Christine Morris
Associate Professor, Classics
Head of School, School Office - Histories & Humanities

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Minoan and Mycenaean Figurines in, editor(s)T. Insoll , The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Figurines, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017, [Christine Morris] Book Chapter, 2017 DOI

Christine Morris, Lord of the Dance: Ted Shawn's Gnossienne and its Minoan context, Cretomania. Modern Desires for the Minoan Past, Athens, 2013, edited by N. Momigliano and A. Farnoux , Routledge, 2016, pp111 - 123 Conference Paper, 2016

Christine Morris, Alan Peatfield, Brendan O'Neill, Figures in 3D': digital perspectives on Cretan Bronze Age figurines,, Seeing Through Time: Exploring the use of 3D models of objects in archaeological research, University College Dublin, October 15-16, 2016, 2016 Published Abstract, 2016

Goddesses, Patricia Whelehan and Anne Bolin, The International Encyclopedia of Human Sexuality, 1st edition, London, Wiley, 2015, pp427-500 , [Christine Morris] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2015 URL

Christine E Morris, Giorgos Papantoniou, Spatial Analysis of Ritual and Cult in the Mediterranean, May 15-17, 2015, 2015, Trinity College Dublin Meetings /Conferences Organised, 2015 URL

Christine Morris, Alan Peatfield, From Production to Consumption: Life Histories of Figurines from Cretan Bronze Age Peak Sanctuaries (abstract), Les Carnets de l'ACoSt (Association of Coroplastic Studies), Terracottas in the Mediterranean through Time, University of Haifa, 2015, 13, 2015 Conference Paper, 2015 URL

Crouwel J., Morris C., The minoan amphoroid krater: From production to consumption, Annual of the British School at Athens, 110, 2015, p147-201 Journal Article, 2015 DOI

C.E. Morris, A.A.D. Peatfield, 'Health and healing on Cretan Bronze Age peak sanctuaries, Medicine and Healing in the Ancient Mediterranean World, Nicosia, Cyprus, edited by D. Michaelides , Oxbow, 2014, pp54-63 Conference Paper, 2014

Christine Morris, 'Bodies in Fragments: Anatomical Healing Votives ', Doctors, Diseases and Divinities: Health and healing in the ancient world (one day conference), Trinity College Dublin, 2014, - Exhibition, 2014 TARA - Full Text

Cypriot-born Aphrodite: The social biography of a modern cultural icon in, editor(s)Luca Bombardieri, Tommaso Braccini e Silvia Romani , Il trono variopinto. Figure e forme della Dea dell'Amore, Alessandria, Edizioni dell'Orso, 2014, pp183-202 , [Christine E Morris, Giorgos Papantoniou] Book Chapter, 2014

Christine Morris, Lucy Goodison, In touch with the Minoans: gestural performance and experience in Bronze Age Crete, Tracing Gestures: The Art and Archaeology of Bodily Communication, University College London, edited by November 4-5, 2014 , 2014 Conference Paper, 2014

Island cultures at the opposite ends of Europe: Cypriot studies in Ireland in, editor(s)G. Georgis and G. Kazamias , Ireland-Cyprus: Parallel Journeys, Common Aspirations, Nicosia, En Tipis Publications, 2013, pp282 - 311, [Christine E Morris, Giorgos Papantoniou] Book Chapter, 2013

Christine Morris, Alan Peatfield, Cretan peak sanctuary figurines: 3D scanning project, Newsletter for the Association of Coroplastic Studies, 10, 2013, p5 Journal Article, 2013 URL

Dynamic Spirituality on Minoan peak sanctuaries in, editor(s)Kathryn Rountree, Christine Morris, Alan Peatfield , The Archaeology of Spiritualities, New York, Springer, 2012, pp227-245 , [Christine Morris, Alan Peatfield] Book Chapter, 2012

Christine Morris, Alan Peatfield, Kathryn Rountree , The Archaeology of Spiritualities, New York, Springer, 2012, 277pp Book, 2012

The Rise of the Aegean and Mediterranean States, Neil A. Silberman, Oxford Companion to Archaeology, 2nd, New York, Oxford University Press, 2012, [C.E. Morris] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2012

Goddesses in prehistory in, editor(s)Diane Bolger , Companion to Gender Prehistory , Blackwell Wiley, 2012, pp265-288 , [Christine Morris, Lucy Goodison] Book Chapter, 2012

Apo tis ideologies tis mitrotitas sti 'syllogi Miteron-Theon' (in Greek) in, editor(s)Y. Hamilakis and N. Momigliano eds. , Archaiologia kai Europaiki Neoterikotita. Paragontas kai katanalonontas tous "minoites', Athens, 2010, pp89 - 103, [C.E. Morris] Book Chapter, 2010

Thoroughly Modern Minoans: Women and Goddesses between Europe and the Orient; in, editor(s)Liv Helga Dommasnes, Tove Hjørungdal, Sandra Montón-Subías, Margarita Sánchez Romero and Nancy L. Wicker (eds) , Situating Gender in European Archaeologies, Budapest, Archaeolingua, 2010, pp83 - 92, [Christine Morris] Book Chapter, 2010

C.E Morris, Minoan women in control?, Omnibus, 57, 2009, p15 - 17 Journal Article, 2009

C E Morris, The Iconography of the bared breast in Aegean Bronze Age art, FYLO. Engendering Prehistoric 'Stratigraphies' in the Aegean and the Mediterranean., Rethymno, Crete, 2005, edited by K. Kopaka , 2009, pp243-9 Conference Paper, 2009

Configuring the Individual: Bodies of Figurines in Minoan Crete in, editor(s)Anna Lucia D'Agata, Aleydis Van De Moortel , Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell, Princeton, American School of Classical Studies, Hesperia Supplement 42, 2009, pp180-7 - [Christine Morris] Book Chapter, 2009

C.E. Morris, Design Element Analysis of Mycenaean Chariot kraters, Pictorial Pursuits: Figurative painting on Mycenaean and Geometric Pottery, Athens, Greece, Dec. 1999, E. Rystedt and B. Wells , Paul Astroms Forlag, Stockholm, 2007, pp97 - 106 Conference Paper, 2007

J.V. Luce, Christine Morris, Christina Souyoudzoglou-Haywood, eds, The Lure of Greece. Irish Involvement in Greek Culture, Literature, History and Politics. Papers presented at a Conference organised by the Irish Institute of Hellenic Studies at Athens, and held in the National university of Ireland, Galway 19th-21st September 2003, Dublin, Hinds , 2007, 171pp Book, 2007

Animals into Art in the Ancient World in, editor(s)Linda Kalof , Cultural History of Animals, Vol I In Antiquity, Oxford, Berg, 2007, pp175 - 198, [Christine Morris] Book Chapter, 2007

C.Renfrew, co-edited by Neil Brodie, Christine Morris, Chris Scarre, Excavations at Phylakopi in Melos 1974-77, London, British School at Athens, 2007, 521pp Book, 2007

An Ardent Lover of Cretan Freedom: J. D. Bourchier, 1850-1920 in, editor(s)J.V. Luce, Christine Morris, and Christina Souyoudzoglou-Haywood , The Lure of Greece. Irish Involvement in Greek Culture, Literature, History and Politics. Papers presented at a Conference organised by the Irish Institute of Hellenic Studies at Athens, and held in the National university of Ireland, Galway 19th-21st September 2003, Dublin, Hinds , 2007, pp111 - 122, [C. E. Morris] Book Chapter, 2007

C.E. Morris, From ideologies of motherhood to "collecting mother goddesses", Archaeology and European Modernity: Producing and Consuming the 'Minoans', Venice, November 2005, edited by Y. Hamilakis and N. Momigliano , Padova: Bottega d'Erasmo, Aldo Ausilio Editore, 2006, pp69 - 78 Conference Paper, 2006

C.E. Morris and A.A.D. Peatfield, Experiencing Ritual: shamanic elements in Minoan religion, Celebrations. Sanctuaries and the Vestiges of Cult Activity. Selected Papers and Discussions from the Tenth Anniversary Symposion of the Norwegian Institute at Athens, 12-16 May 1999 (Papers from the Norwegian Institute at Athens 6), 1999, edited by Michael Wedde (ed.) , Paul Åströms förlag., 2006, pp35 - 59 Conference Paper, 2006

The Irish Institute of Hellenic Studies at Athens in, editor(s)E. Korka et al. , Foreign Archaeological Schools in Greece - 160 Years, Athens, Hellenic Ministry of Culture, 2005, pp102 - 107, [J. Dillon, C. Morris, C. Souyoudzoglou-Haywood] Book Chapter, 2005

"Art makes visible": an archaeology of the senses in Minoan elite art in, editor(s)Neil Brodie and Catherine Hills , Material Engagements: Studies in honour of Colin Renfrew., Cambridge, McDonald Institute Monographs, 2004, pp31-43 , [C.E. Morris] Book Chapter, 2004

Mycenaean art, The Oxford Companion to Western Art , Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001, [C.E. Morris] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2001

Cypriot art, The Oxford Companion to Western Art , Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001, [C.E. Morris] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2001

Minoan art, The Oxford Companion to Western Art , Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001, [C.E. Morris] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 2001

V. Karageorghis and C.E. Morris (eds),, Defensive Settlements of the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean after c. 1200 BC (Proceedings of the International Conference, Trinity College Dublin May 1999)., Nicosia, Leventis Foundation and Committee for Mediterranean and Near Eastern Studies, Trinity College Dublin, 2001 Book, 2001

C.E. Morris, The language of gesture in Minoan religion, PotniaDeities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age. Proceedings of the 8th International Aegean Conference / 8e Rencontre egeenne internationale, Goteborg, Goteborg University, 12-15 April 2000, edited by R, Laffineur and R. Hagg , University of Liege, 2001, 245-51 Conference Paper, 2001

C.E. Morris and A.A.D. Peatfield, Feeling through the body: gesture in Cretan Bronze Age Religion, Thinking through the Body: Archaeologies of Corporeality, Lampeter, edited by Y. Hamilakis, M. Pluciennik, S. Tarlow , New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2001, pp105-20 Conference Paper, 2001

V. Batten and C.E. Morris, The Final Neolithic pottery from the Atsipadhes Korakias peak sanctuary, Proceedings of the 8th International Cretological Congress, 1996 (Iraklio 2000) , 2000, 373-82 Conference Paper, 2000

L. Goodison and C.E. Morris, eds., Ancient Goddesses: the Myths and Evidence , London, British Museum Press, Wisconsin Studies in Classics: University of Wisconsin Press, 1998 Book, 1998

Exploring Female Divinity: from modern myths to ancient evidence in, editor(s)L. Goodison and C. Morris , Ancient Goddesses: the Myths and Evidence , London/Madison, British Museum Press/Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1998, pp6-21 , [L. Goodison and C.E. Morris] Book Chapter, 1998

Beyond the Mother Goddess: the sacred world of the Minoans in, editor(s)L. Goodison and C.E. Morris , Ancient Goddesses: the Myths and Evidence , London/Madison, British Museum Press/Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1998, pp113-33 , [L. Goodison and C.E. Morris] Book Chapter, 1998

C.E. Morris ad R.E. Jones, The Late Bronze Age town of Ayia Irini, Kea and its Aegean relations, Kea-Kythnos: History and Archaeology. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Kea-Kythnos, June 1994, Kea, edited by L Mendoni and A. Mazarakis-Ainian , 1998, pp189-200 Conference Paper, 1998

State formation in the Mediterranean, Brian Fagan, The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1997, [C.E. Morris] Item in dictionary or encyclopaedia, etc, 1997

J.H. Crouwel and C.E. Morris, The beginnings of Mycenaean pictorial vase painting. , Archäologischer Anzeiger, 1996, p197-219 Journal Article, 1996

C.E. Morris and A.A.D. Peatfield, The pottery of the peak sanctuary of Atsipadhes Korakias, Proceedings of the 7th International Cretological Congress, Iraklion 1991 , Rethymnon, 1996, pp642-7 Conference Paper, 1996

J.H. Crouwel and C.E. Morris, Pictorial pottery of Late Minoan II-IIIA2 from Knossos, Annual of the British School at Athens , 90, 1995, p157-82 Journal Article, 1995

C.E. Morris, ed. . , Klados. Essays in honour of J.N. Coldstream, London, Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, Supplement 63., 1995 Book, 1995

Fishy tales from Knossos: a Minoan larnax and vase painter in, editor(s)C.E. Morris , Klados. Essays in Honour of J.N. Coldstream, Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, Supplement 63 , London, Institute of Classical Studies, 1995, pp185-94 , [C.E. Morris] Book Chapter, 1995

C.E. Morris, Hands up for the individual: The role of attribution studies in Aegean prehistory , Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 3, 1993, p41-66 Journal Article, 1993

J.H. Crouwel and C.E. Morris, Mycenaean pictorial pottery from early British excavations at Enkomi - in Brussels, Dublin, Oxford and Reading, Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus , 1991, p141-56 Journal Article, 1991

C.E. Morris, In pursuit of the white-tusked boar: Aspects of hunting in Mycenaean society, Celebrations of Death and Divinity in the Bronze Age Argolid. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium of the Swedish Institute in Athens, 1988 , Athens, edited by R. Hägg and G. Nordquist , Stockholm,, 1990, pp149-56 Conference Paper, 1990

C.E. Morris and A.A.D. Peatfield, Minoan Sheep Bells: Form and Function, Proceedings of the 6th International Cretological Congress, 1996 (Iraklio 2000) , 1990, 29-37 Conference Paper, 1990

J.H. Crouwel and C.E. Morris, An early Mycenaean fish krater from Maroni, Cyprus, Annual of the British School at Athens , 82, 1987, p37-46 Journal Article, 1987

C.E. Morris and A.A.D. Peatfield, Pottery from the Cyprus Underwater Survey, 1983, Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus , 1987, p199-212 Journal Article, 1987

J.H. Crouwel and C.E. Morris, Mycenaean pictorial pottery from Atchana-Alalakh, Annual of the British School at Athens , 80, 1985, p85-98 Journal Article, 1985

C.E. Morris, Combs on Cypriot Iron Age pottery, Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus , 1983, p219-24 Journal Article, 1983

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Christine Morris, Life Histories of Figurines from Minoan Peak Sanctuaries, The Chris Mee Lecture, University of Liverpool, June 5, 2017, School of Histories, Languages and Cultures Invited Talk, 2017

Christine Morris, Trade and travel in the Bronze Age Mediterranean: the social biography of a Mycenaean chariot krater, Travel in the Ancient World, University College Dublin, February 21, 2015, 2015 Conference Paper, 2015

Christine Morris, Alan Peatfield, Space, Place and Performance on the Minoan Peak Sanctuary of Atsipadhes, Spatial Analysis of Ritual and Cult in the Mediterranean, Unlocking Sacred Landscapes Network, Trinity College Dublin, May 15-17, 2015, 2015 Conference Paper, 2015 URL

Christine Morris, Alan Peatfield, Brendan O'Neill, Letting The Cat Out Of The Bag: Using 3D Laser Scanning and Experimental Archaeology to Understand Cretan Bronze Age Figurines, Experimental Archaeology Conference, University College Dublin, January 2015, 2015 Conference Paper, 2015

Christine Morris, Healing on the Mountain: Anatomical Votives from Bronze Age Crete, Gender, Medicine and the Body, Trinity College Dublin, 2015, 2015 Conference Paper, 2015

Christine Morris, Frank Lynam, Hiberno-Cretan simulacra: Irish virtual cultural heritage projects on the island of Crete,, Virtual Cultural Heritage Ireland workshop, Trinity College Dublin, February 2014, 2014 Conference Paper, 2014

Christine Morris, East Cretan Peak Sanctuary Project (Day of Archaeology 2013), 2013, - Miscellaneous, 2013 URL

Christine Morris, Images from a usable past: classical influences on Irish coins, Classics and Irish Politics 1916-2016 , Royal Irish Academy, June 20-23, 2016 Conference Paper,

Research Expertise

Description

Dr Morris' research and publications focus on the archaeology of the Aegean Bronze Age. Her research projects are concerned with ceramics; art and religion (goddesses, healing/medicine); gender in archaeology; historiography and reception of Minoan Crete; digital technologies in archaeology.

Projects

  • Title
    • Two book length publications of peak sanctuary material from the Cretan Bronze Age
  • Summary
    • The project comprises the preparation and publication of two closely linked books on the archaeology of Cretan Bronze Age peak sanctuaries. These are a co-edited volume of papers on peak sanctuaries under contract to Cambridge University Press, and a co-authored volume on the clay figurines from the Prinias peak sanctuary. Both publications will make primary, unpublished material available to the scholarly community, and will introduce and innovative digitally-based methods of representing and interpreting this material.
  • Funding Agency
    • Irish Research Council
  • Date From
    • October 2012
  • Date To
    • September 2013
  • Title
    • An intra-site GIS analysis of the archaeological ritual assemblage from the Atsipadhes peak sanctuary in Crete
  • Summary
    • The aim of this project is to create an interactive system between the archaeological ritual assemblage from the Minoan peak sanctuary (c.1900-1700 BC) of Atsipadhes Korakias in western Crete and a G(eographical) I(nformation) S(ystem). This will create an effective research tool for intra-site analysis, that is the study of spatial organisation and patterns of ritual activity in relation to the topography and excavated features of the site, as well as producing high-quality data presentation for publication. The primary archaeological data comprises topographic plans of the site, trench plans and a database of over 5,000 figurine fragments, all plotted during excavation. The project will also provide an innovative model which can be used and developed further for other archaeological sites since the use of GIS for intra-site analysis (as opposed its more familiar use for regional studies) is still relatively rare. Despite the fact that these Bronze Age mountain shrines, with their disposed offerings of figurines and pottery, are recognised as a primary location of cult in the Minoan ritual landscape, and are also intimately connected to the emerging power of early state elites in the second millennium BC, the only other peak sanctuary published in any detail is Petsophas in Eastern Crete in 1903. Unsurprisingly, the nature of ritual activity on these sites is poorly understood and scholarly interpretations (and assumptions) depend on old and limited primary data. Atsipadhes is the only peak sanctuary to have been fully excavated (in 1989) to modern standards with all its finds plotted in situ; it therefore provides a unique opportunity to make a major contribution to our understanding of Cretan Bronze Age ritual. As well as being of central importance within Mediterranean archaeology, the project will also contribute significantly to archaeological methodology (methods of spatial analysis), the cross-cultural study of figurines, and comparative religious/ritual studies.
  • Funding Agency
    • IRCHSS small thematic grant
  • Date From
    • 2008
  • Date To
    • 2010
  • Title
    • 3D digital scanning of clay figurines from Cretan Bronze Age peak sanctuaries.
  • Summary
    • Description of project Collaborators: Christine Morris; Alan Peatfield (UCD); Will Megarry (UCD) This project will take place in two museums in Crete: Rethymnon Museum where the Atsipadhes material is stored; and Iraklion Museum where material from other peak sanctuaries, in particular, Petsophas, is curated). Permission to do the work during the summer of 2011 has been given by the Directors of both museums. Aims and objectives. The aim of the project is to bring a portable 3D scanner to the museums to scan selected figurines. Preliminary work in establishing the optimum scanning methods (using a very small set of comparable material) has already been completed in Dublin during 2010 in collaboration with colleagues in the School of Archaeology, UCD (which also provided the seed funding to purchase the scanning equipment). Traditionally, artefacts such as figurines are studied and then represented in publications (or in oral presentations) through photographs and/or technical drawings. This project seeks to explore how 3D scanning can complement and enhance these methods with the technology currently available. The overall aim will be to produce high quality scanned images which can be used effectively in an interactive online environment (VRE) where the images can be rotated by the viewer. The images will also enhance the traditional publication and be useful for oral presentations. Research question. Put simply, the project will investigate the strengths and weaknesses of 3D imaging for the recording, analysis and publication of portable clay figurines, as well as producing the 3D images of this type of material for the first time. Methodology (investigative and analytic methods, theoretical frameworks) The investigative/analytic method is 3D scanning, to take place in two Cretan museums on collections of clay figurines from two different sites in western and eastern Crete. As the styles, fabrics and condition/fragmentation of the figurines from the two sites are different, scanning samples of both sets of material is highly desirable. On the practical side, performance (in Greek museum conditions, i.e.heat and dust to contend with), speed and accuracy will be evaluated in order to establish best and most effective practice for such work, given that the material is often fragmentary and may have damaged/abraded surfaces. The project will also make an interesting case study for exploring wider methodological issues concerning digital representation in archaeology. It proposes to contribute to this by considering traditional modes of representation in relation to the opportunities offered by newer technologies. Beyond the purely practical issues of time, skill and accuracy, there are deeper questions of how the different methods of representation impact on how the material is studied (so the interaction between archaeologist and artefact) and on how it is represented and disseminated in publications for both a specialist and more general audience. For this aspect of the work there will be input and discussion between the two archaeologists involved in the figurine study, the archaeological illustator who has drawn much of the Atsipadhes material, and an archaeologist who has expertise with the scanning equipment.
  • Funding Agency
    • Arts and Social Sciences Benefaction Fund; Seed funding from UCD for equipment
  • Date From
    • 2010
  • Date To
    • 2012
  • Title
    • 'Unlocking' Sacred Landscapes: Spatial Analysis of Ritual and Cult in the Mediterranean
  • Summary
    • The primary aim of this project was the establishment of an international network ('Unlocking Sacred Landscapes) through the organisation of an archaeological workshop on 'Spatial Analysis of Ritual and Cult in the Mediterranean', organised by Christine Morris and Giorgos Papantoniou. We included papers with a strong methodological focus on spatial analysis and using case studies from across the Mediterranean, ranging from the Bronze Age to the Medieval period. These papers investigated the interaction between political and religious structures, as expressed in sacred landscapes and space. In addition, moving beyond elite and political structures, focus was also given to human experience of the numinous in the creation of personal spiritual identities. The workshop is currently under publication in the form of an edited collective volume.
  • Funding Agency
    • Irish Research Council
  • Date From
    • 2015
  • Date To
    • 2016

Keywords

Aegean bronze age; Ancient art; Archaeology of cyprus; Cognitive archaeology; Cultural Heritage; Digital Humanities; Greek Archaeology; minoan archaeology; reception studies

Recognition

Representations

Chair, Irish Institute of Hellenic Studies at Athens 2003-2006

Royal Irish Academy, member National Committee for Greek and Latin Studies

Treasurer, Irish Institute of Hellenic Studies at Athens 2000-2002

TCD representative, Irish Institute of Hellenic Studies at Athens 2000-present

Member, Organising Committee of the World Archaeology Congress 2008 (Dublin) 2007-8

Irish representative, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae

Awards and Honours

Elected, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London 2017

Elected to Fellowship, Trinity College Dublin 2014

Provost's Teaching Award 2010

Berkeley Fellowship, TCD 2001

Wace Medal, University of Cambridge 1979

Isle of Man Government state studentship 1979-1982

Greek Government scholarship 1982-84

Memberships

Archaeology and Gender in Europe (AGE), working group within the European Association of Archeologists 2008 – present

Coroplastic Studies Interest Group (affiliated to the Archaeological Institute of America) 2009 – present

Irish Institute of Hellenic Studies at Athens (member) 2000 – present