The two languages studied in the Junior Freshman year are continued in the Senior Freshman year. By the end of Michaelmas term, students will be asked to designate one of the two languages as their major language, thereby determining the country to which they will go in their third year (Junior Sophister) year and the principal language in which they will be examined in their finals (Moderatorship).
Students take the two compulsory modules: The making of modernity 1750-1820, Europe since 1914: Cataclysm and Decline - and in addition choose a further module in history or the social sciences. Current options normally include; ‘European societies’; ‘Imperialism to Globalism: Europe and the World, 1860-1970’; ‘Comparative politics’; ‘Intermediate economics’, and ‘International relations’.
2.i (a) The making of modernity 1750-1820
This module will introduce students to key concepts of modernity as they constituted themselves during the saddle epoch around 1800. It will cover the main philosophical and cultural trends in the European Enlightenment and Romanticism and will elucidate how cultural and aesthetic discourses interact with politics and society. It will identify elements of the Dialectics of Enlightenment and the interaction of Enlightenment trends with counter movements and cross currents. It will follow on and build on the Michaelmas Term history module 'Culture and Politics in Europe 1700-1815'.
2.i (b) Europe since 1914: Cataclysm and Decline
Social, cultural, economic and political approaches to history are given equal emphasis in this module. The principal countries studied are France, Germany, Italy and Russia, with additional lectures on Spain, Poland and Yugoslavia. However, many themes are treated in a comparative and transnational manner. The module takes the First World War as its starting point. It looks at the inter-war crisis of liberal democracy and the three-way conflict between democracy, fascism and communism, which also shaped international relations. The nature and consequences of the Second World War (including the Holocaust) are examined as the nadir of Europe in the 20th century. The module examines post-war Europe, the Cold War and the emergence of European integration, and concludes by considering the fall of communism in 1989 and its consequences.