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Presenting in an Inclusive Manner

PowerPoint is the most widely used presentation tool in College. It is designed to assist you in designing visual aids to accompany your lecture. Good practice Powerpoint skills can help you enhance your student's lecture experience and can add to student learning.


How to ensure inclusive presentations:

Inclusive lecture presentations are created in an accessible format and are presented in an inclusive manner.


Create Powerpoint in accessible formats:image of TCD lecture hall

In line with the College Accessibility Policy, please follow the TIC guidelines for PowerPoint Accessibility.


Inclusive Lecture Presentation:


Consider your pace. Questions to consider include:

  • Are students taking notes as you speak?
  • Is the subject matter unfamiliar to your students?
  • Do you expect students to critically engage with the material as you present?

If so, the effectiveness of your presentation may be enhanced by slowing down.


If using Powerpoint allow, at minimum, two minutes per slide. In a 50 minute lecture aim for a maximum of 25 slides. If you have too many slides you will either end up running too quickly through your presentation and skipping points, or reading verbatim from your slides (or both). Remember, that less is more on a Powerpoint Presentation.


Speak to the audience

It can be tempting to turn towards the Powerpoint presentation as we present so as to read from our slides. However, turning your back on your audience will lead to disengagement and will also cause difficulties for any students relying on lip reading. If notes are being made on a flip chart or whiteboard ensure that any comments are spoken while facing the audience.


Use PowerPoint to highlight key terms view of lecture in Arts building

Having key points and terminology clearly highlighted on Powerpoint will help your audience to understand the core topics, and to spell key terminology more efficiently. If you are not using PowerPoint, ensure key terminology is written on the board or onto the Overheads.

Circulate your presentation

Your Powerpoint presentation can act as a useful basis for student note taking. If students have your presentation in advance, they can use a print out to take further notes within your lecture. This can be particularly helpful to students who find it difficult to structure notes.


Vocalise all on your PowerPoint Slides

Ensure all content on a slide is vocalised to the audience. It may be that in a large room the slide information is not readable from the back. Or a visually impaired participant may not be able to access the visual material. Avoid the following: 'this slide explains the concept' or 'the graph here is self explanatory'. Always verbalise how it explains the concept, or what the graph shows.


Microphone Use

If a microphone or audio system is available use it. Even in a small room acoustics can be problematic. Furthermore, the microphone may be connected to an induction loop for Hard of Hearing participants.



Be aware that while turning off the lights may make a slide presentation clearer, it will create difficulties for any member of your audience who is lip reading.



Internal Links

PowerPoint Template (ppt, 278kb): This PowerPoint template offers a suggested colour scheme and layout for Powerpoint templates. It also offers good practice guidelines so that you can adapt this template whilst ensuring accessibility.

Guidelines for Powerpoint Accessibility (Word, 423kb): One page of good practice guidelines.

Powerpoint Examples ppt, 59kb): This Presentation gives some examples of what not to do.


External Links

Good Practice Using Powerpoint for Teaching: University of Leeds

Last updated 28 February 2019 by Trinity Inclusive Curriculum (Email).