Michael Gallagher
Professor of Comparative Politics, Political Science

Biography

Michael Gallagher is a Professor in the Department of Political Science (Associate Professor 1998-2006) and is currently in his eighth year as Head of Department. He was a Lecturer (since 2012 this grade has been titled assistant professor) in the department 1979-1998. He was elected a Member of the Royal Irish Academy in 2013. He was a Visiting Professor in the Center for European Studies and Ireland House, New York University, 1997, a Visiting Professor in the Department of Politics and Public Administration, City University, Hong Kong, 2001, and a Visiting Professor at Sciences-Po Lille in February 2007. He did two degrees (a first degree and a masters) in Computer Science, emphasising the area of artificial intelligence and using in particular the specialist language POP-2, before switching to Political Science in the mid-1970s. His main areas of expertise are comparative electoral systems, political institutions, political parties, and Irish politics.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

The changing nature of electoral competition in Ireland in, editor(s)Niall O Dochartaigh, Katy Hayward and Elizabeth Meehan , Dynamics of Political Change in Ireland, Abingdon, Routledge, 2017, pp110 - 128, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2017

Pathological parochialism or a valuable service? Attitudes to the constituency service role of Irish parliamentarians in, editor(s)Michael Marsh, David M Farrell, Gail McElroy , A Conservative Revolution? Electoral change in twenty-first-century Ireland, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017, pp143 - 171, [Michael Gallagher and Jane Suiter] Book Chapter, 2017

Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh, How Ireland Voted 2016: the election that nobody won, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, 1 - 327pp Book, 2016 URL

Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh eds, How Ireland Voted 2016: the elections that nobody won, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, 1-327pp Book, 2016

The results analysed: the aftershocks continue in, editor(s)Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh , How Ireland Voted 2016: the election that nobody won, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, pp125 - 157, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2016 URL

Shqipe Mjekiqi and Michael Gallagher, The parliamentary elections in Kosovo, June 2014, Electoral Studies, 38, 2015, p106 - 109 Journal Article, 2015

Politics in Mayo 1922 to 2013 in, editor(s)Gerard Moran and Nollaig Ó Muraíle , Mayo: history and society, Dublin, Geography Publications, 2014, pp757 - 780, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2014

Electoral institutions and representation in, editor(s)Lawrence LeDuc, Richard G Niemi, Pippa Norris , Comparing Democracies, London and Los Angeles, Sage, 2014, pp11 - 31, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2014

Legislators' constituency orientation in, editor(s)Kris Deschouwer and Sam Depauw , Representing the People: a survey among members of statewide and sub-state parliaments, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, pp166 - 187, [Audrey André, Michael Gallagher and Giulia Sandri] Book Chapter, 2014

The political role of the president in, editor(s)John Coakley & Kevin Rafter , The Irish presidency: power, ceremony and politics, Dublin, Irish Academic Press, 2013, pp40 - 59, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2013

Michael Courtney, Michael Gallagher , The parliamentary election in Ireland, February 2011, Electoral Studies, 31, (1), 2012, p231 - 234 Journal Article, 2012 TARA - Full Text

Michael Gallagher, The political role of the president of Ireland, Irish Political Studies, 27, (4), 2012, p522 - 538 Journal Article, 2012

Michael Gallagher, Parties and referendums in Ireland 1937-2011, Irish Political Studies, 26, (4), 2011, p535 - 544 Journal Article, 2011

Ireland's earthquake election: analysis of the results in, editor(s)Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh , How Ireland Voted 2011, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, pp139 - 171, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2011 URL

Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh eds, How Ireland voted 2011: the full story of Ireland's 'earthquake election', Basingstoke, Palgrave, 2011, 326pp Book, 2011

Michael Gallagher, Michael Laver and Peter Mair, Representative Government in Modern Europe, 5, Maidenhead and New York, McGraw-Hill, 2011, 507 pp Book, 2011 URL

John Coakley and Michael Gallagher (eds), Politics in the Republic of Ireland, 5, London and Beverly Hills, Routledge and PSAI Press, 2010, 490pp Book, 2010 URL

The constituency role of Dáil deputies in, editor(s)John Coakley and Michael Gallagher , Politics in the Republic of Ireland 5, London, Routledge and PSAI Press, 2010, pp230 - 262, [Michael Gallagher and Lee Komito] Book Chapter, 2010

The Oireachtas: president and parliament in, editor(s)John Coakley and Michael Gallagher , Politics in the Republic of Ireland 5, London, Routledge and PSAI Press, 2010, pp198 - 229, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2010

Parliamentary parties and the party whips in, editor(s)Muiris MacCarthaigh and Maurice Manning , The Houses of the Oireachtas: parliament in Ireland, Dublin, Institute of Public Administration, 2010, pp129 - 152, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2010

The changing constitution in, editor(s)John Coakley and Michael Gallagher , Politics in the Republic of Ireland, London, Routledge and PSAI Press, 2010, pp72 - 108, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2010

Ireland in, editor(s)Dieter Nohlen and Philip Stöver , Elections in Europe: a data handbook, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2010, pp987 - 1025, [Michael Gallagher and Liam Weeks] Book Chapter, 2010

Michael Gallagher, Irish Elections 1948-77: results and analysis, 1st, Abingdon, Routledge, 2009, 1 - 432pp Book, 2009 URL

Séin Ó Muineacháin and Michael Gallagher, The parliamentary election in Ireland, May 2007, Electoral Studies, 27, (1), 2008, p151 - 154 Journal Article, 2008

The earthquake that never happened: analysis of the results in, Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh , How Ireland Voted 2008, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, 78 - 104, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2008 URL

Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell (editors), The Politics of Electoral Systems, paperback, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008, 662 + xxxii pp Book, 2008 URL

The election as horse race: betting and the election in, Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh , How Ireland Voted 2007, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, 148 - 166, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2008 URL

Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh eds, How Ireland Voted 2007: The Full Story of Ireland's General Election, 1st, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, 259pp Book, 2008 URL

The constituency role of Dáil deputies in, John Coakley and Michael Gallagher , Politics in the Republic of Ireland, Abingdon, Routledge and PSAI Press, 2005, 242 - 271, [Michael Gallagher and Lee Komito] Book Chapter, 2005

The constitution and the judiciary in, John Coakley and Michael Gallagher , Politics in the Republic of Ireland, Abingdon, Routledge and PSAI Press, 2005, 72 - 101, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2005

Ireland: the discreet charm of PR-STV in, Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell , The Politics of Electoral Systems, Oxford and New York, Oxford University Press, 2005, 511 - 532, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2005

Conclusion in, Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell , The Politics of Electoral Systems, Oxford and New York, Oxford University Press, 2005, 535 - 578, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2005

Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell (editors), The Politics of Electoral Systems, Oxford and New York, Oxford University Press, 2005, 668 pp Book, 2005 URL

John Coakley and Michael Gallagher (eds), Politics in the Republic of Ireland, 4th, Abingdon, Routledge and PSAI Press, 2005, 504 pp Book, 2005 URL

Parliament in, John Coakley and Michael Gallagher , Politics in the Republic of Ireland, Abingdon, Routledge and PSAI Press, 2005, 211 - 241, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2005

Michael Gallagher, Referendum e campagne referendarie in Irlanda, Quaderni dell'Osservatorio Elettorale, 52, (1), 2004, p61 - 82 Journal Article, 2004

Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh, Party membership in Ireland: the members of Fine Gael, Party Politics, 10, (4), 2004, p407 - 425 Journal Article, 2004

Michael Gallagher, Michael Marsh and Paul Mitchell (eds), How Ireland Voted 2002, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, 276pp Book, 2003 URL

Michael Gallagher and Ian Holliday, Electoral systems, representational roles and legislator behaviour: evidence from Hong Kong, New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 5, (1), 2003, p107 - 120 Journal Article, 2003

Michael Gallagher, Vanessa Liston, Michael Marsh, Liam Weeks, Explaining activism levels among Fine Gael members: a test of the general incentives model, Irish Political Studies, Vol. 18, 2002 Journal Article, 2002

Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh, Days of Blue Loyalty: the politics of membership of the Fine Gael party, Dublin, PSAI Press, 2002, 287 pp Book, 2002 URL

Michael Gallagher, The Japanese House of Councillors election 1998 in comparative perspective, Electoral Studies, 20, (4), 2001, p603 - 625 Journal Article, 2001

Popular sovereignty and referendums in, editor(s)Andreas Auer and Michael Bützer , Direct Democracy: the Eastern and Central European experience, Aldershot, Ashgate, 2001, pp228 - 235, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2001

The (relatively) victorious incumbent under PR-STV: legislative turnover in Ireland and Malta in, Shaun Bowler and Bernard Grofman , Elections in Australia, Ireland, and Malta under the Single Transferable Vote, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 2000, 81 - 113, [Michael Gallagher] Book Chapter, 2000

Michael Gallagher, The political impact of electoral system change in Japan and New Zealand 1996, Party Politics, 4, (2), 1998, p201 - 226 Journal Article, 1998

Michael Gallagher and Pier Vincenzo Uleri (eds), The Referendum Experience in Europe, Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1996, 263pp Book, 1996

Michael Gallagher, How many nations are there in Ireland?, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 18, (4), 1995, p715 - 739 Journal Article, 1995

Michael Laver, Michael Gallagher, Michael Marsh, Robert Singh, Ben Tonra, Electing the President of the European Commission, Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, 1995, 1-64 Report, 1995 TARA - Full Text URL

Michael Gallagher, Comparing proportional representation electoral systems: quotas, thresholds, paradoxes and majorities, British Journal of Political Science, 22, (4), 1992, p469 - 496 Journal Article, 1992

Michael Gallagher, Proportionality, disproportionality and electoral systems, Electoral Studies, 10, (1), 1991, p33 - 51 Journal Article, 1991

Michael Gallagher, Do Ulster Unionists have a right to self-determination?, Irish Political Studies, 5, 1990, p11 - 30 Journal Article, 1990

Michael Gallagher and Michael Marsh (eds), Candidate Selection in Comparative Perspective: the secret garden of politics, London and Beverly Hills, Sage, 1988, 294pp Book, 1988

Michael Gallagher, Does Ireland need a new electoral system?, Irish Political Studies, 2, 1987, p27 - 48 Journal Article, 1987

Michael Gallagher, Social backgrounds and local orientations of members of the Irish Dáil, Legislative Studies Quarterly, 10, (3), 1985, p373 - 394 Journal Article, 1985

Michael Gallagher, Political Parties in the Republic of Ireland, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1985, 174pp Book, 1985

Michael Gallagher, 166 who rule: the Dáil deputies of November 1982, Economic and Social Review, 15, (4), 1984, p241 - 264 Journal Article, 1984

Michael Gallagher, The Irish Labour Party in Transition, 1957-1982, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1982, 326pp Book, 1982

Michael Gallagher, Societal change and party adaptation in the Republic of Ireland 1960-1981, European Journal of Political Research, 9, (3), 1981, p269 - 285 Journal Article, 1981

Michael Gallagher, Candidate selection in Ireland: the impact of localism and the electoral system, British Journal of Political Science, 10, (4), 1980, p489 - 503 Journal Article, 1980

Michael Gallagher, The impact of lower preference votes on Irish parliamentary elections, 1922-1977, Economic and Social Review, 11, (1), 1979, p19 - 32 Journal Article, 1979

Michael Gallagher, The pact general election of 1922, Irish Historical Studies, 21, (84), 1979, p404 - 421 Journal Article, 1979

Michael Gallagher, Party solidarity, exclusivity and inter-party relationships in Ireland 1922-1977: the evidence of transfers, Economic and Social Review, 10, (1), 1978, p1 - 22 Journal Article, 1978

Michael Gallagher, Socialism and the nationalist tradition in Ireland 1798-1918, Éire-Ireland, 12, (2), 1977, p63 - 102 Journal Article, 1977

Research Expertise

Description

His main specialism in a comparative context is electoral systems, which could be very broadly defined as the set of rules that structure the way in which votes at elections are cast and then convert these votes into seats. He maintains an electoral systems web site at http://www.tcd.ie/Political_Science/Staff/michael_gallagher/ElSystems/index.php He is also interested in the role of political institutions generally. For a number of years he has worked on political parties, especially their internal organisation and the role of members within them. He has undertaken research on many aspects of Irish politics, and on a number of aspects of comparative European politics.

Keywords

Backgrounds, attitudes and activism of party members; Comparative European politics; Comparative political institutions; Electoral systems; Irish politics; Political parties

Recognition

Representations

Election analyst on RTE radio for general, European and local elections since 1979; contributor to newspapers, other media and politicalreform.ie on political issues

Co-director of two workshops at annual sessions of European Consortium for Political Research

Consultancy re Kazakhstan electoral system in Almaty (Alma-Ata) on behalf of National Democratic Institute

Presented papers at conferences in 15 different countries (Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, South Korea, Spain, Ukraine, UK, USA) 1980-

Joint editor, Irish Political Studies 1992-94

Expert witness before Oireachtas Joint Committee on the Constitution, November 2008 and November 2009

Expert witness at Constitutional Convention, Malahide, May 2013 and June 2013

Expert witness to Committee on Electoral Reform of Canadian House of Commons, July 2016; disproportionality formula subsequently held up for display by Minister Maryam Monsef in Commons chamber.

Awards and Honours

MRIA (Member of the Royal Irish Academy) 2013-

President, Political Studies Association of Ireland 1994-1996

Memberships

Member, Political Studies Association of Ireland; President 1994-96; vice-president 1992-94; secretary 1988-92; committee member 1986-87, 2003-05;

Member of editorial boards of journals: European Journal of Political Research, Electoral Studies, Party Politics, Irish Political Studies

Member, Political Studies Association (UK)

Member, Elections, Public Opinion and Parties group (EPOP)

Member, Comparative Electoral Systems group of International Political Science Association, past committee member