In the first year of the PhD programme, students are required to take four modules, at least one but no more than two at UCD (with reciprocal rules applying to UCD students). Students are free to audit classes at either institution. Students’ choice should be in accordance with their research interests in consultation with their supervisor and are meant to provide a solid grounding in research methods at the postgraduate level in various areas of philosophy. Courses offered will be listed at the start of each academic year. The courses are each worth 10 ECTS units; they are meant to supplement independent work with the supervisor.