Rachel Mary Mc Loughlin
Ussher Asst Prof in Immunology, Biochemistry

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Stojkovic B, Mullen M.P, Donofrio G, McLoughlin R.M, Meade K.G, Interleukin 8 haplotypes drive divergent responses in uterine endometrial cells and are associated with somatic cell score in Holstein-Friesian cattle, Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 184, 2017, p18 - 28 Journal Article, 2017 URL DOI

Zaslona Z, Case S, Early JO, Lalor SJ, McLoughlin RM, Curtis AM, O'Neill LA., The circadian protein BMAL1 in myeloid cells is a negative regulator of allergic asthma., American Journal of Physiology Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, 2017 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Leech JM, Lacey KA, Mulcahy ME, Medina E, McLoughlin RM, IL-10 Plays Opposing Roles during Staphylococcus aureus Systemic and Localized Infections., 2017 Journal Article, 2017 DOI

Lalor S.J, McLoughlin R.M, Memory γÎ" T Cellsâ€"Newly Appreciated Protagonists in Infection and Immunity, Trends in Immunology, 37, (10), 2016, p690 - 702 Journal Article, 2016 DOI URL

Mulcahy M.E, McLoughlin R.M, Staphylococcus aureus and influenza a virus: Partners in coinfection, mBio, 7, (6), 2016, e02068-16 Journal Article, 2016 DOI TARA - Full Text URL

Stojkovic B, McLoughlin R.M, Meade K.G, In vivo relevance of polymorphic Interleukin 8 promoter haplotype for the systemic immune response to LPS in Holstein-Friesian calves, Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 182, 2016, p1 - 10 Journal Article, 2016 DOI URL

Host pathogen interactions in, editor(s)Greg A Somerville , Staphylococcus: Genetics and Physiology, Caister Academic Press, 2016, ppvii+390 , [Aisling F Brown, Rachel M McLoughlin] Book Chapter, 2016 DOI

Mulcahy M.E, McLoughlin R.M, Hostâ€"Bacterial Crosstalk Determines Staphylococcus aureus Nasal Colonization, Trends in Microbiology, 24, (11), 2016, p872 - 886 Journal Article, 2016 DOI URL

Mulcahy M.E, Leech J.M, Renauld J.-C, Mills K.H.G, McLoughlin R.M, Interleukin-22 regulates antimicrobial peptide expression and keratinocyte differentiation to control Staphylococcus aureus colonization of the nasal mucosa, Mucosal Immunology, 9, (6), 2016, p1429 - 1441 Journal Article, 2016 DOI URL TARA - Full Text

Lacey KA, Geoghegan JA, McLoughlin RM, The Role of Staphylococcus aureus Virulence Factors in Skin Infection and Their Potential as Vaccine Antigens., Pathogens (Basel, Switzerland), 5, (1), 2016 Journal Article, 2016 DOI

The importance of cell mediated immunity for bacterial vaccines in, Vaccine Design: Innovative Approaches and Novel Strategies, Caister Academic Press, 2015, pp220 - 249, [Alison G.Murphy & Rachel M. McLoughlin] Book Chapter, 2015 DOI

Brown AF, Murphy AG, Lalor SJ, Leech JM, O'Keeffe KM, Mac Aogáin M, O'Halloran DP, Lacey KA, Tavakol M, Hearnden CH, Fitzgerald-Hughes D, Humphreys H, Fennell JP, van Wamel WJ, Foster TJ, Geoghegan JA, Lavelle EC, Rogers TR, McLoughlin RM, Memory Th1 Cells Are Protective in Invasive Staphylococcus aureus Infection., PLoS pathogens, 11, (11), 2015, pe1005226 Journal Article, 2015 TARA - Full Text DOI

O'Keeffe KM, Wilk MM, Leech JM, Murphy AG, Laabei M, Monk IR, Massey RC, Lindsay JA, Foster TJ, Geoghegan JA, McLoughlin RM, Manipulation of autophagy in phagocytes facilitates Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection., Infection and immunity, 83, (9), 2015, p3445- Journal Article, 2015 TARA - Full Text DOI

Brown AF, Leech JM, Rogers TR, McLoughlin RM, Staphylococcus aureus Colonization: Modulation of Host Immune Response and Impact on Human Vaccine Design., Frontiers in immunology, 4, 2014, p507 Journal Article, 2014 TARA - Full Text DOI

Misstear K, McNeela EA, Murphy AG, Geoghegan JA, O'Keeffe KM, Fox J, Chan K, Heuking S, Collin N, Foster TJ, McLoughlin RM, Lavelle EC, Targeted nasal vaccination provides antibody independent protection against Staphylococcus aureus., The Journal of infectious diseases, 209, (9), 2014, p1479-1484 Journal Article, 2014 DOI TARA - Full Text

Fielding CA, Jones GW, McLoughlin RM, McLeod L, Hammond VJ, Uceda J, Williams AS, Lambie M, Foster TL, Liao CT, Rice CM, Greenhill CJ, Colmont CS, Hams E, Coles B, Kift-Morgan A, Newton Z, Craig KJ, Williams JD, Williams GT, Davies SJ, Humphreys IR, O'Donnell VB, Taylor PR, Jenkins BJ, Topley N, Jones SA, Interleukin-6 signaling drives fibrosis in unresolved inflammation., Immunity, 40, (1), 2014, p40-50 Journal Article, 2014 DOI

Murphy, AG, O'Keeffe, KM, Lalor, SJ, Maher, BM, Mills, KHG, McLoughlin, RM, Staphylococcus aureus Infection of Mice Expands a Population of Memory gamma delta T Cells That Are Protective against Subsequent Infection, JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY, 192, (8), 2014, p3697-3708 Journal Article, 2014 DOI TARA - Full Text

Stack J, Doyle SL, Connolly DJ, Reinert LS, O'Keeffe KM, McLoughlin RM, Paludan SR, Bowie AG, TRAM is required for TLR2 endosomal signaling to type I IFN induction., Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193, (12), 2014, p6090-102 Journal Article, 2014 DOI TARA - Full Text

Ross PJ, Sutton CE, Higgins S, Allen AC, Walsh K, Misiak A, Lavelle EC, McLoughlin RM, Mills KH, Relative Contribution of Th1 and Th17 Cells in Adaptive Immunity to Bordetella pertussis: Towards the Rational Design of an Improved Acellular Pertussis Vaccine., PLoS pathogens, 9, (4), 2013, pe1003264 Journal Article, 2013 DOI TARA - Full Text

Maher BM, Mulcahy ME, Murphy AG, Wilk M, O'Keeffe KM, Geoghegan JA, Lavelle EC, McLoughlin RM, Nlrp-3-driven interleukin 17 production by γδT cells controls infection outcomes during Staphylococcus aureus surgical site infection., Infection and immunity, 81, (12), 2013, p4478-4489 Journal Article, 2013 DOI

McLoughlin RM, Calatroni A, Visness CM, Wallace PK, Cruikshank WW, Tuzova M, Ly NP, Ruiz-Perez B, Kattan M, Bloomberg GR, Lederman H, Gern JE, Gold DR, Longitudinal relationship of early life immunomodulatory T cell phenotype and function to development of allergic sensitization in an urban cohort., Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 42, (3), 2012, p392-404 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Mulcahy ME, Geoghegan JA, Monk IR, O'Keeffe KM, Walsh EJ, Foster TJ, McLoughlin RM, Nasal Colonisation by Staphylococcus aureus Depends upon Clumping Factor B Binding to the Squamous Epithelial Cell Envelope Protein Loricrin., PLoS Pathogens, 8, (12), 2012, pe1003092 Journal Article, 2012 TARA - Full Text DOI

McLoughlin RM, Topley, N, Switching on EMT in the peritoneal membrane: considering the evidence. , Nephrology Dialysis and Transplant, 26, (1), 2011, p12 - 15 Journal Article, 2011

Chi A, Wildfire J, McLoughlin R, Wood RA, Bloomberg GR, Kattan M, Gergen P, Gold DR, Witter F, Chen T, Holick M, Visness C, Gern J, O'Connor GT, Umbilical cord plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration and immune function at birth: the Urban Environment and Childhood Asthma study., Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 41, (6), 2011, p842-50 Journal Article, 2011

Cohen-Poradosu R, McLoughlin RM, Lee JC, Kasper DL, Bacteroides fragilis-stimulated interleukin-10 contains expanding disease., The Journal of infectious diseases, 204, (3), 2011, p363-71 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

McLoughlin, R.M., Mills, K.H.G., Influence of gastrointestinal commensal bacteria on the immune responses that mediate allergy and asthma, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 127, (5), 2011, p1097-1107 Journal Article, 2011 DOI

Jones GW, McLoughlin RM, Hammond VJ, Parker CR, Williams JD, Malhotra R, Scheller J, Williams AS, Rose-John S, Topley N, Jones SA, Loss of CD4+ T cell IL-6R expression during inflammation underlines a role for IL-6 trans signaling in the local maintenance of Th17 cells., Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 184, (4), 2010, p2130-9 Journal Article, 2010

Lee JC, Greenwich JL, Zhanel GG, Han X, Cumming A, Saward L, McLoughlin RM, Modulation of the local neutrophil response by a novel hyaluronic acid-binding peptide reduces bacterial burden during staphylococcal wound infection., Infection and immunity, 78, (10), 2010, p4176-86 Journal Article, 2010

McNeela EA, Burke A, Neill DR, Baxter C, Fernandes VE, Ferreira D, Smeaton S, El-Rachkidy R, McLoughlin RM, Mori A, Moran B, Fitzgerald KA, Tschopp J, Pétrilli V, Andrew PW, Kadioglu A, Lavelle EC, Pneumolysin activates the NLRP3 inflammasome and promotes proinflammatory cytokines independently of TLR4., PLoS pathogens, 6, (11), 2010, pe1001191 Journal Article, 2010 DOI TARA - Full Text URL

Ni J, McLoughlin RM, Brodovitch A, Moulin P, Brouckaert P, Casadei B, Feron O, Topley N, Balligand JL, Devuyst O, Nitric oxide synthase isoforms play distinct roles during acute peritonitis., Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association, 25, (1), 2010, p86-96 Journal Article, 2010

Weidenmaier C, McLoughlin R.M, Lee J.C, The Zwitterionic cell wall teichoic acid of Staphylococcus aureus provokes skin abscesses in mice by a novel CD4+ T-cell-dependent mechanism, PLoS ONE, 5, (10), 2010 Journal Article, 2010 DOI URL

Ly NP, Ruiz-Perez B, McLoughlin RM, Visness CM, Wallace PK, Cruikshank WW, Tzianabos AO, O'Connor GT, Gold DR, Gern JE, Characterization of regulatory T cells in urban newborns., Clinical and molecular allergy : CMA, 7, 2009, p8 Journal Article, 2009

Immunomodulation by zwitterionic polysaccharides in, Microbial Glycobiology: Structure, Relevance and Applications, Elsevier, 2009, [McLoughlin RM, Kasper DL] Book Chapter, 2009

McLoughlin RM, Lee JC, Kasper DL, Tzianabos AO, IFN-gamma regulated chemokine production determines the outcome of Staphylococcus aureus infection., Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 181, (2), 2008, p1323-32 Journal Article, 2008

Fielding CA, McLoughlin RM, McLeod L, Colmont CS, Najdovska M, Grail D, Ernst M, Jones SA, Topley N, Jenkins BJ, IL-6 regulates neutrophil trafficking during acute inflammation via STAT3., Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 181, (3), 2008, p2189-95 Journal Article, 2008

Zaleski KJ, Kolodka T, Cywes-Bentley C, McLoughlin RM, Delaney ML, Charlton BT, Johnson W, Tzianabos AO, Hyaluronic acid binding peptides prevent experimental staphylococcal wound infection., Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 50, (11), 2006, p3856-60 Journal Article, 2006

Wang Q, McLoughlin RM, Cobb BA, Charrel-Dennis M, Zaleski KJ, Golenbock D, Tzianabos AO, Kasper DL, A bacterial carbohydrate links innate and adaptive responses through Toll-like receptor 2., The Journal of experimental medicine, 203, (13), 2006, p2853-63 Journal Article, 2006

Richards PJ, Nowell MA, Horiuchi S, McLoughlin RM, Fielding CA, Grau S, Yamamoto N, Ehrmann M, Rose-John S, Williams AS, Topley N, Jones SA, Functional characterization of a soluble gp130 isoform and its therapeutic capacity in an experimental model of inflammatory arthritis., Arthritis and rheumatism, 54, (5), 2006, p1662-72 Journal Article, 2006

McLoughlin RM, Solinga RM, Rich J, Zaleski KJ, Cocchiaro JL, Risley A, Tzianabos AO, Lee JC, CD4+ T cells and CXC chemokines modulate the pathogenesis of Staphylococcus aureus wound infections., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103, (27), 2006, p10408-13 Journal Article, 2006

Ni J, Cnops Y, McLoughlin RM, Topley N, Devuyst O, Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase reverses permeability changes in a mouse model of acute peritonitis., Peritoneal dialysis international : journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis, 25 Suppl 3, 2005, pS11-4 Journal Article, 2005

Jenkins BJ, Grail D, Nheu T, Najdovska M, Wang B, Waring P, Inglese M, McLoughlin RM, Jones SA, Topley N, Baumann H, Judd LM, Giraud AS, Boussioutas A, Zhu HJ, Ernst M, Hyperactivation of Stat3 in gp130 mutant mice promotes gastric hyperproliferation and desensitizes TGF-beta signaling., Nature medicine, 11, (8), 2005, p845-52 Journal Article, 2005

McLoughlin RM, Resolving peritoneal inflammation :Flicking the right "switches". , Peritoneal Dialysis International, 25, 2005, p223 - 229 Journal Article, 2005

McLoughlin RM, Jenkins BJ, Grail D, Williams AS, Fielding CA, Parker CR, Ernst M, Topley N, Jones SA, IL-6 trans-signaling via STAT3 directs T cell infiltration in acute inflammation., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102, (27), 2005, p9589-94 Journal Article, 2005

Fielding CA, McLoughlin RM, Colmont CS, Kovaleva M, Harris DA, Rose-John S, Topley N, Jones SA, Viral IL-6 blocks neutrophil infiltration during acute inflammation., Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 175, (6), 2005, p4024-9 Journal Article, 2005

McLoughlin RM, Hurst SM, Nowell MA, Harris DA, Horiuchi S, Morgan LW, Wilkinson TS, Yamamoto N, Topley N, Jones SA, Differential regulation of neutrophil-activating chemokines by IL-6 and its soluble receptor isoforms., Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 172, (9), 2004, p5676-83 Journal Article, 2004

Mortier S, De Vriese AS, McLoughlin RM, Topley N, Schaub TP, Passlick-Deetjen J, Lameire NH, Effects of conventional and new peritoneal dialysis fluids on leukocyte recruitment in the rat peritoneal membrane., Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN, 14, (5), 2003, p1296-306 Journal Article, 2003

McLoughlin RM, Witowski J, Robson RL, Wilkinson TS, Hurst SM, Williams AS, Williams JD, Rose-John S, Jones SA, Topley N, Interplay between IFN-gamma and IL-6 signaling governs neutrophil trafficking and apoptosis during acute inflammation., The Journal of clinical investigation, 112, (4), 2003, p598-607 Journal Article, 2003

Coles B, Bloodsworth A, Eiserich JP, Coffey MJ, McLoughlin RM, Giddings JC, Lewis MJ, Haslam RJ, Freeman BA, O'Donnell VB, Nitrolinoleate inhibits platelet activation by attenuating calcium mobilization and inducing phosphorylation of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein through elevation of cAMP., The Journal of biological chemistry, 277, (8), 2002, p5832-40 Journal Article, 2002

Hurst SM, McLoughlin RM, Monslow J, Owens S, Morgan L, Fuller GM, Topley N, Jones SA, Secretion of oncostatin M by infiltrating neutrophils: regulation of IL-6 and chemokine expression in human mesothelial cells., Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 169, (9), 2002, p5244-51 Journal Article, 2002

Hurst S.M, Wilkinson T.S, McLoughlin R.M, Jones S, Horiuchi S, Yamamoto N, Rose-John S, Fuller G.M, Topley N, Jones S.A, IL-6 and its soluble receptor orchestrate a temporal switch in the pattern of leukocyte recruitment seen during acute inflammation, Immunity, 14, (6), 2001, p705 - 714 Journal Article, 2001 URL DOI

Robson RL, McLoughlin RM, Witowski J, Loetscher P, Wilkinson TS, Jones SA, Topley N, Differential regulation of chemokine production in human peritoneal mesothelial cells: IFN-gamma controls neutrophil migration across the mesothelium in vitro and in vivo., Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 167, (2), 2001, p1028-38 Journal Article, 2001

Davenport A, Li F, Robson R, Wilkinson TS, McLoughlin RM, Topley N. , Early Peritoneal Responses to Bacterial Invasion: Cellular Exudation, Sepsis, 3, (4), 1999, p303- Journal Article, 1999

Research Expertise

Projects

  • Title
    • Staphylococcus aureus induced immunosuppressive memory: consequences for bug and for host
  • Summary
    • 202846/Z/16/Z
  • Funding Agency
    • Wellcome Trust
  • Date From
    • 01/09/17
  • Date To
    • 31/08/21
  • Title
    • Profiling immune signatures predictive of outcome in Staphylococcus aureus infection: Advancing next-generation vaccine design
  • Summary
    • 15/IA/3041
  • Funding Agency
    • Science Foundation Ireland
  • Date From
    • 01/09/16
  • Date To
    • 31/08/20
  • Title
    • Investigating the link between IL8 haplotype and susceptibility to bacterial and viral infection in calves
  • Summary
    • 201603
  • Funding Agency
    • Teagasc
  • Date From
    • 01/10/16
  • Date To
    • 30/09/20
  • Title
    • Characterisation of Staphylococcal protein A - Bcell interactions to facilitate its development as a vaccine antigen
  • Funding Agency
    • GSK
  • Date From
    • 01/10/15
  • Date To
    • 30/09/19
  • Title
    • Characterisation of epithelial surface immunity to Staphylococcus aureus: Targeting IL-22
  • Summary
    • GOIPD/2014/385
  • Funding Agency
    • Irish Research Council
  • Date From
    • 01/10/14
  • Date To
    • 30/09/16
  • Title
    • Immunomodulation by the pathobiont Staphylococcus aureus: benefits for bug or host
  • Summary
    • CS/2014/1150/E
  • Funding Agency
    • Enterprise Ireland
  • Date From
    • 01/12/14
  • Date To
    • 31/12/15
  • Title
    • Understanding cellular immunity to Staphylococcus aureus is required for novel anti-S.aureus vaccine design
  • Summary
    • 12/IP/1532
  • Funding Agency
    • Science Foundation Ireland
  • Date From
    • 01/04/13
  • Date To
    • 31/03/17
  • Title
    • Targeting cellular immunity; the future for Staphylococcus aureus vaccine design
  • Summary
    • HRA_POR/2012/104
  • Funding Agency
    • Health Research Board
  • Date From
    • 01/10/12
  • Date To
    • 30/09/15
  • Title
    • Comparative analysis of blood, milk and uterine neutrophil function in primiparous and multiparous Holstein-Friesian cows with divergent immunity genotypes
  • Summary
    • GO1535
  • Funding Agency
    • Teagasc
  • Date From
    • 01/10/11
  • Date To
    • 30/09/15
  • Title
    • Conference grant to support Staph GBI
  • Summary
    • 13/CW/B2624
  • Funding Agency
    • Science Foundation Ireland
  • Date From
    • 01/08/13
  • Date To
    • 31/01/14
  • Title
    • Regulation of the neutrophil response by T-cell derived cytokines impacts upon Staphylococcus aureus infection outcomes (WT086515MA)
  • Summary
    • This proposal investigates how T-cells activated in the context of acute S.aureus infection can modulate the local neutrophil response. A clinically relevant murine model of S. aureus wound infection will be employed in conjunction with knockout mice to establish if specific T-cell phenotypes present at sites of S.aureus infection and the cytokines they produce can control neutrophil trafficking, activation and survival. The major focus of this grant is the neutrophil response during S.aureus infection. In particular it will investigate the controversial concept that S.aureus can exploit the neutrophil response and survive intra-cellular within the neutrophil. The conditions that favor this phenomena and the mechanism involved will be determined e.g. rate of neutrophil apoptosis/necrosis, phagocytic activity, and authophagy. In particular we will investigate if T-cell derived cytokines can modulate these phenomena.
  • Funding Agency
    • Wellcome Trust
  • Date From
    • 17/01/10
  • Date To
    • 16/01/15
  • Title
    • " A role for the immunomodulatory capsular polysaccharide Sp1 expressed by Streptococcus pneumoniae in the treatment of Asthma (PIRG06-GA-2009-256378)
  • Summary
    • This proposal will investigate the immunomodulatory properties of a capsular polysaccharide molecule expressed by the organism Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is commonly found to colonise the nasopharynx. This molecule has been shown to possess a unique chemical structure that confers upon it the ability to activate immunomodulatroy T-cells to produce the anti-inflammatory cytokine Interleukin-10. We will now investigate the ability of this polysaccharide to induce IL-10 production and protect against experimental asthma.
  • Funding Agency
    • European Commission
  • Date From
    • 01/10/10
  • Date To
    • 30/9/14

Keywords

BACTERIAL INFECTION; BLOOD-STREAM INFECTIONS; CD4(+) T-CELLS; Hospital acquired infections; Human infection; HUMAN POLYMORPHONUCLEAR NEUTROPHILS; HUMAN T-CELLS; IMMUNE CELLS; IMMUNOLOGY; INFECTION; Infection and immunity; Infection Model; MONONUCLEAR-CELLS; Mucosal Immunology; STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS INFECTION

Recognition

Awards and Honours

Elected to Fellowship Trinity College Dublin 2016

Memberships

International Cytokine Society 2002 – to date

British Society Immunology 2010 – to date

American Association of Immunology 2005 – 2013

Infectious Diseases Society of America 2006-2009

American Association of Microbiology 2011 – to date