Professor John Horne
Professor of Modern European History
My research focuses on the history of twentieth-century France and the Great War in a comparative and transnational perspective. I began as a social and labour historian but have more recently explored the uses of cultural history as a way of opening up new perspectives on the First World War without believing in the exclusivity of any one approach. I am currently writing a history of the French experience in the Great War. I am a board member of the Research Centre of the Historial de la Grande Guerre, Péronne, and I participate in EURHISTXX, a consortium of research institutes across Europe, which explores writing the contemporary history of Europe at a continental level. From 2008 to 2010 I co-directed (with Professor Robert Gerwarth) a research project on ‘Paramilitary Violence after the Great War, 1917-1923: Towards a Global Perspective,’ which was funded by the Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences and which resulted in, among other outputs, a Oxford University Press book, to be published in 2012. I have been visiting fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, and the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris, and in 2005 was elected a Member of the Royal Irish Academy.
- German Atrocities, 1914: A history of denial (With Alan Kramer. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2001), pp. xv + 608. German translation: Hamburger Edition, Hamburg, 2003. French translation: Editions Tallandier, Paris, 2005)
- Labour at War. France and Britain, 1914-1918 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991), pp. xx + 463.
- La guerre totale: le tournant de 1914-1915 (Editor. Paris: Tallandier, 2010), pp. 343.
- A Companion to World War One (Editor. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010), pp. xxviii + 696.
- Our War: Ireland and the Great War (Editor. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 2008), pp. xvi + 319.
- State, Society and Mobilization in Europe during the First World War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997), pp. xv + 292 (Ed. with introductory essay. Chinese edition, Beijing, Beijing Institute of Technology Press, 2007, pp. 244.
- ‘Vectors of violence: paramilitarism in Europe after the Great War, 1917-1923’ (with Robert Gerwarth), Journal of Modern History, 83 (2011).
- ‘Public opinion and politics’, in John Horne, ed., A Companion to World War One (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010), pp. 279-94.
- ‘De la guerre de mouvement à la guerre de positions: les combattants français,’ in John Horne, ed., Vers la guerre totale: le tournant de 1914-1915 (Paris: Tallandier, 2010), pp. 77-95.
- ‘Guerres et reconciliations européennes au 20e siècle’, in Jean-Noël Jeanneney (ed.), Les 27 leçons d’histoire (Paris, Le Seuil, 2009), pp. 137-45 (abridged version) and in Vingtième siècle, 104 (2009), pp. 3-15 (full version).
- ‘Defeat and memory in modern history,’ in Jenny Macleod, ed., Defeat and Memory: Cultural histories of military defeat in the modern era (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), pp. 11-29.
- ‘War and conflict in contemporary Europe, 1914-2004’, Zeithistorische Forschungen, 1/2 (2004), pp. 347-62; republished in Konrad H. Jarausch and Thomas Lindenberger, eds, Conflicted Memories: Europeanizing contemporary histories (New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2007), pp. 81-95.
- ‘Entre expérience et mémoire: les soldats français de la Grande Guerre’, Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales, 60/5 (2005), pp. 903- 919.
- ‘Kulturelle Demobilmachung, 1919-1939. Ein sinnvoller historischer Begriff?’, in Wolfgang Hardtwig, ed., Politische Kulturgeschichte der Zwischenkriegszeit, 1918-1939 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2005), pp. 129-150.
- ‘Masculinity in politics and war in the age of nation-states and world wars, 1850-1950’, in S. Dudink, K. Hagemann and J. Tosh, eds, Masculinities in Politics and War: Gendering modern history (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004), pp. 22-40.
- ‘”Propagande” et “vérité” dans la Grande Guerre’, in Christophe Prochasson and Anne Rasmussen, eds,Vrai et Faux dans la Grande Guerre (Paris: Bayard, 2004). pp. 76-95.
- 'The transformation of society', in James F. MacMillan, ed., The Short Oxford History of France, vol. 7, Modern France, 1880-2000 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), pp. 127-149.
- 'Defining the enemy: war, law and the Levée en Masse, 1870-1945', in Daniel Moran and Arthur Waldron, eds, The People in Arms: Military myth and political legitimacy since the French Revolution (New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 100-23. French translation, ‘Guerre, droit et “levée en masse” en Europe, 1870 à 1945’, in Pietro Causarono et al, eds, Le XXe siècle des guerres (Paris: Les Editions de l’Atelier, 2004), pp. 27-40.
- ‘Locarno et la politique de la démobilisation culturelle, 1925-30’, in 14-18 Aujourd’hui-Heute-Today (Paris, 2002), pp. 73-87.
- 'Come finire la guerra? La pace e la pace , 1918-1919’, in Giampietro Berti and Piero del Negro, eds, Al di qua e al di là del Piave. L’ultimo anno della Grande Guerra (Milan: Franco Angeli, 2001), pp. 81-90.
- 'Corps, lieux et nation: la France et l'invasion de 1914', Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales, 55/1 (2000), pp 73-109.
Teaching and Supervision
At undergraduate level, I have taught widely in European and French history in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. I currently offer Senior Freshman (level 2) modules in the History of Europe since 1870 and my Sophister modules (levels 3 and 4) include a List 1 module on ‘France and the Great War’, a List 2 Historiography class on ‘World War 2 France and the Historians’, and a List 3 module on ‘France since 1880: culture, society and politics.’ I contribute units to the M. Phil. Courses in Public History and European Studies. I have taught seminars and delivered lectures in universities abroad, including the Marc Bloch annual lecture at the EHESS, Paris, in 2005 (external). I have supervised ten PhD theses in the history of France and the comparative history of the First World War (Italy, Portugal, Britain, France), seven of which have been published as books or are in press. I currently supervise seven PhDs. I am happy to consider applications for supervision of theses in the history of twentieth-century France or in the history of the two world wars. I have also mentored three postdoctoral fellows.
Department of History
Telephone: +353 1 896 1011
Fax: +353 1 896 3995