The men fell from the ranks, first in little groups

TCD MS 10515 folio 61v

TCD MS 10515 folio 61v

[April 29th 1916]

there appeared lying low on the horizon a long stratum of seeming reddish cloud glistening in the burning sun. It ultimately turned out to be a flat hill of sand rising above the undulating haze and displaying to view its glowing back while all its base was hidden in currents of waving heat. The sun grew more and more intense and men fell from the ranks, first in little groups, then in dozens, then in hundreds. Our track was littered with men, some resting to struggle on again, others collapsed, others completely unconscious suffering from severe heat stroke. At length the head of the column reached Shaiba, a few scattered knolls of rising ground, dignified with a fort, representing agriculture by three wretched