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2013 Lecture Series


The Euro-Visions Public Lecture Series on Europe has been jointly organized by the Institute for International Integration Studies (IIIS) and the Trinity Long Room Hub Arts & Humanities Research Institute at Trinity College Dublin. The series is an associated event of the Irish Presidency of the Council of the EU.

Venue: Trinity Long Room Hub Arts & Humanities Research Institute, Neill/Hoey Lecture Theatre

Programme Details
Tuesday, 23 January 2013

How to fix the Euro Area by Professor Charles Wyplosz (Geneva)

Since its creation, the Euro Area has sought to enforce fiscal discipline in member states by imposing constraints on sovereign governments and their parliaments. This approach, inspired by the German model of fiscal federalism, has failed spectacularly. And yet, the reforms adopted in 2011 and 2012 rest on the same approach. They are equally doomed. A better approach would start by recognizing that Euro Area member states are sovereign in budget matters and adopt the US model of decentralized discipline, which is both more successful than the German model and better adapted to the European situation
Thursday, 24 January 2013

Do We Need Growth to Emancipate Vulnerable People? by Prof Jean Philippe Platteau (Namur) 

The persistence of oppressive or inequitable social norms in many developing countries is an obstacle to the emancipation of significant sections of their population. To end these norms represents a big challenge because they are typically supported by deep-rooted customs and values. It is often assumed that statutory laws are ineffective in the presence of such customs. In this lecture, however, I suggest that the interaction between the modern law and the custom may give rise to several outcomes, and in one of these outcomes the custom evolves in the direction of the law. Moreover, the controversy between radical and moderate reformers can be usefully revisited when an interactive approach between law and custom is followed. In those cases where the law is ineffective, it needs to be complemented by other actions that add internal to external empowerment of the disadvantaged groups of the population. If this cannot be done, economic growth is the only way to help emancipate vulnerable groups by improving their outside opportunities and, thereby, enhancing their bargaining strength.
Wednesday, 30 January 2013

Multiculturalism and Muslims in Europe by Dr Erkan Toguslu (KU Leuven)

The presence of Islam is felt deep within Western society, along with Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism and a host of other religions and beliefs. The integration of Islamic beliefs into European life has been increasingly visible to the naked eye, whether it be scarf clad women on the streets, Muslim pupils at schools, the halal food industry, housing, employment or social life itself. The ever increasing presence of Muslim communities have prompted the recognition of the issue of compatibility between Islamic values and the values of the host country. Previously it was a common tendency to believe that public life is plural and that secular laws are put in place to manage cultural-religious diversity in publicly occupied domain. At the same time, there has been a rising wave of doubt towards multiculturalism, and more recently its death has been hailed in several political speeches concentrating on the supposed non-compatibility of Muslim communities. The debates on multiculturalism embody the concern of Islamic identity issues and their often tarnished reflection within the public sphere. Using the debates on multiculturalism in Europe, Dr Toguslu will explore the ways how religion and culture rise above transnational and transcultural boundaries and how transnational and transcultural Muslims can be formulated in public life.

Tuesday, 5 February 2013

Does Europe need an Asia Strategy by Professor Philomena Murray (Melbourne)

In the context of tectonic shifts in Asia in terms of power, democracy, trade and security, does the EU now need an Asia Strategy? The US has a determined pivot towards the Asia Pacific. Does the EU now need its own pivot to Asia? The EU is not recognized as a key actor in Asia. It has come under criticism for its lack of coherence and consistency in its foreign policy and external relations with Asia. This negative perception has been compounded by rivalries and disagreements among member states and EU institutions. The twin challenges of coherence and consistency of approach remain crucial, as the EU seeks to have a greater presence and impact in Asia. This Lecture will explore the EU's experiences to date and its options in Asia, with particular reference to East Asia.
Thursday, 14 February 2013

How to think of Ethno-Linguistic Nationalism in Central Europe by Prof Tomasz Kamusella (St Andrews)

Most classical works on the phenomenon of nationalism draw examples from Central Europe and generalize on their basis for the entire globe. But the region's nationalisms are strongly steeped in language as their ideological cornerstone, which makes Central Europe quite unique in this respect. Elsewhere in the world, nation-states are not built on languages. I propose to flesh out and analyze the difference by focusing on the practises of Central Europe's ethnolinguistic nationalisms, as observed during the last two centuries. Arguably, pinpointing the salient features of this kind of nationalism makes it possible to define what and where Central Europe is, and why generalizing on the region's nationalisms is not viable on a global scale.
Monday, 18 February 2013

European Identity and the Crisis by Prof Ettore Recchi (UNICH)

Is EU identity affected by the Euro-crisis? To answer this question on the basis of available evidence, I draw on a conceptual distinction between the "identity of the EU", understood as its public image formed by many images of many different social groups, and "identification with the EU" or the sense of attachment perceived by individuals who formally (via citizenship) belong to the EU. These two concepts tap different dimensions of identity that Prof Recchi expects to be more and less volatile, reflecting their differing "identity salience". To test this hypothesis Prof Recchi uses Eurobarometer data for the last decade. Data analysis reveals a deterioration of the EU image and a relative stability of identifications with the EU in the context of the Euro-crisis.
Wednesday, 27 February 2013

Performing European Memories: Trauma, Ethics, Politics by Prof Milija Gluhovic (Warwick)

The end of the forty-year Cold War that split the postwar European continent provided the impetus for rethinking the past all over Europe as well as for the study of “European memory.” A commitment on the part of European countries to “work through the past” as individual nations and often contentious negotiations about what to remember and what to forget ran parallel with the search for a transnational memory of the conflicts, contentions, complexity and ambiguity of Europe’s past. This lecture explores the intersections between contemporary European theatre and performance, the interdisciplinary field of memory studies, and current preoccupations with the politics of memory in Europe.  It discusses different ways in which European artists engage with the traumatic experiences of the Holocaust, the Stalinist Gulags, colonialism, and imperialism, challenging their audiences’ historical imagination, and renewing their affective engagement with Europe’s past. 
Wednesday, 06 March 2013

Between the 'Blue Card' and Circular Migration: The Crisis of the EU's Immigration Policy for Third-country Nationals by Prof Binod Khadria (Jawaharial Nehru University)

Barring the United Kingdom and Ireland, the rest of Europe has traditionally been known as ‘fortress Europe’ so far as its links of migration with the outside world is concerned. Europe has however moved away from this position of being closed to immigrants, apparently borrowing from the experience of the UK and Ireland in being open to migration to and from the third-countries. The post-9/11 transition in the US immigration policy, which became restrictive, provided an immediate impetus to the switch in the European stance. With the consolidation of the EU, there have been two diametrically opposite trends in the homogenization of the EU immigration policy towards third-country nationals, mainly for those coming from the developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Whereas, the so-called Blue-card was floated to compete with the American Green-card by way of promising settlement rights to the highly skilled immigrants and their families from countries of these continents, the circular migration policy was to give precedence to temporary immigration over permanent. Whereas the Blue card was perceived to be an instrument for unification and reunification of families, circular migration, which silently discouraged families from accompanying the migrants, led to the splitting and nomadization of the family. This contradiction is reflected in the range or the spread of diversity in the visa issuance policies of the countries of the EU. In fact, the contradictions are subtle and hidden in the practices of visa issuances as compared to the explicitly laid down policies. The contradiction provides the EU countries a convenient handle of selectiveness for choosing the highly skilled scarce workers for their most productive part of life cycle and to rotate the unskilled and the low-skilled at shorter intervals. The transitory nature of the immigration policy, arising from frequent and unanticipated changes therein, has become the hallmark of sovereignty over border control of EU’s unified boundaries. This raises some pertinent questions regarding the age-old issues of brain drain and brain gain in the context of EU’s current fixation with circular migration.

Wednesday, 13 March 2013

The ESM and its Constitutionality by Dr Peter M Huber (German Federal Constitutional Court)

Thursday, 21 March 2013

Born in YU: Performing, Negotiating, and Re-imaging an Abject Identity by Dr Silvija Jestrovic (Univ of Warwick)

Born in YU opened in October 2010 in Yugoslav Drama Theatre—one of the leading theatres in Belgrade with the long-standing tradition in the region. The show was directed by Bosnian director Dino Mustafic and performed and developed by Serbian dramaturges and actors. Following the opening, the local broadcasting company B92 facilitated a public dialogue involving some of the creators, as well as other artists and intellectuals from former Yugoslavia. After almost twenty years since the downfall of Yugoslavia and the war that ensued, this performance and the public dialogue were among the first attempts to ask: What did Yugoslavia mean to generations that survived it?  How has Yugoslavia, not necessarily the nation state, but rather a shared cultural space, shaped various identities in the region? Why does Yugoslavian identity no longer have a place and why is it important to find it? Dr Jestrovic will explore how Born in YU, through tensions between personal and collective, foregrounds the notion of Yugoslavian identity as an abject and how it simultaneously opens a space for re-evaluating and re-negotiating of this abject identity. I will argue that Born in YU, and the dialogue that it has been inspiring potentially enable a process of understanding of the recent past; of how the current national and cultural identities in the region have been constructed; and  how these identities could be reconciled with or subverted by the abject identity that keeps asking what has it meant to be born in YU? 

Hurt Identities? The Postwar Bosnian narrative of Self-Victimization by Ms Ana Mijic (Univ of Vienna)

During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995) the identities of the conflicting parties were characterized by intensive and powerful ethnic in-group/out-group differentiations and inseparably linked with the belief in one’s own moral superiority. 
After the end of war the Bosnian people were confronted with a novel situation; due to new and externally induced normative standards that delegitimize ‘hierarchical ethnicity', and due to the fact that they have to continue living as neighbours in one nation-state, they are forced to perform new definitions of ethnic boundaries, or – to frame it with a sociological classic – a new “definition of the situation”. Ms Mijic will explore how people react to these challenges to their identity, both on an individual and on a collective level. Her research has focused on a qualitative empirical analysis of the genesis and the persistence of self-attribution and the attribution of others in the context of the accelerated social transformation processes in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The reconstructive analysis of narrative interviews conducted in different regions of the country shows that the construction of personal identity is to a large extent affected by the identification with the ethnic in-group, which is typically perceived as the greatest victim of war and the post-war constellation. Self-victimization seems to be an evident solution of the post war crisis, since it enables people to handle the dilemma between the old war-shaped identities with their in-group centred normativity and universal ethical standards.

Monday, 25 March 2013 Europe in Search of Itself, in Search of the other by Prof Joep Leerssen (Amsterdam)

Nation-states have a much more robust presence in citizens' identities and allegiances than "Europe", which, as a result, is often represented as crisis-prone, faceless and infirm.
The mental image invoked by Europe lacks two elements which shore up the robust identity of nation-states: inner cohesiveness (a collective sense of shared culture) and outward distinctiveness (an outsider or "Significant Other" against whom the nation silhouettes itself).  In this lecture Prof Leerssen will draw on insights from cultural history to argue two points: [a] neither the "inner cohesiveness"  nor the "outer distinctiveness"  is as strong within the nation-state as we commonly assume; [b] neither the "inner cohesiveness"  nor the "outward distinctiveness"  is as weak at the common-European level as the current media rhetoric would have us believe.

Wednesday, 3 April 2013

The Cultural Environment: The Case of Germany and Ireland by Prof Mary Keating and Prof Gillian Martin (TCD)

Are globalization and ever closer business relationships between European countries resulting in convergence between management cultures or is there evidence to suggest that cultural divergence continues to shape management practice and behavior? This lecture will address the management-culture connection by taking the example of Ireland and Germany. It will draw on empirical research conducted by the authors over the last 15 years and explore the impact of societal culture on a range of themes including leadership, ethical leadership and integrity, decision-making, and business communication. It will also assess the implications emerging from this research for managing business relationships between the two countries.
Thursday, 11 April 2013

Adjusting in the Euro Area: the Portuguese Case by Mr Vitor Gaspar, Minister for Finance, Portugal

Portugal's Finance Minister Vitor Gaspar will deliver an address on "Adjusting in the euro area: the Portuguese case" at 9am on Thursday April 11. The lecture will be followed by a Q+A session. The event will be chaired by Philip Lane, Whately Professor of Political Economy. Previously, Mr Gaspar had a distinguished economics career at the European Central Bank, the European Commission and the Central Bank of Portugal.
Thursday, 18 April 2013

Euro Crisis Roundtable chaired by Kevin O'Rourke Chichele Professor of Economic History, University of Oxford 

A discussion of the future of the euro area with leading experts.  Hans-Werner Sinn is Director of the CES-ifo Institute and one of Germany's chief economists. Richard Portes is Professor of London Business School and President of the Centre for Economic Policy Research.  Alan Taylor is Professor of Economics at the University of Virginia and an expert in financial economics and economic history.
Wednesday, 24 April, 2013

EU enlargement in Central and Eastern Europe: Happy Ever After? by Dr Vera Sheridan and Dr Sabina Stan (DCU)

This talk will discuss the different journeys that brought ten new member states into the European Union from Central and Eastern Europe.  These states undertook to meet the Copenhagen criteria for EU membership which set out the preconditions for their membership. Since 2004 there have been a range of outcomes for both new member states and ‘old Europe’ of the EU-15 as a direct result of the conditions of membership. There are also outcomes which reveal interesting perspectives by ‘old Europe’ on the new and which raise questions around integration and future enlargement.
Tuesday, 30 April 2013

1 July 2013: Croatian EU membership and the perspectives for the Western Balkans by Prof Tvrtko Jakovina (Zagreb)

The Republic of Croatia is going to join the EU on July 1, 2013. At the time of deep crisis in many European countries, fatigue caused with enlargement and cynicism among many citizens, in the South Eastern part of Europe the EU still represents something desirable, at least on the level of political elite and majority of their citizens. Socialist Yugoslavia after Tito split with Stalin in 1948, remained in-between two ideological blocks: West for the East, East for the West. The country was sometimes called "The American Communist Ally". Socialist, but non-aligned, not member of any eastern associations, Yugoslavia was the most similar to the West of any socialist country, with open borders and socialist market economy. However, Tito's Yugoslavia disappeared in a series of wars remaining a black hole of the Continent. In his lecture Prof Jakovina will try to give an overview of the Cold War history of SEE, try to describe why country(ies) that were on the fast-track to join the West, became the place of the civil and aggressive wars, and still represent serious challenge for the world. Special accent will be given to the possible solutions trends that are visible in the region.
Wednesday, 15 May 2013

Collateral Roadkill: the Death of 'Central Europe' as a concept somewhere between Sarajevo and Brussels by Prof Clemens Ruthner (TCD)

This is a jointly organised lecture by the IIIS and the Trinity Long Room Hub. This lecture series is an associated event of the Irish Presidency of the Council of the EU. The series will run from January to June.
Wednesday, 22 May 2013

The EU and the Peace Process in Northern Ireland by Dr Etain Tannam (TCD)

The fortieth anniversary of Irish and British membership of the EU and the fifteenth anniversary of the Belfast Agreement imply that it is particularly timely to examine the EU's role in the peace process in Northern Ireland. The role of the EU in the peace process in Northern Ireland is examined by examining theoretical approaches to the EU and by assessing empirical evidence of its role. It is argued that the EU played an important role in the peace process and its concepts of shared sovereignty and post-war cooperation gradually influenced extreme nationalist and unionist parties in Northern Ireland. It also encouraged cooperation by providing economic incentives. However, the EU's normative and empirical role should not be exaggerated and the peace process was fundamentally caused by the evolution of British-Irish joint policy to Northern Ireland since the 1980s.
Wednesday, 29 May 2013

Does Europe Need a New Memory? by Professor Ann Rigney (Utrecht)

This is a jointly organised lecture by the IIIS and the Trinity Long Room Hub. This lecture series is an associated event of the Irish Presidency of the Council of the EU. The series will run from January to June. Admission is free and all are welcome.
Wednesday, 5 June 2013

Identity and Memory in Europe: The Perspective of Critical Discourse Analysis by Professor Ruth Wodak (Lancaster)

This is a jointly organised lecture by the IIIS and the Trinity Long Room Hub. This lecture series is an associated event of the Irish Presidency of the Council of the EU. The series will run from January to June. Admission is free and all are welcome.
Wednesday, 12 June 2013

The Eurovision Song Contest and the Performance of Europe by Professor Brian Singleton (TCD)

This is a jointly organised lecture by the IIIS and the Trinity Long Room Hub. This lecture series is an associated event of the Irish Presidency of the Council of the EU. The series will run from January to June. Admission is free and all are welcome.

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