Module Code: PI4048/PI4148
- ECTS Weighting: 5/10
- Semester/Term Taught:
Hilary Term/Semester 2
- Contact Hours: 22 hours of lecture
- Module Personnel: Lecturer - Dr. Farrell (RCSI)
Perhaps since Plato, and certainly since Descartes, there has been a thesis in philosophy that there are two substances, the one mental (the mind) and the other physical (the body). This view arose in response to certain difficulties in philosophy, but has raised more problems such as how these substances interact and whether one can exist without the other. These problems have proved so intractable that philosophers have been disposed to respond to them by rejecting one or other substance, or less dramatically by 'reducing' one to the other. None of the attempts to grapple with the 'mind-body' problem have found universal acceptance, although an ultimate reduction of the mental to the physical has been widely, if tacitly, accepted by scientists. The rapid development of neuroscience and artificial intelligence has been considered to support this view. In these seminars we will explore that apparent support.
At the end of this course students will be able to:
- Discuss the main theoretical positions on questions in the philosophy of mind.
- Present arguments for and against these positions
- Assess the contribution which neuroscience may make to these discussions
- Discuss the concepts of identity, reduction, causality, explanation as these relate to the mind-body problem.
- Discuss current thinking on consciousness, functionalism, determinism, brain death
Suggested Preliminary Reading
Rex Welshon: Philosophy, Neuroscience and Consciousness (Acumen Publishing, 2011)
William Lyons (ed): Modern Philosophy of Mind (Everyman, 1995)