Your CV and cover letter are the employer's first impression of you and need to provide evidence that you have the qualities to do the job well.
While many recruiters say having a LinkedIn profile is more powerful than a CV, most employers still want to see your CV, so having both will make an impact.
Niall O'Connor, Store Operations Director, ALDI
Noel Maher, Gift Program, Fidelity
Colm Cunningham, Bank of New York Mellon, Head of Fund Accounting
Your CV should include:
You should use a format that best reflects your experience and skills and suits the job you are applying for. The four main types of CVs are:
1. Combination CV, more traditionally known as Chronological CV
2. Skills-based CV
3. Academic CV
5. European CV
As an international student you may be used to different CV formats than are required in Ireland. Please read 'CV advice for international students' to view a sample CV.
List duties, and/or achievements and skills gained after each work experience or educational 'entry'. Be succinct in your wording (less is more in terms of impact!) and start each phrase with a verb e.g. assisting, completed, dealing with, awarded etc.
Advantages: Emphasise continuity and career growth. Highlights name of employer and position held and is easy to follow. Highlights achievements.
Disadvantages: When your work history is irregular or if you have changed employers frequently.
Best used: When your career direction is clear and the job target is directly in line with your work history/experience. (However, when the career objective and skills profile are utilised effectively, this form of CV can also be used where the job target is not directly in line with your studies/experience).
Click here for an example of a Chronological/Combination CV
Here you categorise your work experience and education according to your skills and capabilities. It highlights major areas of accomplishment and strengths and organises them in a way that will best support your job.
Best used: In cases of career change or re-entry into the job market. Can be very effective when you wish to stress a particularly strong area of ability.
Advantages of using a skills-based CV
Gives you flexibility in emphasising skills and abilities. Eliminates repetitive work experience details.
Disadvantages of using a skills-based CV
Not suitable for employers who would prefer a more traditional CV, or if you have a limited range of experience.
Click here for an example of a skills-based CV.
Information on Academic CVs.
All relevant information is presented on one page. More examples are available in the Careers Information Room.
When to use it
When applying for jobs in the US.
In some instances a job advert may specify that applicants use the European or Europass CV format. This standard format CV has been developed as part of the Europass European initiative, to help people make their skills and qualifications clearly and easily understood in Europe, thus facilitating the mobility of both learners and workers. Complete your own Europass CV and view sample CVs.
However the Europass CV is not in common use in all countries, therefore, where not particularly specified students should also check sample CV formats for that particular country available on relevant country files in the Careers Information Room, at Going Global, and at Work Abroad Country Profiles and Prospects.
Be aware of the likelihood of scanning software being used and ensure you have key words indicating specific skills and qualifications.
Before you hit 'send' do be sure to check:
More Resources available.