Civil engineers design and build many of the things
that we use every day. Civil engineers work in the following
fields: structures, transport, energy and water.
Many civil engineers work in the building
industry together with architects, surveyors and building
services engineers when designing structures and foundations
for large buildings.
Civil engineers design transport systems:
they build roads, stations and airports. They also design
systems for controlling traffic to ensure effective
and safe use of the road system and aim to reduce the
impact of roads and traffic on the environment.
Civil engineers design and construct
all types of power stations and hydroelectric projects.
Civil engineers are also involved in the research that
is taking place into the harnessing of renewable sources
of energy such as geothermal and wave power.
Civil engineers design dams to create
water storage reservoirs. Hydropower is used to generate
electricity or the water may be diverted through tunnels,
canals and pipelines to provide irrigation for the land,
to transport water to cities, supply safe drinking water
to home and industry after it has been treated. Engineers
also provide the systems for the collection and treatment
of sewage so that it can be returned to the environment
without causing pollution.
Civil engineers need to be able to be
good at maths, be able to communicate their ideas to
people and be able to design. They need to be able to
think in 3D.