Rodolfo Gomes Benevenuto
Dept. of Civil, Structural & Environmental Engineering
Transport development and poverty reduction in Latin American countries
Keywords: Transport planning; Poverty reduction; Scenario simulation.
The primary objective of United Nations Development Programme until 2030 is to lift more than 800 million people out of extreme poverty, who are still struggling for the most basic human needs.
Even though evidence shows the actual and potential contribution of the transport sector on poverty reduction, existing assessments of the impact of transport investing on inducing poverty reduction are still limited and scarce in Latin American context.
This project aims to perform an unprecedented analysis about the impact of transport system development on extreme poverty reduction taking some examples from Latin American countries. With the aid of a dynamic land use model (GIS based), simulations of the interactions between transport development and social matters will be performed. Such simulations will receive as input data two families of scenarios:
1) Propositions generated through a careful theoretical survey of the referred theme of this project;
2) Propositions generated by a collaborative experiment with local communities applying participative planning strategies.
With the results of these simulations, the more likely success scenarios in social development terms will be proposed as appropriate guidelines for policy and planning of the Latin American countries transport system. This methodology can constitute an essential starting point for discussion on the future of transportation and social matters.
Project Supervisors: Associate Prof. Brian Caulfield