Gerard Hughes is an economist specialising in labour market issues relating to pensions, employment and migration. He worked at the Economic and Social Research Institute (www.esri.ie) in Dublin where he was a Research Professor. He is a founding member of the European Network for Research on Supplementary Pensions and of the Pension Policy Research Group in Ireland. He has published a number of reports on the coverage of pension plans, tax expenditure on pensions and pensioners’ incomes as well as reports for the OECD and the ILO on private pensions in Ireland. He has contributed to and co-edited a number of books on pensions including Reforming Pensions in Europe and Personal Provision of Retirement Income both published by Edward Elgar.