The Book of Kells
The Book of Kells (Trinity College Dublin MS 58) is celebrated for its lavish decoration. The manuscript contains the four Gospels in Latin based on a Vulgate text, written on vellum (prepared calfskin), in a bold and expert version of the script known as "insular majuscule".
The place of origin of the Book of Kells is generally attributed to the scriptorium of the monastery founded around 561 by St Colum Cille on Iona, an island off the west coast of Scotland. In 806, following a Viking raid on the island which left 68 of the community dead, the Columban monks took refuge in a new monastery at Kells, County Meath. It must have been close to the year 800 that the Book of Kells was written, although there is no way of knowing if the book was produced wholly at Iona or at Kells, or partially at each location.
It has been on display in the Old Library at Trinity College Dublin from the mid 19th century, and attracts over 500,000 visitors a year. Since 1953 it has been bound in four volumes. Two volumes are on public view, one opened to display a major decorated page, and one to show two pages of script. The volumes are changed at regular intervals.
Manuscripts Currently on Display
Display opening. Gospel of Luke folios 202v-203r:
Folio 202v: The Temptation of Jesus
Folio 203r: IESUS/AUTEM/PLENUS/SPIRITUS/SANCTO
Ornamental treatment of the first words of the account of the temptation: ‘And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost’.
Text opening: Gospel of John folios 308v-309r:
dei. Respondit iesus …
… quomodo ergo dicit
(Jesus’ discourse on the bread of life: ‘my father giveth you the true bread from heaven’.)
TCD MS 1282 (Annals of Ulster) folios 36v-37r: referring to the Viking raid on Iona when 68 members of the community were killed and the subsequent building of a new monastery at Kells.
TCD MS 50 (Ricemarch Psalter) folio 76r: opening of Psalm 51, QUID GLORIARIS