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Denis Barry
Assistant Professor, Anatomy


I was awarded a PhD in neuroscience from the Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, University College Cork in 2005. I subsequently conducted postdoctoral research into genetic brain disorders at the Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University, New York. From 2008 until 2011, I undertook postdoctoral research fellowship positions focusing on HIV-1 pathogenesis and cardiovascular diseases at the Centre for Research into Infectious Diseases and the Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, University College Dublin. In 2011, I was appointed to the position of Lecturer/Principle Investigator in the Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, University College Cork. In 2013, I was appointed to the position of Assistant Professor in the Department of Anatomy, Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, TCD. In August 2016, I was confirmed in post as Assistant Professor, TCD.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Nigel Phelan, Shane Davy, Gerard W. O'Keeffe, Denis S. Barry, Googling in anatomy education: Can google trends inform educators of national online search patterns of anatomical syllabi?, Anatomical Science Education, 10, (2), 2017, p152 - 159 Journal Article, 2017 DOI URL

Dr Shane Davy, Dr Walid El Kininy and Dr Denis Barry, Modern anatomy resources; Is anatomical variation being neglected?, INMED Annual Conference, Royal College of Surgeons Ireland, 28 February, 2017 Oral Presentation, 2017

S. Davy, M. Coalter, D. Lennon, W. El Kininy and D. Barry, Smartphone apps; will knowledge of anatomical variation be lost?, Journal of Anatomy, Anatomical Society Winter meeting, King's College London, December 2016, 231, (3), 2017, pp445 - 468 Meeting Abstract, 2017 URL

S. Davy, GW O'Keeffe, N Mahony, N Phelan, DS Barry, A practical description and student perspective of the integration of radiology into lower limb musculoskeletal anatomy, Irish Journal of Medical Science, 186, (2), 2017, p409 - 417 Journal Article, 2017 URL DOI

W. El Kininy, S. Davy, D. Barry and L. F. A. Stassen , Spatial variations in the arrangement of the facial nerve within the parotid gland and its relationship to the retromandibular vein, and the analysis of its anatomic significance to the extra oral surgical approaches to the mandibular condyle , Journal of Anatomy, Anatomical Society Winter Meeting: Embryology of Learning, Kings College London, 19-21 December, 231, (3), 2017, pp445-468- Published Abstract, 2017 URL

Denis S. Barry, Fadi Marzouk, Kyrylo Chulak-Oglu, Deirdre Bennett, Paul Tierney, Gerard W. O'Keeffe, Anatomy Education for the YouTube generation, Anatomical Sciences Education, 9, (1), 2016, p90 - 96 Journal Article, 2016 URL DOI

Denis S. Barry, Paul Tierney, Gerard W. O'Keeffe, The need for ethical and pedagogical frameworks for developing online media in anatomy education, Anatomical Sciences Education, 9, (5), 2016, p498 - 499 Journal Article, 2016 DOI URL

Aisling O'Malley, Martin Codyre and Dr. Denis Barry, The roles of glycosylated neural precursors, Irish Journal of Medical Science, Frontiers in Neurology, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, 20-11-2015, 185, (4), SpringerLink, 2016, pp169 - 185 Published Abstract, 2016 URL DOI

Dr. Ahmad Hassan Sheikh, Dr. Denis S. Barry, Prof. John F. Cryan, Dr. Gerard W. O'Keeffe, Cadaveric anatomy in the future of medical education: What is the surgeons view?, Anatomical Sciences Education, 9, (2), 2016, p203 - 208 Journal Article, 2016 URL DOI

Dr. Robin E Wright and Dr. Denis Barry, The emerging roles of transplanted radial glial cells in regenerating the central nervous system , Neural Regeneration Research, 10, (10), 2015, p1548 - 1551 Review Article, 2015 DOI URL

Denis S Barry, Paul Tierney and Gerard W O'Keeffe, Anatomy Education for the YouTube generation, The Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Experimental Biology, Boston, March 29 - April 1st, 29, (1 Supplement LB42), 2015 Conference Paper, 2015 URL

Denis S Barry, Aisling M O'Malley, Albert T Kelly, Ruari O'Sullivan and Kevin Mitchell , Semaphorin6A Mediates Sensory Afferent Projection into the Developing Spinal Cord , the federation of american societies for experimental biology, Experimental Biology, Boston, March 29 - April 1st, 29, (1 Supplement LB42), 2015 Conference Paper, 2015 DOI URL

Dr. Denis Barry, Adapting conventional fluorescence microscopy to monitor large scale cell migration in slice cultures, Infocus, (37), 2015, p8 - 15 Journal Article, 2015 URL DOI

Jessica Nulty, Mohamed Alsaffar and Dr. Denis Barry, Radial glial cells organize the central nervous system via microtubule dependant processes, Brain Research, 1625, 2015, p171 - 179 Review Article, 2015 DOI URL

White RE, Barry DS, The emerging roles of transplanted radial glial cells in regenerating the central nervous system., Neural regeneration research, 10, (10), 2015, p1548-51 Review Article, 2015 DOI

Joan Costello, Nicholas Mahony, Paul Tierney, William Ryan and Denis Barry, A review of the anatomical variations of the ureter and their implications for surgical intervention, British Journal of Urology, Annual Meeting of the Irish-Society-of-Urology, Limerick, Ireland, September 2015, 116, (S2), 2015 Conference Paper, 2015 URL DOI

Aisling M. O'Malley, Daniel K. Shanley, Albert T. Kelly and Denis S. Barry, Towards an understanding of semaphorin signalling in the spinal cord, Gene, 553, (2), 2014, p69 - 74 Review Article, 2014 DOI URL

Barry D, Pakan J and McDermott D., Radial glial cells: Key organisers in CNS development. , The International Journal of Cell Biology and Biochemistry, 46, (76-79), 2014 Journal Article, 2014 URL DOI TARA - Full Text

McCarthy C, Lieggi N, Barry D, Mooney D, deGaetano M, James W, McClelland S, Barry M, Escoubet-Lozach L, Li A, Glass C.K, Fitzgerald D and Belton O., Macrophage PPAR gamma Co-activator-1 alpha participates in repressing foam cell formation and atherosclerosis in response to conjugated linoleic acid. , EMBO Molecular Medicine, vol 5 (9) , 2013 Journal Article, 2013 DOI URL

Sabo Y, Walsh W, Barry D, Tinaztepe S, de los Santos Kenia, Goff S, Gundersen G, and Naghavi M, HIV-1 Induces the formation of stable microtubules to enhance early infection. , Cell Host and Microbe, vol 14, 535-545, 2013 Journal Article, 2013 URL DOI

Barry D and O'Keeffe G., The International Journal of Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Peroxisomes: The neuropathological consequences of peroxisomal dysfunction in the developing brain., 45, (9), 2013 Journal Article, 2013 URL DOI

Barry D, Pakan JM, O'Keeffe GW and McDermott KW.., The spatial and temporal arrangement of the radial glial scaffold suggests a role in axon tract formation in the developing spinal cord. , Journal of Anatomy, 222 , (2), 2012 Journal Article, 2012 DOI URL

Sabo Y, Barry D, Gundersen GG, Goff S, Naghavi M., HIV-1 induces stable microtubule formation to facilitate infection, Keystone HIV Vaccines, , Colorado, USA, March 21 - March 26,, 2012 Meeting Abstract, 2012

Henning M, Stiedl P, Barry D, McMahon R, Morham S, Walsh D, Naghavi M., PDZD8 is a novel moesin-interacting cytoskeletal regulatory protein that suppresses infection by herpes simplex virus type 1. , Virology. , 415 (2), 2011 Journal Article, 2011 DOI URL

Safyan, R., Barry, D.S., Moser, A.B., Faust, P.L, The role of peroxisomal lipid metabolism in cerebellar Purkinje cell development, Journal of Neurochemistry, 104, (S1), 2008, ppPSM06-05- Published Abstract, 2008 URL

McDermott K, and Barry D., Fluorescent microscopy of the spinal cord. , Visual Practices across the University., 2007, p180 - 307 Journal Article, 2007 URL

Barry D and McDermott K.W, Differentiation of radial glia from radial precursor cells and transformation into astrocytes in the rat spinal cord, Glia, Vol 50, 2005 Journal Article, 2005 URL DOI

Kieran W McDermott, Denis S Barry, and Siobhan S McMahon, Role of radial glia in cytogenesis, patterning and boundary formation in the developing spinal cord, Journal of Anatomy, 207, (3), 2005, p241 - 250 Review Article, 2005 URL DOI

Denis Barry and Kieran McDermott, Radial glial cell origins and their transformation into astrocytes in the developing rat spinal cord, Journal of Anatomy, 205, (6), 2004, pp532 - 532 Published Abstract, 2004 URL

Barry, D and McDermott K.W, Distribution of intermediate filament proteins in the developing spinal cord, Imaging and Microscopy, Vol 4, 2003 Journal Article, 2003 URL

Barry, D, J.P. Fraher and McDermott K.W., Radial glial cell interactions in the developing spinal cord: an immunohistochemical and confocal analysis., Vol 201, 2002 Published Abstract, 2002 URL

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Denis Barry, Anatomy Education for the YouTube Generation: Pedagogical Considerations and Educational Strategies for Healthcare Students , CAPSL Lunch time seminar, Zoology, Trinity College Dublin, 23 February, 2017, CAPSL Invited Talk, 2017 URL

Aisling O'Malley, Murugan Rajendiran and Denis Barry, Potential for Polycaprolactone Polymers in Neural Stem Cell Transplantation , Anatomists on the Edge, summer Anatomical Society Meeting, Galway, Ireland, 27-29/6/2017, 2017 Meeting Abstract, 2017

Dr Shane Davy, Dr Walid El Kininy and Dr Denis Barry, Old Dog, New Tricks: A Practical Approach to Incorporating Thoracic Radiology into Anatomy Teaching, British Institute of Radiology Annual Congress, London, 2016 Meeting Abstract, 2016

S. Davy, N. Phelan, Z. A. I. Ali, D. Barry, Integration of radiology into lower limb anatomy education, European Congress of radiology , Vienna, Austria, March 2-6th, 2016 Meeting Abstract, 2016 URL DOI

Albert Kelly, Aisling O`Malley, Ruari O`Sullivan, Dr. Kevin Mitchell and Dr. Denis Barry, Axon guidance; The roles of radial glial cells and novel guidance cues in spinal cord formation, Irish Journal of Medical Science, Frontiers In Neurology, Trinity College Dublin, 21/11/2014, edited by Dr. Denis Barry , 184, (1), Springer Link, 2015, pp1-18 Conference Paper, 2015 URL

Aisling O'Malley and Dr. Denis Barry, A new function for radial glial cells in white matter formation and implications for regeneration, Young Life Scientists Ireland, Trinity College Dublin, 2014, 2014 Poster, 2014 TARA - Full Text

Sabrina Contino, Prof.Kumlesh Dev and Dr. Denis Barry, S1P1 receptor expression during the embryonic development of the nervous system, "Presentation of the research internship abroad, Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium, 2/9/2014, 2014 Poster, 2014 TARA - Full Text

Research Expertise


My main research focuses on the lineages, functions and restorative potential of neural precursor cells. Radial glial cells are elongated neural progenitor cells present in the CNS during development that represent a major progenitor pool during development and can give rise to neurogenic niches of the adult. I have shown that radial glial cells are essential for correct white matter formation in the spinal cord forming glial scaffolds that guide growing axons to their synaptic destinations. A primary research goal is gaining insights into the potentials of radial glial cells, and their axon scaffolding properties, in restoring connectivity in the spinal cord using an in vitro injury model. Three dimensional imaging, using new methods such as 3DISCO, of these scaffolds should enhance our understanding of the axon-glial interactions occurring within them. We aim to rigorously characterise these scaffolds and the biomarkers they express to shed light on their potentials in restoring tract formation in injury scenarios. As such, biomarkers such as proteoglycans are also showing much potential in identifying subsets of neural cells that are responsible for mediating tract formation and for determining the fates of multipotent stem cells. Glycans regulate the activity of membrane receptors and mediate cell-cell or cell-matrix interactions. LewisX (LeX) is a glycan motif associated with glycoproteins and glycolipids that is present on neural stem and progenitor cells and acts in association with Wnt and notch signalling. We have shown that LeX is present on discrete subpopulations of neuroepithelial and radial glial cells in the developing brain and spinal cord. However, while glycoconjugates are expected to play significant roles in stem cell therapies, the basic functional relevance of LeX glycosylated neuroepithelial cells and radial glial cells is unknown in the developing CNS.My interest in the developmental origins of brain cells is forming the basis for research linking dietary influences, such as the ketone diet (KD), to neural stem cell functions during pregnancy. The KD (low carbohydrates/ high fat) have become popular recently due to their effectiveness for weight loss and in treatment of neurological disorders such as epilepsy. Although the diet is a promising alternative to medication for those suffering from epilepsy, there is limited information about how the diet affects normal brain functioning. Furthermore, there is very little research on how KD during pregnancy may affect the developing brain. This research question becomes increasingly important as women of reproductive age may be on the diet for extended periods of time. Anatomy based research interests include the investigation of the use of Diffusion Weighted-MR Imaging (DW-MRI) for white matter tracts in vivo. Concerns remain about the robustness and anatomical relevance of this DW-MRI in probing more convoluted tracts as in the limbic system. Complex white matter architecture (crossing fibres) and methodological constraints (signal to noise ratio (SNR) and b-values become a significant issue in tract generation affecting the accuracy of the tract formations. In collaboration with investigators at TCD, I am comparing the validity of the rendered limbic white matter tracts using advanced tractography techniques to "gold standard" anatomical cadaveric dissection measurements. The goal is to reveal limbic connectivity in higher detail than has been previously described.Moreover, I am currently supervising MD research aiming to provide greater insights into the spatial relationships between the facial nerve and retromandibular vein in human cadaveric parotid glands. This research is especially significant in the context of parotid surgery. I also conduct education research based on the roles of social media in anatomy education and the insights of radiologists and surgeons on the most efficient modes of anatomy training for professional practice.



Acted as chair for a PhD viva voce in the Department of Physiology March 2014

Served on judging panel for second medicine Pharmacology research poster competition February 2015

Served on interview panel for demonstrator appointment, Department of Anatomy June, 2015 and 2016

Served on interview panel for PhD appointment, Department of Anatomy June 2017

Served on interview panel for teaching assistant appointment June 2017

Deliver anatomy content and relevance to transition year students to stimulate interest in the health sciences, in collaboration with the Science Gallery, TCD May 2017

Awards and Honours

Wellcome Trust Biomedical Vacation Scholarship 1/5/2017

Anatomical Society Summer Vacation Student Scholarship 30/5/2017

Nominated Provost Teaching Award 15/11/2013

Nominated best image award, Microscience Microscopy Congress 5/6/2015


Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland 2013 – Ongoing

Royal Microscopy Society 2014 – Ongoing