Main Content Region

Title

Modules

Structured Content section

MODULE

CODE SEMESTER   ECTS
Freshman Modules
 
Foundations of Law LA1023 MT   10
Torts LA1015 MT   10
Contract LA1204 HT   10
Constitutional Law I LA1016 MT   10
Criminal Law LA1203 HT   10
Legislation and Regulation LA1231 HT   10
Administrative Law LA1233/LA3480    MT   10
Constitutional Law II LA2345 MT   10
Land Law LA2020 MT   10
Equity LA2344 HT   10
EU Law LA2346 HT   10
Private Law Remedies LA1232 HT   10
 
Sophister Modules
       
Advanced EU LA3444 HT   10
Clinical Legal Education LA3478 MT   10
Commercial Law LA3445 HT   10
Company Law LA3446 HT   10
Corporate Governance LA3469 MT    5
Criminology LA3450 MT   10
Critical Perspectives on Law LA3474 HT    5
Current Issues in Constitutional Law LA3477 MT    5
Dissertation LA3454 MT   10
Economic and Legal Aspects of Competition Law     LA3452 MT   10
English Land Law LA3471 HT   10
Environmental Law LA3453 HT   10
Equality Law LA3482 HT   10
European Human Rights LA3436 MT   10
Evidence LA3458 MT   10
Family Law LA3459 MT   10
Feminist Theories of Law LA3483 MT    5
Food Law LA3437 HT   10
International Trade Law LA3462 MT    5
Intellectual Property LA3460 MT   10
International Human Rights LA3428 HT   10
IT Law LA4011 HT   10
Jurisprudence LA3463 MT   10
Legal Philosophy LA3442 HT    5
Media Law LA3465 MT   10
Public Interest Law LA3435 MT   10
Public International Law LA3439 MT   10
Penology LA3470 HT    5
Refugee Law LA3466 HT   10
Tax Law LA3468 HT   10
       

French Law Modules

(available to Law and French students only)

     
French Legal Tradition LA1041 MT 5
French Law of Persons and Goods I LA1042 HT 5
French Law of Persons and Goods II LA2042 MT 5
French Law of Obligations LA2043 MT 5
French Family Law LA2044 HT 5
French Comparative Law Dissertation (Major) LA4004 MT 10
French Comparative Law Dissertation (Minor) LA4005 MT 5

 

Freshman Modules

Foundations of Law: (LA1023) 10 ECTS

All JF students

This module introduces junior freshman students to the key features of the Irish legal system. It aims to analyse the Irish courts system, the principles of common law precedent and the issue of equal access to justice.  The module considers various other aspects of the legal system including the sources of law, statutory interpretation and the impact of Irish membership of the European Union. Overall, it aims to attune students to the political, social and economic context of the Irish legal system, and to that end, particular emphasis is placed on current developments that may affect its operation.

The module also seeks to equip students with the basic skills required for the study of law. It introduces students to legal research and reasoning and provides practical training in legal problem-solving, essay writing and advocacy.

The module provides students with an opportunity for structured reflection on learning. It aims to orient students to third level education by heightening awareness of approaches to learning and fostering effective strategies for the study of law.

Learning Outcomes:
By the end of this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify and analyse the various sources of law in the Irish system and the relationship between them.
  • Display an understanding of the common law nature of the Irish legal system.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the Irish courts system, including the structure and jurisdiction of the courts, the basic rules of trial procedure and evidence and the significance of recent reforms.
  • Critically analyse the doctrine of stare decisis and the system of judicial precedent.
  • Explain the status and significance of European Union law, the European Convention on Human Rights and international law in the Irish legal system.
  • Engage in effective legal research both in the Library and online.
  • Explain and apply the steps involved in the reading and interpretation of judicial decisions.
  • Articulate and critically analyse different perspectives on legal reasoning.
  • Demonstrate the effective use of practical techniques for solving legal problems.
  • Apply basic legal writing skills when completing assignments such as essays and in-class tests.
  • Offer basic reflections on the concept of learning in third level education.
  • Articulate practical, effective approaches to the study of law.

Teaching: 2 hours of lectures per week and 1 hour of seminars per week in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: 

Assessed Coursework (1,500 word essay)  – 40%
Assessed Coursework (2,000 word essay) – 60%

Lecturers: Prof Mark Bell, Prof Gerry Whyte and Dr. David Fennelly

Availability: JF students only

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Torts: (LA1015) 10 ECTS

JF Law, Law and Business, Law and Political Science, SF Law and French and Law and German
This is a standard course designed to provide Freshman students with an introduction to the law of torts. Topics covered include the major torts such as negligence, defamation and nuisance, but also issues such as defences, limitation periods and the interaction between the law of torts and the Constitution.


Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify and analyse the key principles underlying the law of tort.
  • Use appropriate legal concepts, relevant judicial precedents and statutory law to solve concrete practical problems.
  • Explain how tort law seeks to give effect to social policies as well as address issues of personal responsibility.
  • Differentiate between liability for intentional wrongs, negligence and strict liability.
  • Discuss the principles of compensation and their practical application in specific contexts.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and 4 hours of seminars in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Examination (1 x 2 hour paper) - 75%  Essay - (3,000 words) - 25%

Lecturer: Dr. Andrea Mulligan BL

Erasmus/Visiting Students: Places are limited. Priority will be given to students studying law in their home university and attending Trinity on a law exchange programme. Auditing this module is only possible subject to availability of spaces. 

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Contract Law: (LA1204) 10 ECTS

All JF students

Contract is one of the core subjects of the common law of obligations. It involves analysis of the legal principles behind the rules relating to the formulation of contracts and the circumstances in which they will not come into existence or in which they cease to be effective.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Engage in sophisticated, creative and critical discussion of common law concepts, both orally and in writing.
  • Analyse and apply the substantive principles of the law of contract.
  • Appreciate and explain the role of the law of contract in society.
  • Identify contractual issues in disputes, and advise accordingly.
  • Interpret and draft key contractual provisions.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and 4 hours of seminars in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: Coursework - 20%  Examination - 80%

Lecturer: Dr. Blanaid Clarke/Dr. Eoin O’Dell

Erasmus/Visiting Students: Places are limited. Priority will be given to students studying law in their home university and attending Trinity on a law exchange programme. Auditing this module is only possible subject to availability of spaces.

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Constitutional Law I: (LA1016) 10 ECTS

JF Law, JF Law and French, JF Law and German, SF Law and Business, SF Law and Political Science.

Constitutional law I introduces students to the study of constitutional law and theory, addressing a number of key doctrines and significant points of debate. The first part of the module addresses a number of constitutional rights, including rights relating to the criminal trial, property and unenumerated rights. The second part of the module addresses the separation of powers under the Irish Constitution, focusing on the limits of and interaction between the legislative, judicial and executive powers of government. The third part of the module addresses the overarching issues of constitutional litigation and constitutional interpretation.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Map the basic structure of government in Ireland.
  • Identify, evaluate and critique the role of constitutional law in ensuring respect for human rights and democratic governance.
  • Apply constitutional law concepts and doctrines for the purpose of solving concrete practical problems.
  • Identify the role which judicial interpretation plays in the development of constitutional law.
  • Critically analyse the case law interpreting Articles 38, 40 and 43 of the Constitution, articulating a coherent position on the ways in which constitutional law should develop in the future.
  • Apply critical analysis and problem-solving skills and techniques to different essay and problem-based questions on the implications of the above constitutional provisions.
  • Write convincingly on basic issues in the development of Irish constitutional law, grounding analysis in the constitutional text and decided case.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and 4 hours of seminars in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Essay - 20% Web course Participation - 5% Examination - 75% (1 x 2 hour paper)

Lecturer: Dr. Oran Doyle

Erasmus/Visiting Students: Places are limited. Priority will be given to students studying law in their home university and attending Trinity on a law exchange programme. Auditing this module is only possible subject to availability of spaces.

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Criminal Law: (LA1203) 10 ECTS

JF Law, JF Law and French, JF Law and German, SF Law and Business, SF Law and Politics

This module is about criminal liability; it is concerned with whether certain acts and conduct performed by a person amount to that person being guilty of a particular crime. The module accordingly deals with the definitions of criminal offences and defences. Offences are broken down into physical elements (precisely what acts, in terms consequences and conduct, are prohibited?) and mental elements (what intentions must be present in the person’s mind at the time of their act in order for them to be guilty?). The module is also concerned with general principles that apply across the board to questions of criminal liability such as the question of what it means to cause something to happen. The basic aspects of the court-based process by which a person can be found to be guilty of a crime and punished are also looked at.

Learning Outcomes:
Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify and critically analyse the basic principles of criminal liability and substantive criminal law.
  • Appraise and evaluate general rules relating to individual governing criminal defences.
  • Appraise and evaluate specific principles relating to particular categories of offences.
  • Appraise and evaluate rules and principles regulating different modes of criminal liability.
  • Apply critical analysis and problem-solving skills and techniques substantive criminal law knowledge to different essay and problem-based criminal law questions.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and 4 seminars in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: Essay (1,500 words) - 10%; Examination - 90%

Lecturer: Prof Ivana Bacik

Erasmus/Visiting Students: Places are limited. Priority will be given to students studying law in their home university and attending Trinity on a law exchange programme. Auditing this module is only possible subject to availability of spaces.

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Legislation and Regulation: (LA1231) 10 ECTS

JF Law

This introductory course is designed to give students an insight into the way in which the legal system operates, focusing on elements which either do not directly relate to other legal disciplines or belong to a legal discipline that students may not encounter for some time. We focus, chiefly, on two things: first, the laws we pass, and secondly the administrative and regulatory agencies that those laws set up. We look at legislation: what it is; how it is made, administer, interpreted and enforced. In the regulation part of the course, we look at the reality of day-to-day governance, which is not done by elected officials, but by the administrative agents who administer the laws such officials pass. We look at why the regulatory state has thrived and expanded; at how regulatory systems are set up and run; at how they can be made transparent and accountable while still being strong and independent from government. Through this, we hope to teach you to understand the functions and legal structure of contemporary government. This knowledge will serve you well throughout your legal education and your careers.

Learning Outcomes:  

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to: 

  • Identify and evaluate the structure of the national government of the Republic of Ireland.
  • Understand and critically assess the concept of the rule of law.
  • Understand and critically assess the operation of government and the lawmaking process.
  • Critically assess the role of law as an agent of control, and the ideological suppositions that underlie lawmaking.
  • Read and interpret legislation.
  • Critically assess the different regulatory systems and the manner in which they work.
  • Evaluate the roles of the Regulators and their transparency and accountability.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and 4 hours of seminars in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: Coursework - 33.3%  1 x 2 hour paper in annual examinations - 66.66%

Lecturer: Dr. David Kenny

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Administrative Law: (LA1233)/(LA3480) 10 ECTS

SF Law, SS Law and French, SS Law and German, JS/SS Law and Business, JS/SS Law and Political Science 

This module examines public administration and the role of judicial review of administrative action. The module addresses the position of the administration in the separation of powers. The bulk of the module is concerned with the control of administrative action through judicial review. It will consider in depth the reach of judicial review and in particular, the main grounds of judicial review. The module will also address judicial review procedures and remedies. Throughout this module, comparisons will be made between the English and Irish case law.

Learning Outcomes

Administrative law in Ireland is primarily judge-made. It is a public law subject and is often concerned with issues that are politically contentious and raise separation of powers concerns. Students will need to develop the ability to navigate the complex tapestry of public law principles that have developed in Irish administrative law jurisprudence. Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Describe and assess the rationale for judicial supervision of administrative action.
  • Discuss the substantive case law in a manner that incorporates the principles and theory of administrative law.
  • Classify and compare the grounds for judicial review.
  • Synthesise and evaluate case law on each of the main grounds of review.
  • Apply the relevant principles and predict legal outcomes in factual situations

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and 4 hours of seminars in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Essay (3,000 words) - 25%; Examination (1 x 2 hour paper) - 75%

Lecturers: Prof Hilary Biehler/ Dr. Catherine Donnelly

Erasmus/Visiting Students: Places are limited. Priority will be given to students studying law in their home university and attending Trinity on a law exchange programme. Auditing this module is only possible subject to availability of spaces.

Restrictions: Students taking this module may not take Family Law (LA3459).

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Constitutional Law II: (LA2345) 10 ECTS

SF Law, SS Law and French, SS Law and German, JS/SS Law and Business, JS/SS Law and Political Science

This module examines the following aspects of constitutional law - the guarantees relating to the family and education; freedom of religion; freedom of expression; freedom of association; freedom of assembly; the guarantee of personal rights; the guarantee of equality; the guarantee of personal liberty; inviolability of the dwelling; constitutional policy on abortion.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Critically analyse the case law interpreting Articles 40 to 45 of the Constitution, articulating a coherent position on the ways in which constitutional law should develop in the future.
  • Assess the role of the courts in the protection of constitutional rights.
  • Discuss the philosophical influences on the fundamental rights provisions of the Constitution.
  • Apply critical analysis and problem-solving skills and techniques to different essay and problem-based questions on the implications of the above constitutional provisions.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and 4 hours of seminars in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Essay (2,000 words) - 20% Examination (1 x 2 hour paper) - 80%

Lecturer: Prof Gerry Whyte

Available to: JF, SF Law, SS Law and French, SS Law and German, JS/SS Law and Business, JS/SS Law and Political Science.

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Equity: (LA2344)10 ECTS

SF Law, SF Law and French, SF Law and German, JS/SS Law and Business, JS/SS Law and Political Science

Equity may be described as that body of rules and principles which was developed by the Court of Chancery in order to mitigate the rigours of the common law. This course examines general principles, the law relating to private and public or charitable trusts and the administration of trusts, focusing on the powers and duties of trustees. It also covers some aspects of equitable remedies such as injunctions and examines the principles relating to proprietary estoppel.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Evaluate the relationship between law and equity;
  • Identify the contribution made by equity and the law of trusts to legal relationships and commercial situations.
  • Discuss and debate different perspectives on various aspects of the law relating to trusts of a private and public nature.
  • Use appropriate legal concepts, case law and statute law to analyse and solve legal problems relating to the use of equitable remedies.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and 4 hours of seminars in the 2nd Semester. 

Assessment: Examination - 100%

Lecturer: Prof Hilary Biehler

Erasmus/Visiting Students: Places are limited. Priority will be given to students studying law in their home university and attending Trinity on a law exchange programme. Auditing this module is only possible subject to availability of spaces.

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Land Law: (LA2020) 10 ECTS

SF Law, SF Law and German, SF Law and French, SF Law and Business, SF Law and Political Science.

This module introduces the student to the considerable body of common law, equitable principles and legislation which governs the various ways in which land may be acquired, held and alienated. It commences with an analysis of the public law protections for rights in land in the Irish legal system, through the Constitution and the European Convention on Human Rights. It engages in critical reflection on the theoretical rationales for private ownership that underpin and affect land law, and on other perspectives from economics and politics that influence the shape of land law. It considers the evolution of land law through both common law and statute, an understanding of which is fundamental to an appreciation of the complex system in operation in Ireland today. A key focus throughout is the changes wrought to Irish land law by the Land and Conveyancing Law Reform Act 2009. The substantive areas dealt with include the nature of the freehold and leasehold estates in land, co-ownership, the use of land as security, and rights over land (easements and covenants).

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Critically reflect on the tensions that underpin and affect land law from theoretical and policy perspectives.
  • Engage with the interaction between public and private law rules and standards in the context of land.
  • Identify and analyse the evolution of land law and the complexities of the system in Ireland.
  • Outline the body of common law, equitable principles and legislation governing the ways in which land may be acquired, held and alienated.
  • Analyse and apply substantive areas in land law.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and 4 seminars in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Examination - 100%

Lecturer: Dr. Rachael Walsh

Available to: SF Law, SF Law and German, SF Law and French, SF Law and Business, SF Law and Political Science.

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Private Law Remedies: (LA1232) 10 ECTS

SF Law, SF Law and German, SF Law and French, JS/SS Law and Business, JS/SS Law and Political Science.

Students will already have encountered private law obligations in the Tort (JF), Contract (JF), and Equity (SF) courses. A conceptual understanding of the remedies available to a plaintiff in civil proceedings at Common Law and in Equity to vindicate those obligations is the capstone of private law analysis. This course analyses the remedial goals (such as compensation for loss, punishment for wrongdoing, or restitution of unjust enrichment) underpinning various personal and proprietary remedies available for private law claims arising from tort, breach of contract, unjust enrichment, equitable wrongs, and so on. The substantive issues (such as causation, remotes, damages, proprietary remedies, and so on) will be considered in their own terms and compared and contrasted across various subject areas (such as Contract, Tort, Unjust Enrichment, Equity, and so on).

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Evaluate remedial strategies from a range of theoretical and comparative perspectives.
  • Analyse private law claims at law and in equity to determine the appropriate remedy or remedies.
  • Advise and advocate accordingly.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and 4 hours of seminars in the 2nd Semester

Assessment: Examination - 80% (1 x 2 hour paper) Moot - 20%

Lecturer: Dr. Eoin O'Dell

Available to: SF Law, SF Law and German, SF Law and French, JS/SS Law and Business, JS/SS Law and Political Science.

Mooting Programme (LA2011)

This programme gives students the opportunity to develop the written and oral advocacy skills which are a central component of any lawyer's training. Students prepare mock cases for appeal before the Supreme Court, arguing on behalf of their clients. Following a series of introductory classes, students undertake one moot on Private Law Remedies in the second term.

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EU Law: (LA2346) 10 ECTS

SF Law, SS Law and French, SS Law and German, JS Law and Business, JS Law and Political Science.

The aim of this course is to provide an introduction to the law and institutions of the European Union, in particular, to examine their origins and development. The first part of the course concentrates on constitutional issues, including the workings of the institutions and legal system. The second part of the course examines selected aspects of substantive law, including free movement of goods and persons and an introduction to EC Competition law.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify the general principles of European Union Law;
  • Differentiate between the Institutions of the European Union and evaluate their role in the formulation and application of EU Law;
  • Explain the relationship between European Union Law and the national law of the EU Member States;
  • Discuss and appraise key aspects of European Union substantive law.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and 4 hours of seminars in the 2nd Semester

Assessment: Examination - 100%

Lecturer: Dr. Caoimhin MacMaolain/Prof Mark Bell

Erasmus/Visiting Students: Places are limited. Priority will be given to students studying law in their home university and attending Trinity on a law exchange programme. Auditing this module is only possible subject to availability of spaces.

Restrictions: Students taking this module may not take Legal Philosophy (LA3441) and Tax Law (LA3468)

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Sophister Modules

Advanced European Union Law: (LA3444) 10 ECTS

This module considers a number of specialist topics in European Union law and is divided into two parts. In Part I, the focus is on 'Market Europe', with two to three topics: Competition Law, and either or both of State Aids and Public Procurement. In Part II, the emphasis is on 'Constitutional and Social Europe', and the topics studied are EU Competences, Human Rights in the EU, and Constitutional Foundations of the EU.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Describe and summarise the most important primary materials on EU Competition Law, State Aid, and to a lesser extent Public Procurement law published by the EU, of which the course manual is composed, such as Treaty Articles, and the most important Regulations and Directives, official Notices and Vade Mecum.
  • Analyze, breakdown and interpret those primary materials.
  • Initiation into creating independent authoritative argument and exposition on the basis of those materials, with the idea and incipient technique and ability to break the hold of assumptions of secondary literature by reference to primary materials.
  • Conduct effective and targeted research in case law, legislation and academic legal commentary regarding the EU.
  • Identify, evaluate and critique different aspects of the evolution and practice of the EU from market to constitutional to social.
  • Discuss and debate different perspectives on the impact of the EU on citizens and on the nature of the EU.
  • Apply their understanding of the EU and EU law to concrete practical problems and important contemporary public debates.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and additional seminars in the 2nd Semester

Assessment: Examination (1 x 2 hour paper) - 100%

Lecturer: Dr Diarmuid Rossa Phelan SC

Restrictions: Students taking this module must have studied EU Law.

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Child Law (LA3442)

This module will not be offered in 2016/17

This module will address the law relating to children including theoretical perspectives on children’s rights, sources of children’s rights, the status of children under Irish, European and international law, before moving into more substantive aspects of child law such as guardianship, custody and access, adoption, abduction, and children in care.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify and evaluate the law relating to children in Ireland in the light of the Constitution, the domestic legal framework as well as international human rights law.
  • Debate and discuss the policy which shapes and informs child law in Ireland.
  • Apply critical analysis and problem-solving skills and techniques to different essay and problem-based child law questions.

Teaching: 1-2 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester

Assessment: Coursework assignments - 100%

Lecturer: Dr Patricia Brazil

Restrictions: Students taking this module may not take Advanced EU Law (LA3444)

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Clinical Legal Education (LA3478) 10 ECTS

This module offers students an introduction to legal practice, allowing students the opportunity to develop core professional skills essential for a lawyer as well as to gain valuable practical experience in a legal environment. Students will undertake placements in a variety of organisations in the not-for-profit, private and public sectors. Under the supervision of experienced professionals, students will gain first-hand experience of legal practice, observing, assisting and participating in the organisations’ work. This gives students an opportunity to apply and develop their legal skills and knowledge in a practical way and to learn from this experience. Students will also attend a lawyering class which will focus on developing students’ professional legal skills, fostering an understanding of legal ethics and more broadly developing students’ understanding of the role of the lawyer in society. Students will give presentations on their experiences and engage in a process of reflection on these experiences, individually and as a group.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Understand the range of persons and organisations engaged in legal practice and their role in the legal system and in society;
  • Apply core legal skills in a practical context;
  • Apply legal knowledge in a practical context;
  • Develop their knowledge and skills through practical experience;
  • Reflect upon practical experience in order to broaden and deepen their understanding of the law;
  • Understand fundamental principles of legal ethics;
  • Recognise and respond to ethical issues arising in legal practice;
  • Work effectively in a professional setting and develop skills useful in a wide range of professional settings.

Teaching: Placements will run for three weeks in September. There will be an introductory session prior to the commencement of placements as well as classes running alongside the placement.

Assessment: Attendance on placement and at lawyering class; Student presentation, Reflective Journal and Assignment - 100% Pass/Fail

Lecturer/Coordinator: Dr. David Fennelly

Restrictions: This module is only available to Senior Sophister students. Number of places available will be restricted to 20-30 only (exact number TBC). Admission is also subject to confirmation of placement.

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Collective Labour Law (LA3429) 10 ECTS

This module will not be offered in 2016-17

Collective Labour law examines the legal relationship between a) employers and workers acting collectively through unions and b) unions and their members. In relation to the employer/union relationship, we will examine the law relating to collective bargaining, including statutory regulation of collective bargaining and the legal status of collective agreements, and the law on trade disputes, including liability for engaging in industrial action and legal immunities available to participants in such action. In relation to the union/member relationship, we will examine how the law regulates the formation of this relationship, the legal incidents of the relationship and the termination of the relationship.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Critically assess how the law regulates the relationship between employers and workers operating through trade unions, in particular, in relation to collective bargaining and industrial conflict.
  • Explain the salient elements of Irish industrial relations.
  • Apply critical analysis and problem-solving skills and techniques to different essay and problem questions based on material covered in the module.
  • Research topics in law regulating the relationship between employers and trade unions.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester

Assessment: Essay (3,000 words) - 20% Examination - 80% (1 x 2 hour paper)

Lecturer: Prof Gerry Whyte

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Commercial Law: (LA3445) 10 ECTS

The objective of this module is to provide students with a good knowledge of key areas of commercial law. Commercial Law is taught with a practical emphasis on what occurs in business life and will be of benefit to students who intend to go into professional practice in this area. The module begins with the history and nature of commercial law and moves on to consider legal regulation of a range of areas which are significant in the business world. These include the law of agency, insurance law and the banker-customer relationship. A particular is on the regulation of the sale of goods and supply of services.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify the relationship between law and the commercial world;
  • Use appropriate legal concepts, case law and statute law to analyse and solve legal problems within the world of commerce;
  • Evaluate the contribution made by default rules provided by the law as opposed to choices made by parties using freedom of contract.
  • Map the relationship between law and society in a commercial context, including the role of law in promoting and responding to social change.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and additional seminars in the 2nd Semester

Assessment: Blog Contributions 20% and Annual Examination - 80% (1 x 2 hour paper)

Lecturer: Dr Deirdre Ahern

Restrictions/Prerequisite: BESS students must have taken LA1240 and LA2012

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Company Law: (LA3446) 10 ECTS

This module deals with the law relating to companies. The subjects covered include the incorporation of companies and the legal consequences of incorporation, the constitutional documents of a company, the law relating to corporate capacity, directors' duties and their enforcement; shareholder and creditor protection.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify and evaluate the interplay between the legal entity that is the company and the shareholders and directors, as the other organs of the company, in a wide range of situations;
  • Apply relevant statutory rules and case law to companies in order to analyse and solve legal issues relating to companies;
  • Discuss and debate different perspectives on various aspects of the law relating to companies including the change in legal approach which occurs when a company runs into financial difficulties.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and additional seminars in the 2nd Semester

Assessment: Essay (3,000 words) - 25% Examination - 75% (1 x 2 hour paper)

Lecturer: Professor Blanaid Clarke and Dr. Deirdre Ahern

Restrictions/Prerequisite: BESS students must have taken LA1240 and LA2012

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Corporate Governance: (LA3469) 5 ECTS

The objective of this module is to develop an understanding of the development of corporate governance and its importance to companies and their stakeholders. The module will investigate the processes of supervision and control within companies (including board composition, board committees and board remuneration) and it will determine the primary aims of these processes. The theory and the reality of shareholder democracy and corporate social responsibility will be analysed. Students will be referred to multidisciplinary academic material particularly from the fields of law and economics, behavioural economics and management theory. The theory will be contextualized and there will be discussions of high profile governance scandals and the corporate governance failings in credit institutions revealed in the wake of financial crises.

Advance reading will be required for each class.  This will include seminal scholarly papers, corporate governance codes and regulations.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify and analyse the agency problems that arise in the modern corporation;
  • Evaluate the various solutions that have been proposed to these problems;
  • Map the connection between the regulatory, legal and economic environment and corporate governance in different jurisdictions and at different points in history
  • Discuss and debate issues of corporate social responsibility and the interests of stakeholders

Teaching: 2 hours of lectures per week in the first Semester

Assessment: Coursework 100%

Lecturer: Dr Ailbhe O’Neill

Restrictions/Prerequisite: BESS students must have taken LA1240 and LA2012

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Conflicts of Laws: (LA3448) 10 ECTS

This module will not be offered in 2016/17

Conflict of Laws (also known as Private International Law) is the body of rules whose purpose is to assist the Irish court in deciding a case containing a foreign element. It consists of three main elements: (1) the jurisdiction of the Irish court (whether the Irish courts is competent to hear the dispute); (2) the selection of the appropriate rules of a system of law, Irish or foreign, which it is to apply in deciding a case before it (choice of law); and (3) the recognition and enforcement of judgments given by foreign courts. A particular focus of the course is the development of distinctive conflict of law rules within the European Union in the areas of tort, contract and commercial litigation.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Locate contentious issues within national and international legal contexts.
  • Identify and evaluate the role of EU law in the development of rules and standards applied in the Irish courts.
  • Identify and critically analyse rules governing jurisdiction, choice of law and the recognition and enforcement of judgments both orally and in writing.
  • Compare and contrast the application of those rules in different substantive legal contexts.
  • Discuss and debate different theoretical and practical perspectives on the conflict of laws and formulate proposals for reform.
  • Apply Irish and European conflicts regimes in practical settings to resolve hypothetical fact scenarios.
  • Conduct effective research of contentious issues at national and international levels.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Examination - 100% (1 x 2 hour paper)

Lecturer: Dr David Kenny

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Criminology: (LA3450) 10 ECTS

This course covers the different theoretical perspectives attempting to offer a scientific analysis of crime‚ and the criminal, from classical to contemporary theories. Throughout, different theoretical perspectives are applied to the exercise of criminal justice in an Irish context.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Critically appraise social and political ideas relating to crime and the criminal justice system.
  • Construct well-sourced arguments on criminological topics using a broad inter-disciplinary social sciences approach.
  • Identify and analyse general principles of criminological theories.
  • Appraise and evaluate the development of criminological thought.
  • Map the connections between different strands of theoretical analysis about crime and punishment.
  • Apply key tenets of criminological theory to analysis of the Irish criminal justice system.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester

Assessment: Essay (5,000 words) - 33.33% Examination - 66.66% (1 x 2 hour paper)

Lecturer: Prof Ivana Bacik

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Critical Perspectives on Law: (LA3474) 5 ECTS

Doctrinal approaches to law are generally based on certain assumptions about human motivations and behaviour and the structure of society. Many of these grounding assumptions are rooted heavily in particular socio-political ideologies, most commonly those of 19th Century liberalism. Ideas about individual legal rights, justice and public policy have a strong tendency to assume a level of equality of power and opportunity that is wholly absent from the status quo in most developed economies. 
The purpose of this module is to equip students to identify and critique the sacred cows of legal doctrine. By examining social context, economic realities and power relationships, the fallacies of many of the founding principles of core legal subjects will be deconstructed and evaluated. Students may ultimately conclude that these founding principles are sound or meritorious; however, whatever their conclusion, the process of critique and defence of fundamental elements of the legal order adds significantly to students’ understanding of the law.

The critique is primarily aimed at the core subjects that students will have studies during their Freshman modules. This ensures that students have sufficient background material. These subjects have also been chosen as they are the basis for the legal education of all professional lawyers in the state in that they are also the core subjects of the FE1 exams and the King’s Inns’ Diploma in Legal Studies.

Learning Outcomes:

At the end of this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify and categorise political and ideological assumptions that have been subsumed into legal doctrine.
  • Describe and evaluate the appropriateness of grounding principles in the contemporary socio-economic context.
  • Differentiate the sectoral interest groups that benefit and do not benefit from the legal status quo.
  • Justify and defend principles with which they agree based on full evaluation of their applicability in the practical legal context.
  • Appraise the extent to which the existing corpus of Irish law serves its ostensible goals.

Teaching: 1-2 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester

Assessment: 

Response paper 1 (1,500 words) – 45%
Response paper 2 (1,500 words) – 45%
Class attendance – 5%
Participation in online discussion forum – 5%

Lecturers: Dr. David Kenny and Dr. Alan Brady

Restrictions:  Places will be limited to 20. Students taking this module may not take Advanced EU Law (LA3444) and Refugee Law (LA3466).

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Current Issues in Constitutional Law: (LA3477) 5 ECTS

Current Issues in Constitutional Law is a skills-based course, designed to promote critical engagement by Sophister students with constitutional issues through close reading of major cases. Such cases, and complementary academic material will serve as a vehicle for exploring themes that run through constitutional law. The aim of this course is to deepen students' knowledge and legal skills in constitutional law.

This course will adopt the reading group format, which focuses on collective text analysis and student-led discussion of principles, themes, and impacts of major constitutional decisions. Students are assigned advanced reading, including cases and academic commentaries, with one or two students chosen to deliver a springboard presentation each week, which will catalyse a class discussion on the issues raised by the assigned readings. The lecturers will act as facilitators, contributing opinions and posing questions to tease out additional issues and deeper analysis, but will eschew the ordinary lecture format. Essential to this format is a small group of students. As a result, student numbers will be capped at c. 20 students.

The key materials for the course will be prescribed decisions of the Irish Superior Courts, as well as academic materials on Irish and comparative constitutional law. The course will concentrate on topical issues, incorporating major developments in constitutional law on an on-going basis. The focus of the course will be on thorough individual reading of major cases and group discussion and analysis, through which the class can collectively explore major themes in constitutional law. The course will enhance students' research abilities, their critical analysis of legal materials, their legal writing, and their communication skills. It will challenge them to think about constitutional law at both the detailed micro level of discrete problems and the broader macro level of cross-cutting thematic issues.

Learning Outcomes:

Having taken this module, students should be able to:

  • Critically and contextually analyse in detail leading cases in Irish constitutional law.
  • Competently distil differing judicial positions in contentious judgments, and identify the broader context of those positions.
  • Present complex constitutional law issues, and judicial reasoning relating to those issues, in a clear and compelling manner.
  • Coordinate effectively with classmates in preparing presentations.
  • Discuss current constitutional law issues in their political and social context.
  • Critically analyse contextual issues in constitutional law on a thematic basis, tracking trends and developments over time.
  • Make independent and original contributions to constitutional law discourse.
  • Develop an awareness of the political and broader practical implications of constitutional litigation.
  • Understand the role of the constitutional litigant and litigator in legal practice.

Teaching: 1-2 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester

Assessment: Two papers and one presentation - equally weighted.

Lecturers: Dr Rachael Walsh

Prerequisites: Students are advised that completing Constitutional Law II would be an advantage.

Restrictions: Places limited to 20. Erasmus/visiting students are not permitted to take this module.

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Economic and Legal Aspects of Competition Policy: (LA3452) 10 ECTS

The object of this inter-disciplinary course is to allow students to gain a good understanding of key legal and economic policies underlying EU competition law. The course engages with the competition law rules which prohibit competitors from entering into anti-competitive agreements and which prevent dominant market players from abusing their dominant position at the expense of weaker competitors. The course is examined by final exam (80%) and by an essay (20%). Students have a choice of completing the essay in either a law or economics-related area of competition policy.
The course begins by explaining key legal and economic concepts which are central to Competition policy. The introductory lectures also focus on the impact of Competition law in a business context and on the extra-territorial impact of the EU Competition regime.  It goes on to cover areas such as the prohibition on anti-competitive agreements (including cartels) in Article 101 TFEU  and the prohibition on abuse of a dominant position in Article 102 TFEU. The course also examines the public enforcement by the European Commission and the national competition authorities of EU Competition law (under Council Regulation 1/2003). The course concludes with an examination of the 2004 Merger Control Regulation, and the extent to which it regulates market structure and behaviour in situations in which two or more formerly independent commercial companies/entities wish to unite.
Recommended introductory reading: Goyder’s EC Competition Law (5th edition, Oxford University Press, 2009) and Jones and Sufrin, EU Competition Law (Oxford University Press, 5th edition, 2014).

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify, evaluate and critique the key legal and economic principles underlying competition policy.
  • Locate competition policy within national and EU legal and economic contexts.
  • Understand the salient elements of the principles governing anti-competitive agreements and practices, and market abuses perpetrated by dominant players.
  • Apply critical analysis and problem-solving skills and techniques to different essay topics and seminar questions based on material covered in the module.
  • Map the relationship between competition policy and the business world, as well as understanding how the effective implementation of such a policy can reap major benefits for consumers in the marketplace.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and additional seminars in the 1st Semester

Assessment: Essay (5,000) - 25%, Examination (1 x 2 hour paper) - 75%

Lecturers: Mr. Alex Schuster and Prof. Fran O'Toole (Economics)

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English Land Law: (LA3471) 10 ECTS

This module grounds students in the major principles of English land law, with particular attention paid to those areas where English land law differs from Irish land law. It builds upon the foundational work done in Land Law by deepening students’ conceptual understanding of property as an institution, and of the competing policy goals that affect its development, particularly through statutory reform. It also seeks to improve students’ critical understanding of land law, and in particular of the interface between public and private law in the context of land.  
The course begins with an exploration of the impact of the Human Rights Act 1998 on English land law The course will address the Act itself, the debate about the impact that it generated amongst academics, and the evolving jurisprudence on the human rights implications of land law emanating from the courts in Strasbourg and England. In particular, the interaction between European human rights principles and English private law principles, and the dialogue it has prompted between the European Court of Human Rights and the English Supreme Court, will be critically assessed. 

The course then turns to consider foundational aspects of English land law. It considers the historical evolution of English land law, the impact of equity, and the understanding of ownership that it instantiates. In particular, the boundary between property rights and personal rights is critically assessed, and relativity of title in English land law is explored through the prism of the law of finders. 

The course then addresses the various estates in land recognised in English law and their key incidents, including detailed study of the leasehold estate and the option of holding freehold estates as commonhold, under the Commonhold and Leasehold Reform Act 2002. The law relating to trusts and co-ownership is explored, particularly the changes introduced by Trusts of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996. The course then turns to consider the law relating to mortgages, easements and covenants, and the doctrine of adverse possession. 

A central focus throughout is the land registration system in England, and the priority rules arising out of that registration system. Students will be continuously exposed to the consequences of registration for dealings in relation to land, and to the divergent rules that apply to registered and unregistered estates and interests in land in the various topics covered in the course.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Deconstruct reforms in English land law to understand their policy goals and their strengths/weaknesses in achieving such goals.
  • Identify and assess the principal differences between English and Irish land law.
  • Apply the rules of English land law to solve complex problems in relation to both registered and unregistered land.
  • Analyse the pros and cons of a comprehensive land registration system and evaluate its impact on dealings with land.
  • Locate the rules of English land law within domestic and international human rights contexts.
  • Identify and evaluate the range of remedies available in land law disputes.
  • Apply critical analysis and problem-solving skills and techniques to different essay and problem-based questions on English land law.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and additional seminars in the 2nd semester

Assessment: Examination (1 x 2 hour paper)

Lecturers: Mr. Alan O'Connor BL

Restrictions: Students taking this module may not take International Human Rights Law (LA3428)

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Environmental Law: (LA3451) 10 ECTS

Environmental law expertise is traditionally considered useful if it helps a manager manoeuvre myriad rules and regulations, or if it helps an environmentalist combat industrialisation. Further, there is a concentration on either local or international or regional law. This module rejects an either-or approach, and wishes to convey that environmental law cuts across and within legal systems, fields of law, vested interests and disciplinary boundaries. At the same time, it aims to assist students with negotiating this complexity by concentrating on common principles, illustrated through case studies. Notably, the precautionary principle and the polluter-pays principle are examined. Such principles, in turn, prompt an analysis of the use of property rights in managing and dealing with environmental problems. Property rights doubles up as a useful lens in appreciating questions pertaining to land use. The module requires students to discuss and debate theoretical nuance and practical application.  
Given that climate change has become a distinct and inescapable legal concern, special attention is given to the practice and theory of climate law. This includes understanding the unique nature of international climate law, existing instruments of mitigation such as the European Union Emissions Trading System and climate battles fought in courts.

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Appraise the prevalence of environmental law in individual, commercial and governmental activities
  • Interrogate core concepts that inform environmental law
  • Identify relevant approaches to environmental concerns and remedies offered by other fields of public and private law such as constitutional law, human rights law, property law and tort law
  • Critically evaluate similarities and differences in environmental law within and between legal systems

The Assessment is divided into three components:

  • Review (25%): Students review a book or an institutional report or a regulation or prepare a case note. Should a student wish to review any other media output such as a film, then prior approval is required.
  • Project (25%) + Oral Assessment (25%): Students work in groups and 'deep dive' on a topic. Engagement with organisations such as companies, NGOs, regulators is encouraged in preparing the project. Within the group project, individual contributions are assessed (25%). As verbal communication is important, students are assessed on oral presentation and response (25%).
  • Problem-based Test (25%): There is an in-class problem-based test.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester

Assessment: 

Review – 25%
Project – 50% 
Problem-based assessment – 25%

Lecturer: Assistant Prof Suryapratim Roy

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Equality Law: (LA3481) 10 ECTS

Equality features regularly in debate on law and public policy. Contemporary examples include access to marriage for same-sex couples; women’s representation in company boardrooms or politics; restrictions on wearing religious symbols/clothing; or stigma and discrimination linked to mental health. The legal issues that arise cut across public and private law, and frequently entail interaction with European and international legal instruments.

This module provides an opportunity for students to examine the emerging field of Equality Law from a national, international and comparative perspective. The module will introduce students to the legal framework on equality found in Irish Law and European Law (EU and ECHR). With regards to Irish Law, it will place more emphasis on the Equal Status Acts and other relevant legislation, given that the Employment Equality Acts may have already been encountered in the module on Employment Law.

There are no pre-requisites for taking this module. The aims are:

1. To introduce the domestic and European legal frameworks on equality.

2. To examine the theoretical and conceptual framework underpinning

Course Content:

The course will provide students with an introduction to the legal frameworks governing equality law in Ireland, including the law of the European Union and Council of Europe. Having established this framework, the module will then consider the theoretical and conceptual components of equality law. It will examine debates on the meaning of equality (e.g. formal v substantive), and the building blocks of equality law (e.g. direct discrimination, indirect discrimination, reasonable accommodation, positive/affirmative action). The module will also explore the list of protected characteristics and how these have evolved (and expanded) over time. Finally, the module will include analysis of key controversies in equality law in the light of current developments (e.g. same-sex marriage).

Learning Outcomes:

On successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

  • outline the basic concepts found within equality law;
  • critically evaluate the current law and options for its reform;
  • demonstrate written communication skills;
  • apply analytical and problem-solving skills to hypothetical case studies relating to equality law.

Methods of Teaching and Student Learning:

The teaching strategy is a based on three hours of weekly lectures. These will be composed of lecture-style presentations by the module convenor, combined with opportunities for more interactive activities. This draw upon ‘flipped classroom’ techniques, including exercises in problem-solving via hypothetical case studies.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester

Assessment: Essay (4,000 words) - 50%, Examination (1 x 1.5 hour paper) - 50%

Lecturer: Prof Mark Bell

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European Human Rights Law: (LA3436) 10 ECTS

This module is divided into two parts. The first part of the course will focus on the regional human rights regime established by European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. In addition to a general discussion of practice and procedure under the ECHR, case law concerning substantive rights, such as the prohibition against torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the right to respect for private and family life, the right to freedom of religion, and the right to freedom of expression, will be analysed in-depth. In the second part of the course, specific questions related to the protection of human rights in Europe will be addressed, such as protection of socio-economic rights and protection of human rights in the context of terrorism. This part of the course will draw upon experience outside Europe to analyse European responses.  

Learning Outcomes: 

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to: 

  • Conduct effective and targeted research in case law and academic legal commentary regarding the protection of human rights pursuant to the European Convention on Human Rights;  
  • Identify, evaluate and critique the evolution of human rights pursuant to the European Convention on Human Rights; 
  • Discuss and debate the moral, theoretical and ethical assumptions underpinning human rights;
  • Apply the law and theory of human rights to concrete practical problems and to the challenge of ensuring effective implementation and protection of human rights.    

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester

Assessment: Examination 90% (1 x 2 hour paper), web course (10%) TBC

Lecturer: Dr. Catherine Donnelly

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Evidence: (LA3458) 10 ECTS

This module is designed to provide Sophister students with a foundation in the law of evidence in Ireland with particular emphasis on criminal evidence and procedure. Topics covered include: the examination of witnesses, evidentiary privileges and confession evidence. The influence of the Constitution and the European Convention on Human Rights in shaping the law of evidence is a theme running through the module.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Outline the role of evidence in the trial process;
  • Identify and evaluate the different forms of evidence and the manner in which they are gathered and presented.
  • Conduct effective research on the law of evidence at national and international levels.
  • Locate the law of evidence within constitutional and human rights contexts.
  • Identify and critically analyse evidentiary concepts, doctrines and rules both orally and in writing.
  • Apply evidentiary concepts, doctrines and rules in practical settings to resolve hypothetical fact scenarios.
  • Discuss and debate different perspectives on evidentiary law and policy and formulate proposals for reform.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and additional seminars in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Essay (3,500 words) - 25% and Examination - 75% (1 x 2 hour paper)

Lecturer: Dr Liz Heffernan

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Family Law: (LA3459) 10 ECTS

This course is designed to give the student an understanding of the basic principles and procedures which apply in the context of Family law, as well as an awareness of the social context of the subject. Policies underlying family law are analysed, the effectiveness of present procedures is assessed, and the relationship between traditional legal remedies and other forms of social support is examined. Topics covered include formation of marriage, nullity, judicial separation, divorce, family property and maintenance. Domestic violence, the rights of cohabitees, and related social issues, such as social welfare and family support systems, will also be considered.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify and evaluate the law relating to families in Ireland in the light of the Constitution, the domestic legal framework as well as international human rights .
  • Debate and discuss the policy which shapes and informs family law in Ireland.
  • Apply critical analysis and problem-solving skills and techniques to different essay and problem-based family law questions.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Essay (3,000 words) - 33.33%  Examination (1 x 2 hour paper) - 66.66%

Lecturer: Dr Patricia Brazil

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Feminist Theories of Law: (LA3483) 5 ECTS

This course aims to provide an understanding of feminist theories, and how these theories may be applied to law and legal systems. Different strands within feminist jurisprudence are analysed, and a feminist critique applied to the legal concept of equality, and to issues of reproductive rights, family, employment and criminal law. The module involves a broad inter-disciplinary approach which includes aspects of sociology, political theory and philosophy as well as law. Classes each week will take the form of relatively informal seminars. Students will be expected to have done the prescribed reading, to present readings to the class as requested and to participate in class discussions.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Critically appraise feminist jurisprudence and theories of law;
  • Construct well-sourced arguments relating to the concept of equality using a broad interdisciplinary socio-legal approach;
  • Analyse and evaluate a range of relevant legal areas from different feminist theoretical perspectives, including reproductive rights law and policy; family and property law; employment equality law; criminal law;
  • Apply a research-based social sciences approach to discussion and analysis of feminist legal theories.

Teaching: 1.5 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Essay - 100%

Lecturer: Prof Ivana Bacik

Restrictions: Places Limited to 20

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Food Law: (LA3437) 10 ECTS

This module examines the increasingly important area of Food Law. The focus is primarily on European Union rules in this area, as it is from here that most of our food law now emanates. The course will commence with a re-examination of EU rules on free movement for goods, with emphasis on the movement of food. Food safety has also become a priority for the EU lawmaker, in particular following a series of scares such as those about ‘mad cow disease’ (BSE), bird ‘flu and dioxins in pork. Other topics covered by this module include genetic modification, organic food regulation, intellectual property rights, animal welfare, food labelling and emergencies.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify the key sources of Irish Food Law.
  • Categorise the main areas of Food Law and assess the most significant rules and regulations in each.
  • Appraise the manner in which the production and marketing of food is regulated.
  • Analyse the interaction between Food Law and human behaviour.
  • Assess the impact of other disciplines on the formulation of Food Law.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: Examination - 100% (1 x 2 hour paper)

Lecturer: Dr Caoimhin MacMaolain

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IT Law (LA4011)

From your email account and behaviour online to your smart watch or wearable fitness monitoring device, information technology is changing our lives in significant ways and the laws that govern it are increasingly important. This module will introduce you to the range of technologies out there, some of which may be familiar and some perhaps less so. Together we will explore the various ways that industry and governments are collecting, storing, sharing, and monetizing data about our lives.  We will consider how the law is evolving to meet the challenges raised by information technology. We will look at a wide range of topics, which time permitting will include: the rise of wearable devices and the Internet of Things; online DNA tests; smart computing systems; online contracts; artificial intelligence; and internet governance. We will also touch upon computer crime, considering computer misuse and hacking offences.

We will also consider issues around responsible innovation and how to appropriately regulate these technologies. This will include discussion of the issues of data protection and security, but also introduce you to a wider debate about the meaning of technological innovation and whether citizens should have the right to reject adoption of certain technologies.

The module will be assessed through coursework. The research essay is the main means of assessment and students will be required to choose a topic during the first fortnight of the module (by the 3rd of February) and then they will have the option of submitting a draft essay for feedback after the study week (drafts are due March 6th at the latest). The final essay will be due on the 13th of April.

Learning Outcomes:
Students successfully completing this module should be able to:

  • Understand and evaluate a range of legal issues arising from new digital technologies.
  • Identify social and ethical issues arising from the variety of uses to which specific new digital technologies may be put.
  • Evaluate the role of Irish regulators in this context.
  • Demonstrate familiarity with issues concerned with responsible innovation and regulation.
  • Demonstrate familiarity with the research tools and the materials through which they can deepen their knowledge of specific aspects of information technology law.
  • Hone their research skills through their coursework – students will have the opportunity to explore their chosen topics in depth.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: 
Class participation -10 % 
Essay (6,000 words on an agreed topic with the lecturer) - 90%

Lecturer: Dr Andelka Phillips

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Intellectual Property Law: (LA3460) 10 ECTS

Intellectual property law constitutes an increasingly important and wide bundle of rules aimed at fostering and rewarding human creativity and technological innovation and at protecting investments and goodwill in business-related activities. This body of law has traditionally embraced copyright, patents, trademarks, passing off, designs, plant varieties, trade secrets and confidential information. The domain of intellectual property has grown considerably in the last decades through the extension of the scope of existing rights for the protection of new assets, works and technologies (e.g. Internet domain names, computer programs, biotechnologies) and through the creation of new types of rights (e.g. industrial designs, database rights, access rights for digital content). The module examines the social and economic justifications for intellectual property rights, as well as their multi-layer regulation. The module provides an overview of the Irish, EU and international legislation relating to these matters and critically evaluates the policies and goals which underlie the most relevant forms of today's intellectual property. It will be emphasised that, even if the idea of multi-level regulation of intellectual property goes back to the end of the 19th century (when the first international conventions on patent and copyright protection started harmonizing national laws and creating obligations for national law-makers), intellectual property rights and their enforcement have been globalised more effectively as of the establishment in 1994 of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the related adoption of an international agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, known as ‘TRIPS’. In particular, the module examines the most important provisions of the TRIPS Agreement and the intellectual property models that this agreement incorporates and imposes on a global scale as well as the EU regulations and directives that harmonised (or even unified, in certain cases) national sub-systems like the Irish one.

Learning Outcomes:

Students successfully completing this module should be able to:

  • Appraise and evaluate the social and economic justifications for intellectual property rights.
  • Identify and analyse how intellectual property rights are protected and commercially exploited, in both offline and online environments.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the implications of international conventions and the most important EU legislative measures, from both a trade-related and non-market perspective.
  • Evaluate Ireland's international and EU obligations in this field.
  • Identify legal issues in complex cases and argue either side of the arguments raised by the parties involved.
  • Demonstrate familiarity with the research tools and the materials through which they can deepen their knowledge of specific aspects of intellectual property law.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: 
Coursework (Presentation, class discussions, VLE engagement) - 20%,
Mid-term response paper - 30%
Essay (5,000 words) - 50%

Lecturer: Dr Giuseppe Mazziotti

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International Human Rights: (LA3438) 10 ECTS

This module examines the foundations and development of international human rights law. It considers the historical, political and legal context from which the current framework for human rights has emerged and analyses the international and regional instruments and mechanisms for monitoring and enforcing human rights. Select case studies explore the complex interplay between law and policy and the role of international and national actors in responding to human rights violations. Lectures will highlight the central debates surrounding, and shaping, the evolution of international human rights norms, legal instruments and state and non-governmental practices, as well as the current trends and challenges in advancing human rights protection in a diverse and dynamic community of nations.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify and describe the essential characteristics of the international human rights regime.
  • Debate different theoretical and cultural perspectives on the foundations of international human rights.
  • Discuss and evaluate the interaction between different international mechanisms for the enforcement of human rights.
  • Apply concepts, doctrines and rules to practical human rights challenges to resolve hypothetical fact scenarios.
  • Successfully complete substantial independent research into a particular aspect of international human rights.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and additional seminars in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: Examination - 100% (1 x 2 hour paper)

Lecturer: Dr Rosemary Byrne

Restrictions: Students taking this module may not take English Land Law (LA3472)

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International Trade Law: (LA3462) 5 ECTS

This module examines the key rules and agreements governing the operations of the World Trade Organisation (WTO). It provides an introduction to the regulation of international trade by identifying and assessing the impact that these international agreements have on the national laws of members and the functioning of regional trade areas, such as the European Union. Emphasis is also placed upon the manner in which the WTO aims to further integrate developing countries into the global trading system and the resolution of trade disputes at the international level.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Explain the operations and functions of the World Trade Organisation;
  • Appraise the role of the World Trade Organisation in the regulation of international trade;
  • Evaluate the impact of regulating international trade on global development;
  • Analyse the methods used for resolving international trade disputes;
  • Describe the relationship between the World Trade Organisation and regional free-trade areas, such as the EU.

Teaching: 1-2 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Essay (5,000 words) - 100%

Lecturer: Dr Caoimhin MacMaolain

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Jurisprudence: (LA3463) 10 ECTS

The primary objective of this module is to facilitate students in the formulation of their own, critically aware, understanding of the nature of law and legal argument. By the end of the module, students should be able to articulate a reasoned position on the distinctive features of law and a legal system and on questions such as the relationship between law and morality, law’s legitimacy and function in a social order. The socratic method is used and students must read certain assigned material before each class. Among the theorists studied are HLA Hart and John Finnis.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Formulate their own, critically aware, position on jurisprudential issues.
  • Critically analyse primary texts of a philosophical character.
  • Interrogate various connections between law and morality.
  • Appraise critically the contributions to legal thought of the theorists covered during the module.
  • Explore connections between jurisprudential theories and legal doctrinal issues.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and additional seminars in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: 
Web and class participation - 10%,
Essay - 30%
Examination (1 x 2 hour paper) - 60%

Lecturer: Dr David Prendergast

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Legal Philosophy: (LA3441) 5 ECTS

This is an advanced module which may only be undertaken by students who have already completed jurisprudence. The module takes a thematic approach to legal philosophy. Among the themes which may be addressed are the following: the Rule of Law; the role of morality in the identification of law; the role of morality in legal interpretation; law and liberty; methods of reasoning. There is a heavy emphasis on coursework and active participation in the classes.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Formulate their own, critically aware, position on issues of legal philosophy.
  • Critically analyse primary and advanced texts of a philosophical character.
  • Appraise the value of concepts such as the rule of the law, liberty.
  • Interrogate the boundaries of legal positivism and natural law theory.
  • Identify in what circumstances (if any) a person is under an obligation to obey the law.

Teaching: 1.5 hours of lectures per in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: 

Response paper (1200 words) – 30%
Essay (2500 words) – 50%
Class and web participation – 20%

Lecturer: Dr David Prendergast

Prerequisites: Students who have completed a jurisprudence module in another university should consult with the module lecturers to ascertain for themselves whether this module is appropriate for them.

Restrictions: Students taking this module may not take EU Law (LA2346) or Tax Law (LA3468).

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Media Law: (LA3472) 10 ECTS

This course will consider both the theoretical and practical questions which arise in this evolving area of the law. Initially, the course will examine the role of the media in a constitutional democracy. The constitutional protection of the media in Ireland will be compared with similar regimes in other jurisdictions with particular emphasis on the jurisprudence of the European Convention of Human Rights. The course will then address a number of specific areas of media law. Lectures will deal with topics such as privacy, contempt of court, the protection of journalistic sources, obscenity, blasphemy, and the regulatory regimes in Ireland and in the EU. Throughout the course, lectures will explore the issues raised by the rise of new media forms like the internet.

Learning Outcomes:

Upon successful completion of this module, students should be able to:

  • Critically assess how the law regulates the operation of the media in Ireland and across Europe.
  • Explain the salient elements of Irish media law.
  • Evaluate the emerging developments in media law and regulation, including the use of non-legal governance.
  • Apply critical analysis and problem-solving skills and techniques to different essay and problem questions based on material covered in the module.
  • Conduct research into developing areas of media law and practice.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: 

Examination (1 x 2 hours) - 80%
Essay (5,000 words) - 20%

Lecturer: Dr Ailbhe O'Neill

Restrictions: Students taking this module may not take Family Law (LA3459) or Administrative law (LA3480).

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Penology (LA3470) 5 ECTS

Penology involves the study of how the state punishes those who have been convicted of offences. The subject covers the interlocking issues of sentencing, prison and non-custodial punishments. The overarching theme of the module is the use of state power against individuals who are deemed to have violated society’s norms. The module will equip students to take an in-depth look at the penal system and evaluate why when and how and it is legitimate for the state to punish its citizens. The module will take a practical look at the bureaucracy of punishment, in particular, sentencing courts and prisons. Students will examine the contemporary problems with these institutions and evaluate the ongoing penal reform agenda. Penology involves a broad inter-disciplinary approach which includes aspects of sociology, political theory and philosophy as well as law. It is closely related to criminology and is in some ways a subset of criminology. Students are not required to take the first semester module in criminology, however, penology and criminology are natural partner courses and students who study both will find that they inform one another.

Learning Outcomes:
Upon successfully completing this module, students should be able to:

  • Critically appraise social and political ideas relating to state punishment of offenders
  • Construct well-sourced arguments relating to sentencing and prison using a broad inter-disciplinary social sciences approach
  • Analyse and evaluate the workings of the Irish penal system
  • Apply a research-based social sciences approach to the phenomenon of state punishment.
  • Identify, describe and evaluate proposals for reform of the Irish penal system.

Teaching: 1.5 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester. 

Assessment: 

Essay  - 100%

Lecturer: Dr Mary Rogan

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Public Interest Law: (LA3435) 10 ECTS

Public Interest Law can be defined as 'the use of litigation and public advocacy to advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups and individuals.' The course examines the use of litigation to promote social inclusion. In Part A, we consider the definition and history of Public Interest Law and the issue of access to legal services; In Part B, we consider a number of issues relating specifically to the use of litigation, namely, the constitutional and political legitimacy of public interest litigation; the implications of Public Interest Law for court practice and procedures; and the merits and demerits of litigation strategy. In Part C, we consider selected areas of substantive law such as social welfare law, Travellers' rights, and children's rights in an evaluation of the role of the Irish courts in promoting social inclusion.

Learning Outcomes:
Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Critically assess how the legal system may promote social and political reform, having regard, in particular, to the relationship between the political and legal systems.
  • Describe how the Irish courts have dealt with legal claims pursued by people with learning difficulties, children from dysfunctional families, members of the Traveller community and social welfare claimants.
  • Describe the different models for delivering legal services to marginalised communities and the different types of service provided.
  • Conduct research into substantive and adjectival areas of the law relating to social exclusion.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: 

Essay (4,000 words) - 25%
Examination (1 x 2 hour paper) - 75%

Lecturer: Prof Gerry Whyte

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Public International Law: (LA3439) 10 ECTS

This module is designed to provide students with knowledge of the main concepts, principles, processes and rules of public international law as well as a more in-depth knowledge of selected areas of the law. Topics are considered under 3 headings. Part 1 deals with fundamental legal concepts and processes, including international legal personality, the sources of the law and recognition. Basic principles and the rules associated with them are addressed in Part 2. Finally, the rights and duties of the individual under what is essentially a state-based system of law are examined in Part 3. Practical examples of the operation of the law, many of them relating to contemporary events, are given throughout.

Learning Outcomes:
Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify the main concepts, principles and processes in the field of public international law.
  • Demonstrate a sound knowledge of the rules applicable in core areas of the law, such as state sovereignty, the peaceful settlement of international disputes, the use of force, international organisations and self-determination.
  • Analyse international affairs from the perspective of public international law.
  • Describe in some detail the place of the individual within the international legal system.
  • Explain the nature of public international law and the role it plays in the conduct of world affairs.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week and additional seminars in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Examination (1 x 2 hour paper) - 100%

Lecturer: Dr Rosemary Byrne

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Refugee Law (LA3466) 10 ECTS

This module will not be offered in 2017/18

The aims of this course are to outline the law relating to refugees and immigration in Ireland in the light of EU membership and international human rights law, to develop a critical understanding of the policy behind refugee and immigration law, and to develop a practical understanding of the implications of refugee and immigration law. The course is divided into three parts, Part I dealing with the International Framework for Refugee Protection, Part II addresses the European dimension and Part III considers the Irish framework on refugee and immigration law. Topics covered include Principles and Key Concepts in Refugee Protection, the Convention Relating to Status of Refugees 1951, Alternative Forms and Instruments of Protection, the Evolving EU Acquis on Asylum, European Refugee Protection: Practices and Policies, The Refugee in Irish Law, Citizenship and Naturalisation in Irish law and Immigration Law in Ireland.

Learning Outcomes:

On successful completion of this module, students will be able to:

  • Identify and evaluate the law relating to refugees in Ireland in the light of international human rights law, membership of the European Union and the domestic legal framework.
  • Critically analyse the policy behind refugee law in the domestic and international spheres.
  • Apply critical analysis and problem-solving skills and techniques to different essay and problem-based refugee law questions.

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: Examination (1 x 2 hour paper) - 100%

Lecturer: Dr Patricia Brazil

Restrictions: Students may not take Advanced EU Law (LA3444) or Critical Perspectives on Law (LA3474) if taking this module.

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Tax Law: (LA3468) 10 ECTS

This module considers the sources of Irish tax law and the increasing impact of Community law obligations upon domestic law in the context of both direct and indirect taxes. The module also considers international tax issues and the question of jurisdiction to impose taxation. The module goes on to consider the administrative framework pertaining to domestic taxation and the question of appeals. The module examines key concepts of domestic tax law with particular reference to income tax.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:
  • Identify and discuss the sources of Irish tax law.
  • Critically evaluate the impact of Community law obligations on domestic tax law.
  • Discuss international tax law issues and the jurisdiction of the State to impose taxation.
  • Identify and discuss taxpayers’ rights of appeal.
  • Discuss and apply key concepts of domestic tax law with reference to specific fact scenarios. 

Teaching: 3 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: Examination (1 x 2 hour paper) - 100%

Lecturer: Mr Niall O'Hanlon

Restrictions: Students may not take EU Law (LA2346) or Legal Philosophy (LA3441) if taking this module

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Research Dissertation: (LA3451) (Senior Sophister Option) 10 ECTS

Senior sophister students may choose to complete a research dissertation under the supervision of a member of the Law School staff.  The subject of the dissertation may be chosen by the student but must be approved by the Director of the LL.B. Dissertation programme. The aim of this option is to encourage students to engage in largely self-directed research and writing leading to the completion of an analytical and critical piece of research. The maximum word limit is 13,000 words.  Dissertations must be submitted by the end of the first week in Hilary Term.

Learning Outcomes:

Having completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Complete a substantial dissertation based on independent, largely self-directed research;
  • Work effectively under the guidance of a research supervisor;
  • Conduct effective and targeted research of the full range of primary and secondary legal sources on a particular topic;
  • Critically assess in writing legal theories, concepts and doctrines;
  • Discuss and critique in writing different perspectives on law and policy;
  • Determine the scope and structure of a research project and establish a viable research plan; 
  • Identify, discuss and debate various research methodologies;
  • Incorporate comparative and multidisciplinary perspectives where appropriate.

Assessment: Dissertation (13,000 words)

Coordinator: Dr Mary Rogan

The court of examiners has the right to fix a quota for any particular module, or to withdraw a module, or, in a particular academic year, to decline to offer a module or to introduce an additional module. See the Calendar for further details.

Information on Broad Curriculum modules can be found on the BC website. 

French Law modules

Junior Freshman

French Legal Tradition: (LA1041) 5 ECTS

This module introduces students to the study of French legal system, concentrating on the French Civil Code. The module explores the principles underpinning the French legal system, including topics such as the Civil Code in historical context, codification, sources of law and the fundamental principles reflected in the Code. A particular focus will be put on the Preliminary Address. On The First Draft Of The Civil Code of Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis, one brilliant jurist whose address contains the core aspects of the French legal tradition. In addition, this module explains some core notions of French Private Law: classifications of rights, of domains of the Law, of courts, of legal sources, and basic legal notions. During class, the Socratic method is adopted so that class participation and thought-provoking discussions will be highly encouraged.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Identify and explain the key principles and rules underpinning modern French civil law;
  • Outline the historical context for codification in France;
  • Critically analyse and evaluate the French Civil Code;
  • Apply language skills to communicate about French civil law in oral discussions.

Teaching: 2 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Continuous assessment (50%) and oral examination (50%

Lecturer: Mr Kouroch Bellis

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French Law of Persons and Goods (LA1042) 5 ECTS

This module explores what is considered in France as the basics of private law, whereas it would be considered in Ireland as Constitutional Law. It discusses the concept of persons in French Law, its characteristics (name, sex…), and the link between a person and his goods. This module deals particularly with the beginning and the end of the life of corporal persons and legal entities. It also deals with the principal rules of goods in French Law. If there is still time to do it in the module, it deals with the fundamental rights guaranteed in French Private Law (droits de la personnalité): right to physical integrity, to dignity, to privacy, to respect of one’s image, of one’s voice, of presumption of innocence… Finally, it deals with the cases of diminishments of one’s rights and liberties, or their exercise, in order to protect the persons subject to these diminishments (incapacités). During class, the Socratic method is adopted so that class participation and thought-provoking discussions will be highly encouraged.

Learning Outcomes:
Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Formulate a sensitive argumentation about the rules which govern persons and goods;
  • Identify, explain, evaluate and apply relevant provisions of the French Civil Code;
  • Incorporate comparative law perspectives to analysis of French civil law;
  • Apply language skills to communicate about French civil law in oral discussions and
  • understand and explain the fundamental issues of the legal personality concept in French Law, and formulate sensitive and construction argumentation about these issues. 

Teaching: 2 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: Continuous assessment (50%) and oral examination (50%)

Lecturer: Mr Kouroch Bellis

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Senior Freshman Modules

French Law of Persons and Goods II (LA2042) 5 ECTS

This module explores what is considered in France as the basics of private law, whereas it would be considered in Ireland as Constitutional Law. It discusses the concept of persons in French Law, its characteristics (name, sex…), and the link between a person and his goods. This module deals particularly with the beginning and the end of the life of corporal persons and legal entities. It also deals with the principal rules of goods in French Law. If there is still time to do it in the module, it deals with the fundamental rights guaranteed in French Private Law (droits de la personnalité): right to physical integrity, to dignity, to privacy, to respect of one’s image, of one’s voice, of presumption of innocence… Finally, it deals with the cases of diminishments of one’s rights and liberties, or their exercise, in order to protect the persons subject to these diminishments (incapacités). During class, the Socratic method is adopted so that class participation and thought-provoking discussions will be highly encouraged.

Learning Outcomes:
Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Formulate a sensitive argumentation about the rules which govern persons and goods;
  • Identify, explain, evaluate and apply relevant provisions of the French Civil Code;
  • Incorporate comparative law perspectives to analysis of French civil law;
  • Apply language skills to communicate about French civil law in oral discussions and
  • understand and explain the fundamental issues of the legal personality concept in French Law, and formulate sensitive and construction argumentation about these issues. 

Teaching: 2 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Continuous assessment (50%) and oral examination (50%

Lecturer: Mr Kouroch Bellis

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Teaching: 2 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Continuous assessment (50%) and oral examination (50%)

Lecturer: Mr Kouroch Bellis

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Law of Obligations (LA2043) 5 ECTS

The law of obligations includes contracts, torts law, unjust enrichment law and common rules on obligations. This module introduces to these aspects and explains their core structure.

Learning Outcomes:

Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Support discussion of French civil law by an accurate understanding of the rules which govern obligations;
  • Identify, explain, evaluate and apply relevant provisions of the French Civil Code;
  • Incorporate comparative law perspectives to analysis of French civil law and
  • Perform the relevant French Law written exercises related to this subject.

Teaching: 2 hours of lectures per week in the 1st Semester.

Assessment: Continuous Assessment (30%: Fiche d’arrêt and plan détaillé) and Examination (70%: 2-hour examination paper)

Lecturer: Dr. Sarah Arduin

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French Family Law (LA2044) (5 ECTS)

This module explores the basic aspects of French Family Law. Family is the base of all societies and Family Law is one of the most important aspects of French Law, especially Law of Inheritence. Marriage, matrimonial regime, filiation, inheritance will be introduced. “Marriage is the union of [two people], [wanting to form] an association [for] their entire lives, and involving the common enjoyment of divine and human privileges.” (Modestinus, Digest, 23, 1, 1; Scott’s translation; adaptation). A matrimonial regime is the way this association is organized in its patrimonial aspects. Law of filiation is how a familial link between two people can be established, fought against, reestablished, added, etc. Law of Inheritence is, in French Law, how the Law attributes the patrimony of a person when he dies and how it gives some effects of his will.

Learning Outcomes:
Having successfully completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Formulate a sensitive argumentation about the rules which govern family;
  • Identify, explain, evaluate and apply relevant provisions of the French Civil Code;
  • Incorporate comparative law perspectives to analysis of French civil law and
  • Apply language skills to communicate about French civil law in oral discussions.

Teaching: 2 hours of lectures per week in the 2nd Semester.

Assessment: Continuous assessment (50%) and oral examination (50%

Lecturer: Mr Kouroch Bellis

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Senior Sophister French Modules

French Comparative Law Dissertation (Major): (LA4004) (10 ECTS)

French Comparative Law Dissertation (Minor): (LA4005) (5 ECTS)

A dissertation on French or comparative law under supervision may be taken as a 10 ECTS or a 5 ECTS module.  The aim of this module is to encourage students to engage in largely self-directed research and writing leading to the completion of an analytical and critical piece of research on French or comparative law.

Learning Outcomes:

Having completed this module, students should be able to:

  • Complete a substantial dissertation based on independent research;
  • Apply comparative law methodologies to analyse topics in different legal systems;
  • Critically assess in writing legal theories, concepts and doctrines and
  • Discuss and critique in writing different perspectives on law and policy.

Assessment: Dissertation (approximately 6,000 words in French). To be submitted by the first Friday of teaching in the 2nd Semester

Coordinator: Mr Kouroch Bellis

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