even more recent asymmetric warfare, the phenomenon of fast-moving, irregular forces employing hit-and-run tactics against a more orthodox army has been a constant of armed conflict from antiquity. It has been described by military theorists from Sun Tzu in the 6th century BC onwards, defined by revolutionary ideologues like Mao, Lenin and Che Guevara and depicted by artists, writers and filmmakers as diverse as Francisco Goya, Ernie O'Malley and Ken Loach. More importantly, guerrilla warfare has been practised by an extraordinary array of groups in historical contexts from antiquity to the present day: Judean Maccabees, Dutch geuzen, Irish rapparees, Danish snapphanes, Serbian Grenzerer, French chouans, Tyrolean schützen, Spanish guerrilleros, Greek armatoles, Boer kommandos, Irish irregulars, Yugoslav partisans, Algerian fellaghas, Mau Mau, Viet Cong, mujahidin. The list could go on, almost indefinitely in fact, and this very variety is testimony to the guerrilla's ubiquity in the history of war. This one-day workshop will trace the lived experience and historical representation of guerrilla warfare from the conflicts of the present backwards into antiquity. By adopting this broad timeframe, this workshop will explore both the theory and the practice of guerrilla war in order to interrogate the evolution, and the assumed ideological implications, of this age-old form of conflict. It will ask who the guerrilla is and what mobilises him (and the guerrilla is generally but not always a him) to take up arms. It will explore how guerrillas relates to the communities from which they emerge and it will explore the often-uncertain boundaries between the guerrilla and the bandit, the brigand, the fanatic or the terrorist, the terms those in authority often avail of when confronted by 'war in the shadows.' The discussion will also examine the diverse strategies that conventional armies and police forces have evolved to meet the very particular problems that fighting a guerrilla war poses.
  • Funding Agency
    • TCD Long Room Hub Research Incentive Scheme
  • Date From
    • 2014
  • Date To
    • 2015
  • Title
    • Revolution, Revival and Reaction: the culture and politics of religion in France from Republic to Restoration
  • Summary
    • Following the suppression of normal religious worship during the Terror, France underwent an unprecedented revival of popular religious activity from 1795 onwards. Some of this was grudgingly tolerated by the authorities, more was not; much of it was initiated by a laity anxious to reassert its customary culture after the Terror and more of it provoked a shared sense of unease within otherwise antagonistic political and clerical elites. In many senses, resolving the problems this revival posed proved to be the principal political problem confronting these elites throughout the late 1790s and early 1800s. In many senses, reconciling Revolutionary politics and popular religious culture remained the principal poliitcal problem facing France for over a century to come. This revival marks a defining moment in modern French history, but as yet, crucial questions concerning the culture of religious revival, its scale, intensity and duration, have never been adequately answered, and its political implications remain just as unclear. Contemporaries, like the journalist Mallet du Pan, may have held that 'quiconque fréquentera la messe est un ennemi de la République', but was this inevitably the case? If not, how did Republicans reconcile their religious devotions with their commitment to Revolutionary politics in the 1790s, or come to terms with the Concordat in 1802 or endure the unforgiving atmosphere of the 1820s? This project is designed to answer these questions in the first comprehensive history of religion in France from the Revolution to the Restoration. Based on extensive archival research throughout France, it charts the evolution of religious practice across an entire generation and explains the political, cultural and social conflicts it gave rise, both nationally and locally.
  • Funding Agency
    • IRCHSS
  • Date From
    • 2008
  • Date To
    • 2010
  • Title
    • Revolution and Remembrance: the Commemoration of the Dead in Revolutionary France, 1789 - 1799
  • Summary
    • This project represents the first comprehensive study of the cultural politics of commemoration in Revolutionary France. It examines what remembrance meant to the people who staged and attended ceremonies, raised monuments, listened to speeches and purchased souvenirs in memory of the Revolution's dead. It explores the political purposes these commemorations served and the conflicts they gave rise to while also examining the cultural traditions they drew upon. Above all, it asks what private ends did the Revolution's rites of memory serve? What consolation did commemoration bring to those the dead left behind, and what conflicts did this relationship between the public and the private dimensions of remembrance give rise to? A monograph, Commemorating the Dead in Revolutionary France: Revolution and Remembrance, 1789-1799, arising from this research has recently been published by Cambridge University Press while an article dealing with the commemoration of the Revolution's war-dead will be published in the journal French History in 2008.
  • Funding Agency
    • British Academy Exchange Fellowship, EUI doctoral scholarship

Recognition

Representations

Member, Editorial Board, French History, Oxford University Press

Committee Member, Society for the Study of French History

Awards and Honours

HERA - Humanities in the European Research Area Joint Research Project 2013-16

Newberry Library Research Fellowship, Chicago 2012

IRCHSS Research Development Initiative Award 2008-2010

TLRH Research Incentive Scheme 2015

British Academy Exchange Scheme Fellowship 2006

Personal Research Award, Arts and Social Sciences Research Fund, Trinity College, Dublin 2005

Doctoral Research Scholarship, European University Institute

Memberships

The Society for the Study of French History

Society for French Historical Studies

British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies