Patricia Cronin
Assistant Professor, School of Nursing & Midwifery

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Baby B, Cronin P,: Daly L, Dreelin B, Ennis S. Keogh S. McCann M, O'Grady J, O'Shea R, Prizeman G, Regi C.1 Roberts A, Quirke M., Observation of Mealtime Assistance at Breakfast: A cross-hospital project, SJH Annual Multidisciplinary Research, Clinical Audit & Quality Improvement, Dubln, 16th May, 2018 Poster, 2018

Coughlan, M. & Cronin, P., Doing a Literature Review in Nursing, Health and Social Care, Second, London, Sage, 2017, 1 - 176pp Book, 2017

Doyle C., Cronin P. , Difficulties in 'giving medicines' to children with severe and profound intellectual disabilities - mothers' experiences. , RCPCH/RCN Conference , Birmingham, 24-26th May, 2017 Conference Paper, 2017

Ramasubbu DA, Smith V, Hayden F, Cronin P, Systemic antibiotics for treating malignant wounds (Review), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CD011609, (8), 2017 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Clinical Skills 9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18 in, editor(s)Nicol M. , Elsevier Clinical Skills Online 2017, London, Elsevier, 2017, pp1-100 , [Patricia Cronin] Book Chapter, 2017 URL

Clinical Skills 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 in, editor(s)Nicol, M. , Elsevier Clinical Skills Online 2016, London, Elsevier, 2016, pp1-100 , [Patricia Cronin] Book Chapter, 2016 URL

Cronin, P. Coughlan, M. and Smith, V., Understanding Nursing and Healthcare Research, London, Sage Publications, 2015, 1 - 207pp Book, 2015 URL

Ramasubbu, D., Smith, V., Hayden, F., Cronin, P., Systemic antibiotics for treating malignant wounds (Protocol), Cochrane Databases of Systematic Reviews, (4), 2015, p1 - 11 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Cronin P, Hynes G, Breen M, McCarron M, McCallion P, Sullivan L. , Between Worlds: The experiences and needs of former family carers, Health & Social Care in the Community, 23, (1), 2015, p88 - 96 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

Monahan M, Cronin P, Fahey-McCarthy E, Horan P, Murphy M., An analysis of the practice-based critical incidents identified by student nurses as part of their reflective learning, 17th International Reflective Practice Conference, Swansea, 10th September 2013, 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013

Monahan, M., Cronin, P., Fahey-McCarthy, E., Horan, P., Murphy, M. , An analysis of practice-based critical incidents identified by student nurses, 17th International Reflective Practice Conference 2013, Swansea University, 9-11th September, 2013 Conference Paper, 2013

Cronin, P., Begley, C., Living with Chronic Pancreatitis: A qualitative study. , Chronic Illness, 9, (3), 2013, p233 - 247 Journal Article, 2013 TARA - Full Text URL

Coughlan, M. Cronin, P. and Ryan, F., Doing a Literature Review in Nursing, Health and Social Care, London, Sage Publications, 2013, 1 - 168pp Book, 2013

Andrews, L., Devane, D., Lalor, J. G. and Cronin, P., Claiming their place - Men's interactions with midwives within maternity care, NICER, Nottingham, 2012, pp1-27 Conference Paper, 2012 TARA - Full Text

Nicol M., Bavin C., Cronin P., Rawlings-Anderson K., Cole E., Hunter J. , Essential Nursing Skills. Clinical Skills for Caring., 4th, Edinburgh, Mosby Elsevier, 2012, 1 - 418pp Book, 2012

Nursing Patients with gastrointestinal, liver and biliary disorders in, editor(s)Nicol, M. & Brooker C. , Alexander's Nursing Practice, Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2011, pp71 - 124, [Cronin, P., Duffy, A. ] Book Chapter, 2011

McCabe, C., Cronin, P. , Issues for researchers to consider when using health related quality of life outcomes in cancer research., European Journal of Cancer Care, 20, 2011, p563 - 569 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

McCarron M, Breen M, Cronin P, Hynes G, O'Sullivan L, McCallion P., Between worlds: The Experiences and Needs of Former Family Carers, TCD, TCD, September , 2011, p1 - 52 Report, 2011

Cronin, P. Ryan, F. and Coughlan, M., Concept analysis in healthcare research, International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 17, (2), 2010, p62 - 68 Journal Article, 2010 TARA - Full Text URL

Manning, A., Cronin, P,. Monaghan, A., Rawlings-Anderson, K., Supporting students in practice: an exploration of reflective groups as a means of support, Nurse Education in Practice, 9, (3), 2009, p176 - 183 Journal Article, 2009 DOI

Ryan, F. Coughlan, M, Cronin, P, Interviewing in qualitative research: the one-to-one interview, International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 16, (6), 2009, p309 - 314 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Coughlan, M., Cronin, P., Ryan, F. , Survey Research: process and limitations., International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 16, (1), 2009, p9 - 15 Journal Article, 2009 URL TARA - Full Text

Fogarty, C., Cronin, P. , Waiting for health care: a concept analysis, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 61, (4), 2008, p463 - 471 Journal Article, 2008 TARA - Full Text DOI

Nicol, M., Bavin, C., Cronin, P., Rawlings-Anderson, K, Essential Nursing Skills, 3rd, Edinburgh, Elsevier, 2008, 361pp Book, 2008

Cronin, P., Ryan, F., Coughlan, M, Undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach, British Journal of Nursing, 17, (1), 2008, p38 - 43 Journal Article, 2008 TARA - Full Text DOI

Coughlan, M., Cronin, P., Ryan, F. , A guide to critiquing research - Part 1 - Quantitative Research, British Journal of Nursing, 16, (11), 2007, p658 - 663 Journal Article, 2007 DOI TARA - Full Text

Ryan, F., Coughlan, M., Cronin, P. , A guide to critiquing research - Part 2 - Qualitative Research, British Journal of Nursing, 16, (12), 2007, p738 - 744 Journal Article, 2007 TARA - Full Text DOI

Promoting comfort, rest and sleep and caring for the client in pain in, editor(s)Dustagheer, A., Harding, J., McMahon, C. , Knowledge to care - a handbook for care assistants, Oxford, Blackwell, 2005, pp195 - 220, [Cronin P., Trendall, J., Gillett, K. ] Book Chapter, 2005

Heyman, B., Cronin, P. , Writing for publication: adapting academic work into articles, British Journal of Nursing, 14, (7), 2005, p400 - 403 Journal Article, 2005 DOI

Nicol, M., Bavin, C., Bedford-Turner, S., Cronin, P., Rawlings-Anderson, K., Essential Nursing Skills, 2nd, Edinburgh, Mosby, 2004, 1-314pp Book, 2004

Cronin, P. and Rawlings-Anderson, K., Knowledge for contemporary nursing practice, Edinburgh, Mosby, 2004, 1-181pp Book, 2004

Enquiry based learning in practice in, editor(s)Glen, S. and Parker, P. , Supporting learning in nursing practice, Basingstoke, Macmillan, 2003, pp52 - 76, [Cronin, P. and Dimmock V] Book Chapter, 2003

Cronin, P, Nil by mouth., Nursing times, 96, (49 (S7)), 2000, p10- Journal Article, 2000 DOI

Cronin P, 'How it feels to be nil by mouth'., Nursing Times, 96, (46), 2000, p16 Journal Article, 2000 URL

Nicol, M., Bavin, C., Bedford-Turner, S., Cronin, P., Rawlings-Anderson, K., , Essential Nursing Skills, First, Edinburgh, Mosby, 2000, 1 - 257pp Book, 2000

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Cronin P, Prizeman G., Observation of mealtime assistance at breakfast, Dublin Midlands Hospital Group, Dublin, 8th January , 2018 Invited Talk, 2018

Patricia Cronin, Literature Review & Critical Appraisal, School of Nursing & Midwifery Annual Research School, TCD, 25th January, 2018, School of Nursing & Midwifery Invited Talk, 2018

Patricia Cronin, Developing research from audit., Centre for Learning & Development Academic Writing Week, Centre for Learning & Development, Tallaght Hospital, 17th January , 2018, Christina Lydon, CLD Tallaght Invited Talk, 2018

Hough S., Kielty, L., Cronin, P., Gastroenterology: Advanced Role in Colorectal Screening, World of Irish Nursing, 20, (1), 2012, p27 - 28 Journal Article, 2012

Cronin P, Manning A, Monaghan A, Rawlings-Anderson K, Reflection - Supporting Students in Practice, William Harvey Day, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London Poster,

Research Expertise


I have a particular interest in research in the area of chronic illness. Chronic Illnesses present major health and life-style challenges for the person who is diagnosed with a chronic condition and for the healthcare service. Moreover, increasing longevity and lifestyle factors point to the likelihood of a significant rise in the number of people living with one or more chronic illnesses. Arising from my doctoral work, research that explicates the experiences of those living with a plethora of chronic illnesses and the burden placed on the individuals, their carers, families and society enables targeted interventions to be developed that not only maximise the individual's potential for self-management but also facilitates an improvement in their life quality.


  • Title
    • Assessing the level of depression in patients with chronic illness
  • Summary
    • The aim of this descriptive and exploratory quantitative study is to assess the level of depression in patients with chronic illness. This will provide data for planning and developing services to meet the psychological needs of these patients. The research involves a one off survey of patients with a chronic illness who are attending outpatients clinics in a General Hospital. Patients attending clinics for rheumolotogy, diabetes, stroke, tissue viability, cardiac rehabilitation and respiratory departments will be included The survey consists of: (a) demographic and health questions (b) illness-specific questions (e.g. illness type, disease severity/stage/duration, adherence and pain) and (c) the Patient Health Questionnaire. All of the data will be entered into SPSS for descriptive and multivariate analysis. The Patient Health Questionnaire will be tested for reliability (using Cronbach's Alpha). Inferential statistics will be performed to test for association between variables.
  • Funding Agency
    • N/A
  • Date From
    • June 2018
  • Date To
    • March 2019
  • Title
    • Evaluation of podcasts as a learning activity
  • Summary
    • The aim of this research is to evaluate the use of podcasts as a learning activity in a final year undergraduate module. . To explore student's perspectives on the usefulness of podcasts for their learning . To investigate staff perspectives on the usefulness of podcasts in the 'flipped classroom' . To reflect on the process of producing podcasts for the module . Based on the findings, make recommendations on the efficacy of implementing podcasts. A descriptive mixed-methods approach is being adopted using the 4Q model of evaluation (Smith 2008) as a conceptual framework. A sample has been drawn from the target population of Senior Sophister Nursing students (205) who completed the module in Hilary term 2017-2018, academic staff who facilitate tutorials on the module (8) and the 2 module leaders who designed and produced the podcasts. Data collection includes an online questionnaire adapted from Merhi (2012, a focus group and reflective analysis. Students were recruited through an announcement on Blackboard and the link to an online, anonymous questionnaire. Staff who facilitated tutorials in 2017-2018 academic year were invited through email to participate in an audio-recorded, focus group discussion following completion of the tutorials. The 2 module leaders will engage in reflective analysis utilising Boud et al's (1985) reflective framework to examine the process of designing and producing the podcasts. Descriptive analysis of the findings of the questionnaire will be undertaken. The focus group data and the outcome of the reflective analysis will be transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis framework of Braun & Clarke (2006).
  • Date From
    • May 2018
  • Date To
    • September 2018
  • Title
    • Nutrition/Hydration Project.
  • Summary
    • As part of the work of the Centre for Practice & Healthcare Innovation, a nutrition & hydration group undertook a project focusing on observation of mealtime assistance at breakfast across three partner hospitals.
  • Date From
    • 2016
  • Date To
    • 2017
  • Title
    • Systemic antibiotics for malignant wounds: A Cochrane Review
  • Summary
    • The purpose of this Cochrane review is to assess the effects of systemic antibiotics in the treatment of malignant wounds, including their safety, and their impact upon quality of life and related symptoms.
  • Funding Agency
    • None
  • Date From
    • February 2014
  • Date To
    • February 2016
  • Title
    • The Experience and Needs of Former Family Carers
  • Summary
    • Between Worlds: The Experiences and Needs of Former Family Carers The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to explore the experiences and needs of Irish former family carers in the post-caring/care transitions period. Former family carers were defined as family members who provided physical and/or social care to a family member with an illness or disability in the home for at least 6 months prior to nursing home/hospice placement or death. A total of 40 family carers were recruited from members of or known to voluntary care groups/associations in Ireland. Fourteen participants took part in a focus group discussion and 26 participated in one-to-one, semi-structured interviews, all of which were undertaken in 2010. For the participants in this study, post-caring was a transition that comprised three, interrelated, non-linear, iterative themes that were represented as 'loss of the caring world', 'living in loss' and 'moving on' and symbolised as being 'between worlds'. Transition was a complex interplay of emotions overlaid with economic and social concerns that had implications for their sense of health and well-being. This exploratory study begins to address the dearth of data on post-caring/care experiences, but further research is needed to inform support interventions to enable former family carers to 'move on'.
  • Funding Agency
    • IRCHSS/Care Alliance Ireland
  • Date From
    • Feb 2010
  • Date To
    • Dec 2010
  • Title
    • An analysis of practice-based critical incidents identified by student nurses and midwives.
  • Summary
    • The aim of this study was to undertake an analysis of the practice-based critical incidents identified by student nurses and midwives as part of their reflective learning with the overall purpose of gaining insight into areas of clinical practice that address or challenge them. The study is a qualitative descriptive analysis of the students' chosen topics. All nursing (General, Intellectual Disability, Mental Health, Children's) and midwifery students in their final year (n=235) were invited to participate. Data was collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Analysis indicated that the student experiences can be categorised under three main themes; Managing unexpected events, Scope of Practice and Interpersonal Communication.
  • Funding Agency
    • None
  • Date From
    • September 2012
  • Date To
    • September 2013
  • Title
    • Living with Chronic Pancreatitis
  • Summary
    • Abstract Living with chronic pancreatitis: a hermeneutic inquiry The purpose of this hermeneutic inquiry was to develop an understanding and construct a meaning of living with chronic pancreatitis. Recent international literature acknowledges the impact of this progressive and debilitating disease on psychological and social well-being and efforts have been directed at assessing health-related quality of life. However, in Ireland no comparable work could be located and it was proposed that the plight of those with a diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis remains unknown and hidden. Philosophical hermeneutics after Gadamer was chosen to guide and direct the study. A purposeful sample was drawn from a population who had been diagnosed, and were living, with chronic pancreatitis. Family members who were willing to be included were identified by the primary participants. Fourteen primary participants and five family members were recruited to the study. Multiple, unstructured, formal interviews were the primary means of collecting data. The meaning of living with chronic pancreatitis is 'enduring disruption'. Enduring, as it is represented has a two-fold meaning and symbolises the perpetual or permanent nature of disruption that occurs at physiological, social and psychological levels and determined as 'suffering'. Enduring, also means 'to cope with' and/or 'to tolerate' and encompasses how the participants and their families cope with the perceived restrictions arising from the condition, their capacity to tolerate them and the strategies developed to manage them, within the overall transition from well person to a person with chronic pancreatitis. Transition to being a person with chronic pancreatitis is a process of assimilation and acceptance of a life permanently altered and a realisation that a return to their 'old' normal is no longer possible. Together, suffering and transition form the whole of 'enduring disruption'. This is the first study in Ireland that has included those who live with chronic pancreatitis and offers an alternative perspective to the previous quality of life research in chronic pancreatitis.
  • Date From
    • April 2005
  • Date To
    • April 2009


Acute care nursing; Chronic Illness self-management; CHRONICALLY ILL; Health outcomes; Informal Carers; Nursing Education; Oesophageal, gastric, intestinal and pancreatic diseases; Palliative care nursing; Qualitative methods ; QUALITATIVE RESEARCH; QUALITY OF LIFE; Undergraduate Education



School of Nursing & Midwifery Representative on Faculty of Health Sciences Ethics Committee 2010-2013

School of Nursing & Midwifery Representative on SJH Nursing Research Access Committee Current

Member of the National Working Group to Develop A Regulatory Nursing Strategy to Complement the National Cancer Screening Service: National Colorectal Screening 2011


An Bord Altranais 25th January 2005 – present

European Academy of Nursing Science 2016