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International Asset Holdings and the Euro

Barbara Pels
Institute for International Integration Studies and Department of Economics Trinity College Dublin

IIIS Discussion Paper No. 331

Abstract

The establishment of a monetary union in Europe in 1999 has eliminated exchange rate risk within the euro area and has led to a more unified financial framework. It has been established in the literature that the euro has led to a disproportional increase in bilateral asset holdings within the euro area. This paper builds on this evidence and answers the question whether this has been a one-off effect, or whether the euro effect in intra-euro area bilateral asset holdings has changed over time. We show, using a gravity framework, that the proportional increase in bilateral asset holdings took place in the early years of the European monetary union and was a unique event. The data used are bilateral data on equity and bond holdings, provided by the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey of the IMF for the years 1997, and 2001 until 2006.


Last updated 28 August 2014 by IIIS (Email).