Cross-national comparative research is a fundamental building block of sociological research. While different views on its purpose and methodology co-exist, one can argue that comparative sociology in general aims to advance sociological knowledge by either describing and exploring social phenomena across various countries and societies, establishing the degree of generalizability of findings, considering the significance and effects of nation specific contexts and institutions for social outcomes, or providing causal explanations at multiple levels of theoretical inference. A long tradition of comparative research has furthered our understanding in numerous fields such as social revolutions, social policy and welfare programmes, occupational and social stratification, inter- and intragenerational social mobility, education and schooling, poverty, health inequalities, or gender relations.
Comparative Sociology of Europe 1 introduces students to the intellectual world of comparative sociology and cross-national research. The module explicitly eschews a textbook approach because principles of comparative research develop heavily in the practice of comparative research and few if any good introductory textbooks exist. Instead, the module approaches the breadth of comparative sociological research by focusing on selected seminal works and debates as they have been emerging in the field. Therefore, the seminar will predominantly rely on high-quality peer-reviewed journal articles and material from selected books and edited volumes. Students will benefit of this approach as they will, first, discover the variety of perspectives as well as the partly fierce debates characterizing the corpus of comparative sociology and, second, get familiar with actual research that build upon comparative rationales and cross-national data.
The module setup follows two major objectives. First, students will learn more about the comparative method per se, in particular the aims as well as theoretical and methodological underpinnings of comparative sociological research programmes. We will discover various ways of doing comparative research and how they connect to sociological theory and manifest in concrete research strategies and designs. Second, students will get familiar with selected classical and more recent works in comparative sociological research. As the substantive body of literature in comparative sociology is vast, a focus is set to topics related to welfare statism in Europe, social mobility and social stratification, inequality of educational opportunity, and the gender revolution.